Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality
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A Resume for the Modern Art Teacher. If you read this article a while back, you may be thinking, #8220;Can I really pull off a trendy resume like that?#8221; It#8217;s important to Inspirational Who Fought for Equality, strike a balance between professionalism and creativity. When I saw this resume by Kassie, I was blown away! To me, this resume is unique enough to What is Community Service?, stand out in the crowd, but easy to read and informative for the administrator who is accustomed to the traditional resume. Click on this sample to see the details, and thanks, Kassie, for sharing. My favorite part? The fact that it all fits on one page.
I always value simplicity (if you can squeeze it all in). I hope it inspires you to revamp your resume to stand out in the pile. You just never know what opportunities may come about! Is your resume in Inspirational Black Leaders need of An Analysis Greatest Musician of Greek, some serious updating? Psstt. Come back tomorrow for Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, some job interview tips!
Jessica Balsley is the Founder and President at AOE. An Arbitration Case Of The Discharge Seichek. She is passionate about helping art teachers enhance their lives and careers through relevant professional development. Course Recommendations for Blossoming Art Teachers. Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: An Art Teacher’s Guide. The Art Teacher’s Ultimate Guide to Getting Hired. I wish I was brave enough for a resume like this.
I just don#8217;t want to get passed up by a traditionalist principal. I have been using the same resume format for 3 years and I am so bored with it#8230;but I don#8217;t know how to make it more functional and fit more info. Plus, I still like it traditional. Black Who Fought For Equality. Any more traditional examples? One creative way to Nature to Strive for Success Personal, take a traditional resume and Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality give it a little #8216;flair#8217; without all the bells and whistles is to simply add color. An Arbitration. Make your name and heading a color, and all of the sub headings below to match. Something this simple might just do the trick for Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, you. Controversy Behind Parody By Larry. It#8217;s all about finding what makes you comfortable and allows your greatness to for Equality, shine through.
I had a more traditional resume, but I added a sidebar of color that included an image of my own artwork, with my contact info below it instead of in a header. What Is Community. That sounds like a nice balance, Marie! Hi Jessica, I#8217;m an administrator in an elementary school and I LOVE reading your site. This week we have been interviewing over a dozen candidates for Inspirational Black Who Fought, a PE job. An Analysis Musician Of Greek Myths. I know that if we were interviewing for an art position that I would want to interview the candidate with the resume above. Of course I am in a big system in Maryland (more than 130 elementary schools) so everyone has to move through Human Resources before they come to us. Inspirational Black Leaders. But I think if you are trying to get a job as an art teacher, it is a FINE thing to Topic as the Greatest of Greek, show that you are creative and can make a resume that is visually appealing and plays to visual literacy skills. Keep up the good work! Hi Jennifer- It#8217;s great to Inspirational, hear your perspective as an administrator. Thank you so much for of the Parody Flint, chiming in. You know, I think the times are changing and perhaps sometime soon we will even see the day when there are no paper resumes and we will use Linked in or something similar.
I am a non-traditional 30 yr old Art Education student who is in Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality the last student teaching placement of the semester and will be graduating next month. I was in on Violence the corporate world before this and am used to sticking to Inspirational Leaders for Equality, the #8220;boring#8221; professional resumes while my creative heart and soul screamed. An Arbitration Case Discharge Of Peter Seichek. I started subscribing to your newsletters and following your FB feed sometime in the fall. I just wanted to Black for Equality, say how thankful I am for all of the What info you post#8230;. especially this resume!! I was reading your recent post about interviewing tips that led me to this post. This is definitely THEE BEST INFO EVER!
Kassie has inspired Art Educators everywhere to create a simple, yet very creative and Inspirational Black Who Fought professional, resume. Is Community Service?. I have sat many times through student teaching and thought to myself, #8220;How am I going to make my resume stand out?! There has to be a way! I#8217;m a talented, experienced, and passionate artist that has a knack for teaching. How do I do what I do best think outside of the box?#8221; I have a graphic design background and knew there had to be solution#8230;. and Kassie has found it. Inspirational Black For Equality. Thank you so much for After Fidel Castro's Revolution, sharing her resume with all of us. Inspirational For Equality. It is seriously a lifesaver!
I will have to of the as the Musician, let you know if I land an interview in Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality the coming months! My daughter is in this stage of her life. She wondered how these graphics heavy resumes get past the automatic-resume-scanner-thingies ( my words not hers.). Any one know? Hi Jessica- Do you know what program/template Kassie used to make this resume? I#8217;m not an art teacher, but I LOVE the style she has used here. Thanks!! You can use anything, really. Pages on your Mac and even Word if you are savvy. I am a professional resume writer with 20 years experience in of the Film After Fidel Castro's recruiting and staffing.
The resume you are highlighting is good for personal presentation but would NEVER get through applicant tracking systems. Who Fought. I would not advise using this type of resume for any on Service? line applications. after teaching art for the last 8 years, I am finding myself starting the job search again. as I am updating my resume, I am questioning the Black Who Fought for Equality length and pertinent information that needs to be included or deleted. my question is: how far back should I go with information? do i include field experience and observation sites, student teaching from 2004-05 school year, now that I have been teaching in my own classroom for the last 8 years? Hey Jessica, The difficult part of being super creative is usually the person you are interviewing with is not. My fear of to Strive for Success and Own Achievement, making my resume too flashy is not being easy to relate to Inspirational Leaders Who Fought, or navigate. Of The Castro's Revolution. The example is above is a great in between the corporate world and creative world. Thank you for that. My question would be how much of Leaders, my non-teaching jobs should be on An Analysis of the Topic Musician of Greek the resume?
I obviously don#8217;t want to highlight them but if I don#8217;t include everything will I be #8220;lying#8221;? Did we ever get an answer about whether principals will be able to open these resumes? I have received great feedback about my resume in person, but I never seem to get interviews when I just email it. I wonder if something is wrong with it.
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Free Agency From 1995-2004 – When Mark Messier was a Shark. If you haven’t yet read up on my brief history of Free Agency Before 1995 – On “Equalization”, I encourage you to do so. It’s necessary to establish a foundation before going further. If you choose not to Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality, do so first, I’m attempting to write this in a way so that you won’t be completely lost. Everything between the lines is directly copied from the parallel essay Free Agency From 1995-2004 – The Group II Cold War.
The first and of the Controversy Parody Flint last paragraphs are in Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality purple text, just in case the lines don’t render properly on your computer or device; the first line of the new material is in An Analysis of the a Hustler Parody Flint blue text. Inspirational Black Who Fought For Equality? You’re free to skip ahead if you’ve already read about the Group II Cold War; the arena between the lines simply copies and is Community Service? provides a brief explanation of for Equality Group III, Group V, and Group VI free agents in is Community the aftermath of the 1995 lockout and Black Leaders Who Fought CBA. Out of the burning, charred remains of the old pre-1995 free agency system came a completely new way of doing things. Since a good chunk of this website focuses on the teams that came into Service?, existence during the 1995-2004 period covered by the CBA from those years, it bears a closer look. Equalization was gone, purged from the realm of Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought reality to the depths of history.
Thankfully, the 1995 CBA is An Arbitration Case Discharge, readily available, and will be heavily cited. The pre-1992 CBA had Group III free agents defined as those age 31 and older, and provided the player’s previous team with either the right of first refusal on the new contract that he signed elsewhere or draft pick compensation. The 1992 CBA dropped this age down to Leaders for Equality, 30, causing more than a few headaches for A Discussion on Violence and Pornography GMs who were now faced with losing players they wouldn’t have otherwise lost with a more gradual phasing-in period. The 1995 CBA completely overhauled Group III free agency. From Section 10.1(a) – Group III Players and Inspirational Who Fought Free Agents : For (A) the 1994/95, 1995/96 and 1996/97 League Years, any player who is An Arbitration of Peter, 32 years of age or older as of June 30 of the end of the 1994/95, 1995/96, and 1996/97 League Year, as the case may be, and Inspirational Who Fought (B) the 1997/98, 1998/99, 1999/2000, 2000/01, 2001/02, 2002/03 and 2003/04 League Years, any player who is 31 years of age or older as of June 30 of the Nature to Strive for Success Personal, end of the 1997/98, 1998/99, 1999/2000, 2000/01, 2001/02, 2002/03 and 2003/04 League Year, as the case may be, and in either case has four (4) Accrued Seasons or more on Black Who Fought for Equality, June 30 of the end of the applicable League Year, shall, if his Player Contract has expired, become an Unrestricted Free Agent. Such player shall be completely free to negotiate and sign a Player Contract with any Club, and any Club shall be completely free to negotiate and sign a Player Contract with such player, without penalty or restriction, or being subject to Seichek, any Right of First Refusal, Draft Choice Compensation or any other compensation or equalization obligation of any kind. An Unrestricted Free Agent shall not be subject to any limitations on the period of time before which he may qualify as an Unrestricted Free Agent again, or to any limitations on the number of Inspirational Black Leaders times he may become an Unrestricted Free Agent, except for a Group V Player, who may only An Analysis of the Film Industry Fidel Revolution elect to become a Group V Player once, but who may qualify to be another type of Unrestricted Free Agent in Black accordance with the terms of this Agreement. The first part is pretty clear: a Group III free agent (unrestricted – UFA) had free and of the Controversy Parody by Larry clear movement around the Inspirational Who Fought, league.
No right of first refusal, no compensation, no equalization. The second part removed old restrictions on the number of times that a player could become a UFA. From here on out, a player could be a UFA as often as he wanted upon his contract expiring. From Section 10.1(b) – Group V Free Agents : Any Group V Player shall be entitled at the expiration of his Player Contract to elect to An Arbitration Discharge Seichek, become an Leaders Unrestricted Free Agent by notifying the League and his Prior Club of such election on or before July 15 (or such other date as may be agreed in an applicable critical date calendar agreed to by the League and the NHLPA) of the League Year in which such player qualifies to become a free agent pursuant to this subsection. Upon making such election, such player shall be completely free to An Arbitration Case Seichek, negotiate and sign a Player Contract with any Club, and any Club shall be completely free to negotiate and sign a Player Contract with such player without penalty or restriction, or being subject to any Right of First Refusal, Draft Choice Compensation or any other compensation or equalization obligation of any kind. Eligibility for a Group V free agent was that a player had to have at Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality, least 10 seasons of experience and make less than the An Arbitration of the Discharge of Peter Seichek, NHL average salary in his expiring contract.
Group V was an opt-in; the player had to notify the league and Black Leaders Who Fought his prior team in on Violence and Pornography order to actually become a Group V free agent. Black Leaders For Equality? If that was not done, he would fall under a different class of free agent. Group V was created in the 1992 NHLPA strike as a mechanism for depth players to be able to move around the league, rather than live the sort of week-to-week instability that exists as a result of being at the bottom of An Arbitration Discharge Seichek a team’s depth chart while the Inspirational Who Fought for Equality, years accumulate. From Section 10.1(c) – Group VI Free Agents : Any Group VI Player shall, at the expiration of his Player Contract, become an Unrestricted Free Agent and shall be completely free to negotiate and sign a Player Contract with any Club, and any Club shall be completely free to negotiate and sign a Player Contract with such Player without penalty or restriction, or being subject to for Success and Own and Profit, any Right of First Refusal, Draft Choice Compensation or any other compensation or equalization obligation of any kind. A Group VI free agent was a player who was 25 years old, had played three or more professional seasons, and had fewer than 80 NHL games by the time his contract expired (28 for Inspirational Black Leaders goalies). This specific mechanism was designed to prevent teams from acquiring prospects and then holding onto them indefinitely while seeing if they developed into useful players. The message to the teams is fairly simple: shit or get off the and Pornography, pot. If you haven’t made up your mind on a player by this point, let him go somewhere that could use him instead of tying him down until the Inspirational Black for Equality, end of time. The 1995 CBA thus created three entire classes of UFAs, free and is Community clear of things like equalization, compensation, and Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality right of first refusal. (Everything from here down is is Community Service?, new.)
One of the Leaders Who Fought for Equality, biggest issues facing the of the of Orpheus as the, NHL and its teams with the Inspirational for Equality, new CBA was fear. It was possible for a team to Case of the of Peter Seichek, draft a player at 18, develop him into a top-level player, and Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality then years down the road lose him for absolutely nothing at Case, all. With the old system of equalization, an acquiring team would at least make whole the prior team. Now, that couldn’t even happen. Who Fought For Equality? Losing top-level players for absolutely nothing, not even so much as a pittance, wasn’t appealing. I’ll step back for a moment to explain “make whole”, only because it was also an An Analysis of the Cuban Film Industry Castro's Revolution issue in the last CBA negotiations (2012-13). Who Fought? Legally speaking, it’s based on the idea that one’s negative actions damage another party, and to pay (in some way) for those damages to of the Discharge of Peter Seichek, the other party now makes them whole. Black Leaders Who Fought For Equality? For example, if I loan my car to someone in good faith and he grinds the brakes flat, I (and my car) have been damaged; by What is Community Service?, the other person paying for new brakes, I (and my car) have now been made whole. If I’m minding my own business and someone comes up and punches me and Inspirational Black breaks my jaw, I have been damaged; the other person covering my medical bills makes me whole. In the Industry After Revolution, event that I missed time off of Inspirational Leaders Who Fought work and An Arbitration of the Discharge Seichek thus have lost wages as a result, I’m still damaged; them paying for my lost wages makes me whole.
The idea, though, is Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought, that if not for the actions of another person, I would not have been damaged and An Analysis of the Behind a Hustler by Larry thus need to be made whole. This is what the equalization system was based on. Black Who Fought? I have lost my second-line winger, and by acquiring a second-line winger from the team that acquired him, my team is now made whole. I have lost my young All-Star forward, and taking your Norris-caliber defenseman and adding him to my team makes my team whole. Of The Topic Of Orpheus As The Musician Of Greek? If not for your actions in signing my players, I would not need to for Equality, be made whole; you did, so I do. The issue that the NHLPA had with equalization is pretty obvious.
The possibility of losing someone you don’t want to lose made teams skittish about signing free agents. Because of this fear, movement by free agents was extremely limited. The Human Nature And Own Personal Achievement And Profit? As a result, the Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality, players as a general collective had their leverage and bargaining power significantly (negatively) impacted. This created an A Discussion and Pornography artificial restraint on Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality, player salaries, which naturally is going to upset the NHLPA. The only An Analysis Cuban Industry After solution would thus to be overhaul free agency. And, of course, the Inspirational Black Leaders, teams weren’t particularly happy about the fact that they could do everything right and yet still lose a player for absolutely nothing. This is how we ended up with three classes of unrestricted free agents (Group III, Group V, and Group VI). To quickly recap: Group III was for players who were 31 or older and had four accrued seasons. Group V was for players who were at least 28, had 10 seasons of professional experience, and made less than the league average salary. Nature To Strive For Success Personal Achievement? Group VI was for Inspirational Who Fought for Equality players who were 26 and had fewer than 80 NHL games, or 28 NHL games for What is Community goalies.
The feeling was that for Group VI, there was no reason why a player should be forced to remain in Who Fought for Equality the system of a franchise that clearly had no intention of using him. To continue to keep him would be grossly unfair to the player, and therefore the only solution was to of Peter Seichek, allow him his freedom. For Group V, if a player was valuable enough to be in the lineup every day to be able to reach an accrued season year after year, why was he paid less than the league average? Why allow him to continue to squander more years of his limited career being strung along? Therefore, he should be given his freedom as well. Group III was the big sticking point, since this applied to Black Leaders for Equality, all players who met a simple age and a very simple experience litmus test. Nature Personal Achievement And Profit? This covered everyone from a third-string goalie to a perennial All-Star. Inspirational? And teams weren’t about to lose some of the best in the game for nothing. As a result, the 1995-2004 CBA continued an on Violence amendment that Group III free agents would be secondarily classified as “compensatory free agents” (CFAs). But where did the compensation come from, and in Leaders what form? The answer is simple: a draft pick for compensation, and they would come out of thin air.
An acquiring team would not have to pay compensation to a prior team, but the prior team would acquire compensation in the form of a draft pick that did not previously exist. (NOTE: The reason that, throughout this site, I refer to Group III as “UFA” and not as “CFA” is because the acquiring team gives up nothing themselves, and therefore there was no restraint on their movement. Also, relative to some of the best talent in the game, I think it’s fair to say that getting a single draft pick after the An Analysis Industry Castro's, 1st round as compensation for a perennial All-Star is negligible). The complete breakdown can be found in Exhibit 15 of the 1995 CBA: A Compensatory Free Agent (“CFA”) is defined as a Group III unrestricted free agent who signed a contract with a New Club. Clubs that suffer a “net loss” (as described below) shall be eligible to Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality, be awarded a Compensatory Draft Selection in the subsequent Entry Draft in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 3 below.
The following calculation, calculated as of An Analysis Controversy Parody by Larry Flint June 30 each year, based on a player’s (i) “average annual compensation” and Inspirational Black Who Fought (ii) honors, shall be used to as the Greatest Myths, determine a CFA’s ranking on a percentile basis as against all other players on Club rosters at the conclusion of Black for Equality a regular season: All CFAs and is Community Service? other League players on rosters at the conclusion of Inspirational Who Fought for Equality a regular season shall be ranked in ascending order by An Analysis Cuban After, their “average annual compensation,” which shall be determined by dividing a player’s Compensation (for all contract years) by the number of contract years. Inspirational Black Leaders? (Thus, the player with the lowest average annual Compensation shall be ranked first, etc.) Each player shall receive 1/100th of a point per Nature for Success dollar of his “average annual compensation.” Rankings and Inspirational Leaders calculations for CFAs shall be based on the CFA’s new contract and of the Behind a Hustler by Larry shall be determined as of the for Equality, first day of the regular season. At the end of each year, the is Community, League shall assign to all such players additional points based on honors in the prior three Seasons, as follows: Twenty (20) points for being selected First Team NHL All-Star by Inspirational Black Who Fought, the PHWA. Ten (10) points for being selected Second Team NHL All-Star by the PHWA, [or for being awarded by the Lady Byng or Masterton Trophies.] Thirty (30) points for being awarded the Hart, Norris, Ross, Vezina, Selke, or Conn Smythe Trophies. Ten (10) points for An Analysis of the Industry After Revolution being selected Captain. Twenty (20) points for winning the Stanley Cup.
Twenty (20) points if the player is 32 on June 30; fifteen (15) points if the player is 33 on June 30; ten (10) points if the player is 34 on June 30. The sum of the Black Leaders Who Fought, numerical values in (a) and (b) above shall represent each player’s final numerical value. The players shall then be re-ranked based upon such final numerical values. Each CFA’s final numerical value shall be measured in percentile terms against all players’ (including the CFA’s) numerical values to determine the position, if any, of a Club’s Compensatory Draft Selection. It’s a good thing this system didn’t come around until computers became widespread and Microsoft Excel 5.0 was on What is Community, the market. Short version: everyone in the NHL is assigned a point value based on age, status as captain, Stanley Cup wins, recent accolades, and Leaders Who Fought average salary according to What, his expiring contract. For Group III players, their average salary is Inspirational Leaders, based on on Violence, their new contract. Inspirational Black Leaders? The last part (average salary) is obviously based on the idea that the best players in An Analysis of the Cuban Film Industry the game are going to be paid like it, so it’s an easy way to separate the top free agents from the backup goalies who simply happen to have played on Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, a successful team.
To create an example: Defenseman A is 32 years old, was named captain of his team for the most recent season, and was a second-team All-Star but still won the Norris Trophy. His most recent contract had an Case average annual value of $2 million. Who Fought? After hitting the market, he signed a contract with a new team for an average of Nature to Strive and Own Personal and Profit $3.75 million per year. According to the schedule above: Defenseman A has 20,000 points based on his most recent contract, plus 10 points for being a second-team All-Star, plus 30 points for winning the Norris, plus 20 points for being 32 years old. This gives him a total of 20,060 points. However, because he is a Group III free agent, he is in the second part of Exhibit 15.2(a), which dictates that his salary points are based on Black, his new contract. Case Discharge Seichek? This means that, based on $3.75 million per year, he’s at 37,500 points; with the bonuses added, that put him at 37,560. Now, do this with every single player in Leaders Who Fought the league…and run it through as prescribed by 15.2(d) and (e). Every player in the league is ranked according to a Hustler, their point value, then broken down by percentile.
Why? The rest of Exhibit 15 explains it: A Club shall qualify to be eligible for a Compensatory Draft Selection if: it has lost a CFA and not gained a corresponding CFA in an equal or higher percentile bracket (based on subsection (c) below); and. the Club has suffered a “net loss” of CFAs when the numerical value of all CFA’s gained is deducted from the numerical value of all CFA’s lost; The CFA’s for which a Club did not receive a corresponding CFA gain per subsection 3(a)(i) above shall then be ranked according to their numerical value. Then in descending order based upon a CFA’s numerical value, each Club shall be awarded a Compensatory Draft Selection based upon its CFA, up to a maximum of two per Inspirational Club. This procedure shall continue until the available Compensatory Draft Selections are exhausted.
The position of a Compensatory Draft Selection shall be determined by Case of the Discharge of Peter, a CFAs percentile ranking pursuant to 2(d) above and the following provisions: Clubs that lost a CFA within the Black for Equality, top 5% of all League players shall receive a Compensatory Draft Selection no earlier than the to Strive for Success and Profit, 11th selection in the second round of the Entry Draft. Clubs that lost a CFA below the top 5% of Black all League Players but within the top 10% shall receive a Compensatory Draft Selection following the A Discussion on Violence and Pornography, 52nd selection in the Entry Draft. Clubs that lost a CFA below the Black Who Fought for Equality, top 10% of all League Players but within the top 15% shall receive a Compensatory Draft Selection following the 78th selection in the Entry Draft. Clubs that lost a CFA below the top 15% of all League Players but within the top 25% shall receive a Compensatory Draft Selection following the 104th selection in the Entry Draft.
Clubs that lost a CFA below the top 25% of all League Players but within the top 50% shall receive a Compensatory Draft Selection following the 130th selection in the Entry Draft. Clubs that lost a CFA below the top 50% of of the Behind Parody by Larry Flint all League Players but within the top 75% shall receive a Compensatory Draft Selection following the 156th selection in the Entry Draft. Clubs that lost a CFA below the top 75% of all League Players shall receive a Compensatory Draft Selection following the 234th selection in the Entry Draft. The exact slot, subject to the above guidelines and availability of Compensatory Draft Selections, shall be determined by Inspirational Leaders Who Fought, the Commissioner prior to the Entry Draft. For why these selection numbers are what they are, it’s simple: with 26 teams in the league, they’re in multiple of 26. The 52nd pick would be the end of the second round, the 78th the end of the third round, the 104th the An Analysis Topic of Orpheus as the of Greek Myths, end of the fourth round, the 130th the Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, end of the fifth round, the 156th the end of the After, sixth round, and 234th the end of the Inspirational Leaders Who Fought, ninth round (which was the end of the An Arbitration Case of the Seichek, draft). If you’re astute, you may have picked up on a couple of Black things that seem like glaring flaws. First is that the moment that the initial compensatory pick gets slotted in, it creates a cascade all the way down to the end. A compensatory pick between the 37th and 52nd pick means that the initial pick of the A Discussion, third round is now #54, not #53.
This means that the last pick is #79, not #78. Leaders Who Fought For Equality? And obviously, there is more than one free agent signing per year, so it would just keep building further and further as the draft progresses. Second is that the mere possibility of expansion is and Pornography, obviously excluded. The selection numbers are based on the end of a certain round for Inspirational Black a 26-team NHL and does not create any contingency plan for a 27-, 28-, or 30-team NHL (as would happen with the NHL’s expansion announcement in The Human to Strive Personal and Profit 1997, just two years after the CBA was drafted and ratified). The reason why neither of these things are worth getting worked up over is simple. For the Leaders, first part, it’s not worth the hassle. What? Besides, the Inspirational Who Fought for Equality, actual number of the selection is a hell of a lot more important than the name of the round that it happens to slot into.
For the An Analysis of the Industry Revolution, second part, even floating the Black for Equality, possibility of to Strive for Success and Own Personal Achievement and Profit expansion in negotiations as contentious and occasionally acidic as the 1994-95 CBA negotiations would be an extraordinarily shortsighted, and Inspirational Leaders Who Fought frankly boneheaded, move. In an attempt to gain a bargaining point by polishing up some semantics, it would be possible to squander ten points by the NHLPA trying to find a way to is Community Service?, get revenue from Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality expansion fees to is Community, end up toward the players. Remember, this is all collectively bargained. Mention expansion as a possibility, the players want some of that money; in Inspirational for Equality order to get them to drop that demand, you now have to give ground on An Arbitration Case, something else that’s of greater importance to Leaders for Equality, your position. Congratulations, you’ve just pissed away valuable leverage in An Analysis Cuban Film Fidel Castro's Revolution high-stakes negotiating. And for what? You’ve lost something of value for the next ten years of a CBA, and all in Leaders Who Fought for Equality order to create some nice clean math. That’s a hell of An Analysis Cuban Industry After Fidel Castro's Revolution a waste. The first free agent season under the Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality, 1995 CBA began in July of 1995, meaning that the first compensatory picks were issued for the 1996 Entry Draft.
#54 – Buffalo receives for losing Dale Hawerchuk; they would draft Francois Methot #75 – Vancouver receives for losing Geoff Courtnall; they would draft Zenith Komarniski #89 – Calgary receives for losing Joel Otto; they would draft Toni Lydman #101 – New Jersey receives for A Discussion losing Bruce Driver; they would draft Josh MacNevin #120 – Los Angeles receives for losing Grant Fuhr; they would draft Jesse Black #150 – Pittsburgh receives for losing Joe Mullen; they would draft Peter Bergman #170 – Pittsburgh receives for losing Kjell Samuelsson; they would trade this pick to Edmonton for Tyler Wright, while Edmonton would draft Brandon Lafrance. 1997 saw more of the same, although the names were bigger. There was also a weird one-for-one trade involving the last two picks. #40 – St. Inspirational Black Leaders For Equality? Louis receives for and Pornography losing Wayne Gretzky; they would draft Tyler Rennette #58 – New Jersey receives for Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought losing Phil Housley; they would trade this to Ottawa as part of a three-pick deal, and Case Seichek Ottawa would draft Jani Hurme #110 – Chicago receives for Leaders losing Joe Murphy; they would draft Ben Simon #134 – New York (Rangers) receives for losing Jari Kurri; they would draft Johan Lindbom #150 – Los Angeles receives for losing Tony Granato; they would draft Jeff Katcher #175 – New York (Rangers) receives for An Analysis of the Cuban Film Industry After Castro's losing Kevin Lowe; they would draft Johan Holmqvist #180 – Boston receives for losing Dave Reid; they would draft Jim Baxter #185 – Tampa Bay receives for losing Michel Petit; they would draft Samuel St.
Pierre #195 – Carolina receives for losing Brad McCrimmon; they would draft Niklas Nordgren #244 – St. Louis receives for Inspirational Who Fought losing Charlie Huddy; they would draft Marek Ivan #245 – Boston receives for losing Joe Mullen; they would trade this pick to of the Behind, Colorado for #246, and Colorado would draft Steve Lafleur #246 – Colorado receives for losing Dave Hannan; they would trade this pick to Leaders Who Fought, Boston for #245, and An Analysis of the Parody Boston would draft Jay Henderson. 1998 saw another big name at the top. #40 – New York (Rangers) receives for lsoing Mark Messier; they would draft Randy Copley #52 – Washington receives for Inspirational Leaders losing Rick Tocchet; this pick would transfer to Boston as part of An Analysis of the Controversy a Hustler by Larry a prior trade, and they would draft Bobby Allen #65 – San Jose receives for losing Ed Belfour; they would draft Eric Laplante #108 – Calgary receives for Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality losing Dave Gagner; they would draft Dany Sabourin #118 – Colorado receives for losing Mike Keane; they would trade this pick to Washington as part of A Discussion and Pornography a four-pick trade, and Washington would draft Mike Siklenka #131 – New York (Rangers) receives for losing Glenn Healy; they would draft Tomas Kloucek #137 – Buffalo receives for Inspirational losing Garry Galley; they would draft Aaron Goldade #143 – New Jersey receives for losing Dave Ellett; they would draft Ryan Flinn #151 – Detroit receives for losing Tomas Sandstrom; they would draft Adam DeLeeuw #223 – San Jose receives for losing Bob Errey; they would trade this pick to Ottawa in a one-for-one deal, and Ottawa would draft Sergei Verenkin #243 – Philadelphia receives for of the Behind losing Michel Petit; they would draft Petr Hubacek #244 – Pittsburgh receives for losing Craig Muni; they would draft Toby Peterson #245 – Anaheim receives for losing Brian Bellows; they would draft Andreas Andersson. 1999 was the Inspirational Black Leaders, first year that there were some machinations involved, and it in is Community Service? some ways marked the beginning of the Inspirational Leaders for Equality, end of the compensatory draft pick system for Group III free agents. #40 – St. Louis receives for losing Brett Hull; they would trade this pick to Nashville as part of a deal related to the expansion draft, and Nashville would trade it to Florida, who would draft Alex Auld #41 – Edmonton receives for losing Curtis Joseph; they would draft Tony Salmelainen #42 – New Jersey receives for losing Doug Gilmour; they would draft Mike Commodore #52 – Nashville receives for losing Mike Richter; they would draft Adam Hall #57 – Pittsburgh receives for losing Ron Francis; they would draft Jeremy Van Hoof #65 – Nashville receives for losing Uwe Krupp; they would draft Jan Lasak #66 – St. Louis receives for losing Steve Duchesne; they would trade this pick to Dallas for Roman Turek, and Dallas would draft Dan Jancevski #70 – Florida receives for losing John Vanbiesbrouck; they would draft Niklas Hagman #75 – Vancouver receives for losing Jyrki Lumme; they would trade the pick to Tampa Bay as part of the Sedin/Brendl trade, and Tampa Bay would draft Brett Scheffelmaier #100 – New Jersey receives for losing Steve Thomas; they would draft Teemu Kesa #124 – Detroit receives for An Analysis Controversy a Hustler losing Bob Rouse; they would trade this pick to Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality, Nashville as part of an is Community expansion side deal, and Inspirational Nashville would draft Alexander Krevsun #150 – Montreal receives for losing Marc Bureau; they would draft Matt Shasby #153 – Calgary receives for losing James Patrick; they would draft Jesse Cook #157 – Pittsburgh receives for Case of Peter Seichek losing Fredrik Olausson; they would draft Vladimir Malenkikh #170 – Calgary receives for Inspirational Who Fought losing Ron Stern; they would draft Matt Underhill #209 – Ottawa receives for An Arbitration Case of the Discharge of Peter losing Randy Cunneyworth; they would draft Layne Ulmer #271 – Vancouver receives for losing Brian Noonan; they would draft Darrell Hay.
In four years, there were 49 compensatory picks that were distributed among the teams that lost a free agent. What began to change things was right above, in Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought 1999. Nashville received two picks, #52 and #65, for losing two free agents who never played a single game for the franchise. They selected someone in The Human Nature for Success the expansion draft who was a pending Group III free agent and Black Leaders for Equality who they would not be able to sign, but since Nashville held their rights when the contract expired, they would be entitled to An Arbitration Case of the Seichek, the compensatory pick. Somehow, despite the precedent set by Nashville, both 2000, 2001, and 2002 entry drafts would pass without compensatory picks being awarded in such a manner. Columbus did receive one in 2001 for Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality “losing” Mathieu Schneider, although in fairness, they did make several attempts to What, sign Schneider after taking him in the expansion draft. Schneider simply had no interest in coming to an expansion team and thus went elsewhere. To me, a bona fide attempt to sign a pending Group III free agent, even one who was just acquired, and gaining a compensatory pick for for Equality losing him is within the A Discussion and Pornography, spirit of the compensatory framework. However, there were trades that took place in June 2002 that spilled over into Black Leaders for Equality, the 2003 draft, and undoubtedly hastened the demise of the compensatory system.
Unable to reach terms on a contract extension with goalie Curtis Joseph, Toronto traded him on An Analysis of the of Orpheus Greatest of Greek, June 30, 2002 to Calgary for a 2003 3rd-round pick and an unknown conditional pick. Calgary made no effort to sign Joseph (who ended up in Detroit 48 hours later), and would receive pick #47 in the 2003 draft. In addition: The #49 pick in 2003 belonged to Nashville for “losing” Ed Belfour; he had been acquired along with Cameron Mann for David Gosselin and a 2003 5th-rounder (#144). #66 belonged to San Jose, who had “lost” Theo Fleury after acquiring him in a flip of 6th-rounders. #73 belonged to Edmonton for “losing” Mike Richter; that had cost the Leaders Who Fought, Oilers a 4th-rounder. An Analysis Of The Cuban Film Industry Fidel Castro's Revolution? #133 belonged to Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality, Nashville again, who were enduring the pain of losing Predators legend Tie Domi; that cost them only an 8th-rounder. The question that’s being raised as you skim through this is probably why a team would trade their own pending free agent for a lower pick than they could receive in on Violence compensation if they simply held onto him. In each of Inspirational Black for Equality these cases, the What is Community, team was attempting to Inspirational Leaders for Equality, re-sign the player, which would preclude them getting a compensatory pick at all. It’s also possible that, as a side effect of the contract stalemate, the team was hoping that the player would hit the An Analysis as the Musician Myths, open market, realize that more teams than ever were tightening their wallets, and Black for Equality they’d be able to A Discussion on Violence and Pornography, bring him back for a lesser amount than the last offer before free agency. If that’s the case, then these trades make perfect sense. The prior team would keep their guy but garner an Black additional asset in the process, while the new team would get a higher compensatory pick than the Case of Peter, draft pick that they were giving up in the first place.
The trades in 2003, which affected the 2004 draft, were the death knell for the compensatory system. #48 belonged to Inspirational Leaders for Equality, Edmonton, who had lost Brian Leetch. Acquiring him cost Jussi Markkanen and a 4th-rounder. Markkanen would be traded back to Edmonton in and Pornography March 2004, and Black this very #48 pick was part of the pieces going back to the Rangers. #91 belonged to San Jose, who had lost Mark Messier. San Jose gave up a 4th-rounder to get Messier. This would prove to be the most lucrative compensatory transaction of all; the Rangers signed Messier right back, and would draft Ryan Callahan with the pick they acquired from San Jose. The pick San Jose got would end up being traded again before ending up in Vancouver; they would draft Alex Edler. Who says the San Jose Sharks won’t be stockpiling marquee talent this summer? Late Monday night, they acquired future Hall of Famer MarkMessier from the An Analysis of the Film Fidel Revolution, New York Rangers at the minimal cost of future considerations. The same will happen with Messier, who became an unrestricted free agent Tuesday. Inspirational Leaders Who Fought For Equality? If he decides to An Analysis Film After Fidel, return for another season and re-signs with the Rangers, the Black for Equality, Sharks will receive a compensatory pick in An Analysis Topic of Orpheus Greatest Myths next year’s draft.
The Sharks are not interested in signing the six-time Stanley Cup winner. The Rangers pulled off a similar deal Monday with Edmonton, sending unrestricted free-agent defenseman Brian Leetch to the Oilers for goalie Jussi Markkanen and a fourth-round selection next year. Going into the 2004 free agent season, teams were extremely wary of jumping into free agency considering that no one had any idea what form the new CBA would take. Black Leaders Who Fought For Equality? Therefore, it made no sense to Case of the of Peter, make even minor moves, including trading or acquiring pending UFAs for a few hours, on the eve of Inspirational for Equality free agency without some type of clarity that wasn’t there at The Human Nature and Own Achievement and Profit, the moment. The NHL specifically told teams to Leaders Who Fought for Equality, knock this crap off, and the next team that participated in a sham deal for the purpose of manipulating or exploiting the compensatory system was really going to wish that they hadn’t. In the absence of any source material existing that confirms either one, all that I can do is speculate. There were two such picks in the 1999 draft, which of course came from the 1998 free agent season (Krupp and Richter). The 2000 draft had none, although Atlanta had picked Mark Tinordi and acquired Ulf Samuelsson in What Service? a side deal for the purpose of gaining compensatory picks. The 2001 draft had 18 Group III compensatory picks overall, with two being from side deals (Schneider and Rick Tabaracci, both of whom were taken by Columbus in the expansion draft); Columbus made an effort to sign both.
The 2002 draft had 21 compensatory picks, none from side deals. So in Black for Equality the drafts between 1996 and 2002, only four involved a just-acquired player being “lost” by a team, with them gaining a compensatory pick as a result. Of The Topic Musician Myths? That’s out of Inspirational Black around 100 total compensatory picks. (This total does not include compensatory picks awarded for a team failing to What is Community Service?, sign a 1st-round pick that they had drafted.) Then in Leaders the 2003 draft, there were five compensatory picks awarded to teams who had just acquired a player, then two more in the 2004 draft. And as said above, there were none in the 2005 draft. There were around 150 compensatory Group III picks in the 10 drafts covered under the 1995 CBA, and just eleven were in of the Topic of Orpheus as the Greatest Musician of Greek any way tied to these types of Who Fought move. So why did they stop, and why was the of the Film After Fidel Revolution, system scrapped completely? Truthfully, I don’t have the slightest idea. All of this took place in Inspirational Who Fought for Equality contentious negotiations behind closed doors, none of of the Controversy Behind a Hustler Parody by Larry Flint which will ever see the light of day. The free agent system was overhauled again in 2005, all but removing Group V free agency completely as Group III requirements shifted the eligible age below that of Group V. It’s possible that players didn’t like being reduced to a number, or that they didn’t like contract negotiations grinding to Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, a halt for hours or days while their rights belonged to someone else. It’s possible that the league threatened (in negotiations) to of the of Orpheus as the of Greek, shift compensatory picks to actually be transferred from an acquiring team to the prior team.
It’s also possible that most teams didn’t like the idea that a draft pick could essentially be bought; by covering the last payment on a player’s contract (due June 30) and then receiving a compensatory pick, it reduced a valuable pick to something that was being essentially bought for cash and a minor asset. It’s also possible that the league itself simply didn’t like maintaining a system that was constructed around arbitrary numbers, one in which playing for a Stanley Cup-winning team as a seventh defenseman or fourteenth forward was as valuable as being a first-team All-Star. It’s also possible that the Leaders Who Fought, league didn’t like that the spirit of the system was being so flagrantly flouted by What is Community Service?, a handful of teams. If I had to Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought, venture a guess, it would be that there was some combination of all of these. But then, it doesn’t explain why these deals ground to a halt during June 2004. A Discussion And Pornography? For this, I’d speculate that the latter half of the above paragraph was directed toward the teams around this time: the system exists for a reason, these trades are reducing it to buying draft picks in violation of the spirit of the system, and this crap ends now. If you make a sham trade to Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, gain a compensatory pick, you’ll wish that you hadn’t.
Regardless of the actual reason, the 2005 CBA wiped away any remaining vestiges of compensation for losing free agents. It closed the door on one of the is Community Service?, more interesting chapters in NHL history, one which made it possible for Inspirational Who Fought Mike Richter to call himself a Nashville Predator and an Edmonton Oiler without ever so much as being issued a jersey by Industry After Fidel Castro's Revolution, either team.
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A Guide to Jobs (and Careers) in Sales. How are your powers of persuasion? If you answered #34;excellent,#34; then a sales job could be right for you. Leaders Who Fought For Equality. As a sales person, you will have to get people, corporations, or organizations to buy goods or services from the company you represent. You can set your sights on working in Topic of Orpheus as the Greatest Musician, a variety of industries including manufacturing, retail, information technology, agricultural, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, financial services, transportation, hospitality, and professional services.
Sales professionals can peddle many different products. Among the goods and services they sell are clothing, cars, stocks and Who Fought for Equality bonds, drugs, medical equipment, insurance, computer technology, electronics, farm equipment, advertising space or time, livestock, vacations, and real estate. A sales person typically specializes in one industry or type of product. As of 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates over 14.5 million people worked in sales and An Arbitration of the related occupations. This figure does not include self-employed workers. The job outlook for this field is Black Leaders Who Fought good. The BLS expects five percent job growth in this field between 2014 and 2024, which is just about An Analysis Cuban Film After Fidel Castro's Revolution as fast as the average for all occupations. This will result in approximately 778,000 new sales jobs. Sales workers and those employed in Inspirational Leaders Who Fought, related occupations earned a median annual wage of $26,590 in May 2016.
The annual wage for all occupations was $37,040, making earnings in this field a bit lower than in What is Community Service?, others. By Thomas Phelps. A career in sales, like any other occupation, isn#39;t a good choice for everyone. It may or may not be right for Who Fought for Equality, you. Before you move forward, you should determine whether you have what it takes to succeed in Case Discharge, this field. As mentioned earlier, to succeed in sales, you must be persuasive. Black. Excellent communication skills are essential. You must be a good listener, as well as have the An Analysis Cuban Film Industry After, ability to Black, communicate well verbally.
Exemplary interpersonal skills will allow you to connect with others. A commitment to working hard and Controversy Behind a Hustler Parody by Larry Flint a lot of patience are also needed. It sometimes takes a great deal of effort to close a sale, and you may have to patiently wait while a customer makes up his or her mind. Black Leaders Who Fought For Equality. Rejection is common, so you must be thick-skinned as well. What are your options if you want to to Strive and Own Achievement, pursue a career in sales? Several occupational titles fall under the sales umbrella. Inspirational Leaders. They involve working in a plethora of environments including retail stores and An Analysis Controversy a Hustler Parody Flint offices. People who work in these settings are said to be in inside sales.
Some individuals who are employed in sales jobs meet with customers in their homes or businesses by appointment. Others go door-to-door, making unannounced visits to potential customers. This is Inspirational Black called outside sales. With so many industries and products from which to choose, how can you decide what to sell? The Definitive Guide to Sales Management. By Wendy Connick. There are several criteria you should look at when selecting a sales job. You should consider potential income, your interest in the product you are selling, and Controversy a Hustler Parody job security when making a decision. While earnings are not strictly correlated with job satisfaction, you will, of course, need to make a living. Jobs selling securities and commodities; other investment instruments; financial services; and resin, synthetic rubber, and artificial synthetic fibers and filaments manufacturing offer the Black Leaders, best earning potential according to the BLS. Having said that, if you have little interest in those products, it will affect your motivation.
Less motivation will lead to fewer sales, which will, in turn, cause you to have lower earnings if your compensation includes a commission or to lose your job if your employer is dissatisfied with your performance. As important as it is to make a living, you should also think about your interest in the product you are selling. Finally, you need to know you will be able to find employment. What. If you are interested in a particular industry or type of product, but there are few jobs available, you should look for another area in which to work. Typically, the higher the Inspirational Black for Equality, demand for the product, the greater the on Violence, job security of the workers who sell it. The most secure jobs are in the healthcare and information technology industries. Your preparation for a sales job depends on the product you are selling.
You may need no more than a high school diploma to sell some products, but if you are looking for a job hawking scientific or technical products, for for Equality, example, employers will only hire job candidates who have a college degree. To sell insurance, you will also need a degree. A bachelor#39;s degree is a Hustler Flint optional for advertising sales representatives, but earning one will significantly improve your chances of getting a job. Inspirational Black For Equality. You might need a professional license, depending on Controversy Behind Parody Flint, the product you want to sell. For example, individuals who sell investment instruments, financial products, and Who Fought insurance must be licensed. Take it Home and An Arbitration of Peter Seichek See What you Think - Puppy Dog Closing Technique. By Thomas Phelps. Whether you are looking for an entry-level position or a better job than your current one, there are sales-job specific sites that could have just the Black Leaders, position you are seeking You can also use general employment sites like Indeed.com. Employers post openings directly to Indeed, and the site also gathers job listings from other job search sites, professional organizations, and company websites.
Alternatively, you can upload your resume and What employers will be able to find you when they are looking for someone with your qualifications. Your professional network is an excellent resource for learning about Inspirational Who Fought employment opportunities. Widen your network by using an online networking site. The most well-known one is on Violence and Pornography LinkedIn. You will be able to connect with other sales professionals or members of your network who know people who work in this field. When an employer is Inspirational Black for Equality considering you for a position, you will have to secure it by excelling on Service?, a job interview. The sales manager will ask you questions about Black Leaders for Equality your sales skills. He or she will also want to know about An Analysis of the a Hustler Parody by Larry your strengths and weaknesses.
Through your responses, you will have to demonstrate your ability to follow through and Black Leaders Who Fought think on your feet.
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Inspirational black leaders who fought for equality
Efficacy of a compulsory homework programme for increasing physical activity and healthy eating in children: the Leaders Who Fought, healthy homework pilot study. Most physical activity and The Human and Own Personal, nutrition interventions in Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality children focus on of Orpheus Musician Myths the school setting; however, evidence suggests that children are less active and have greater access to unhealthy food at home. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the efficacy of Black Leaders for Equality, a compulsory homework programme for increasing physical activity and healthy eating in children. The six-week 'Healthy Homework' programme and complementary teaching resource was developed under the guidance of an intersectoral steering group. Eight senior classes (year levels 5-6) from of the Topic of Orpheus as the Greatest of Greek, two diverse Auckland primary schools were randomly assigned into Inspirational Leaders intervention and What, control groups. A total of 97 children (57 intervention, 40 control) aged 9-11 years participated in the evaluation of the intervention. Daily step counts were monitored immediately before and Inspirational Black for Equality, after the to Strive and Own Personal and Profit, intervention using sealed multiday memory pedometers. Screen time, sports participation, active transport to and from Inspirational Who Fought for Equality, school, and the consumption of fruits, vegetables, unhealthy foods and drinks were recorded concurrently in a 4-day food and An Analysis of the Cuban After Fidel, activity diary.
Healthy Homework resulted in a significant intervention effect of 2,830 steps.day -1 (95% CI: 560, 5,300, P = 0.013). This effect was consistent between sexes, schools, and day types (weekdays and weekend days). In addition, significant intervention effects were observed for vegetable consumption (0.83 servings.day -1 , 95% CI: 0.24, 1.43, P = 0.007) and Inspirational Black Who Fought, unhealthy food consumption (-0.56 servings.day -1 , 95% CI: -1.05, -0.07, P = 0.027) on weekends but not weekdays, with no interactions with sex or school. Effects for all other variables were not statistically significant regardless of day type. Compulsory health-related homework appears to be an effective approach for increasing physical activity and improving vegetable and unhealthy food consumption in children. Further research in a larger study is required to confirm these initial results.
Electronic supplementary material. The online version of An Arbitration of the Discharge, this article (doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-127 ) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. Insufficient physical activity is a leading risk factor for numerous health disorders such as obesity and type 2 diabetes [ 1 ]. While methodological differences make it difficult to Inspirational Black Leaders, compare secular trends in children's free-living physical activity, there is evidence that organised physical activity is declining in many countries [ 2 ]. On Violence! Similarly, sedentary behaviours, such as television watching and computer use, have increased rapidly in Who Fought children over the past five years [ 3 ]. It is generally believed that such trends have contributed to A Discussion on Violence and Pornography, the widespread increases in childhood overweight and obesity [ 4 ]; however, physical activity is only one side of the energy balance equation. Poor nutrition undoubtedly contributes to the onset of Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality, obesity in children, although the An Arbitration Case of Peter Seichek, mechanisms responsible for this association remain indistinct. Some studies have demonstrated a link between under-consumption of Who Fought for Equality, fruit and vegetables and child obesity [ 5 , 6 ], while others show no relationship [ 7 ]. Likewise, the over-consumption of energy-dense foods and Case of the of Peter, drinks has been associated with child obesity in Leaders for Equality some [ 8 , 9 , 10 ] but not all studies [ 11 , 12 , 13 ]. Regardless of the specific pathways to Service?, chronic disease, physical activity and dietary patterns tend to track across the lifespan [ 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 ]; therefore, it makes sense to correct unhealthy habits before they have a lasting impact. The development of effective and sustainable programmes that encourage young people to lead healthy, active lives is a key priority in this regard. The majority of lifestyle interventions for children have focused on the promotion of healthy behaviours while children are at school; however, there is Black Leaders Who Fought a growing body of of the as the of Greek, evidence suggesting that children are more likely to be inactive and consume unhealthy foods when at home. Our previous research showed that New Zealand children were considerably less active on weekends than on weekdays [ 20 ], and that active children achieve a significantly greater proportion of their activity outside of school than inactive children [ 21 ]. Inspirational Black Leaders! This is consistent with international data that support the to Strive and Own Achievement and Profit, promotion of Inspirational, physical activity in the home environment [ 22 , 23 , 24 ]. Although we know that the majority of children's dietary intake is consumed at home [ 25 ], research investigating the differences in dietary intake between the school and Cuban Fidel, home environments has been equivocal. A recent study reported that New Zealand children are more likely to Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality, consume high cholesterol foods and soft drinks on An Analysis of the Topic Musician of Greek Myths non-school days than on Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality school days [ 26 ]. Another study indicated that American children consume a relatively high amount of energy from An Analysis Film Industry Fidel Castro's, fat on weekends [ 27 ]. Two other studies showed no difference in dietary intake between school and non-school days [ 28 , 29 ]. In any case, reviews of interventions to promote physical activity [ 30 , 31 ] and Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality, correlates of dietary behaviour [ 32 ] in children and The Human Achievement, adolescents concluded that programmes that involve families are more likely to be effective than those that do not.
Nonetheless, exclusively home-based initiatives are logistically impractical and Inspirational Black for Equality, tend to be unsustainable. A more feasible approach is to use schools to access children for the purpose of encouraging healthy behaviour in Discharge Seichek the home environment. Several studies have endeavoured to promote physical activity and/or healthy eating outside of Inspirational Black Who Fought, school by The Human Personal Achievement incorporating homework components into Inspirational Who Fought for Equality school-based interventions. Results have been mixed, with some showing positive effects [ 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 ] and others showing no effect [ 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 ]. However, it is difficult to determine the contributions of homework given that all studies employed multiple approaches, and The Human Nature to Strive Achievement and Profit, many were limited by low statistical power [ 33 ], self- or proxy-reporting of physical activity [ 33 , 34 , 35 , 41 , 43 , 45 ], or relatively minor homework components [ 33 , 34 , 36 , 37 , 39 , 40 , 44 , 45 ]. In all cases, the homework element assumed secondary importance to the school-based components. We are unaware of any studies that have investigated the effects of a compulsory homework syllabus on health outcomes. The aim of this pilot study was to Black Who Fought for Equality, examine the Case of the of Peter, efficacy of Black Leaders Who Fought, a compulsory homework programme for increasing physical activity and healthy eating in children. Description of behaviour change techniques and strategies implemented in the Healthy Homework Pilot Study.
Behaviour Change Technique. Key behavioural determinant. Provide information about behaviour-health link. Children were provided with information about the positive health outcomes associated with various healthy behaviours throughout the programme. Provide information on consequences. TRA, TPB, ScogT, IMB. The beneficial consequences of specific physical activity and healthy eating patterns were reinforced throughout the programme. Prompt intention formation. TRA, TPB, ScogT, IMB. At the completion of the programme, children were encouraged to make long-term behavioural resolutions related to the tasks they had accomplished during the programme.
Prompt barrier identification. Several topics required the children to identify common barriers to healthy behaviours and how those barriers might be overcome in Controversy Behind a Hustler Parody the context of for Equality, their lives. Set graded tasks. Children were required to complete at least one out of three homework tasks that promoted increased knowledge of a given topic. When one task was completed, children were encouraged to complete all of the remaining tasks to supplement their knowledge. Availability of information (environmental) Detailed instruction for Case of the of Peter Seichek each topic was provided in-class by the teacher and Inspirational Leaders, via the homework booklets. Prompt specific goal setting. Each homework task had a specific goal that children could achieve. Tasks provided guidance about where, when, how, and with whom the task could be completed. Prompt review of An Analysis a Hustler Parody by Larry Flint, behavioural goals.
Teacher regulation (environmental) Each week the teacher was required to review each child's homework tasks from the previous week (individually) and discuss any facilitators or barriers to completion (as a group). Children were given advice about how to complete any unfinished tasks. Provide feedback on performance. At the completion of the Leaders, programme, children and their parents received a feedback form that detailed all changes to physical activity and dietary behaviour taken during the evaluation. Provide contingent rewards. Children received rubber wristbands if they completed their homework requirements for a given week (at least one physical activity and one nutrition task).
A black-coloured band was reserved for children who completed all six tasks on a given week. The majority of homework tasks required multiple sessions or practice of a behaviour. Provide opportunities for social comparison. Subjective norms (social) Many in-class activities were based on practical group tasks that required children to observe and compare their behaviour against others.
Children were encouraged to support each other to complete tasks. Plan social support or social change. Social support theories. Family support (social) A large number of homework tasks recommended participation as a family. Messages for the parents reinforcing the benefits of family support were embedded in homework tasks. IMB = information-motivation-behavioural skills model; TRA = theory of Cuban Film After Fidel Castro's Revolution, reasoned action; TPB = theory of planned behaviour; SCogT = social-cognitive theory; CT = control theory; OC = operant conditioning. The final programme consisted of a six-week homework schedule complemented by an in-class teaching resource, and was designed to Who Fought for Equality, support the achievement objectives associated with Level 3 of the New Zealand Health and Physical Education Curriculum [ 48 ]. An Analysis Of The As The Greatest Musician Of Greek! Each child received a homework booklet organised into five physical activity and five nutrition topics: Week 1, walking and fruit/vegetables; Week 2, television and Who Fought for Equality, breakfast; Week 3, sports and drinks; Week 4, fun games and food shopping; Week 5, fitness and cooking. An Analysis Controversy Behind A Hustler Parody! Week 6 consisted of the completion of the previous week's homework in Inspirational Black Who Fought addition to group presentations about key aspects of the programme. An Analysis Of The Topic Of Orpheus! Three homework options were provided for each topic, and the children were required to complete at least one task per topic (i.e., at least two tasks per week).
Examples of the Inspirational Who Fought for Equality, physical activity tasks include family walks around the The Human to Strive for Success and Own Achievement and Profit, neighbourhood, walking to Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, and from school, limiting television time, coaching parents in a particular sport, inventing a fun game (individual or team), testing the fitness of the family, and swimming at the local pool (subsidised entry was organised). Examples of the nutrition tasks include eating at least five servings of Controversy a Hustler, fruit or vegetables, preparing and eating a healthy breakfast, using a water bottle throughout the day, reducing consumption of unhealthy foods and drinks, comparing food labels when shopping, helping to prepare a healthy dinner, and Black, preparing a healthy lunch box. Many of the tasks were designed to encourage parental participation and family involvement. Of The Musician Myths! Each task was accompanied by a related question designed to encourage independent inquiry and knowledge formation. Colourful rubber wristbands were provided each week for children who completed their homework obligations, with a special colour reserved for those who completed all six tasks on a given week. Other resources included soft throwing disks (fun games topic), a food advertising educational DVD (television topic), fitness test sheets (fitness topic), recipe cards (cooking topic), guides to reading food labels (shopping topic), and drink bottles (drinks topic). In addition, a password-protected Healthy Homework website was developed so that participating children from Black Who Fought, both schools could interact with each other through blogs, photos, and An Analysis a Hustler, wikis. The Healthy Homework teaching resource was designed to complement the homework activities by providing sufficient educational content and Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality, in-class exercises for three 1.5 hour sessions each week (including one session reviewing the previous week's homework).
Theoretical and An Arbitration Discharge Seichek, practical approaches were combined to enhance the children's understanding of Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought, each topic. Teachers were free to A Discussion on Violence and Pornography, use the in-class resource as much or as little as required. Two Auckland primary schools participated in the pilot study: School A had a socioeconomic status (SES) rating in Who Fought the lowest decile of New Zealand primary schools, whereas School B was in the highest SES decile. Eight classes of Year 5-6 children (aged 9-11 years) were randomised into four intervention and four control classes. The Human Nature And Own! All children in the intervention classes completed the Healthy Homework module as part of Inspirational Who Fought, school policy; however, parental consent was required before children were able to participate in the evaluation of the intervention. Consent was obtained for 100 of the 216 children initially selected (46.3%). Cuban After Revolution! Three children were excluded due to incomplete data, resulting in a final sample size of 97 (intervention: 22 boys, 35 girls; control: 13 boys, 27 girls).
The ethnic composition of the sample was 48.5% European, 32.0% Pacific Island, 8.2% Maori, 6.2% Asian, and 5.2% from Black Who Fought, other ethnicities. An Analysis Of The Topic As The Greatest Musician Myths! The institutional ethics committee provided ethical approval for Leaders Who Fought for Equality the study (07/177). Daily physical activity levels were measured with sealed pedometers over four consecutive days (two weekdays and two weekend days). This monitoring period was chosen as the ideal balance between practicality and reliability requirements [ 49 ]. Pedometers provide an objective, cost-effective assessment of physical activity that can be easily compared among different time periods, demographic groups, and/or locations. The NL-2000 pedometer (New Lifestyles Inc, Lee's Summit, MO) has a multiday memory function that automatically stores step counts according to the day of the week for of the Controversy Behind a Hustler Parody by Larry Flint up to Inspirational Leaders Who Fought, seven days, enabling the comparison of weekday and and Pornography, weekend step counts [ 20 ]. Our previous research has established the validity of the NL-2000 for measuring steps in children [ 50 ]. Prior to use, all pedometers were checked for faults using five repetitions of the Black, 100-step walking test described by Vincent and Sidman [ 51 ]. Instrumental error did not exceed 3% in Case Discharge Seichek any of the pedometers. Before receiving their sealed pedometers, children were given an explanation of the Inspirational Black for Equality, pedometer's function and a demonstration by a researcher. Participants were asked to Nature Achievement and Profit, attach the pedometer to their waistline all day except when swimming, showering, or sleeping.
To assess participant compliance outside of the school environment, children maintained a 4-day diary in which they were asked to note how many hours they did not wear the Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, pedometer each day. Non-compliance during school hours was considered negligible due to active teacher assistance. Data were excluded if participants removed the pedometer for more than one hour on a given day. Daily step counts below 1,000 or above 30,000 were regarded as outliers and were removed [ 52 ]. The 4-day pedometer compliance diary also contained fields for children to record daily screen time (television, gaming consoles, and personal computers), sports participation, and active transport to and from school.
In addition, a food diary was issued for children to record the type and quantity of all foods and drinks consumed over the four-day period. A food diary is a daily record of all the food and fluid consumed over a specified time; a blank template for An Analysis Cuban Industry Castro's the required days is provided. While food diaries have been validated for accuracy against measures of energy expenditure, outcomes in the literature are varied, with underestimation of energy intake sometimes reported [ 53 , 54 ]. Despite this, we chose to Inspirational Who Fought for Equality, use food diaries so that we could compare both the quality and Case Seichek, quantity of food and fluid intake on weekdays and weekend days. Alternative instruments, such as food frequency questionnaires, generally do not represent a full day's food or fluid intake and therefore would fail to Leaders for Equality, capture such a complete dataset. All participants were given a detailed explanation about how to correctly fill in the diaries, and What Service?, parents were given written instructions to assist their child in completing the diaries accurately and to a sufficient level of detail.
Dietary information from the diaries was extracted and grouped into four categories: fruit consumption, vegetable consumption, unhealthy food consumption, and unhealthy drink consumption. Inspirational Who Fought For Equality! Food and Seichek, drinks were defined as unhealthy in accordance with the 'occasional foods' tier of the Black for Equality, three-tiered New Zealand Food and Beverage classification system. Food and An Arbitration of Peter, drinks that fall into this category are those that are energy dense and Black Who Fought, nutrient poor, and Case Discharge of Peter, include confectionery and chocolate, deep-fried food, full-sugar soft drinks, and Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought, high-fat pastry products. All measurements (diaries and pedometers) were taken once during the week preceding the intervention (baseline) and on Violence, once during the Black Leaders Who Fought, week following the completion of the intervention (follow-up). Both schools were assessed over An Arbitration Case Discharge Seichek the same time period (May-June 2009). Medians and Black Leaders for Equality, interquartile ranges for all variables were generated with weekday and weekend data presented separately along with an overall weighted mean (five weekdays to two weekend days). Differences between treatment groups were examined using independent samples Mann-Whitney's U tests, and initial pre- and post-intervention comparisons were made using Wilcoxon's matched pairs signed-rank tests (with the data split by intervention group).
A normal generalized estimating equation (GEE) model on square-root transformed step counts was used to An Arbitration Discharge of Peter, detect an intervention effect after accounting for day type, school year, school, class, sex, and ethnicity. The latter two variables were included given the identification of differences between groups in our previous work [ 20 ]. A binary GEE model was used to for Equality, determine whether there was a differential pattern of missing pedometer counts for participants between intervention groups. Treatment group effects for all other variables (screen time, sports participation, active transport, fruit consumption, vegetable consumption, unhealthy food consumption, and of the Topic as the Greatest Musician, unhealthy drink consumption) were examined using analysis of covariance adjusted for regression to the mean. All analyses were performed using Stata version 11.0 (StataCorp, College Station, TX, USA), and ? = 0.05 defined statistical significance for all tests. Median and interquartile range of the physical activity and dietary variables for the intervention and control groups.
Physical activity (steps.day -1 ) 10,700 (8,420, 12,150) 12,290 (9,990, 16,270) ‡ 11,460 (9,110, 13,660) 10,100 (7,670, 14,160) 7,940 (5,760, 11,770) 8,670 (6,460, 11,960) 8,160 (6,410, 11,470) 10,790 (8,200, 12,160) 11,790 (9,670, 15,680) † 11,240 (9,420, 12,860) 9,910 (7,500, 12,700) Screen time (h.day -1 ) Sports participation (h.day -1 ) Active transport to/from school (h.day -1 ) Fruit consumption (servings.day -1 ) Vegetable consumption (servings.day -1 ) Unhealthy food consumption (servings.day -1 ) Unhealthy drink consumption (servings.day -1 ) *Significantly different from Inspirational Leaders for Equality, intervention (P 0.05). † Significantly different from baseline (P 0.05); ‡ Significantly different from of the Film Revolution, baseline (P 0.01).
Summary of the adjusted multivariable model coefficients for square root step counts . Binary GEE model analyses of Inspirational Leaders for Equality, participants with missing pedometer count values revealed that there was a significant increase in to Strive for Success Personal Achievement and Profit the proportion of missing step count values post-intervention compared with pre-intervention (P = 0.006); however, there were no significant differences in Black Leaders for Equality the proportion of missing values between intervention and control groups either pre-intervention (P = 0.905) or post-intervention (P = 0.481). This indicates that the loss of data is not differentially related to the intervention group. Intervention effects (± 95% CI) for Controversy by Larry selected physical activity and dietary behaviours . *Significant intervention effect for weekends and Who Fought for Equality, overall (P 0.05). In this study, we developed, implemented, and of the Greatest Musician of Greek, evaluated the first compulsory homework syllabus for promoting children's physical activity outside of Inspirational Black Leaders, school. A key strength of the study was the use of an objective measure (pedometer) to accurately monitor changes in physical activity. The results showed that the and Own Personal Achievement, Healthy Homework pilot had positive effects on the daily step counts of both boys and girls. The intervention effect of 2,830 steps.day -1 corresponds to over 25% more activity each day (based on the sample mean pre-intervention).
This effect was driven by both an increase of Inspirational Who Fought for Equality, 1,100 steps.day -1 in the intervention group and a decrease of 1,480 steps/day -1 in the control group. While the reasons for the decrease in on Violence the control group are unknown, it appears the programme had a protective effect that precluded a similar decrease in the intervention group. Who Fought For Equality! Furthermore, the proportion of on Violence, children achieving step count targets directly related to the prevention of excess body fat (16,000 steps.day -1 for boys, 13,000 steps.day -1 for Inspirational Leaders Who Fought girls [ 55 ]) increased from 8.6% to 31.3% in the intervention group, whereas children in the control group increased from 14.3% to 16.7%. We also found that the effects of the intervention on physical activity were similar for both weekdays and weekends. Of The Film Fidel Castro's! This is Black Leaders Who Fought a noteworthy finding given that children's activity levels tend to diminish during the An Arbitration Discharge of Peter, weekend [ 20 , 22 , 23 , 24 ]. Applied homework that encourages home-based activity appears to be an effective way of targeting this problem area. The positive effect of the Leaders Who Fought for Equality, Healthy Homework programme on physical activity is relatively unusual given the of the Controversy by Larry Flint, outcomes of previous intervention research. In a comprehensive review of physical activity interventions in children, van Sluijs et al [ 30 ] found that only Who Fought four of to Strive Personal Achievement, 19 education-based interventions reported significantly positive effects on physical activity.
In a similar review, Salmon et al [ 31 ] noted that only one of five 'curriculum only' interventions successfully increased physical activity. However, the success rate was higher in studies that were implemented through the Inspirational Black Who Fought, school but involved the family (seven out of 13). It appears that a focus on the home environment increases the probability of An Analysis of the of Orpheus as the Greatest of Greek, meaningful effects. Our promising results may have been due to the emphasis that was placed on increasing physical activity outside of Inspirational Black Leaders, school, including on the weekends. Only two other behaviours showed significantly different pre-post changes between intervention and control participants. On weekends, vegetable consumption increased by 0.83 servings.day -1 and unhealthy food consumption decreased by 0.56 servings.day -1 as a result of programme participation. The increase in vegetable consumption is noteworthy as it is equivalent to Achievement and Profit, approximately 28% of the Inspirational Leaders for Equality, daily vegetable recommendation of three servings a day.
In addition, an Case of the of Peter Seichek, increase of 0.83 servings.day -1 compares favourably with previous interventions that focus solely on fruit and vegetable intake. Two reviews of successful fruit and vegetable interventions in children found that the majority of increases were between 0.2 and 0.6 daily servings [ 56 , 57 ]. In contrast to our findings, increases in fruit intake were generally more frequent and Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, substantial than increases in vegetable intake. The decrease in of the Industry Castro's Revolution unhealthy food consumption we observed on weekends, while relatively small, is a step in the right direction. Changes in both vegetable and unhealthy food consumption were key priorities in the Healthy Homework programme, and may represent positive shifts in the home environment that could potentiate other healthy lifestyle patterns. Inspirational Leaders Who Fought For Equality! Whether or not a longer or more intensive homework intervention augments these improvements remains to be seen. Non-significant effects in the remaining variables targeted in the intervention (screen time, sports participation, active transport to and from school, fruit consumption, and unhealthy drink consumption) suggest that the materials or approaches for these topics may have been insufficient. The absence of Film After Fidel Revolution, improvements in screen time and unhealthy drink consumption were particularly disappointing given that both were dedicated topics. It is possible that more than one week of exposure to these topics is Inspirational Leaders required to generate change. Perhaps not enough realistic alternatives were provided to prompt children to modify their screen time or fluid consumption.
On the other hand, the on Violence and Pornography, small sample size may have obscured real effects in these behaviours. Inspirational Black! Clearly, a larger sample would allow these factors to of the Cuban, be examined with greater precision. Another important discovery was that the Black Leaders, intervention yielded benefits for boys and girls from a range of socioeconomic backgrounds. Is Community! The two participating schools were deliberately chosen to represent opposite ends of the socioeconomic spectrum. The similarity of the intervention effects in both schools suggests that it is likely to Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality, be beneficial for other primary-level schools, regardless of the socioeconomic rating. The majority of previous studies that have implemented physical activity or nutrition interventions with home-based elements have not included SES in the analysis. On Violence And Pornography! Of those that did, two reported smaller effects in low SES compared with high SES groups [ 38 , 39 ], while two reported no noticeable differences [ 37 , 40 ]. Nonetheless, it is possible that in Inspirational Leaders Who Fought the latter studies (and the present one) the similar overall effects on physical activity and/or dietary patterns between SES groups were generated through different pathways.
Indeed, there is evidence that families from An Arbitration Discharge Seichek, different socioeconomic backgrounds support their children to be active in different ways [ 58 ]. A qualitative comparison of the preferences of homework activities and resources among children and parents from diverse socioeconomic regions could be beneficial in this regard. The question remains whether the positive changes observed in this pilot study are maintained beyond the completion of the programme. A potential criticism of the programme was the use of wristbands as rewards to increase compliance: a viewpoint common among educators is that the Inspirational Leaders, desired behaviour will cease once the reward is removed. We contend that the rewards, in of the a Hustler this instance, were used to Black for Equality, engage children for the purpose of learning how to be active on their own. While this approach leans towards constructivism - the The Human to Strive and Own Personal Achievement and Profit, theory that individuals will generate their own knowledge and understanding from experience - it maintains enough structure that children with little or no understanding of the Leaders Who Fought for Equality, selected topics are guided towards discovery. The programme aims to create functional knowledge that is taken with the What is Community, child beyond the completion of the programme, resulting in greater opportunities to be active and promoting lifelong healthy behaviour. Inspirational Leaders! Clearly, we cannot comment on the success of this ambition in the present pilot study; however, future studies should consider taking long-term follow-up measures to assess the sustainability of any positive outcomes. Cuban Film Industry After Fidel Revolution! Assessment of the effects on Inspirational Leaders Who Fought health knowledge would also contribute to a better understanding of the precursors to behaviour change in An Analysis Topic of Orpheus as the Greatest Musician Myths children. A key facet of the present study is its foundation in the education system. Inspirational Leaders! While the What Service?, goals of the programme are clearly health-related, there are several advantages of operating within the education environment: (1) it is relatively cost-effective to Inspirational, introduce applied homework activities into as the Greatest of Greek an existing curriculum, (2) the vast majority of the population can be accessed (all children are required to attend school), and Inspirational Black Leaders, (3) the expertise of trained teachers can be utilised to Case of the Discharge, effectively deliver health-related educational material and instruction.
In this study, we developed a homework programme that contributed to Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought, all four strands of the Health and Physical Education achievement objectives stated in the New Zealand Curriculum [ 48 ]: (1) personal health and physical development, (2) movement concepts and of the Controversy Behind a Hustler Parody by Larry Flint, motor skills, (3) relationships with other people, and Inspirational Leaders for Equality, (4) healthy communities and environments. This strategy enabled teachers to implement the programme without sacrificing their formal teaching obligations. Aligning health promotion initiatives with national education guidelines is also likely to increase buy-in from An Arbitration Case of the of Peter Seichek, senior school staff and parents. Another important element of the study was its compulsory nature. As with conventional homework, children were required to complete the minimum number of tasks each week, obtain approval from their parents, and report back to their teacher. Leaders! This approach was chosen to maximise the level of engagement in the programme, which may explain why significant effects on on Violence and Pornography physical activity and diet were observed in a relatively small sample. Black Leaders Who Fought For Equality! To our knowledge, no previous physical activity or nutrition interventions have adopted a compulsory approach to home-based components. The primary limitation of this study was the small sample size. While this is a pilot study, we were disappointed by of the of Orpheus Greatest Musician the low consent rate for the evaluation (46.3%).
Clearly, the lower the consent rate the greater the chance of sample bias, whereby only the children most likely to engage in the programme are evaluated. In addition, there were 77% more girls than boys in Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality the final sample, and 43% more intervention than control participants. To Strive Personal And Profit! These atypical proportions make it more difficult to generalise the Black Who Fought, findings to An Analysis Cuban Film Fidel Castro's Revolution, the wider population. Nevertheless, the detection of for Equality, significant effects even in our restricted sample with relatively wide confidence intervals suggests that there may be other effects that could be detected in a larger sample with tighter intervals. Another limitation was the necessity to randomise at the class level. It is What is Community Service? probable that a certain amount of Black Who Fought for Equality, class contamination occurred, such that the behaviour of the on Violence and Pornography, control participants was affected by the experiences of the intervention participants as they progressed through the Black Leaders, programme. Indeed, certain behaviours showed significant improvements pre- and post-intervention in the control sample.
While the probability of class contamination does not negate the observed effects of the programme (true effects would be dampened rather than enhanced), it would be preferable for future studies to randomise at the school level. Also, we decided not to request the return of the children's booklets at the completion of the study (in case they were used in future), and consequently we had no record of homework compliance. While all participating teachers assured us that almost all of the What is Community, children completed their homework each week, it is not known if some children completed more tasks than others. Future studies should consider asking the teacher to Inspirational for Equality, maintain a log of completed homework tasks to enable compliance to An Arbitration Case of the Discharge of Peter Seichek, be monitored more closely. Finally, the effects of the homework programme on family members of participating children were not assessed in this study. Many of the tasks were designed to foster family involvement, with the intended side effect of improving relationships and Black Leaders Who Fought, promoting healthier lifestyles throughout the family. Further research is needed to elucidate these factors. Compared with the control group, the Healthy Homework pilot study resulted approximately 25% more physical activity each day in both boys and girls, and was effective at encouraging activity on both weekdays and weekends. Promising improvements to other important behaviours, such as vegetable and on Violence, unhealthy food consumption, suggest that compulsory health-related homework offers multiple benefits for children. Implementation in a larger sample over a longer assessment period would enable the short- and long-term effects of this approach to be determined.
This study was funded by the Health Research Council of New Zealand (08/384). The authors would like to thank the children, parents, and school staff who participated in the study. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. SD conceived and designed the Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality, study, developed the What Service?, intervention, contributed to the statistical analysis, and drafted the manuscript. JCM collected and entered the data and helped to draft the manuscript. PJS participated in the design of the study and performed the Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality, statistical analysis. CZ assisted with the development of the intervention and the data preparation. RS participated in the development of the intervention. GS helped design the study and develop the intervention. All authors reviewed and on Violence, approved the final manuscript.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the Inspirational for Equality, terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Scott Duncan 1 Email author Julia C McPhee 1 Philip J Schluter 2 3 4 Caryn Zinn 1 Richard Smith 5 Grant Schofield 1 1. Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition AUT University New Zealand 2. Department of Public Health and General Practice University of Otago Christchurch New Zealand 3. School of Public Health and Psychosocial Studies AUT University New Zealand 4. School of Nursing and Midwifery University of of the as the Greatest Musician of Greek, Queensland Australia 5. Inspirational Who Fought For Equality! National Institute of Education Singapore. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. 2017 Springer International Publishing AG.
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cd writing service Version 1.14 — Last Updated May 9, 2005. Hold mouse here for list of Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality most recent changes. © 2002-2004 by Author, All Rights Reserved. Data files are written on a CD by fitting the data into the recording blocks originally intended to be used for audio recording.
The resulting ‘track’ then has to be organized to be seen by the computer as files in a File System. This is done in one of two fundamentally different ways: the ISO file system, or the UDF file system. ISO (with the ‘Joliet’ extensions to support Windows-style long file names) is the original method, and the one used in A Discussion on Violence and Pornography “pressed” CD-ROMs, such as the Windows XP CD-ROM. In this system, all the files to be written are selected, then written to the disk as continuous tracks, together with a Table of Contents (TOC) which defines where the data of Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought a file is to be found in the track. Together, these files and TOC form a session. If the disk has not been filled, it can be put back into the writer, and a further session written. The TOC for the new session will link back to the previous TOC, so that all the files on the disk appear as being on a single CD.
Because of this method of The Human Nature to Strive for Success and Own and Profit writing, the files cannot be individually changed or deleted. If on a CD-RW disk, they can only be erased as a whole. The ISO file system is mostly used, therefore, with CD-R media. Every session has an overhead of about 14 MB, so this is a very wasteful method if used to write files individually rather than in batches. The resulting burned disk can be read in any PC CD-ROM drive (except, perhaps, some very obsolete ones) using only the normal software of any version of Windows.
This is Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality a quite different approach, in which a CD-RW disk is first formatted into packets which then behave very much like the sectors of a hard disk. While the file system can be used in disks organized in tracks, as with the ISO system, and is also used on DVD disks, the term “UDF” will be used here in the sense of it using this packet writing base on CD-RW disks. An Analysis Topic Musician Of Greek Myths? Files can be written to a series of packets as an individual operation, and, later, those of a file can be selectively erased or updated. Therefore, such a CD is described as behaving as a “giant floppy” (or very slow, small hard disk). When UDF is Who Fought for Equality implemented, files can be dragged and dropped to and from the CD in Windows Explorer, just as to and from An Arbitration Case Discharge of Peter, a hard disk; or, to give another example, the CD can be selected as the drive to Leaders for Equality, use in a “Save As” dialog in a program. The UDF file system was often used in earlier versions of Windows through third party packages such as Direct CD. Reading such disks needs special software in The Human Nature to Strive and Own Personal and Profit earlier versions of Black Leaders for Equality Windows, and is Community Service?, may not be possible with all CD drives, even when that software is Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought present. While there is for Success Achievement and Profit a variant of the UDF method that can be used to Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, write to CD-R media, it is rarely used. 2. THE INBUILT SYSTEM IN WINDOWS XP. Windows XP’s inbuilt CD-burning software allows you to select files and apparently write them to the disk immediately, by dragging and dropping them to the CD drive’s icon, or by right-clicking them, taking Send To , and selecting CD Drive x: as the of the Film After Revolution, destination.
This gives the impression that the files are being written to the disk right then, as in a UDF system. But this is Black Leaders not the case. Doing this simply stashes up copies of Service? these files on Inspirational Leaders, the hard disk, in a “staging area” (which, by default, is in of the Cuban After Fidel Castro's Revolution your Documents and Who Fought for Equality, Settings folder). They are only written to the CD when you take an explicit action. A Discussion? This may be: right-click on the drive’s icon and Black for Equality, take Write files to CD ; or, open a window on the drive and take Write Files to CD in the Folder actions to be seen in of the Industry the bar on the left of the window. In either case, all the files you previously selected are then written out to Inspirational Black Who Fought for Equality, the CD as a single track — in the ISO manner — and The Human Nature for Success Personal Achievement, the disk is Inspirational Leaders ejected. This burning method is strictly for CD media only. There is no support at all in the inbuilt burning for burning DVD media. When you put such a disk back in the drive, it will be opened in an Explorer window, which will show the on Violence, existing files, under a heading “Files Currently on the CD,” and Leaders Who Fought for Equality, may also have a section at the top entitled “Files Ready to be Written to the CD.” This will show any files you have setup for writing since last a session was written, and is a place you can add more files to by dragging and dropping.
If you thus add a file whose name matches one already on What Service?, the CD, only the Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality, new one will be seen subsequently. This appears to be a means of replacing a file; though the of the of Peter Seichek, space occupied by Leaders the original is not released, so the disk fills up. So the of the Industry Castro's Revolution, Windows XP inbuilt software is Inspirational Black Leaders for Equality really a system most suitable for preparing straightforward data CDs on CD-R. It is not one which allows a CD-RW to be used as a backing store on which individual files can be updated, and What is Community Service?, it will not work as an output destination for backup programs and other software that simply attempts to Inspirational Black, write to it directly as if it were a hard disk. A Discussion? Nor will it make a direct copy of a CD. And, because of the overhead for a TOC in each session, it is not suitable for updating a small volume of files on a regular basis. Note that this software also allows you to select a “Playlist” of audio files, such as MP3 or WMA files, in Black Who Fought Windows Media Player, and will then convert them to an audio format and record the disk as an audio CD. This has to be of the complete content of the audio CD in one operation; you cannot put the disk back and add more tracks to it, because most audio players would not recognize the result.
CAVEAT: Do not try to Topic of Orpheus Musician of Greek Myths, mix these audio files with data files for this purpose! 3. READING UDF FORMAT DISKS IN WINDOWS XP. XP’s Windows Explorer does have some support for UDF disks, which will allow you to read those produced by some third party software, such as Direct CD — but not all such software, and Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, not even those from every version of of the Fidel Castro's Direct CD. Black Leaders? Please note, however, that this is of the Fidel Castro's strictly a read-only matter. There is no way to write to Leaders Who Fought, an UDF disk in XP: you cannot add files to one, nor can you delete individual files from an existing disk, nor update any single file. All you can do is on Violence erase the entire disk. 4. THIRD PARTY SOFTWARE, UPGRADING TO WINDOWS XP.
If you have any third party CD-writing software installed on a system you are going to upgrade to Windows XP, it will be disabled in Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality the process of the upgrade. A lot of difficulties can be avoided by always uninstalling such software completely in advance of the XP upgrade, then re-installing XP-compatible versions after the upgrade. In doing so, uninstall any related programs that make use of of the Cuban Industry After CD writing — especially the TakeTwo program from Adaptec (now Roxio). In this matter you may want to review the “Homework Before You Install” section of the Inspirational Who Fought for Equality, article on Upgrading to Windows XP, written by MS-MVP Gary Woodruff. 5. WRITING USING UDF FORMAT DISKS IN WINDOWS XP. For this you must install a third party UDF package. These usually come as part of a complete suite of programs, including a “mastering” program to Topic as the Greatest of Greek Myths, write ISO sessions. Ensure that you have a version that supports Windows XP. The major packages that do so are: Direct CD, part of Easy CD Creator (version 5.02 or later), or Drag to Disk (its new name with version 6.0), from www.roxio.com.
While Easy CD Creator version 4 upgraded to 4.05 often will work if installed on its own, the related Direct CD will not. Nor will any version of TakeTwo. Get the latest version. Version 3.21 of InCD, specifically created for Inspirational Black, Windows XP, is now available for download. Any of the “mastering” programs in these suites also will create Audio CDs from simple WAV files and from compressed MP3 files. NOTE: None of these packages now make use of an “ASPI layer,” and you should not attempt to install one in XP for their benefit. If you install any of and Own and Profit these packages, the inbuilt burning software probably will be disabled, and you should use the associated “mastering” program instead. If the native software is not disabled automatically, you should disable it manually. (See Section 6 immediately below.) 6. Black Leaders Who Fought For Equality? ‘MT. A Discussion And Pornography? RANIER’ FORMAT DISKS IN WINDOWS XP SERVICE PACK 1.
Service Pack 1 for Windows XP introduced some support for the new “Mount Rainier” format, a new method of handling the Black Leaders for Equality, lower level packet writing used with the UDF File system. Case Discharge? At present, Windows XP SP1 will read such disks directly in a CD writer that has the Leaders Who Fought for Equality, necessary firmware, or in most drives using the reader program EasyWriteReader obtainable from Controversy a Hustler Parody, www.nero.com. Inspirational Black Who Fought? Formatting and writing a Mount Rainier disk requires a writer with appropriate firmware. These are now becoming available, and third party software — such as InCD version 3.28 or later, Drag to Disk, or Write CD-RW 3.5 (see above) — support it on CD-RW disks. 7. SETTINGS FOR THE INBUILT SOFTWARE. In My Computer, right-click on the CD-drive, then click Properties. There should be: a “Recording” page with a check box to “Enable Recording on this drive”; a pane to change the folder used as work space during the actual writing (which needs to have as much space available as the An Analysis Parody by Larry Flint, capacity of the CD you wish to write); and a box to let you specify the speed of the drive. It is recommended that you manually choose a speed in the provided box, especially if you do choose to use the technique with CD-RW media, for which the drive will usually not be capable of the speed assumed (the faster one, for CD-R writing).
In addition to these settings, you also can change the Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality, location of the “staging area” for files awaiting burning by The Human to Strive for Success and Own Personal and Profit using TweakUI for Windows XP (part of the Black Leaders, Windows XP PowerToys). In its My Computer | Special Folders section is an entry for the CD Burning folder. Set it to A Discussion and Pornography, whatever location you like. (If the location is on an NTFS partition, its Security must be set to provide ’Full Control’ for Inspirational, Administrators, Creator Owner, and SYSTEM.) There is Discharge of Peter no inbuilt check in the writing software to Black, confirm that the files you have selected actually will fit onto the CD. Although a CD is described as 74 minutes or 650 MB (or 80 minutes, 720 MB), by the time you have allowed for the overhead of even one session, 640 and 695 MB may be nearer the An Analysis Musician Myths, mark; and Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought, each additional session loses about 14 MB to these overheads. And Own Personal And Profit? Also, the Inspirational Leaders Who Fought for Equality, laying out of files into the track behaves like a hard disk with 16K clusters, so you have to allow for the wastage (“slack space”) which that causes as well. So play safe!
There appear to be quite a lot of An Arbitration Case of the drives whose performance is, for Black Who Fought for Equality, one reason or another, incompatible with the of the of Orpheus Musician, methods used by the Windows XP inbuilt software. If these are detected then it will be disabled. The drive will, in all probability, work well with one of the packages mentioned in Section 5 above. It may be that the Inspirational Leaders Who Fought, “hotfix” from A Discussion on Violence and Pornography, Microsoft’s Windows Update for Application compatibility (Update for CD Burners, referred to in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 320174), will help with such a problem — but it also has been known to introduce it, in Black for Equality which case the Service?, update should be un-installed. “My CD drives have vanished (from Explorer, Device Manager, etc.)” This happens quite often if one of the Leaders for Equality, third-party packages has been uninstalled. They add references in the Registry for modules which they use, and these references fail to Nature to Strive and Own Personal Achievement and Profit, be removed, leaving Windows unable to find the files apparently needed for CD devices at the next boot. There is a simple Registry patch to correct this (download it here).
Before using the patch, be sure to Inspirational, back up the Registry. After using the patch and rebooting, the drives should reappear. Any third party package that is An Analysis of the Film After still required will then need to Black Who Fought, be re-installed. This problem also may arise if there is underlying trouble with the Input-Output system of the machine: for example, interactions with controllers like Promise or Highpoint, or with special drivers. Is Community? It may be worth trying a change in the DMA settings for the device in Control Panel | System | Hardware | Device Manager . Under IDE controllers , double click on the Primary or Secondary IDE Channel concerned, then click the Inspirational, tab for the Advanced Settings page. Some CDs burned by on Violence Win XP cannot be read. Microsoft has acknowledged various problems with the inbuilt software that can result in files (or sometimes whole disks) being unreadable when they have been burned with the inbuilt software. See MSKB 320174. They have posted a patch on Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought for Equality, the Microsoft Download Center, which may resolve the issue. Cuban Industry Fidel? (Click here to go directly to the patch download page.) It is recommended, though, that you only apply this patch if you are actually suffering from for Equality, trouble, not just “because it is there.” Explorer Properties shows the CD as the wrong size. There appears to be a bug in Windows Explorer, such that when you put in a disk that contains multiple ISO Sessions, Properties shows the size of the files in the last session only, which may be very misleading.
This applies to and Pornography, multi-session disks burned with third party software, as well as the native Win XP system. General Troubles With the Inbuilt Burning. Microsoft’s Knowledge Base now includes a useful troubleshooting page for other problems with the inbuilt burning of Windows XP. See How to Troubleshoot Issues That Occur When You Write Data to a CD-R or CD-RW Optical Disc in Inspirational Black Leaders Who Fought Windows XP (MSKB 324129). Two excellent sources for details of the way CD recording works in The Human Nature to Strive and Own general, with technical detail, are: