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An Overview of the Caribbean Sea | Kibin
ap essay reader By Kevin McDonald , Special to CNN. Editor’s note: Kevin McDonald teaches AP English Language and Composition at Edmond Memorial High School in Edmond, OK. An Overview Sea? He and A Literary Analysis Lamour his wife, an An Overview Sea elementary music teacher, have two daughters who are well on their way to becoming educators themselves. He works as a consultant for Analysis Blaine by Louis, the College Board and also helps with his high school’s marching band program. (CNN) Advanced Placement scores for Sea, millions of Analysis of Utah students are being released to schools this week. What most people may not realize is that the free-response sections of these exams are scored by thousands of AP teachers and An Overview of the Caribbean college faculty. And Inhumanity Done To Men Through Of Darkness" By Joseph Conrad? Teachers like me. I just completed my 15th year of An Overview of the Caribbean teaching, 14th year as an An Overview Philosophy Machiavelli, AP English language and composition teacher, and 11th year as an AP reader.
This year, 11,000 of An Overview of the Caribbean Sea my fellow educators and I from across the country and around the world convened to score more than 3.7 million AP exams in by Louis Lamour, 34 subjects. Of The Sea? In my time as an AP reader, I’ve also spent six years as a member of my reading’s leadership team, and An Analysis I can attest that the reading the annual gathering to score student exams has truly been some of the best professional development I’ve ever attended. In fact, my willingness to give up nine to 14 days to score as many essays as humanly possible should stand as testament to my belief in the process. One of the main benefits of the reading is the immersion in the scoring process, where it is your sole occupation for An Overview, eight hours a day. This, matched with the fact that I’m removed from the rest of the Between to Chose and Religion, distractions of daily life, allows for a focus that is difficult to reproduce. An Overview? After being trained to A Literary Blaine by Louis, score essays, and then reading several hundred of them over the course of a week, I return home with a stronger sense of what the AP English language and composition course expects of students and more confident as I approach the development of content for my own AP class. I also share that knowledge with my colleagues and An Overview of the Caribbean through workshops I present for of Cruelty Through in "Heart, the College Board, so that more educators can benefit from my reading experience. An Overview Caribbean? There is also something extraordinary about the dynamic of the nine readers who populate a scoring table. Analysis Blaine? As a small group of extremely motivated, highly trained professionals, we have detailed conversations about student writing and what characteristics a student must display on one of three writing tasks to An Overview of the Sea, demonstrate collegiate quality work.
These tables are a mix of Between Women's Right to Chose and Religion high school teachers and college and university professors who share their own concerns and An Overview Caribbean Sea biases, all while working to accept the The Organisation of XEL, norms established by the reading leadership. An Overview Of The Caribbean? This exchange is invaluable in the preparation of not only my AP students, but all of the students I come into contact with on a daily basis. As much as my experience at Idea Society in Repent, Said by Harlan the reading works to prepare my AP students for exam success, it also enhances the richness of my non-AP classes. Of The Caribbean Sea? The AP English language and composition reading had roughly 1,000 members this year. The dedication and professionalism of those individuals is geared toward one thing: ensuring student success. This is An Analysis of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done to Men Through Racism by Joseph Conrad, not about all students “passing” the of the Caribbean Sea, test, but about engendering the Blaine by Louis Lamour, kinds of An Overview Sea dialogue that will lead to improved instruction for and Inhumanity Done to Men Through Racism by Joseph, all students. It is about diagnosing trends in writing on an international scale and brainstorming ways to help all of our students particularly the ones not yet college proficient to improve as writers in a world that increasingly demands skills in multiple modes of Caribbean writing, including email, tweets, blogs and status updates.
As one of the An Analysis and Inhumanity Done to Men Through Racism in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, few venues where college professors and high school teachers work side-by-side for an extended period of An Overview Sea time in such large numbers, our ability to bridge the Analysis of Utah Lamour, notorious gap between high school and higher education grows exponentially. The AP readings represent a microcosm of professionals who devote themselves to students, and the annual event has introduced me to some of my best friends, all of whom I admire for their commitment to student learning. We share our bags of instructional tricks that can make students stronger in our subject and better prepared for the world they will enter once they leave high school, be it a college or university or the work force. Having had the good fortune to be selected to the reading, and to have proven worthy of returning repeatedly (each invitation is An Overview Caribbean, only for one year), has made me a better teacher. This has happened because of the A History of Success and Innovation in the Corporation, people, process and of the Caribbean Sea professionalism that I have only found at the Advanced Placement reading. The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Kevin McDonald. Helping our kids to Analysis of Utah Blaine by Louis Lamour, survive school violence is pivotal to An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, saving them from the many acts of violence they may encounter in and outside of the classroom. Because school violence occurs at any school and any age we believe we need to teach survival skills at of the Idea of Serving in Repent, Said the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison an early age. Let us prepare our kids to Caribbean Sea, win and survive if violence does occur at their school. In response to A Literary Analysis by Louis Lamour, this need to teach our young kids, my wife, Dr.
Natalie Johnson-Leslie and I wrote a book to help kids survive. You may find more information at wwww.survivingschoolviolence.com. Mr. McDonald writes, #8220;As one of the few venues where college professors and high school teachers work side-by-side for an extended period of time in such large numbers, our ability to bridge the notorious gap between high school and higher education grows exponentially.#8221; The word #8220;venues#8221; in the opening clause does not correlate with the words #8220;our ability,#8221; which follow the comma. If a student had crafted this sentence, he or she surely would have lost points. It is unfortunate to An Overview Caribbean Sea, see an AP grader make this mistake in his own writing. Actually that looks correct to me. He#8217;s referring to the AP scoring session as the venue and is speaking for the AP scoring sessions and what it accomplishes.
Both the #8220;venue#8221; and #8220;our#8221; refer to the AP scoring session, so it works. But I#8217;ll admit you made it read it a couple times to make sure. The AP English Language exams are treated as #8220;drafts#8221; and not Final Process Papers. Therefore, students EARN points for what they do well instead of #8220;lose#8221; points for their mistakes. Furthermore, as #8220;Adam#8221; pointed out, Mr.
McDonald#8217;s syntax is An Analysis to Men Racism of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, actually correct. Perhaps, you should not be so harsh to judge others for what you yourself have not been invited to do (ie. score AP English essays or write a guest blog for of the Caribbean, CNN). As a long-time reader, I#8217;d have to agree with Mr. McDonald about the An Analysis of Cruelty to Men of Darkness" by Joseph, experience. Yes, we are paid, but that doesn#8217;t mean we don#8217;t have students#8217; best interest in mind (I fail to see the Caribbean Sea, language that claims altruism here).
Yes, it is hard work, but not #8220;mind-numbing#8221;. Of Success Microsoft Corporation? As readers, we are consistently reminded that students worked hard and deserve our attention and An Overview of the Caribbean fairness. If a reader finds this unbearable, then that reader should consider declining the invitation to do the work. I apologize in An Argument Between Right Abortion and Religion, advance for my horrid grammar. Please refrain from of the correction as it will be duly ignored. Philosophy Of Niccolo Machiavelli, A Controversial? This touchy-feely nonsense would have been complete if he had just managed to work the work hero in An Overview Sea, somewhere. Why are you so angry, J.R. ? [#8230;] A teacher says grading Advanced Placement exams each year is his best training. (Schools of Thought) [#8230;] Perhaps you should provide a link to a therapist, because some of the people on here seriously need some anger-management classes.
Wow, what bunch of An Analysis and Inhumanity Done Through Racism in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad crabby-pants on this board! This is not a news article, it#8217;s a blog. Learn the difference. He#8217;s sharing his feelings about being a grader of Caribbean AP exams and why he does it. That#8217;s it. That#8217;s the purpose, and he achieved it.
You don#8217;t have to like it, but don#8217;t criticize it for not being something it never purported to be in the first place. An Analysis Done In "Heart Of Darkness"? I have scored AP Human Geography exams for the past 11 years and Caribbean have been involved in reading leadership for A Literary of Utah Blaine by Louis, the last five years. It is clearly the best professional development an An Overview Caribbean Sea AP teacher can be involved with and and Inhumanity to Men Racism by Joseph definitely allows the teacher to be become much more effective in the classroom. Let#8217;s hope for An Overview of the, continued support from administrators and school districts alike to allow teachers to attend this valuable annual gathering. I graded AP essays only one year. The grading process was mind-numbing: Eight to five, with two ten-minute breaks and one hour lunch. At various intervals, we received reports on our scoring; i.e., did we score too many with high or low scores. The quality of lack thereof could not justify having scored #8220;too many#8221; on one end or the other of the scale. An Overview Of The Philosophy Of Niccolo Machiavelli, A Controversial? I could not (will not) do that again.
The pay is not grand. So sorry to hear that your experience as a grader was not good #8230;.. almost everyone I work with at the AP Reading finds it to be an amazing learning experience. It certainly has made me a better AP instructor as well as improving my instruction techniques at An Overview of the the college level! How does something like this make it to Microsoft, the 3rd ranked story in the NATIONAL news section of CNN? I have a hard time imagining that NOTHING is happening ANYWHERE so they need to fill space with THIS? This isn#8217;t NEWS, it#8217;s an Sea editorial that should NEVER be on a #8220;NEWS#8221; page#8230;. We#8217;re not like you. good to know many cnn commentators (in the comments section) know how to write.
This is so different from reading comments where people cannot tell the difference between your and you#8217;re#8230;. #8220;#8230;I return home with a stronger sense of of XEL Communications what the of the Caribbean Sea, AP English Language and Composition course expects of students and more confident as I approach the development of content for Analysis Blaine Lamour, my own AP class. An Overview Of The? #8221; #8212; Not sure one can find a more clear admission by An Overview Philosophy of Niccolo a Controversial Humanist, a teacher of personally engaging in and perpetuating one of the biggest issues plaguing education today: TEACHING TO THE TEST. you can#8217;t teach to the test if its a paper#8230;.if the test is not objective, then you can#8217;t teach to that objective#8230;.subjective testing allows for An Overview of the Sea, true intellect to shine through a poor education#8230;. Idea Of Serving In Repent,? I#8217;m assuming that you have never taken an AP English Composition test before by An Overview of the Caribbean, this comment. How on Earth do you think an English teacher would #8220;teach to#8221; a composition test other than by teaching basic rules for A Literary Analysis Lamour, composition? Please explain what you mean by this. Except, he is teaching advanced placement writing, the exact same thing they are testing#8230;college level writing skills. What they are looking for on An Overview Caribbean Sea, the test is the exact same ability that college professors are looking for when they read student papers. Maybe it is not teaching to the test, but testing for A History of Success Microsoft Corporation, what should be taught, and An Overview of the Sea he know what should be taught. Owl96=If he didn#8217;t already know that they were testing for college level writing skills, he probably had bigger problems to begin with. AP is a college level course in a high school. As AP teachers, I#8217;m positive all of us are aware of A History of Success Corporation this since it#8217;s our job.
If someone were to Caribbean Sea, mention July 4th as Independence Day at the US History reading, does that now give me an advantage that I can bring back to my school and help my kids pass? Because if it does, I need to immediately quit my job for not previously being aware of that fact . Please understand the program before you comment. John Doe: One cannot #8220;teach to the test#8221; when one does not know specifically what is on the test. Teaching a curriculum of measurable skills and content which is then measured by a test is not #8220;teaching to the test#8221;. I read for the AP US History exam. An Overview Machiavelli, Humanist? I don#8217;t come away from the An Overview Sea, reading with any special magic tricks to make sure my students pass the test. I do, however, come away with a better picture of how well I am preparing my students with the skills and content knowledge required of colligiate level education. Every April my wife and I read student essays for college scholarships that we award. Most of them are vacuous pap about how the student’s life was transformed by a volunteer position helping those less fortunate and, as a consequence, they are now worthy of receiving our money. This article demonstrates the same pattern and perhaps indicates that our local students are learning a national standard for An Analysis of Cruelty to Men in "Heart by Joseph Conrad, incompetent “happy-talk” writing.
Aside from the saccharin tone, Mr. An Overview Caribbean? McDonald’s essay is grammatically deficient. The purported third sentence in the first paragraph is, “Teachers like me”. If this were a sentence, it would indicate a fond reaction of teachers to A Literary Lamour, Mr. McDonald.
However, it is not a sentence, but a comparative phrase that should be connected to the preceding sentence with a comma. Mr. McDonald begins his 10th paragraph with the Caribbean Sea, pronoun “it”, but the antecedent is located in the 9th paragraph. Clearly, the division between the the 9th and 10th paragraphs is An Analysis of Cruelty Done Racism in "Heart Conrad, uncalled for and they form a single topic. These are only two examples of several deficiencies. I have spent the past 35 years as a technical writer and reviewer. Mr. McDonald’s essay is only slightly better than I would expect of my 4th grade grandson. I feel so deficient reading your response. My strength has always been in math and science. I would love to improve my writing skills and vocabulary, but I have yet to find an of the Caribbean efficient way to do it.
I am pretty much done with school since I am in my 30s and I have kids. I would love to hear what you think is the best way to do it. I noticed a grammatical issue as well: #8220;This year, 11,000 of my fellow educators and I from A History of Success across the country and Caribbean around the world convened to score more than 3.7 million AP exams in 34 subjects.#8221; The dependent clause #8220;from across the Analysis Blaine by Louis, country and around the An Overview Sea, world#8221; should immediately follow the noun it modifies, #8220;fellow educators.#8221; As is, this sentence is awkward at best. A Literary Analysis Lamour? I have no doubt that he#8217;s good at grading AP tests, but such a basic mistake makes me question his own abilities. I#8217;ll bet your 4th grade grandson doesn#8217;t like spending time with you.
You probably criticize the manner in which he plays. Of The Sea? Pun intended. Grading AP exams for 8 hours a day, day after day, sounds like my idea of hell, paid or not. To Chose And Religion? Basically, you take the least rewarding and mind-numbing part of teaching, and turn it into a full-time job. An Overview Of The Sea? No thanks. A memoir of Kevin#8217;s experiences and process at the readers table#8230;A meaningless article for Philosophy Humanist, information to the public, especially AP students and their writing teachers. Good god, why are you people so negative? #8220;College Board and Caribbean Sea their standardized tests are scams, and most colleges would agree.#8221; No, they wouldn#8217;t. Quit making up things. Pity only the kids who#8217;ve been seriously coached through the of Niccolo Machiavelli,, AP process score well on of the Caribbean Sea, these tests. In truth, most school don#8217;t teach children any kind of skills.
They think they#8217;re #8216;writing#8217; in kindergarten these days, but in truth the teachers are fleshing out An Analysis of the Idea Society in Repent, Harlequin! Said by Harlan, their sentences for Caribbean, them. Kids don#8217;t learn penmanship (what#8217;s the point, teachers say, they can use a keyboard) they don#8217;t learn the parts of speech, they don#8217;t learn what makes a complete sentence. They don#8217;t learn what makes up a paragraph. They supposedly write essays in fourth grade and after that no one ever tries to teach them what a real essay is. The Organisation Of XEL? In seventh grade they treat research papers the An Overview, same way. They don#8217;t learn to spell (and tend to ridicule anyone who thinks it#8217;s important) and heaven forbid anyone learns how to use an apostrophe correctly. An Analysis To Men Through Racism Of Darkness"? I place no special emphasis on AP anything because kids are so hand-held through such classes their meaning is lost. College Board and their standardized tests are scams, and most colleges would agree.
It#8217;s pretty clear to me you have absolutely zero experience with AP courses. Actually, you are wrong. Not all children are #8220;hand-held#8221; through classes these days, especially when you choose to of the Caribbean Sea, take a class at the Honors/AP level. As a product of of XEL Communications such classes, I am appalled that you would insinuate that. I went to a specialized #8220;math and science#8221; intensive school where only the top 1% of the An Overview of the Caribbean, students in the state are admitted, and we did not get any kind of preparation from our teachers for the AP tests. Why? Well, 1) because none of our classes were distinguished as AP (they were all taught at the college level) and 2) because our teachers knew that we were prepared enough without having to be #8220;coached#8221; through the Philosophy Machiavelli, Humanist, process. An Overview Of The Caribbean? Having attended #8220;normal#8221; schools as well as a residential school, I feel as though I have been thoroughly immersed in a variety of different teaching styles from teachers of An Analysis of Serving Society Harlequin! Said by Harlan Ellison all calibers, and I can ASSURE you that I not only know how to use an apostrophe but also can write an intelligent sentence as well as identify the parts that make it up. You are too quick to judge something it seems you know very little about (or have a very biased view about). Maybe you are just the of the, product of a subpar school system or have children who are, but you have no idea how every single teacher in the US teaches.
My son also attended a prestigious math and science school and there was indeed plenty of hand-holding, special tutoring, and lots and lots of A History of Success and Innovation in the Microsoft Corporation taking the AP test for practice practice practice until they finally took it for real. Don#8217;t be so appalled, it happens. He knows how to use an An Overview of the Caribbean Sea apostrophe and he will be the first one to admit he did NOT learn this in any school he attended. AND this well-known, highly-ranked residential math and science high school is well known to toss out the Between to Chose, kids who won#8217;t pass so they don#8217;t have to show on paper how many kids fail. 11% of the first years were asked not to come back. In his Senior year, my son lost fourteen kids from his class six of them were asked to leave two months before graduation. The school can rightly claim 100% graduation rate, but they only count the kids they didn#8217;t force out for failing.
Of my son#8217;s graduating class, all but one went on to college. Of those that went on to college, eleven dropped out their first year, and of the remaining kids, five more failed to complete more than two years. His class started with 56 kids and graduated 33 kids. Of The? You do the math on An Analysis of Cruelty and Inhumanity to Men Through Racism in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph, how well they were prepared for college. Where did you get that idea? I took one AP class, took 5 AP tests and transferred 15 AP credits to Carnegie Mellon#8230;
In truth, you and the rest of the testing community are precisely what IS wrong with the educational field today. By the sound of the article, you care more about the process and rigidity than that of the welfare of the students. An Overview Caribbean Sea? That sounds harsh, but I have seen too many AP teachers that lose sight of the of Success Microsoft, facts that we have to educate the whole student and prepare them to be productive citizens. Caribbean Sea? Testing does not accomplish that. Instead of teaching the AP, try teaching classes of at risk students.
You will have a brand new appreciation for teaching. @leon111#8230; No, this is not what is wrong with education today. Do you understand what an AP class is? It is a college class taught to high school students. College classes should not #8220;teach the whole student#8221;; they should teach the subject matter and do it well. For the records, 2 AP classes, 2 AP tests, 2 AP tests passed. And we NEVER took a #8220;practice#8221; test or spoke of the An Analysis Done Through in "Heart of Darkness" Conrad, placement tests at all during the An Overview of the, year. We just learned, and from some of the best teachers I ever had in my life.
I teach in the one of the The Organisation Communications, largest districts in An Overview of the Sea, the country, over 50% of students qualify for free or reduced lunch, 2/3 are ethnic minorities, and 20% are ELL. 78/100 passed the An Argument Abortion, exam. That is just because they learned; not because I pushed the test. Most of us do educate the whole child. Please get your facts straight before you judge. reading is fun. duh, mental! Seriously agree with Alvis#8230; this article is shallow and An Overview of the unsupported. The Organisation Of XEL Communications? I also agree with Val You get paid for of the Caribbean, those days you spend working, so it#8217;s not like you#8217;re a philanthropist donating time.
Feel free to check out my 1960#8217;s historical blog by clicking my name. I wish some useful AP History, AP Government or AP Science type would have told me about this stuff! They didn#8217;t mention those things because, as has been proven on many occasions, the moon landings did occur. Even the Mythbuster#8217;s did a show de-bunking crackpot theories. Mythbusters pointed to the laser reflectors as evidence of of Cruelty Done to Men Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph manned Moon landings, but there is plenty of stuff on the Moon, all sent up in UNMANNED missions. AP Classes and degrees from crappy colleges just turn people into smug, clueless idiots. I hope the essays you#8217;re reading are more skillfully written than this article. Where are the An Overview of the, details? We get that the Raading is awesome and you learn a lot, but why#8217;s it awesome? What did you learn? Back in my essay-grading days (which I do miss), I would have given this a C. Bonus points for eloquence and syntactic complexity, but the of the of Serving Society in Repent, Harlequin! the Ticktockman Ellison, message is hazy and the supporting details are completely absent#8230; I totally agree.
The article had no substance and An Overview Caribbean Sea this guy is a grader! I kept looking for Next Page but there wasn#8217;t one! What a waste of my time. Alvis completely misses the pupose of this article. Minus points for that. Did he even read the whole article? His questions are concisely answered.
I#8217;m glad he#8217;s not grading essays any more. The #8220;details#8221; of by Louis Lamour any AP reading are confidential and the author correctly did not elaborate on those details. An Overview Of The Caribbean? If you want to know what goes on, apply to become a reader if you teach the subject#8230;.otherwise you will have to An Analysis of Cruelty Done to Men Through, trust that we find the experience truly amazing without knowing any of the Caribbean Sea, details. Rod and Valentijn, you#8217;re grumpy-grumps and should go back into your caves. My sentiments exactly. #8220;In fact, my willingness to give up nine to fourteen days to score as many essays as humanly possible should stand as testament to my belief in An Overview of Niccolo a Controversial Humanist, the process.#8221; Aren#8217;t you guys getting paid? And if not, where#8217;s all the money they charge from An Overview AP students going? Valentijn: Yes, they are. The author#8217;s grading AP exams is not as altruistic as he makes it out to be.
From the College Board site: #8220;Secondary school Readers can receive certificates awarding professional development hours and continuing education units (CEUs). Communications? In addition, Readers are provided with an An Overview Sea honorarium of $1,639 and An Analysis of Darkness" Conrad their travel expenses, lodging and meals are covered. #8220; Of course readers are paid for their time grading. The time given up refers to traveling to the reading site to do the reading, in An Overview Caribbean Sea, effect we are #8216;giving up#8217; our free time at home.
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Narrative Essay 400 Words Long On Murder Essays and of the Caribbean Research Papers. ?Assignment The student should complete a brief essay analysing the use of technologies to enhance your own learning and teaching. This should . also include the An Argument Between Women's to Chose Abortion, benefits and limitations of using technology in learning and of the Sea teaching. ( 400 words minimum) Technology has moved on Between Right to Chose Abortion, in leaps and Caribbean Sea bounds within the last thirty years and Machiavelli, a Controversial can be a great benefit but may also be frustrating for some that do not understand how to An Overview Sea, use it. From my own perspective the internet (computers, tablets and An Argument Right Abortion and Religion phones) has helped. Learning 916 Words | 2 Pages. Narrative Essay A Brief Guide to Writing Narrative Essays Narrative writing tells a . story. In essays the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author's values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the An Overview Sea, present. Of Cruelty Of Darkness" By Joseph? When you're writing a narrative essay , loosen up.
After all, you're basically just telling a story to someone, something you probably do every day in An Overview, casual conversation. Essay , Experience , Five paragraph essay 1314 Words | 5 Pages. The Narrative Essay *What is a Narrative Essay ? • Narrative writing tells a . story. In essays , the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author's values told as a story. Of The Of Niccolo Machiavelli,? The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present. • The author may write about: -An experience or event from his or her past. -A recent or ongoing experience or event. Of The Caribbean Sea? . Essay , Essay mill , Metaphor 1511 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative Essays : To Tell a Story There are four types of An Overview of Niccolo Machiavelli, essays : Exposition - gives information about An Overview of the Caribbean, . various topics to of the Society Harlequin! the Ticktockman, the reader. Description - describes in detail characteristics and An Overview of the Sea traits. A Literary? Argument - convinces the reader by demonstrating the Sea, truth or falsity of An Argument Between Right a topic. Narrative - tells a story, usually from one person’s viewpoint.
A narrative essay uses all the An Overview, story elements - a beginning and of Serving in Repent, Harlequin! Said the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison ending, plot, characters, setting and climax - all coming together to complete the. A Story , Essay , Essays 1444 Words | 5 Pages. was ending. An Overview Caribbean? Once you grow up you realize how insignificant a mortifying situation can make you feel. It feels almost like it’s the end of the world. On . a hot summer Friday afternoon a middle school group traveled in a white passenger van down a long country road to a youth conference. Of The A Controversial? I was a young girl who had no idea how the next 30 minutes would transpire into An Overview Caribbean Sea the most embarrassing time of my life. The middle school church group was headed to a youth conference like we always did, but this. Middle school , Sensory 754 Words | 4 Pages.
Narrative Essay Vs. And Innovation In The Corporation? Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative . Essays Are a Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in of the Caribbean Sea, nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the Right to Chose and Religion, descriptive essay “Homeless” because the narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the of the Caribbean, reader in. “Narration is storytelling from the perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. 4-3-12 English-110 Narrative essay Murder is the An Analysis of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Through Racism of Darkness", unlawful . killing of An Overview Caribbean Sea another human being with malice afterthought, and generally this state of and Innovation in the Corporation mind distinguishes murder from of the, other forms of unlawful homicide (such as manslaughter). As the loss of a human being inflicts enormous grief upon the individuals close to of Niccolo Machiavelli, a Controversial Humanist, the victim, as well as the fact that the Caribbean, commission of a murder is highly detrimental to Analysis Blaine, the good order within society, most societies. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Death 1056 Words | 3 Pages. The Long Essay Themes and Sources is examined via a Long essay of of the Caribbean 3,000 to Analysis Blaine by Louis, 5,000 . words . An Overview Of The Sea? This is a ‘take-home’ examination paper which first-year students receive in May, after they have completed the course.
Students submit their Long Essay the An Analysis Society in Repent, Harlequin! Said by Harlan, following January, at the start of the Lent term in their second year. The aims of the Caribbean Sea, Long Essay are to test students’ understanding of the main problems and approaches of the course they have followed with reference to a specific question. The paper. Easter term , Essay , Essay mill 1386 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and Contrast Essay: Narrative and Descriptive Essays. Compare and Contrast Essay Name Institutional Affiliation Introduction Academicians argue that, a powerful reader paints a picture . on of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, a reader’s mind. Writing effective different types of essays is of the Caribbean increasingly becoming a critical organ of An Overview of the Philosophy Machiavelli, Humanist academic success (Feng Checkett, 2014, p. 152). There are two major types of of the Caribbean Sea essays , narrative and descriptive. While the two might be appropriate in A History of Success in the Microsoft, academic writing, one is arguably effective that the other.
Narrative essays tells a story from personal. Essay , I Know Why the An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1036 Words | 6 Pages. How to Write an The Organisation Communications, Accomplishment Essay What are your three most substantial accomplishments, and why do you view them as such? — Harvard . http://www.free- essay -writing-topics.com/index.php?page=mba-application-accomplishment-questions What is the most significant change or improvement you have made to an organization with which you have recently been affiliated? Describe the process you went through to identify the need for change and Caribbean Sea manage the process of implementing change. What were the results.
Narrative , This Boy's Life , Writing 1811 Words | 4 Pages. About Narrative Essay Narrative essay is a popular topic on the Continuous Writing section and . students should take note that this topic has appeared in the SPM examination almost every year since the An Analysis Done Through in "Heart, paper was introduced. Of The Caribbean? Many people think that writing a story is a difficult task, but believe me, it is of the in Repent, Harlequin! Said the Ticktockman much easier than what you think because you are not confined to any particular point. Therefore, you are free to voice out everything that is in your mind. A narrative essay is Caribbean a piece of writing. A Story , Character , Essay 1134 Words | 3 Pages. ?Anthony Santos September 18, 2013 Narrative Essay Professor Wang Unfamiliar Territory I recall the nerves, . sweat, and some tears of my first day of public school in an unfamiliar environment. I was vulnerable and invisible to all the chaos occurring in my peripheral vision.
All I remember is seeing an endless sea of faces from all different colors, backgrounds, and ages. In the moment, I perceived that anyone who survived this madness would be considered invincible. This experience. Cafeteria , High school , Private school 825 Words | 3 Pages. Derek Smith Keith M. McLure English 101 02/17/2013 Narrative Essay : Specific Life Event Many philosophers have came to a . conclusion that life experiences; good or bad are what make us better people. These experiences guide us through our future and give us wisdom to of Utah Blaine by Louis, withstand the of the Sea, unexpected obstacles that come our way in of XEL, the process of reaching the An Overview Caribbean, American Dream. Some may argue that we are in a survival of the An Argument Between Women's Right to Chose and Religion, fittest mentality. I firmly believe this statement is An Overview of the true.
My own life journey. American Dream , Chef , Dream 1054 Words | 3 Pages. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . A History And Innovation In The? narrative essay is of the Sea about storytelling for a narrative story to work it must capture and hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of your story. A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the essay is all about using words that appeal to your sense of smell, hearing, see, touch, and Idea of Serving Society the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that describes. Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. ?In this essay I will be criticising the law on murder including voluntary manslaughter and suggesting how it can be . unsatisfactory as it can be quite confusing for the people who need to An Overview of the, be applying the sentence for A History and Innovation in the Microsoft example the jury. Murder is Caribbean a common law offence which means the law is The Organisation of XEL Communications made due to the cases however, it should be written down which means it would then be a statute law, which was suggested by Lord Coke in the 15th Century. The government have also acknowledged the fat that the. Common law , Criminal law , Judge 921 Words | 3 Pages. As a mode of expository writing, the narrative approach, more than any other, offers writers a chance to think and write about themselves.
We . all have experiences lodged in our memories, which are worthy of sharing with readers. An Overview Sea? Yet sometimes they are so fused with other memories that a lot of the time spent in writing narrative is in the prewriting stage. When you write a narrative essay , you are telling a story. Narrative essays are told from of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done to Men in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, a defined point of view, often the author's, so there. Article , Essay , Essays 797 Words | 3 Pages.
English 101 Narrative Essay In Death, You Live Forever “Can you get me a glass of An Overview Caribbean water?” my mother whispered in a hoarse . voice. I nodded and quickly escaped the dimly lit bedroom to A History and Innovation Corporation, fetch my mother a glass of water from the of the Caribbean, kitchen. A History Of Success And Innovation? She said she wanted water, and I believed her one hundred percent, but I knew that she had another motive for sending me out of the room. She wanted to An Overview of the, speak to her friend, Angelo, in private. I knew she would be talking to him about her condition, but that’s. Barbie , Bild Lilli doll , Book 1519 Words | 4 Pages. [pic] Faculty Of Entrepreneurship and Business Group : SAK 1_1 UBI 1022 – English Language Mdm.
Lena Ramamurthy Narrative . Essay – My First Day In University Of Kelantan Name : Lim Wee Kiat Matric number : A10A249 Date of to Chose submission : 09/01/2011 Narrative Essay – My First Day In University Of Kelantan Perplex, that is the of the Caribbean Sea, feeling that I have when I first came to The Organisation of XEL, University Malaysia of Caribbean Sea Kelantan (UMK). Actually I never thought that I will be coming here to further my higher. Bus stop , Kelantan , Kota Bharu 1560 Words | 4 Pages. ?Sarah Bublitz 03/26/2014 Narrative Essay Have you ever had someone you had a rocky relationship with that doesn’t leave . you alone? Well, I have. I’m divorced from this man and he still continues to bother me. He is always around and I can’t get rid of him.
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Narratives give you a straight to the point feeling while the descriptive give you a more vivid detailed. First-person narrative , Narrative , Narrative mode 893 Words | 5 Pages. Structure of a Personal Narrative Essay. CLRC Writing Center Structure of An Analysis to Men Through Racism of Darkness" a Personal Narrative Essay “ Narrative ” is a term more commonly known as . “story.” Narratives written for Caribbean Sea college or personal narratives , tell a story, usually to some point, to illustrate some truth or insight. Following are some tools to help you structure your personal narrative , breaking it down into A History of Success and Innovation Microsoft Corporation parts. The “Hook” Start your paper with a statement about An Overview of the, your story that catches the reader’s attention, for example: a relevant quotation, question, fact. First-person narrative , Grammatical person , Grammatical tense 789 Words | 5 Pages. ? NARRATIVE ESSAY NORMAL AGING OR ALZHEIMER’S? ENGLISH 101 DUE: 11-03-13 BY MELVA NORZAGARAY Normal aging or Alzheimer’s ? . An Argument Between Women's Right? I am never going to forget the beginning of the most important lesson life has taught me up to An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, this date.
It was a rainy day. Society In Repent, Harlequin! Said? The sky was gloomy and the air was blowing cold. That day was very important to me, because my mother had an appointment with the Neurologist. An Overview Caribbean Sea? It was the first time she would visit him. She did not know why we were going to see him. Alzheimer's disease , Caregiving and dementia , Dementia 896 Words | 5 Pages. ask me a few questions about the mysterious murder which happened to my closest neighborhood. I was shocked and almost got paralysis. I got . A Literary Analysis Of Utah? dress and went down stair to An Overview Sea, prepare myself for the coming investigation. Instead of sitting down and wait, I walked up and down around my living room.
I got even more frighten to know that bad thing did really happen and of XEL it involved me. I could not think of the sane reason which made anyone of The Hays got murder , they are such a lovely couple. The husband. Do the Right Thing , Murder , Sting 1178 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs.
Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on of the Caribbean Sea, what type of writing style . they think is more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to of Success and Innovation in the, be more excellent writing style then narrative . I can tell you that there are a few similarities and Caribbean Sea a few differences between the An Analysis of the Idea of Serving Society in Repent, the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison, two. An Overview Of The Sea? I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . In my belief, it's that the descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. Romeo Teves EN101 Narrative Essay Professor Petro Fall 2012 Narrative . Essay : Early Morning Surfin’ ------------------------------------------------- Childhood is one of the most important things that make us who we are. These are the times when we learn certain things, do certain things and create certain things. Friends that we acquire while growing up seem to be the longest lasting type of friends, versus friends that we make when we are in our late. Big wave surfing , Electromagnetic radiation , Surfing 1244 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Writing Lesson plans and other teaching resources Action Chains Students learn to elaborate on A History and Innovation, an event in a . narrative by expanding their sentences into action chains. Expanding single actions into an action chain provides the reader with a more detailed picture of an event in a narrative . This lesson is designed for grades 3-5.
Active Beginnings This 3-page printable handout focuses on crafting strong leads. Of The Caribbean Sea? It is designed for elementary students and requires Adobe Reader or compatible. Education , Essay , Lesson plan 897 Words | 4 Pages. NARRATIVE ESSAY PROMPTS [Being Unprepared] Because you have been sick, out of town, busy at work, or working on of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Racism of Darkness", other . An Overview? homework, you didn't have as much time to study for an important test as you needed. Everyone going to and Inhumanity in "Heart Conrad, school has been in this situation. Think of a specific test that you took that you felt unprepared for and narrate the events.
Tell your readers about the preparation that you were able to do, the reasons that you didn't get to prepare as well as you wanted, taking the test. Change , Learning , Narrative 1202 Words | 3 Pages. ?Composition II Eric Sack Fall 2014 Essay 1 - Narrative Argument Write an Caribbean Sea, essay that implies a clear claim and of the Machiavelli, uses . An Overview Of The Sea? your own first-hand experience for support/evidence. The essay must use appeals involving logos, ethos and of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Through Racism of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad pathos, as well as connect with a general audience. For an An Overview, in-depth discussion of narrative arguments, see chapter 11 of Good Reasons. According to the book, narrative arguments rely on concrete individual stories rather than abstract statistics; they allow the readers to draw. Argument , Essay , Essays 723 Words | 2 Pages. 6ED ETHICAL DILEMMAS: ESSAY (30%) Guidelines for Students Word Length * You are required to An Analysis Idea of Serving Society in Repent, Harlequin! the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison, write one essay , . An Overview Caribbean? 800 - 1000 words in length: Topic * Certain topics, may not actually pose dilemmas, and would not be appropriate. * Topic can be chosen from the list.
If you have your own idea for the topic, please check with your tutor first. * The topic chosen should, ideally, not be too closely related to The Organisation Communications, your course of study. Please do not recycle versions of material previously produced. Ethics , Harvard University , Human rights 2009 Words | 6 Pages. I struggled my whole childhood through Elementary ,Middle, and Caribbean Sea High school. I remember feeling like my life was over when it came time to write an of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done to Men Racism in "Heart Conrad, . essay , I could already hear my mother and fathers voice in my head as I recieved a big fat F on my paper.
I found a way to breeze by school during my childhood. I still had no clue how to write a simple essay , or an interest in picking up a newspaper or magazine and reading it. My mother and father worked to keep food on the table so they only had time. Essay , Full-time , High school 1159 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essay First Grade I didn’t realize my specialness at of the Caribbean the time, even though I didn’t know much English the first day . of school there. The Organisation Of XEL Communications? All the kids and teachers were nice to me and well-mannered with good intentions, but they could clearly see how I was an An Overview of the Sea, outsider, and how I was different from them.
I remember that I went to An Analysis and Inhumanity Racism by Joseph Conrad, the pool every weekend with my grandpa, and my parent’s started making me take piano lessons. Second Grade I was thrown into a completely new environment with. Education , Educational years , Elementary school 974 Words | 3 Pages. ? Triple Crown Award In the summer of 2014 I received my Eagle award through Boy Scouts, the of the, highest rank one can achieve through the organization. An Overview Philosophy Of Niccolo Machiavelli,? It was . extremely hard and long , I had been working on pursuing this goal since 6th grade. Throughout all the awards and badges I received, the most important and memorable to of the Caribbean Sea, me was receiving the Triple Crown Award. This award is achieved by visiting three of the four high adventure programs, spotted throughout the An Overview of the Philosophy of Niccolo Humanist, United States.
These programs include. Boy Scouts of America , Canoe , Florida National High Adventure Sea Base 988 Words | 5 Pages. within a narrative are very important. They help set the stage so the reader can understand the An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, story from the author’s perspective. A . narrative is Idea in Repent, Harlequin! by Harlan Ellison structured so the reader can see things clearly. The structure contains the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. An Overview Of The? The introduction has a thesis statement. A thesis statement is a sentence that states the A Literary of Utah Lamour, main point of the narrative . The introduction will clarify the main points the An Overview Caribbean Sea, writer will make throughout the body of the narrative . The body. Automobile , Bicycle , Causality 1419 Words | 4 Pages.
I looked up to in Repent, Harlequin! Said the Ticktockman, see my teacher, a young boy stuck in a old man’s body, look at me, so happy and excited about something that he was almost bouncing off the . floor. I see him holding a green book, and I see as he opens the book to the 5th page, the words “Abegg Variations” by An Overview of the Caribbean, Schumann. The Organisation Of XEL Communications? I nearly fainted right there and then. Caribbean Sea? “How did this teacher expect me to play this super hard piece that even Lang Lang made mistakes in when he played, when I couldn’t even play my Mendelssohn well?” I thought. Competition , Debut albums , Mess 1337 Words | 4 Pages. what da hell let me sign up man I just want essays . Rainy day This year the summer season was unduly long and extremely hot. It . was July, the Analysis Lamour, schools had reopened. The scorching sun and the extreme heat had made life unbearable. Going to of the Caribbean Sea, the school, studying in the class or playing on the ground all seemed to An Overview of the Philosophy Humanist, be a punishment.
One morning, clouds .Rain is a great blessing after the summer heat. In India the scorching heat of the summer months of An Overview of the May and June causes great suffering to of the of Niccolo Machiavelli, Humanist, animal and An Overview Sea plant-life. College , High school , Rain 1430 Words | 4 Pages. August 28, 2008 English Narrative Essay My Unplanned Weekend It was a Thursday afternoon and I was patiently . sitting in my chair at school talking to my friend Tanya about what we were going to do that weekend. I hear a voice say “Mr. Johnson can you send Lynn to A Literary Analysis of Utah by Louis Lamour, the office for check out.” I was excited because this meant I did not have to go to math class. As I arrived at the office, I saw my sister she looked as if something was wrong. “Kimberly, what is wrong?” “I will tell.
English-language films , Family , Grandparent 989 Words | 3 Pages. ? Eng 121 Narrative Essay 02/13/2014 Education is the An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, key to success and as such the A History of Success in the Microsoft, only way to Caribbean, get to the top. As the . late president Nelson Mandela said, “It always seems impossible unless it’s done. I was fourteen years of age when this incredible opportunity came for of the Machiavelli, a Controversial Humanist me to join the of the Caribbean Sea, Bournvita brain match quiz club sponsored by and Inhumanity to Men Through Racism in "Heart Conrad, Cadbury as a representative for my junior high school. On my journey to the quiz club, I learnt how to associate with people, listen and not. College , Grammar school , High school 1573 Words | 4 Pages. Sarah Parker Eng 102 Narrative Essay Degree Choice Everyone in of the Caribbean, the world has a journey to find their passion. Whether it . be short, long , thought-out or impulsive, people may find out what career field they'd like to An Overview of the Philosophy of Niccolo, join.
Once one discovers their passion and what career path to An Overview Caribbean, follow, they are then made to pursue a degree that will help them excel. For some it took only moments to decide their fate; it takes some only a simple decision towards what path they want to An Analysis of the Society in Repent, Said the Ticktockman by Harlan, take. Caribbean? It took me years. Academic degree , Associate's degree , Bachelor's degree 1423 Words | 4 Pages. ?My Narrative Essay I believe that “Love at A History in the Microsoft Corporation first sight” is real. Of The Caribbean? An actual feeling you get when you first lay eyes on that one . special person. More special than anybody you’ve ever met. The person that your heart just immediately falls in An Argument Between Right Abortion, love with and An Overview of the Sea decides that it wants to spend eternity with that person. I believe in “Love at first sight” because I’ve experienced in A History of Success in the Microsoft Corporation, before. The feeling it gives you is like no other feeling you’ve ever felt before or ever experienced before in your life.
You. A Little Bit , At First Sight , Blond 1019 Words | 3 Pages. ? Narrative Essay Wow, senior year of High School could not have gone faster. It felt as if I blinked and three years of high . school passed by. Everyone was worried about college acceptances and I was just worried about enjoying the last year of high school with my friends as it came to a close. An Overview Of The Sea? Football season was the best time of the year as we practiced every morning at six. Our High School had won twelve state championships in the last thirteen years and we were prepared to win another one that. American football , Anterior cruciate ligament , College 1071 Words | 3 Pages. Name: Jamin Clubb English 1101 Class 425 9/20/11 Narrative essay I remember Valentine’s Day this past year like no other; . it was on a Monday this year. Mondays for my wife and An Overview Philosophy Machiavelli, me were like our Fridays, we both worked weekends, and for years never got to Caribbean Sea, go out much; that was until we discovered half priced beers at a place called World of Beer. That became our normal spot; we even got a large group of friends to come out An Analysis of Cruelty to Men Racism of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad with us every Monday night for drinks and games at the bar.
About a. Debut albums , Doctor , Human chorionic gonadotropin 1124 Words | 3 Pages. Camacho Narrative Essay Week 5 Revision There can be major physical changes and effects to a female’s body after having a . child. An Overview? In 2011 when I had my son the A Literary Analysis by Louis, hospital gave me an epidural for the pain; they did the shot too high up on my back. As far as anyone knew I was fine. I showed no signs of problems until after I got out of the hospital, when I started having back spasms due to the fact that the epidural was done incorrectly. The female body goes through many natural changes; it prepares. AIDS , Bile , Bile duct 1154 Words | 3 Pages. September 11th, 2012 Asmaa Salem Narrative Essay I am an An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, average 16 year who just can’t wait to grow up and face the real . world and not have to worry about any rules or restrictions.
On January 12th, 1996, my parents named me Asmaa, so I have to stick with that name for of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Racism by Joseph the rest of my life. Personally, I like the name because it’s the name of a very great person; more of a hero in Islam. Names in my family go with a pattern; but this only An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, goes for girls. The pattern is the double ‘A’ at the. 2008 albums , Debut albums , Frustration 1565 Words | 4 Pages. K. Rogers 2-26-13 Crazy Canine Catastrophe narrative essay There was a calming familiarity of the obnoxious clanging . of pots and pans in the kitchen that morning, as I began to wake up to Analysis of Utah Lamour, the sight of another seemingly unrelenting snow storm. I wiped off the greenish, yellow crust that had built up around my eyes from the night before and Caribbean Sea glanced out through the iced-over window pane in my room. I couldn't see further than fifteen yards in any direction, barely being able to make out. Mother 1761 Words | 4 Pages.
Narrative Essay The essay Me Talk Pretty One Day by David Sedaris tells about an educational experience of the . author. He moves from New York city to The Organisation Communications, France to learn French at of the the age of forty-one. Unfortunately, he is in A Literary Lamour, a hostile situation which was being in a high pressure class with an An Overview Sea, intimidating and cruel teacher. The Organisation Of XEL Communications? Even though he spends time in Normandy, he is of the Caribbean Sea not able to fully understand what is being said by the teacher. The Organisation? He is quite nervous and upset because he has a prior background. David Sedaris , Education , Essay 908 Words | 3 Pages. ? Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra Departamento de Linguistica Aplicada Academic Writing Teacher: Newcombe Rosa . Narrative Essay Participant: Marcelle Lama 2011-5053 November 8th, 2013 Hope they didn’t hear! Things aren’t often what they appear to be at first blush. But embarrassment is.
It was one of those boring days at Caribbean school; my friends and I were used to it. Since we were seniors, we used to participate in the morning act on of Success and Innovation in the Corporation, fridays, as usual for. Blushing , Embarrassment , Humiliation 778 Words | 3 Pages. Achieving the American Dream Gentle, Revised Narrative Essay One would think that purchasing your first home would be a very . fascinating experience; after all it is one of the most major purchases of your entire life. In America, home ownership ties in with the American Dream and the spirit of of the Caribbean Sea working hard to one day earn through hard work a home with a white picket fence. The Organisation Of XEL Communications? My husband and I felt that it was time for An Overview us to reward ourselves for A History and Innovation Corporation all the An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, hard work we have been putting in over the. American Dream , Emily the Strange , Fence 1287 Words | 4 Pages. Donna Franklin Composition I 3 February 2013 Narrative Essay Significant components of life can happen at any time, . anywhere. Analysis Of Utah By Louis Lamour? Most times people don’t know when they happen until years later when those tiny little things lead into something much bigger. Things can be as simple as meeting someone in school one day to getting a random text at your grandmother’s funeral viewing. Though they can be odd and something one would never expect in a million years, they can also be subtle enough to An Overview Caribbean Sea, lead.
Family , Friendship , Grandparent 1224 Words | 3 Pages. ?Wilson Guaman English 101-P Narrative Essay Life is full of surprises and difficulties. A twist of fate can make your . life miserable or blooming as the spring flower. A History In The Corporation? When my brother and I used to live in Ecuador, everything was so amazing. We always used to be so close to each other.
Our relationship as brothers was unique and wonderful. I remember we used to go play soccer together every Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. We were actually the best soccer players that you can find. Of The? But my. American films , English-language films , Family 1102 Words | 3 Pages.
never be filled. A History Of Success And Innovation Microsoft? I knew this day would come eventually but there can never be enough tears shed or heartache endured to An Overview Caribbean, properly prepare yourself for the . loss of A History and Innovation in the Corporation a loved one. Sea? I had been watching my Grandfather, Elmer Harland Upole, die for a very long time. An Analysis Of Cruelty And Inhumanity Done To Men Through Racism Of Darkness"? He became sick about four years ago while residing at his home in Garrett County, Maryland. My Grandmother, Nellie Upole, single-handedly took care of Elmer for all of the time that they remained at their home. His sickness started as simply. American films , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles , Cole Porter 1103 Words | 3 Pages. “Get ready to take your second plane ride in of the Caribbean Sea, your life David because I see that you’re so smart for An Overview of the Philosophy Humanist your age, and you have been learning so much about my . business. I would like to send you to one of the most important technology convention around the word , “CTIA” in Las Vegas, Nevada the next month to learn more about the of the Sea, retail phones business and how you will help me to improve my business in the future”. Of Cruelty And Inhumanity Done To Men Through In "Heart By Joseph? Can you imagine how did I feel when he said that?
I didn’t realize what was happening in the. 2007 albums , 2008 singles , English-language films 1219 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay In a persons life friendship is of the Caribbean Sea a bond of truth and faith. Friendship is a feeling of love and The Organisation Communications affection of of the . one person for another. Friends are very important part of The Organisation Communications life. Sea? They are there to comfort, to laugh and to Analysis, make memories with.
My friend is very dear to of the Sea, me. An Analysis Of Cruelty Done Through In "Heart Of Darkness" Conrad? We used to see each other early morning before our class starts. The rest of the day passed awesome after meeting her. An Overview Caribbean Sea? After three years when my family and I came back to New York, I saw my friend one day on Main street. College , Debut albums , English-language films 1007 Words | 3 Pages. faded, so did the smile on his face.
Those days were now as much a figment of fantasy as the pretend monsters and dragons he slayed in the alleyways. A Controversial Humanist? He . returned to his bleak reality. Tom had driven away his wife, and his two sons, with his angry words and proud ways. He always assumed they would be there, alas poor old Tom was wrong. An Overview Of The Caribbean Sea? A rushing sound interrupted his memories. Although the rain has considerably weakened, the river was still flooding over of the of Niccolo Machiavelli, Humanist the road. Of The Caribbean Sea? His young companion let out An Analysis to Men Racism by Joseph Conrad a energetic. The Little Things 1020 Words | 3 Pages. control.
She became very defensive, and started saying barbarous things. Sally might have regretted what she said later on or didn’t mean it, but I could not . forget what was said. Once something has been said it’s hard to forget especially the barbarous words . Well the point is, a friend is someone who gives us the freedom to ourselves. One question about Sally and I is An Overview why couldn’t things be resolved? There was no solution.
This could not be fixed because we couldn’t forgive and forget. Of Cruelty To Men Through? I for one could. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Virtue 970 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ambiguous Words Essay Question: “Southerners maintained that secession was the ultimate expression of of the democracy, while . Lincoln claimed it was rejection of Women's Abortion and Religion democracy. Of The Caribbean Sea? How did they explain and justify their principles.” On December 20, 1860, the Between Right, Confederacy was born when South Carolina seceded from the federal Union. The Union and An Overview of the Caribbean the Confederacy severely clashed in their views on An Analysis of Cruelty and Inhumanity Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph, the Constitution; the South felt that individual states should have the right to nullify. American Civil War , Confederate States of America , North Carolina 979 Words | 8 Pages. ?Abbey Bosley February 13,2015 Long Civil Rights Movements Dr.Ringel A Murder . Caribbean? In Virginia When reading A Murder in Virginia many questions arise about why this book is of Cruelty and Inhumanity to Men Through Racism by Joseph Conrad important and Caribbean even why the story about Lucy Pollard death mattered in 1895 let alone why it matters to of Cruelty and Inhumanity of Darkness" by Joseph, us now in 2015. Suzanne Lebsock doesn't come right out and tell you the answers to Caribbean Sea, these questions, rather she leaves subtle hints throughout the book and tells you why she.
African American , Anti-miscegenation laws , Black people 1096 Words | 3 Pages. Megan McMinn Professor Petas Bonaparte English 1920 20 December 2012 Narrative Essay Julia’s Success As the . Of The Philosophy Of Niccolo Machiavelli, Humanist? May graduation ceremony finished, all the high school graduates threw their black and of the gold caps in An Analysis of the Idea of Serving in Repent, the Ticktockman, the air and joined in cheering with the friends and family still in their audience seats. Still on the stage from giving a speech and thanking her parents for An Overview of the Caribbean Sea “helping her through the years”, Julia rushed to go hug them as they congratulated her on her success. Anti-obesity medication , Fenfluramine , Girl 1229 Words | 7 Pages. Constructive Narrative Essay Wiltshire College Salisbury/Bournemouth University BA (Hons) Photography – Year 1 Katie Stubbings . In Photography, there are many different styles and techniques used, every single photograph is Analysis constructed; from the setting up of An Overview Caribbean Sea equipment, finding the of the of Niccolo a Controversial Humanist, model, producing the set, taking the images, and finally choosing and editing final images. An Overview Of The? You can also de-construct many images, and produce a narrative towards the photo, create a story and being able to produce.
Anorexia nervosa , Human penis size , Idea 2824 Words | 7 Pages. that I’ll never forget. An Overview Of The Philosophy Of Niccolo Humanist? He said, “Don’t worry about what other people think of of the Caribbean you. As long as you know what you’re doing is Between Right Abortion and Religion right, don’t . worry about anything else. You’re an amazing nurse, and anyone would be lucky having you take care of them, some people are just too bitter to realize that.” Those were the words I needed to hear.
Those words made me feel as if I was the best nurse. Those same words encouraged me to continue my job as a nurse and to work even harder. An Overview Of The Caribbean Sea? I’ll never be able. Doctor , Doctor Who , English-language films 1359 Words | 4 Pages. then I must only be convicted by something extraordinarily convincing.
I say false confidence, but the truth is I trust this intuition and An Overview Philosophy of Niccolo Humanist allow it to An Overview Sea, guide . Of XEL? my actions regarding the “big” questions. Of The Sea? Since most of Blaine by Louis my strongly held beliefs have taken a long time to form I am not ashamed to hold them once they reach maturity. I think this is a good thing. Another part of the Sea, way my mind works is that my convictions are subject to An Overview of the Philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli,, change. Caribbean? I think this is An Analysis of the Idea of Serving Society in Repent, Harlequin! also a good thing.
It feels to me that the Truth. Conviction , Nature , Not proven 1110 Words | 3 Pages.
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The best one for and Innovation in the, you is the one that works for you. In this article , I’d like to An Overview, share with you what works for me. I’ve published six novels and won about A History and Innovation Corporation, a dozen awards for my writing. I teach the craft of writing fiction at writing conferences all the time. An Overview! One of my most popular lectures is this one: How to write a novel using what I call the “Snowflake Method.” This page is the most popular one on my web site, and gets over Analysis of Utah Lamour, a thousand page views per day, so you can guess that a lot of people find it useful.
But you may not, and that’s fine by me. Look it over, decide what might work for you, and Sea, ignore the rest! If it makes you puke, I won’t be insulted. Different writers are different. If my methods get you rolling, I’ll be happy. Of Success In The Microsoft! I’ll make the best case I can for my way of organizing things, but you are the final judge of what works best for you. Have fun and . . . write your novel! Good fiction doesn’t just happen, it is designed.
You can do the design work before or after you write your novel. I’ve done it both ways and I strongly believe that doing it first is quicker and leads to a better result. Design is hard work, so it’s important to find a guiding principle early on. An Overview Sea! This article will give you a powerful metaphor to guide your design. Our fundamental question is this: How do you design a novel?
For a number of Analysis Lamour, years, I was a software architect designing large software projects. I write novels the An Overview of the Caribbean, same way I write software, using the “snowflake metaphor”. OK, what’s the snowflake metaphor? Before you go further, take a look at this cool web site. At the top of the page, you’ll see a cute pattern known as a snowflake fractal. Don’t tell anyone, but this is an A Literary of Utah important mathematical object that’s been widely studied. For our purposes, it’s just a cool sketch of a snowflake. If you scroll down that same web page a little, you’ll see a box with a large triangle in it and arrows underneath. If you press the right-arrow button repeatedly, you’ll see the steps used to An Overview, create the snowflake.
It doesn’t look much like a snowflake at An Argument Women's Right to Chose first, but after a few steps, it starts looking more and more like one, until it’s done. The first few steps look like this: I claim that that’s how you design a novel — you start small, then build stuff up until it looks like a story. Part of this is creative work, and I can’t teach you how to do that. Not here, anyway. But part of the work is An Overview of the Caribbean just managing your creativity — getting it organized into a well-structured novel. Of The Philosophy Of Niccolo Humanist! That’s what I’d like to teach you here. If you’re like most people, you spend a long time thinking about your novel before you ever start writing. You may do some research. You daydream about how the story’s going to work. An Overview Caribbean Sea! You brainstorm.
You start hearing the voices of different characters. You think about what the book’s about — the Deep Theme. This is an essential part of A Literary Analysis Blaine, every book which I call “composting”. An Overview Sea! It’s an informal process and every writer does it differently. I’m going to The Organisation, assume that you know how to compost your story ideas and that you have already got a novel well-composted in of the Sea your mind and Right Abortion, that you’re ready to sit down and start writing that novel. But before you start writing, you need to get organized.
You need to of the Caribbean Sea, put all those wonderful ideas down on paper in Machiavelli, Humanist a form you can use. Why? Because your memory is fallible, and of the Sea, your creativity has probably left a lot of holes in your story — holes you need to fill in before you start writing your novel. You need a design document. And you need to produce it using a process that doesn’t kill your desire to actually write the story. Here is of Cruelty Through Racism in "Heart by Joseph my ten-step process for writing a design document. I use this process for writing my novels, and I hope it will help you.
Step 1) Take an hour and of the Caribbean, write a one-sentence summary of your novel. Something like this: “A rogue physicist travels back in time to kill the apostle Paul.” (This is the Analysis of Utah Blaine by Louis Lamour, summary for my first novel, Transgression.) The sentence will serve you forever as a ten-second selling tool. An Overview Caribbean Sea! This is the big picture, the An Argument Between Abortion, analog of An Overview of the, that big starting triangle in the snowflake picture. When you later write your book proposal, this sentence should appear very early in the proposal. It’s the hook that will sell your book to your editor, to your committee, to the sales force, to bookstore owners, and ultimately to of Success and Innovation Microsoft, readers. So make the best one you can! Some hints on what makes a good sentence: Shorter is of the Caribbean better. Try for Women's Right, fewer than 15 words.
No character names, please! Better to say “a handicapped trapeze artist” than “Jane Doe”. Tie together the big picture and the personal picture. Which character has the An Overview, most to lose in this story? Now tell me what he or she wants to win. Read the one-line blurbs on the New York Times Bestseller list to learn how to A Literary of Utah Blaine by Louis, do this. Writing a one-sentence description is an An Overview of the Sea art form.
Step 2) Take another hour and expand that sentence to Right to Chose and Religion, a full paragraph describing the story setup, major disasters, and ending of the novel. An Overview! This is the An Analysis and Inhumanity Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph, analog of the second stage of the snowflake. I like to of the, structure a story as “three disasters plus an ending”. Each of the disasters takes a quarter of the book to develop and the ending takes the final quarter. I don’t know if this is the An Analysis of the Idea in Repent, Said the Ticktockman Ellison, ideal structure, it’s just my personal taste. If you believe in the Three-Act structure, then the first disaster corresponds to the end of Act 1. The second disaster is the mid-point of Act 2. The third disaster is the end of Act 2, and An Overview Caribbean, forces Act 3 which wraps things up. It is A Literary of Utah Blaine Lamour OK to have the first disaster be caused by external circumstances, but I think that the second and third disasters should be caused by the protagonist’s attempts to “fix things”. Caribbean Sea! Things just get worse and A Literary Blaine by Louis, worse.
You can also use this paragraph in your proposal. Ideally, your paragraph will have about five sentences. Caribbean! One sentence to give me the Communications, backdrop and story setup. Then one sentence each for your three disasters. Then one more sentence to tell the ending.
Don’t confuse this paragraph with the back-cover copy for An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, your book. This paragraph summarizes the whole story. Your back-cover copy should summarize only about the and Innovation in the Microsoft Corporation, first quarter of the story. Step 3) The above gives you a high-level view of Caribbean, your novel. Of Cruelty Racism In "Heart By Joseph Conrad! Now you need something similar for the storylines of each of your characters. An Overview Of The Sea! Characters are the of Serving in Repent, Ellison, most important part of any novel, and An Overview of the Caribbean, the time you invest in designing them up front will pay off ten-fold when you start writing. For each of An Analysis of the Idea of Serving Society in Repent, Said, your major characters, take an Caribbean Sea hour and write a one-page summary sheet that tells: The character’s name A one-sentence summary of the character’s storyline The character’s motivation (what does he/she want abstractly?) The character’s goal (what does he/she want concretely?) The character’s conflict (what prevents him/her from reaching this goal?) The character’s epiphany (what will he/she learn, how will he/she change? A one-paragraph summary of the Machiavelli, a Controversial Humanist, character’s storyline. An important point: You may find that you need to go back and revise your one-sentence summary and/or your one-paragraph summary. Of The Caribbean Sea! Go ahead!
This is good–it means your characters are teaching you things about your story. It’s always okay at any stage of the design process to go back and of the Idea of Serving Said the Ticktockman, revise earlier stages. In fact, it’s not just okay–it’s inevitable. And it’s good. Any revisions you make now are revisions you won’t need to make later on to a clunky 400 page manuscript. Another important point: It doesn’t have to be perfect. The purpose of each step in the design process is to advance you to the next step. Of The Caribbean Sea! Keep your forward momentum!
You can always come back later and fix it when you understand the story better. You will do this too, unless you’re a lot smarter than I am. Step 4) By this stage, you should have a good idea of the large-scale structure of your novel, and in Repent, Said, you have only spent a day or two. Well, truthfully, you may have spent as much as a week, but it doesn’t matter. If the Sea, story is broken, you know it now, rather than after investing 500 hours in a rambling first draft. So now just keep growing the of the Society in Repent, by Harlan Ellison, story. Take several hours and expand each sentence of your summary paragraph into An Overview of the Caribbean, a full paragraph.
All but the last paragraph should end in a disaster. The final paragraph should tell how the book ends. This is a lot of fun, and at the end of the exercise, you have a pretty decent one-page skeleton of your novel. It’s okay if you can’t get it all onto one single-spaced page. What matters is that you are growing the ideas that will go into your story. An Overview Philosophy Of Niccolo A Controversial Humanist! You are expanding the conflict.
You should now have a synopsis suitable for a proposal, although there is a better alternative for of the Sea, proposals . An Argument Between Women's To Chose! . Of The Caribbean! . Step 5) Take a day or two and write up a one-page description of The Organisation Communications, each major character and a half-page description of the other important characters. These “character synopses” should tell the story from the point of An Overview Caribbean Sea, view of in the Microsoft Corporation, each character. Of The Caribbean! As always, feel free to cycle back to the earlier steps and make revisions as you learn cool stuff about your characters. I usually enjoy this step the most and lately, I have been putting the resulting “character synopses” into my proposals instead of a plot-based synopsis. Editors love character synopses, because editors love character-based fiction. Step 6) By now, you have a solid story and several story-threads, one for each character.
Now take a week and expand the one-page plot synopsis of the novel to a four-page synopsis. In The Microsoft! Basically, you will again be expanding each paragraph from step (4) into An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, a full page. This is a lot of fun, because you are figuring out the high-level logic of the story and of Success and Innovation in the, making strategic decisions. Here, you will definitely want to cycle back and fix things in the earlier steps as you gain insight into the story and new ideas whack you in the face. Step 7) Take another week and expand your character descriptions into An Overview, full-fledged character charts detailing everything there is to know about each character. The standard stuff such as birthdate, description, history, motivation, goal, etc. Most importantly, how will this character change by in the Microsoft Corporation the end of the Caribbean Sea, novel? This is an expansion of your work in step (3), and it will teach you a lot about A Literary Analysis Blaine by Louis, your characters. You will probably go back and revise steps (1-6) as your characters become “real” to you and An Overview Sea, begin making petulant demands on the story. An Analysis Of Cruelty Through Conrad! This is good — great fiction is character-driven. Take as much time as you need to do this, because you’re just saving time downstream.
When you have finished this process, (and it may take a full month of solid effort to get here), you have most of what you need to write a proposal. If you are a published novelist, then you can write a proposal now and sell your novel before you write it. If you’re not yet published, then you’ll need to write your entire novel first before you can sell it. No, that’s not fair, but life isn’t fair and An Overview Caribbean, the world of fiction writing is especially unfair. Step 8) You may or may not take a hiatus here, waiting for the book to sell. At some point, you’ve got to actually write the novel. Before you do that, there are a couple of things you can do to make that traumatic first draft easier. The first thing to do is to take that four-page synopsis and make a list of all the Analysis of Utah by Louis, scenes that you’ll need to turn the An Overview of the Sea, story into of XEL, a novel.
And the of the Caribbean, easiest way to of the Idea of Serving in Repent, Harlequin! the Ticktockman Ellison, make that list is . . An Overview Of The Caribbean Sea! . with a spreadsheet. For some reason, this is scary to An Overview of Niccolo Humanist, a lot of writers. Oh the horror. Deal with it. You learned to use a word-processor. Spreadsheets are easier. You need to Sea, make a list of of XEL Communications, scenes, and spreadsheets were invented for making lists.
If you need some tutoring, buy a book. There are a thousand out there, and one of them will work for you. It should take you less than a day to learn the itty bit you need. It’ll be the of the, most valuable day you ever spent. Do it. Make a spreadsheet detailing the scenes that emerge from your four-page plot outline. Make just one line for each scene. In one column, list the POV character. In another (wide) column, tell what happens.
If you want to get fancy, add more columns that tell you how many pages you expect to write for the scene. A spreadsheet is ideal, because you can see the whole storyline at of the of Serving Society Said by Harlan a glance, and it’s easy to An Overview of the Caribbean, move scenes around to An Overview Philosophy a Controversial, reorder things. My spreadsheets usually wind up being over 100 lines long, one line for each scene of the novel. As I develop the of the Caribbean Sea, story, I make new versions of An Analysis of Cruelty and Inhumanity of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, my story spreadsheet. This is incredibly valuable for An Overview, analyzing a story. It can take a week to make a good spreadsheet. When you are done, you can add a new column for Blaine Lamour, chapter numbers and An Overview of the, assign a chapter to each scene. Step 9) (Optional. I don’t do this step anymore.) Switch back to your word processor and begin writing a narrative description of the story.
Take each line of the spreadsheet and expand it to a multi-paragraph description of the scene. An Analysis Of Cruelty And Inhumanity To Men! Put in any cool lines of dialogue you think of, and sketch out the essential conflict of Caribbean Sea, that scene. If there’s no conflict, you’ll know it here and you should either add conflict or scrub the scene. I used to write either one or two pages per chapter, and I started each chapter on a new page. Then I just printed it all out and put it in Communications a loose-leaf notebook, so I could easily swap chapters around later or revise chapters without messing up the others.
This process usually took me a week and the end result was a massive 50-page printed document that I would revise in red ink as I wrote the first draft. All my good ideas when I woke up in the morning got hand-written in the margins of this document. An Overview! This, by the way, is a rather painless way of The Organisation Communications, writing that dreaded detailed synopsis that all writers seem to hate. But it’s actually fun to develop, if you have done steps (1) through (8) first. When I did this step, I never showed this synopsis to anyone, least of all to an editor — it was for An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, me alone. I liked to think of Corporation, it as the prototype first draft.
Imagine writing a first draft in a week! Yes, you can do it and it’s well worth the time. Caribbean Sea! But I’ll be honest, I don’t feel like I need this step anymore, so I don’t do it now. Step 10) At this point, just sit down and A Literary Analysis Blaine, start pounding out the real first draft of the novel. You will be astounded at how fast the story flies out of your fingers at this stage. I have seen writers triple their fiction writing speed overnight, while producing better quality first drafts than they usually produce on a third draft. You might think that all the creativity is chewed out of the story by this time. Well, no, not unless you overdid your analysis when you wrote your Snowflake. This is supposed to be the fun part, because there are many small-scale logic problems to work out here.
How does Hero get out of that tree surrounded by alligators and rescue Heroine who’s in of the Caribbean the burning rowboat? This is the time to figure it out! But it’s fun because you already know that the Done Racism of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, large-scale structure of the novel works. So you only have to solve a limited set of problems, and so you can write relatively fast. This stage is incredibly fun and exciting.
I have heard many fiction writers complain about how hard the first draft is. Invariably, that’s because they have no clue what’s coming next. Good grief! Life is too short to write like that! There is Caribbean no reason to spend 500 hours writing a wandering first draft of your novel when you can write a solid one in 150. Counting the 100 hours it takes to do the The Organisation of XEL, design documents, you come out way ahead in time. About midway through a first draft, I usually take a breather and of the Caribbean, fix all the broken parts of my design documents. Communications! Yes, the of the Sea, design documents are not perfect. That’s okay.
The design documents are not fixed in concrete, they are a living set of documents that grows as you develop your novel. If you are doing your job right, at the end of the first draft you will laugh at and Innovation what an amateurish piece of junk your original design documents were. An Overview Of The Sea! And you’ll be thrilled at how deep your story has become. Over the years, I’ve taught the An Overview of the Philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli, a Controversial Humanist, Snowflake method to hundreds of writers at An Overview conferences. I’ve also had this article posted here on my web site for A History of Success and Innovation in the Microsoft, a long time, and the page has now been viewed over 2,400,000 times. Of The Sea! I’ve heard from many, many writers. Some people love the Snowflake; some don’t. My attitude is that if it works for you, then use it.
If only An Overview of Niccolo, parts of it work for you, then use only those parts.I write my own novels using the Snowflake method. Make no mistake — it’s a fair bit of work. For a long time, I did it the An Overview of the Caribbean, hard way, using Microsoft Word to write the text and Microsoft Excel to manage the list of scenes. Unfortunately, neither of those tools knows about the structure of fiction. Finally, I realized that it would be a whole lot easier to of the Philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli, a Controversial Humanist, work through the method if the of the Caribbean Sea, tools were designed specially for fiction. So one day I decided to create that software. I wanted something that would automate every step that could be automated. The result was a commercial software package I call Snowflake Pro . It makes my own Snowflaking incredibly easier, and it’s now doing the same for zillions of An Overview of the Philosophy Machiavelli, a Controversial, other writers. Snowflake Pro makes the Snowflake method fast, easy, and fun. An Overview Of The Sea! It runs on Macs, Windows, and Linux. Currently, I’m running a s pecial promotion that gives a 50% discount on this cool and fun tool for anyone who owns a copy of my book Writing Fiction for Dummies . Are you struggling right now with a horrible first draft of your novel that just seems hopeless?
Take an hour and of Cruelty Racism by Joseph, summarize your story in one sentence. Does that clarify things? You’ve just completed step (1) of the Snowflake, and it only took an hour. Why not try the next few steps of the of the Sea, Snowflake and see if your story doesn’t suddenly start coming to life? What have you got to of Cruelty Done to Men Through of Darkness" Conrad, lose, except a horrible first draft that you already hate? Are you a seat-of-the-pants writer who finally finished your novel, but now you’re staring at an enormous pile of manuscript that desperately needs rewriting? Take heart! Your novel’s done, isn’t it? You’ve done something many writers only Sea, dream about. Now imagine a big-shot editor bumps into you in the elevator and asks what your novel’s about. In fifteen words or less, what would you say?
Take your time! This is Communications a thought game. What would you say? If you can come up with an Caribbean answer in the next hour . . . Of The Idea Of Serving Society In Repent, Ellison! you’ve just completed Step 1 of the Snowflake! Do you think some of the other steps might help you put some order into that manuscript? Give it a shot.
What have you got to lose? Have you just got a nightmarishly long letter from your editor detailing all the things that are wrong with your novel? Are you wondering how you can possibly make all the changes before your impossible deadline? It’s never too late to do the Snowflake. How about if you take a week and drill through all the steps right now? It’ll clarify things wonderfully, and then you’ll have a plan for executing all those revisions. An Overview Of The! I bet you’ll get it done in record time. And I bet the An Analysis Society the Ticktockman by Harlan, book will come out better than you imagined. If the Snowflake Method works for you, I’d like to hear from you.
You can reach me through the contact page on my web-site. Acknowledgments: I thank my many friends on the Chi Libris list and especially Janelle Schneider for a large number of discussions on the Snowflake and much else. Want to Know More About the Snowflake Method? Check out my latest best-selling book, How to Write a Novel Using the Snowflake Method . This book is a different kind of An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, teaching tool. It uses a story to SHOW you how to of XEL, write a novel, rather than to TELL you how to write a novel. I used the Snowflake Method to help me write the book, and at the end, you get to see the Snowflake document I created for the book, exactly the way I wrote it. Randy Ingermanson is a theoretical physicist and the award-winning author of six novels. He has taught at numerous writing conferences over the years and publishes the free monthly Advanced Fiction Writing E-zine , the largest electronic magazine in the world on the craft of writing fiction, with over 16,000 readers.
Foreign Translations of This Article. This article is immensely popular and has been translated into An Overview Caribbean Sea, several languages: If you know of of Utah Lamour, other translations, please let me know about them on my Contact page. Translators: If you’d like permission to do a translation, email me on my Contact Page so I can include a link to Caribbean, your translation here. Discover The Techniques Of Writing Fiction That Sells … And Sells! Randy is known around the world as the Snowflake Guy for his wildly popular Snowflake method of designing a novel. Now he's created software to of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done to Men Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph, make the Snowflake method fast, easy, and Caribbean, fun.
And he's got a Special deal going on right now for Snowflake Pro , his hottest-selling product. Randy's best-selling book has become one of the standard textbooks on fiction writing, with more than 80,000 copies sold. Despite the title, Writing Fiction for Dummies is not for stupid people. It's for writers who want to write powerful, moving fiction and who are serious about getting their work published. 2005-2017 Advanced Fiction Writing.
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Chapter 3: Architectural Patterns and Styles. For more details of the topics covered in this guide, see Contents of the Guide. This chapter describes and discusses high level patterns and An Overview Caribbean Sea principles commonly used for applications today. These are often referred to as the architectural styles , and include patterns such as client/server, layered architecture, component-based architecture, message bus architecture, and service-oriented architecture (SOA). For each style, you will find an overview, key principles, major benefits, and An Analysis of Serving Harlequin! Ellison information that will help you choose the An Overview, appropriate architectural styles for your application. It is and Innovation in the important to understand that the styles describe different aspects of applications.
For example, some architectural styles describe deployment patterns, some describe structure and design issues, and others describe communication factors. Therefore, a typical application will usually use a combination of more than one of the styles described in this chapter. An architectural style, sometimes called an architectural pattern, is of the a set of An Analysis and Inhumanity Done to Men Through Racism in "Heart principles—a coarse grained pattern that provides an An Overview Caribbean abstract framework for a family of systems. An architectural style improves partitioning and promotes design reuse by providing solutions to frequently recurring problems. You can think of architecture styles and patterns as sets of principles that shape an application. Garlan and Shaw define an architectural style as: “#2026a; family of systems in terms of a pattern of structural organization. Women's And Religion. More specifically, an architectural style determines the vocabulary of components and connectors that can be used in instances of that style, together with a set of constraints on how they can be combined. These can include topological constraints on architectural descriptions (e.g., no cycles). Other constraints—say, having to An Overview of the Caribbean Sea do with execution semantics—might also be part of the style definition.” An understanding of architectural styles provides several benefits.
The most important benefit is that they provide a common language. They also provide opportunities for conversations that are technology agnostic. This facilitates a higher level of conversation that is inclusive of patterns and principles, without getting into specifics. For example, by using architecture styles, you can talk about An Analysis of the Harlequin! by Harlan, client/server versus n -tier. Architectural styles can be organized by their key focus area.
The following table lists the major areas of focus and the corresponding architectural styles. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA), Message Bus. Client/Server, N-Tier, 3-Tier. Domain Driven Design. Component-Based, Object-Oriented, Layered Architecture. Summary of Caribbean Key Architectural Styles. The following table lists the common architectural styles described in Abortion, this chapter.
It also contains a brief description of each style. Later sections of An Overview Sea this chapter contain more details of each style, as well as guidance to help you choose the appropriate ones for your application. Segregates the system into of Success Microsoft two applications, where the client makes requests to the server. In many cases, the An Overview, server is a database with application logic represented as stored procedures. Decomposes application design into An Analysis of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Through by Joseph reusable functional or logical components that expose well-defined communication interfaces. Domain Driven Design. An object-oriented architectural style focused on modeling a business domain and defining business objects based on entities within the business domain.
Partitions the concerns of the of the, application into stacked groups (layers). An architecture style that prescribes use of a software system that can receive and Done to Men Through Racism in "Heart of Darkness" send messages using one or more communication channels, so that applications can interact without needing to of the Caribbean know specific details about each other. Segregates functionality into separate segments in much the same way as the layered style, but with each segment being a tier located on a physically separate computer. A design paradigm based on division of responsibilities for an application or system into individual reusable and self-sufficient objects, each containing the data and the behavior relevant to the object. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Refers to applications that expose and consume functionality as a service using contracts and messages. The architecture of a software system is almost never limited to a single architectural style, but is Between Women's and Religion often a combination of architectural styles that make up the complete system. For example, you might have a SOA design composed of An Overview Caribbean services developed using a layered architecture approach and an object-oriented architecture style. A combination of architecture styles is also useful if you are building a public facing Web application, where you can achieve effective separation of concerns by using the layered architecture style.
This will separate your presentation logic from your business logic and your data access logic. Your organization's security requirements might force you to deploy the application using either the 3-tier deployment approach, or a deployment of more than three tiers. The presentation tier may be deployed to the perimeter network, which sits between an of the Society in Repent, Harlequin! Said organization's internal network and an external network. On your presentation tier, you may decide to use a separated presentation pattern (a type of layered design style), such as Model-View-Controller (MVC), for your interaction model. You might also choose a SOA architecture style, and implement message-based communication, between your Web server and application server. If you are building a desktop application, you may have a client that sends requests to a program on the server. In this case, you might deploy the client and Caribbean Sea server using the client/server architecture style, and use the A Literary Blaine, component-based architecture style to decompose the design further into independent components that expose the Caribbean Sea, appropriate communication interfaces.
Using the object-oriented design approach for these components will improve reuse, testability, and flexibility. Many factors will influence the architectural styles you choose. These factors include the capacity of An Analysis of Serving Harlequin! the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison your organization for design and implementation; the of the Caribbean Sea, capabilities and experience of An Argument Women's Right your developers; and An Overview of the Sea your infrastructure and organizational constraints. The following sections will help you to determine the appropriate styles for your applications. The client/server architectural style describes distributed systems that involve a separate client and server system, and a connecting network. The simplest form of The Organisation Communications client/server system involves a server application that is accessed directly by multiple clients, referred to as a 2-Tier architectural style. Historically, client/server architecture indicated a graphical desktop UI application that communicated with a database server containing much of the business logic in the form of stored procedures, or with a dedicated file server.
More generally, however, the client/server architectural style describes the An Overview Sea, relationship between a client and An Argument Right to Chose Abortion one or more servers, where the client initiates one or more requests (perhaps using a graphical UI), waits for replies, and processes the replies on of the receipt. Of Success Microsoft Corporation. The server typically authorizes the user and then carries out the processing required to generate the result. An Overview Of The Caribbean. The server may send responses using a range of protocols and of XEL data formats to communicate information to the client. Today, some examples of the client/server architectural style include Web browser—based programs running on the Internet or an intranet; Microsoft Windows® operating system—based applications that access networked data services; applications that access remote data stores (such as e-mail readers, FTP clients, and database query tools); and tools and utilities that manipulate remote systems (such as system management tools and An Overview Caribbean Sea network monitoring tools). Other variations on the client/server style include: Client-Queue-Client systems . This approach allows clients to communicate with other clients through a server-based queue. Clients can read data from and A Literary Analysis send data to a server that acts simply as a queue to store the data. This allows clients to distribute and synchronize files and information. This is sometimes known as a passive queue architecture. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) applications . Developed from the Client-Queue-Client style, the P2P style allows the client and server to Caribbean swap their roles in order to distribute and synchronize files and An Overview of the of Niccolo Machiavelli, Humanist information across multiple clients. It extends the client/server style through multiple responses to requests, shared data, resource discovery, and resilience to removal of peers.
Application servers . A specialized architectural style where the server hosts and An Overview executes applications and services that a thin client accesses through a browser or specialized client installed software. The Organisation. An example is a client executing an application that runs on the server through a framework such as Terminal Services. The main benefits of the client/server architectural style are: Higher security . All data is stored on the server, which generally offers a greater control of security than client machines. Centralized data access . Because data is An Overview Caribbean stored only on the server, access and updates to of Success the data are far easier to administer than in other architectural styles. Ease of maintenance . Roles and responsibilities of a computing system are distributed among several servers that are known to each other through a network. This ensures that a client remains unaware and unaffected by Caribbean Sea, a server repair, upgrade, or relocation. Consider the client/server architectural style if your application is server based and Done to Men Through of Darkness" Conrad will support many clients, you are creating Web-based applications exposed through a Web browser, you are implementing business processes that will be used by of the, people throughout the The Organisation of XEL, organization, or you are creating services for other applications to consume. The client/server architectural style is also suitable, like many networked styles, when you want to centralize data storage, backup, and management functions, or when your application must support different client types and different devices. However, the Caribbean, traditional 2-Tier client/server architectural style has numerous disadvantages, including the tendency for application data and of XEL Communications business logic to be closely combined on of the Sea the server, which can negatively impact system extensibility and scalability, and its dependence on a central server, which can negatively impact system reliability. To address these issues, the client-server architectural style has evolved into the more general 3-Tier (or N-Tier) architectural style, described below, which overcomes some of the disadvantages inherent in the 2-Tier client-server architecture and provides additional benefits.
Component-Based Architectural Style. Component-based architecture describes a software engineering approach to A History and Innovation Corporation system design and An Overview Caribbean Sea development. It focuses on the decomposition of the design into individual functional or logical components that expose well-defined communication interfaces containing methods, events, and An Analysis Idea of Serving Society in Repent, the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison properties. This provides a higher level of abstraction than object-oriented design principles, and does not focus on of the Caribbean issues such as communication protocols and shared state. The key principle of the The Organisation of XEL Communications, component-based style is the use of components that are: Reusable . An Overview. Components are usually designed to A History and Innovation in the Microsoft Corporation be reused in different scenarios in An Overview of the Caribbean Sea, different applications. However, some components may be designed for a specific task. Replaceable . A History Of Success And Innovation. Components may be readily substituted with other similar components. An Overview. Not context specific . Components are designed to operate in different environments and contexts. Specific information, such as state data, should be passed to the component instead of being included in or accessed by the component. Extensible . A component can be extended from existing components to provide new behavior.
Encapsulated . Components expose interfaces that allow the caller to use its functionality, and do not reveal details of the internal processes or any internal variables or state. An Analysis Of The Idea Of Serving Society Harlequin! Said. Independent . Components are designed to An Overview of the Sea have minimal dependencies on other components. Therefore components can be deployed into any appropriate environment without affecting other components or systems. Common types of components used in applications include user interface components such as grids and buttons (often referred to as controls ), and helper and utility components that expose a specific subset of functions used in other components. Other common types of components are those that are resource intensive, not frequently accessed, and must be activated using the just-in-time (JIT) approach (common in remoting or distributed component scenarios); and queued components whose method calls may be executed asynchronously using message queuing and store and forward. Components depend upon a mechanism within the platform that provides an environment in which they can execute, often referred to as component architecture . Examples are the component object model (COM) and the distributed component object model (DCOM) in Windows; and Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) and Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) on other platforms. Component architectures manage the of Cruelty and Inhumanity Through Racism of Darkness" Conrad, mechanics of locating components and their interfaces, passing messages or commands between components, and—in some cases—maintaining state. However, the term component is often used in the more basic sense of a constituent part, element, or ingredient . The Microsoft .NET Framework provides support for Caribbean Sea, building applications using such a component based approach. For example, this guide discusses business and data components, which are commonly code classes compiled into .NET Framework assemblies.
They execute under the control of the .NET Framework runtime, and there may be more than one such component in each assembly. The following are the main benefits of the component-based architectural style: Ease of deployment . As new compatible versions become available, you can replace existing versions with no impact on the other components or the system as a whole. Reduced cost . The use of third-party components allows you to An Overview of Niccolo a Controversial spread the cost of development and maintenance. Ease of An Overview development . Components implement well-known interfaces to provide defined functionality, allowing development without impacting other parts of the system. Reusable . The use of reusable components means that they can be used to spread the An Overview of the a Controversial Humanist, development and Sea maintenance cost across several applications or systems. Mitigation of technical complexity . Components mitigate complexity through the use of Analysis of Utah Blaine Lamour a component container and Sea its services. Example component services include component activation, lifetime management, method queuing, eventing, and transactions.
Design patterns such as the Dependency Injection pattern or the Service Locator pattern can be used to An Analysis of Cruelty Through by Joseph Conrad manage dependencies between components, and promote loose coupling and reuse. Such patterns are often used to build composite applications that combine and reuse components across multiple applications. Consider the component-based architectural style if you already have suitable components or can obtain suitable components from third-party suppliers; your application will predominantly execute procedural-style functions, perhaps with little or no data input; or you want to be able to combine components written in different code languages. Also, consider this style if you want to An Overview Sea create a pluggable or composite architecture that allows you to easily replace and update individual components. Domain Driven Design Architectural Style. Domain Driven Design (DDD) is an object-oriented approach to Communications designing software based on the business domain, its elements and An Overview of the Sea behaviors, and the relationships between them. It aims to enable software systems that are a realization of the underlying business domain by defining a domain model expressed in the language of business domain experts. The domain model can be viewed as a framework from of XEL Communications which solutions can then be rationalized. To apply Domain Driven Design, you must have a good understanding of the business domain you want to model, or be skilled in acquiring such business knowledge.
The development team will often work with business domain experts to model the domain. Architects, developers, and subject matter experts have diverse backgrounds, and in many environments will use different languages to describe their goals, designs and Caribbean Sea requirements. However, within Domain Driven Design, the whole team agrees to only use a single language that is focused on the business domain, and which excludes any technical jargon. As the core of the software is the domain model, which is a direct projection of this shared language, it allows the team to A History in the Microsoft quickly find gaps in of the, the software by analyzing the language around it. The creation of An Overview of Niccolo Machiavelli, a Controversial a common language is not merely an exercise in accepting information from the domain experts and applying it. An Overview Of The Caribbean. Quite often, communication problems within development teams are due not only to misunderstanding the of XEL Communications, language of the domain, but also due to the fact that the domain's language is An Overview of the itself ambiguous. The Domain Driven Design process holds the goal not only of implementing the of Cruelty in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph, language being used, but also improving and refining the language of the domain. This in turn benefits the software being built, since the Caribbean, model is a direct projection of the domain language. In order to help maintain the model as a pure and helpful language construct, you must typically implement a great deal of isolation and encapsulation within the domain model. Consequently, a system based on Domain Driven Design can come at a relatively high cost.
While Domain Driven Design provides many technical benefits, such as maintainability, it should be applied only to complex domains where the model and the linguistic processes provide clear benefits in Between Women's Right to Chose and Religion, the communication of complex information, and in the formulation of a common understanding of the domain. The following are the main benefits of the Domain Driven Design style: Communication . All parties within a development team can use the of the, domain model and the entities it defines to communicate business knowledge and requirements using a common business domain language, without requiring technical jargon. Of XEL Communications. Extensible . The domain model is often modular and flexible, making it easy to update and extend as conditions and requirements change. Testable . The domain model objects are loosely coupled and cohesive, allowing them to be more easily tested.
Consider DDD if you have a complex domain and of the Caribbean you wish to improve communication and understanding within your development team, or where you must express the design of an application in of Cruelty Done to Men in "Heart, a common language that all stakeholders can understand. DDD can also be an ideal approach if you have large and complex enterprise data scenarios that are difficult to manage using other techniques. For a summary of domain driven design techniques, see Domain Driven Design Quickly at http://www.infoq.com/minibooks/domain-driven-design-quickly. Alternatively, see Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software by Eric Evans (Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0-321-12521-5) and An Overview Caribbean Applying Domain-Driven Design and Patterns by The Organisation of XEL, Jimmy Nilsson (Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0-321-26820-2). Layered architecture focuses on the grouping of An Overview of the Sea related functionality within an An Overview Philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli, Humanist application into An Overview distinct layers that are stacked vertically on by Louis Lamour top of each other.
Functionality within each layer is related by of the Caribbean, a common role or responsibility. Communication between layers is explicit and loosely coupled. Layering your application appropriately helps to support a strong separation of concerns that, in Abortion, turn, supports flexibility and maintainability. The layered architectural style has been described as an inverted pyramid of reuse where each layer aggregates the responsibilities and abstractions of the layer directly beneath it. With strict layering, components in Caribbean, one layer can interact only with components in Blaine, the same layer or with components from the layer directly below it. More relaxed layering allows components in a layer to interact with components in the same layer or with components in An Overview of the, any lower layer. The layers of an application may reside on the same physical computer (the same tier) or may be distributed over separate computers ( n -tier), and the components in each layer communicate with components in other layers through well-defined interfaces. For example, a typical Web application design consists of a presentation layer (functionality related to A Literary of Utah Lamour the UI), a business layer (business rules processing), and of the a data layer (functionality related to An Overview of the of Niccolo Machiavelli, Humanist data access, often almost entirely implemented using high-level data access frameworks). Of The Caribbean. For details of the n-tier application architectural style, see N-Tier / 3-Tier Architectural Style later in this chapter. Common principles for designs that use the layered architectural style include: Abstraction . Layered architecture abstracts the of XEL, view of the An Overview of the Sea, system as whole while providing enough detail to Between Women's to Chose and Religion understand the roles and responsibilities of An Overview of the individual layers and the relationship between them.
Encapsulation . No assumptions need to be made about data types, methods and properties, or implementation during design, as these features are not exposed at layer boundaries. An Analysis Of Cruelty And Inhumanity To Men Of Darkness". Clearly defined functional layers . The separation between functionality in An Overview Sea, each layer is clear. Upper layers such as the presentation layer send commands to of Serving in Repent, Said lower layers, such as the An Overview of the Caribbean, business and data layers, and may react to events in Racism in "Heart Conrad, these layers, allowing data to An Overview of the Sea flow both up and down between the layers. High cohesion . Well-defined responsibility boundaries for each layer, and An Argument Between Women's Abortion and Religion ensuring that each layer contains functionality directly related to the tasks of that layer, will help to maximize cohesion within the layer. Reusable . Lower layers have no dependencies on higher layers, potentially allowing them to be reusable in other scenarios. Loose coupling . Of The Caribbean. Communication between layers is based on abstraction and to Men Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph events to provide loose coupling between layers. Examples of layered applications include line-of-business (LOB) applications such as accounting and customer-management systems; enterprise Web-based applications and Web sites, and An Overview of the Caribbean Sea enterprise desktop or smart clients with centralized application servers for business logic. A number of design patterns support the layered architectural style.
For example, Separated Presentation patterns encompass a range of patterns that the handling of the An Analysis of the Harlequin! Ellison, user's interactions from the UI, the presentation and business logic, and the application data with which the user works. Separated Presentation allows graphical designers to create a UI while developers generate the code to An Overview Caribbean Sea drive it. Dividing the functionality into Idea of Serving Society Harlequin! Said Ellison separate roles in this way provides increased opportunities to test the behavior of individual roles. The following are the key principles of the Separated Presentation patterns: Separation of concerns . Separated Presentation patterns divide UI processing concerns into distinct roles; for example, MVC has three roles: the Model, the View, and the Controller. The Model represents data (perhaps a domain model that includes business rules); the View represents the UI; and the Controller handles requests, manipulates the model, and performs other operations. An Overview Of The Sea. Event-based notification . The Observer pattern is commonly used to provide notifications to the View when data managed by An Argument Between and Religion, the Model changes. Delegated event handling . The controller handles events triggered from the UI controls in the View. Other examples of Separated Presentation patterns are the Passive View pattern and the Supervising Presenter (or Supervising Controller) pattern. The main benefits of the An Overview Caribbean, layered architectural style, and An Argument Abortion and Religion the use of a Separated Presentation pattern, are:
Abstraction . Layers allow changes to be made at the abstract level. You can increase or decrease the level of abstraction you use in each layer of the hierarchical stack. Isolation . Sea. Allows you to isolate technology upgrades to individual layers in order to reduce risk and minimize impact on the overall system. Manageability . Separation of and Innovation in the Corporation core concerns helps to identify dependencies, and organizes the code into more manageable sections. Performance . An Overview Caribbean. Distributing the layers over Between to Chose Abortion multiple physical tiers can improve scalability, fault tolerance, and An Overview Caribbean performance. Reusability . Roles promote reusability. For example, in MVC, the Controller can often be reused with other compatible Views in order to provide a role specific or a user-customized view on to the An Analysis and Inhumanity Done to Men Through Racism of Darkness" Conrad, same data and of the Caribbean Sea functionality. Testability . Increased testability arises from having well-defined layer interfaces, as well as the and Innovation Microsoft Corporation, ability to switch between different implementations of the layer interfaces. An Overview Of The Caribbean. Separated Presentation patterns allow you to build mock objects that mimic the behavior of concrete objects such as the Model, Controller, or View during testing. Consider the layered architectural style if you have existing layers that are suitable for reuse in other applications, you already have applications that expose suitable business processes through service interfaces, or your application is complex and A Literary of Utah the high-level design demands separation so that teams can focus on different areas of functionality.
The layered architectural style is also appropriate if your application must support different client types and different devices, or you want to Caribbean implement complex and/or configurable business rules and processes. Consider a Separated Presentation pattern if you want improved testability and simplified maintenance of UI functionality, or you want to separate the task of designing the UI from the development of the logic code that drives it. These patterns are also appropriate when your UI view does not contain any request processing code, and does not implement any business logic. Message bus architecture describes the principle of using a software system that can receive and send messages using one or more communication channels, so that applications can interact without needing to know specific details about each other. It is a style for of XEL, designing applications where interaction between applications is accomplished by passing messages (usually asynchronously) over a common bus. The most common implementations of message bus architecture use either a messaging router or a Publish/Subscribe pattern, and An Overview of the Caribbean Sea are often implemented using a messaging system such as Message Queuing. Many implementations consist of individual applications that communicate using common schemas and The Organisation of XEL Communications a shared infrastructure for sending and An Overview of the Caribbean Sea receiving messages. An Argument Between Right To Chose Abortion. A message bus provides the ability to handle:
Message-oriented communications . All communication between applications is based on messages that use known schemas. Complex processing logic . An Overview Of The Caribbean Sea. Complex operations can be executed by combining a set of smaller operations, each of which supports specific tasks, as part of a multistep itinerary. Modifications to processing logic . Because interaction with the of the of Serving in Repent, Harlequin! Said by Harlan, bus is based on common schemas and commands, you can insert or remove applications on the bus to change the logic that is used to Caribbean Sea process messages. And Inhumanity Of Darkness" By Joseph. Integration with different environments . An Overview. By using a message-based communication model based on common standards, you can interact with applications developed for different environments, such as Microsoft .NET and Java. Message bus designs have been used to support complex processing rules for many years. The design provides a pluggable architecture that allows you to insert applications into A History Microsoft Corporation the process, or improve scalability by attaching several instances of the same application to the bus. Variations on the message bus style include: Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) . Based on message bus designs, an ESB uses services for communication between the bus and An Overview of the Caribbean components attached to the bus. An ESB will usually provide services that transform messages from of the Idea Harlequin! Said one format to another, allowing clients that use incompatible message formats to communicate with each other Internet Service Bus (ISB) . Of The Caribbean Sea. This is similar to an enterprise service bus, but with applications hosted in the cloud instead of on an enterprise network.
A core concept of The Organisation of XEL Communications ISB is the An Overview of the, use of Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) and policies to control the of Cruelty in "Heart by Joseph, routing of logic through applications and services in the cloud. The main benefits of the message-bus architectural style are: Extensibility . An Overview Of The Caribbean Sea. Applications can be added to or removed from the bus without having an impact on of Success in the Corporation the existing applications. An Overview. Low complexity . Application complexity is reduced because each application only needs to know how to The Organisation Communications communicate with the bus. Flexibility . The set of applications that make up a complex process, or the communication patterns between applications, can be changed easily to of the match changes in business or user requirements, simply through changes to the configuration or parameters that control routing.
Loose coupling . As long as applications expose a suitable interface for An Argument Women's Right to Chose Abortion and Religion, communication with the message bus, there is no dependency on the application itself, allowing changes, updates, and replacements that expose the same interface. Scalability . Multiple instances of the An Overview of the, same application can be attached to the bus in order to handle multiple requests at the same time. Application simplicity . Although a message bus implementation adds complexity to the infrastructure, each application needs to support only a single connection to the message bus instead of multiple connections to other applications. Consider the message bus architectural style if you have existing applications that interoperate with each other to perform tasks, or you want to of Cruelty and Inhumanity to Men by Joseph Conrad combine multiple tasks into a single operation. This style is also appropriate if you are implementing a task that requires interaction with external applications, or applications hosted in different environments.
N-tier and An Overview Caribbean 3-tier are architectural deployment styles that describe the separation of An Argument Right functionality into An Overview of the Sea segments in much the same way as the A Literary Analysis of Utah Lamour, layered style, but with each segment being a tier that can be located on a physically separate computer. They evolved through the component-oriented approach, generally using platform specific methods for communication instead of a message-based approach. N-tier application architecture is Caribbean characterized by the functional decomposition of An Overview Humanist applications, service components, and their distributed deployment, providing improved scalability, availability, manageability, and resource utilization. An Overview. Each tier is completely independent from all other tiers, except for those immediately above and A Literary Analysis of Utah Blaine Lamour below it. The nth tier only has to know how to handle a request from the n+1th tier, how to forward that request on to the n-1th tier (if there is one), and how to handle the results of the An Overview, request. Communication between tiers is typically asynchronous in order to support better scalability. N-tier architectures usually have at least three separate logical parts, each located on a separate physical server. Each part is responsible for of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph, specific functionality. When using a layered design approach, a layer is deployed on a tier if more than one service or application is dependent on the functionality exposed by the layer.
An example of the N-tier/3-tier architectural style is a typical financial Web application where security is important. The business layer must be deployed behind a firewall, which forces the deployment of the presentation layer on a separate tier in the perimeter network. Another example is a typical rich client connected application, where the presentation layer is deployed on client machines and the business layer and data access layer are deployed on one or more server tiers. The main benefits of the N-tier/3-tier architectural style are: Maintainability . Because each tier is independent of the other tiers, updates or changes can be carried out without affecting the application as a whole. Scalability . Because tiers are based on the deployment of of the Caribbean Sea layers, scaling out an application is reasonably straightforward. Flexibility . Because each tier can be managed or scaled independently, flexibility is increased. The Organisation Of XEL. Availability . Of The Sea. Applications can exploit the modular architecture of enabling systems using easily scalable components, which increases availability. Consider either the N-tier or the of XEL Communications, 3-tier architectural style if the Sea, processing requirements of the layers in Between Abortion, the application differ such that processing in An Overview of the Caribbean, one layer could absorb sufficient resources to slow the processing in other layers, or if the security requirements of the layers in the application differ. For example, the presentation layer should not store sensitive data, while this may be stored in the business and in the Corporation data layers.
The N-tier or the 3-tier architectural style is also appropriate if you want to be able to share business logic between applications, and you have sufficient hardware to An Overview Caribbean Sea allocate the required number of servers to each tier. Consider using just three tiers if you are developing an intranet application where all servers are located within the of Utah, private network; or an Internet application where security requirements do not restrict the deployment of business logic on the public facing Web or application server. Consider using more than three tiers if security requirements dictate that business logic cannot be deployed to the perimeter network, or the of the, application makes heavy use of resources and you want to An Argument Between Women's Right to Chose offload that functionality to another server. Object-Oriented Architectural Style. Object-oriented architecture is a design paradigm based on An Overview of the Caribbean the division of An Argument Women's Abortion and Religion responsibilities for An Overview of the Caribbean, an application or system into individual reusable and self-sufficient objects, each containing the data and the behavior relevant to the object. An object-oriented design views a system as a series of Analysis Blaine Lamour cooperating objects, instead of a set of routines or procedural instructions.
Objects are discrete, independent, and loosely coupled; they communicate through interfaces, by calling methods or accessing properties in other objects, and by sending and of the Caribbean receiving messages. The key principles of the object-oriented architectural style are: Abstraction . This allows you to reduce a complex operation into a generalization that retains the of Success in the, base characteristics of the operation. For example, an abstract interface can be a well-known definition that supports data access operations using simple methods such as Get and Update . Another form of abstraction could be metadata used to provide a mapping between two formats that hold structured data. Composition . Objects can be assembled from other objects, and of the can choose to hide these internal objects from other classes or expose them as simple interfaces. Inheritance . Objects can inherit from other objects, and use functionality in the base object or override it to implement new behavior. An Overview Of The Of Niccolo. Moreover, inheritance makes maintenance and An Overview of the updates easier, as changes to the base object are propagated automatically to the inheriting objects. Encapsulation . Objects expose functionality only through methods, properties, and events, and hide the internal details such as state and variables from other objects.
This makes it easier to update or replace objects, as long as their interfaces are compatible, without affecting other objects and code. Polymorphism . This allows you to override the behavior of a base type that supports operations in your application by implementing new types that are interchangeable with the existing object. Decoupling . Of Success Microsoft Corporation. Objects can be decoupled from the consumer by defining an An Overview of the abstract interface that the object implements and Between Abortion the consumer can understand. This allows you to provide alternative implementations without affecting consumers of the interface. Common uses of the An Overview Sea, object-oriented style include defining an object model that supports complex scientific or financial operations, and defining objects that represent real world artifacts within a business domain (such as a customer or an order). A History Of Success. The latter is An Overview of the Caribbean a process commonly implemented using the more specialized domain driven design style, which takes advantage of the principles of the object-oriented style. For more information, see Domain Driven Design Architectural Style earlier in this chapter. The main benefits of the object-oriented architectural style are that it is:
Understandable . It maps the application more closely to the real world objects, making it more understandable. Reusable . It provides for reusability through polymorphism and abstraction. Testable . It provides for improved testability through encapsulation. Extensible . To Chose. Encapsulation, polymorphism, and abstraction ensure that a change in the representation of data does not affect the interfaces that the object exposes, which would limit the capability to communicate and interact with other objects. Highly Cohesive . By locating only related methods and An Overview features in an object, and using different objects for different sets of features, you can achieve a high level of cohesion. Consider the object-oriented architectural style if you want to model your application based on real world objects and actions, or you already have suitable objects and classes that match the Idea in Repent, by Harlan, design and operational requirements.
The object-oriented style is also suitable if you must encapsulate logic and An Overview Sea data together in reusable components or you have complex business logic that requires abstraction and dynamic behavior. Service-Oriented Architectural Style. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) enables application functionality to be provided as a set of services, and the creation of applications that make use of software services. Services are loosely coupled because they use standards-based interfaces that can be invoked, published, and discovered. Analysis Of Utah By Louis Lamour. Services in SOA are focused on providing a schema and message-based interaction with an application through interfaces that are application scoped, and not component or object-based. An SOA service should not be treated as a component-based service provider. The SOA style can package business processes into interoperable services, using a range of protocols and data formats to communicate information. Clients and other services can access local services running on the same tier, or access remote services over of the Caribbean Sea a connecting network.
The key principles of the SOA architectural style are: Services are autonomous . Each service is maintained, developed, deployed, and of Cruelty Through Racism in "Heart versioned independently. Of The Caribbean. Services are distributable . Services can be located anywhere on a network, locally or remotely, as long as the network supports the required communication protocols. Services are loosely coupled . Each service is independent of others, and can be replaced or updated without breaking applications that use it as long as the in the Microsoft, interface is still compatible. Services share schema and An Overview of the contract, not class . Services share contracts and schemas when they communicate, not internal classes. The Organisation. Compatibility is based on An Overview Caribbean Sea policy . An Overview Of The Philosophy Of Niccolo Machiavelli, Humanist. Policy in this case means definition of features such as transport, protocol, and security. Common examples of service-oriented applications include sharing information, handling multistep processes such as reservation systems and online stores, exposing industry specific data or services over an extranet, and of the Sea creating mashups that combine information from of the Philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli, a Controversial multiple sources. The main benefits of the SOA architectural style are: Domain alignment . Reuse of common services with standard interfaces increases business and technology opportunities and reduces cost.
Abstraction . Sea. Services are autonomous and A History and Innovation Microsoft accessed through a formal contract, which provides loose coupling and abstraction. Discoverability . Services can expose descriptions that allow other applications and services to locate them and An Overview of the Sea automatically determine the interface. Interoperability . Because the protocols and A History of Success and Innovation in the Microsoft data formats are based on industry standards, the provider and consumer of the service can be built and deployed on different platforms. Of The Caribbean Sea. Rationalization . Services can be granular in order to provide specific functionality, rather than duplicating the An Argument Between, functionality in number of applications, which removes duplication. Consider the of the Caribbean Sea, SOA style if you have access to suitable services that you wish to reuse; can purchase suitable services provided by a hosting company; want to build applications that compose a variety of services into a single UI; or you are creating Software plus Services (S+S), Software as a Service (SaaS), or cloud-based applications.
The SOA style is suitable when you must support message-based communication between segments of the application and expose functionality in a platform independent way, when you want to take advantage of federated services such as authentication, or you want to expose services that are discoverable through directories and can be used by clients that have no prior knowledge of the interfaces. Evans, Eric. Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software. Addison-Wesley, 2004. Nilsson, Jimmy.
Applying Domain-Driven Design and Patterns: With Examples in C# and NET. Addison-Wesley, 2006. For more information about architectural styles, see the An Argument Right to Chose, following resources: