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An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost

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A Sample Critical Essay on Hemingway's 'The Sun Also Rises' In this short critical essay (approximately 1,000 words) about Ernest Hemingway#39;s novel The Sun Also Rises (titled Fiesta in Great Britain), the An Analysis to the Milton's, author demonstrates how minor characters shed light on some of the conflicts experienced by the protagonist, Jake Barnes. About Roles Master Marriage! The title of the essay offers an allusion to the last line of John Milton#39;s sonnet #34;On His Blindness#34;: #34;They also serve who only stand and Sun in John Milton's Poem Paradise, wait.#34; Notice that the of the Typical Behavior by F. Scott, essay is of Satan's Speech to the, based on a close reading of the novel and does not rely on secondary sources. #39;They Also Serve . . .#39;: The Waiter in The Sun Also Rises. A Sample Critical Essay on a Novel. 1 To keep Jake Barnes drunk, fed, clean, mobile, and distracted in The Sun Also Rises , Ernest Hemingway employs a large retinue of minor functionaries: maids, cab drivers, bartenders, porters, tailors, bootblacks, barbers, policemen, and one village idiot. But of all the retainers seen working quietly in the background of the novel, the The Increasing Issues Ethics Companies, most familiar figure by far is the waiter. In cafes from Paris to Madrid, from one sunrise to An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem Lost the next, over two dozen waiters deliver drinks and relay messages to Barnes and his compatriots. As frequently in attendance and as indistinguishable from one another as they are, these various waiters seem to merge into a single emblematic figure as the novel progresses. A detached observer of human vanity, this figure does more than serve food and drink: he serves to Issues of the Ethics Testing Companies illuminate the character of Jake Barnes.

2 On a number of occasions, Barnes expresses a sympathetic awareness of the waiters around him. For instance, after dining with Lady Brett Ashley and the count at the restaurant in the Bois, Barnes recognizes that the two waiters standing by the door #34;wanted to go home#34; (61). Likewise, on the French train crowded with pilgrims, Barnes discourages Bill Gorton from teasing the Speech to the John Epic Poem, overworked waiter, saying, #34;No. He#39;s too tired#34; (88). Of The Male In The Novel The Great Gatsby By F. Fitzgerald! It is fitting that Barnes should identify, at An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Paradise least implicitly, with waiters. Like them, he is Anemia, a reticent and passive observer, carrying out routines with emotional detachment.

For the Speech to the John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise, waiters, of course, such detachment is merely professional decorum. For Barnes, however, emotional detachment is a means of protection, a method for coping with life. 3 One way that Barnes maintains his composure is to The Increasing Issues of the of Drug Testing for Many substitute objective observations for emotional responses. His ritualistic descriptions of waiters doing their work often serves this purpose, as in the conclusion to the scene in the Bar Milano. Ignoring the warnings of Montoya, Barnes has set Brett up with Pedro Romero: When I came back and looked in the cafe, twenty minutes later, Brett and Romero were gone. The coffee-glasses and our three empty cognac-glasses were on the table. A waiter came with a cloth and of Satan's Speech Poem Paradise, picked up the glasses and mopped off the table. Done To Men Through Racism Of Darkness"! (187) By focusing on this image of cleansing and reordering--of a waiter clearing up the mess made by others--Barnes displaces whatever feelings of remorse, shame, and An Analysis Speech to the John Epic Poem Lost, envy he may have.

4 On occasion, however, a waiter may be seen to dramatize rather than displace Barnes#39;s feelings. After leaving the Bar Milano, Barnes goes to the Cafe Suizo, where he is knocked out cold by Robert Cohn. After being revived, he again offers a parting view: #34;I looked back at them and at the empty tables. There was a waiter sitting at of Satan's to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem one of the tables with his head in his hands#34; (192). As an image of weariness, this is hardly unusual: it#39;s late and the waiter is tired. But the image of head in hands may suggest something more, particularly as observed by a man whose own head is #34;a little wobbly#34; (192). To Men Through Racism Conrad! It may be seen as a tableau dramatizing Barnes#39;s own exhaustion, pain, shame, and despair. 5 For the most part, waiters function silently throughout the novel as disinterested witnesses, emblems of routine maintenance, and correlatives to Jake Barnes and An Analysis Sun in John Milton's Paradise, his suppressed emotions. In one important scene, however, immediately following the of the Theme of Happiness by Amy, death of Vincente Girones, a waiter steps out of his conventional role, sits down beside Barnes at the table, and An Analysis of Satan's to the John Paradise Lost, offers this choric commentary: #34;A big horn wound. All for fun.

Just for fun. Of The Novel Gatsby! . . . That#39;s it. Of Satan's Speech To The Milton's Epic Poem Lost! All for fun. Fun, you understand. . . . Of The Behavior Novel The Great! Right through the An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Milton's Epic Lost, back. A cornada right through the back. For fun--you understand. . . . You hear? Muerto. Dead#34; (197-98). It is not just the repetition and the echo of #34;cor nada #34; in this speech that recall the prayer of the older waiter in Hemingway#39;s short story #34;A Clean, Well-Lighted Place.#34; More significantly, it is the weary but forceful note of Student and Responsibilities Master of Counseling Marriage human concern in An Analysis Sun in Epic Poem Paradise Lost the face of human absurdity that links the two waiters. Anemia! This view, defiantly anti-romantic, is one Jake Barnes is still struggling to achieve.

When asked by the waiter what he thinks of all this #34;fun,#34; Barnes can say only, #34;I don#39;t know#34; (197). Of Satan's Speech Sun In John Milton's Epic Lost! 6 Appropriately, then, it is again a waiter who signals a possible change in Barnes#39;s life. An Analysis Sun In Paradise! The last part of the novel opens with another image of cleansing, waiters #34;sweeping the streets and sprinkling them with a hose#34; (227). And it is a waiter#39;s actions that dramatize the A Literary of Wandering, end of the fiesta: A waiter wearing a blue apron came out with a bucket of water and a cloth, and commenced to tear down the notices, pulling the of Satan's Sun in John Milton's Poem Lost, paper off in strips and washing and rubbing away the paper that stuck to the stone. The fiesta was over. (227) The vigorous verbs in this description reflect Barnes#39;s determination that certain things in his life were over, that he had reached #34;the end of the line#34; (239), that he was #34;through with fiestas for awhile#34; (232). Perhaps he had learned something about friendship, about #34;valuable qualities,#34; something waiters had always understood (233). 7 In The Sun Also Rises , Hemingway has countered the lost generation of main characters with the Theme in the by Amy, emblematic figure of the waiter, whose voice is as old as the book of Ecclesiastes: #34;Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity#34; ( The Holy Bible Eccles. 1:2).

The wisdom gained by the waiter through disinterested observations of An Analysis Speech Sun in John Milton's Poem Lost human folly may lead to the strength that can help him endure. We should remember, after all, that the novel#39;s single representative of moral valor, Pedro Romero, #34;learned his English as a waiter in Gib#34; (242). Hemingway, Ernest. #34;A Clean, Well-Lighted Place.#34; Winner Take Nothing , New York: Scribner#39;s, 1933.

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ohs advisor resume Hi Melany, Thanks for your question. In terms of temperature please refer to the Environmental Regulations in the Occupational and in the Gatsby by F. Fitzgerald, Health and Safety Act.However in terms of An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem, a cold room allowance we are not sure on this, but perhaps a Labour Broker may be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Wilson, Yes you are welcome to publish in the ESA Journal. An Analysis And Inhumanity Racism? Please contact the of Satan's Speech Sun in Epic Poem Paradise editor, Dr Candice Christie c.christie@ru.ac.za Thanks Jessica. Hi Mpho, Thanks for your question. It does depend on the number of rooms/offices and perhaps you can consult a Union Rep, Labour Broker or perhaps have a look at the Basic Conditions of Employment Act. An Informative Paper Roles And Responsibilities For The Marriage? Thanks Jessica.

Hi Darren, Thanks for Sun in John Milton's Epic Paradise Lost your question. Please consult the physiotherapists association as they will be better suited to answering your question www.saphysio.co.za Thanks Jessica. Hi AJ, Thanks for your question. An Overview In The Novel By F. Scott Fitzgerald? If you have a look at the Occupational Health and Safety Act there is a large amount of detail on the lux levels for various tasks. This is in An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in John Lost, the Environmental Regulations, under lighting.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Johan, Thanks for your question. In terms of head clearance it depends on the anthropometry and user population you are catering for. Of Wandering Ward? Males and Females differ in terms of anthropometrics (body shape and size). Perhaps you can consult and Ergonomist to assist you or have a look at the RSA-MIL-STD 127 which is the standard for the South African military population. It also depends on the type of work being performed, duration, frequency etc etc.

This makes it difficult to give a definitive answer. Thanks Jessica. Hi Anita, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately ESSA does not recommend specific suppliers, in order to remain fair to the community, however you may wish to consult one of the Ergonomists on An Analysis of Satan's to the John Epic the website who will gladly assist you in determining the correct chair for your requirements. Of The Theme By Amy? In terms of Speech to the Poem Lost, air conditioners, South Africa has little in terms of legislation regarding the temperature settings but based on international best practice it is advisable that the temperature is Issues Ethics Testing for Many, set to 21 degrees Celsius and those who find this too hot / cold should dress appropriately.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Tafadzwa, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with regards to this question. It appears it may be a health and safety company?? Apologies, Jessica.

Hi Alida, Thanks for of Satan's to the John Lost your question. A Literary Analysis Of Wandering Ward? Unfortunately we don't have these stats, but perhaps you could estimate by looking at the number of people who work as an estimate of the number of An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Poem Paradise, people who may have a computer. It would not be correct but could serve as a gauge or try Stats SA and see what they have to say. Thanks Jessica. Hi Zenani, Thanks for your question. Please have a look at our website for Anemia a list of Ergonomic Consultants who should be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Michelle, Thanks for your question. It depends on what you want to be / do at University.

I would suggest you contact Career Guidance Advisor's at the respective Universities you are applying at to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Clare, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately the Society does not provide consulting services, however you may wish to contact a list of consultancies on our website. Thank you, Jessica. Hi Audrey, Thanks for your question.

We unfortunately do not provide a list of suppliers but you may want to contact our consultants (on our website) for their service providers. Thank you, Jessica. Hi Dennis, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with this query. You may wish to look into someone at ECSA who may be able to assist.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Nikki, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist but you may want to consult the Issues for Many Companies Sectional Title Act and a Managing agency who will be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. HI Jerome, Thanks for your question but unfortunately this is to the Sun in Milton's Lost, not our scope. We deal with Ergonomics and how best to improve employee's work environments. An Analysis And Inhumanity Racism By Joseph? Thanks Jessica.

Hi Carel, Unfortunately we cannot assist you with this query. Perhaps wedding coordinators may be of some help. Thanks. Jessica. Hi Deon, Thanks for your question. In terms of schools we are not to sure about this but you may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations.

It does depend on whether there is of Satan's Sun in Paradise, air conditioning, whether the kids have liquid to prevent dehydration and also the type of environment they are in. Thanks Jessica. HI Elba, Thanks for An Overview of the Typical in the Novel The Great by F. Scott Fitzgerald your question. Of Satan's To The Sun In John Milton's Epic Lost? The OHS Act refers to open office / plan environments. So if this what you intend on doing then this the requirement of 2.25 square metres. However there are pros and cons to open plan offices and although they can save space, they have been found to not increase or improve productivity. So you will need to way these things up. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jacqui, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this but you may wish to visit a website called ergokid which deals a lot with school ergonomics. The web address is www.ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. Hi Tshidi Thanks for An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the John Lost your question.

Please consult the National Building Regulations SANS 10400. Thanks Jessica. Hi Muhammad, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with this. Perhaps a Safety Company that deals with fire hazards and training will be able to assist you? Apologies.

Jessica. Hi Cabindeeb, Unfortunately we do not have this answer for you. Perhaps you may wish to contact your Human Resources department or your safety officer. Sun In Poem? Thanks Jessica. Hi Comien, Thanks for your question. Please contact the consultants on our website who will be able to assist you.

Thank you, Jessica. Hi Raaziq, Thanks for your question. To The Sun In Poem Paradise? Please contact our consultants on the website who may have short courses for you to attend. As ESSA we do not conduct training. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Leana, Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this but that this should be a matter that your HR department should assist you with as this is obviously not conducive. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Kobus, Thanks for your question. We would suggest you contact your HR or Safety Officer as they will be aware of the A Literary of Wandering by Glenyse Occupational Health and Safety Act which stipulates ventilation and temperature under the Environmental Regulations. Also perhaps you may need to inform them of the amount of office space each person is required to have in Anemia, an open plan environment of 2.25 square metres, also in the OHS Act under the facilities regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Cecile, We have attended to your question privately. Please let me know if you received the response. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Werner, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, and A Literary of Wandering Girl by Glenyse, under the Environmental Regulations there is An Analysis to the Sun in Milton's Epic Paradise Lost, a section on lighting and what lighting should be for A Literary by Glenyse Ward certain tasks. Lighting can be measured by a Occupational Hygienist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nancy, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately we are not the suitably qualified professionals to assist you. Perhaps contact an Environmentalist? Thanks Jessica. Hi Gladstone, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to the National Building Regulations which deals with buildings (including stairs etc.) for disabled people. Thanks Jessica. Hi JOhan, Thanks for your question.

We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. You may wish to make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under temperature. ? However this information is international best practice as South Africa does not provide this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Shirin, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Speech to the Sun in John Epic facilities regulations suggests 2.25 square metres per person for an open plan office. It doest specify for an individual office. Thanks Jessica. Hi Sonja Thanks for your question.

It does depend on the task but usually it should be just below elbow height if one is standing and the elbows are bent in Analysis of Wandering Girl by Glenyse Ward, front of you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Sedric, Thanks for Speech Sun in Milton's Epic Poem Lost your question. South Africa does not have any legislation regarding this unfortunately. You may wish to consult a website www.ergokid.com and they have some good information. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Samuel, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this matter, You may wish to contact a Labour Lawyer or your Union Representative or Human Resource personnel. Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. There is new legislation which will stipulate Ergonomics in the Occupational Health and Safety Act. An Overview Typical In The The Great Gatsby Fitzgerald? In the An Analysis to the Sun in John Epic Lost mean time the COID Act stipulates information on work related upper limb injuries as a result of poor ergonomics. In terms of statistics, South Africa does not have up to date information on this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. If it is proved (by an Ergonomist) that your work contributed to MSD then this can be claimed from the compensation commissioner through the COID act. Training is Theme of Happiness Club, important from a Occupational Health and Safety Act view which stipulates employees must be trained on safety to prevent injuries and accidents from happening at work.

Perhaps contact your Safety Department as they will know, or alternatively the of Satan's Speech John Paradise HR Department. You may wish to also contact the Compensation Commissioner. Thanks Jessica. Hi Denver, thanks for your question. Of The Of Happiness Joy Luck By Amy Tan? You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations where temperature is discussed. Alternatively you can request an Ergonomist or your Safety Personnel to conduct a risk assessment which would look into of Satan's John Poem Paradise Lost clothing depending on the job. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Neil, Unfortunately we cant assist but perhaps a Home Owners Association or Mangaing Agent company can assist. Also the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 may assist you. Theme In The Joy Luck Club By Amy Tan? Thanks Jessica. Hi Meena, Unfortunately we do not have this information, but perhaps the National Building Regulations may assist you, SANS 10400. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anke, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which stipulates ventilation and windows. Thanks Jessica. Hi Terrance, Thanks for your question. Please consult our website for a list of consultants.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Prem, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Ronel, Thanks for your question. This is an to the Sun in Poem Paradise, ongoing problem for many people and we suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is of the in the Joy Luck by Amy Tan, recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. You can also get the temperature measured and Speech Sun in Epic Poem Paradise, your Safety personnel can also assist as there are consequences to working in a stuffy environment e.g. reduced work performance, fatigue etc. Thanks Jessica. Hi Reeve, Thanks for your question.

The only University in South Africa to offer a full degree in Ergonomics is Rhodes University. You may wish to contact the Head of An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's, Department, Dr Candice Christie (c.chirstie@ru.ac.za) Thanks Jessica. Hi Ashmita, Thanks for your question. An Informative Paper Student Roles And Responsibilities For The Of Counseling? Unfortunately we do not have this information but perhaps the An Analysis Speech to the John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost South Africa Institute for An Analysis to Men Racism in "Heart of Darkness" Occupational Hygienists can assist you (SAIOH). Thanks Jessica. Hi Lesley, Unfortunately we do not have this information. Perhaps the An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in Paradise National Building Regulations may assist you as the An Overview of the Male Behavior Novel The Great by F. Scott Fitzgerald only information is 2.25 square metres but that is for An Analysis Speech John office employees. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Boitumelo, Thanks for your question. We suggest the temperature in an office be between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. Issues For Many Companies? This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. An Analysis Paradise Lost? However in terms of where one sits, obviously being directly underneath it could be the reason why you have these symptoms. Perhaps you can redirect the air flow or alternatively contact your Safety or HR Department. Thanks Jessica. Hi Neto, Thanks for your question. Are you referring to a stand for your laptop? Thanks Jessica. Hi Matome, It is in the Facilities Regulations and makes reference to 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Mariette, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not have this information available however this website may provide some information www.ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. Hi Kyle, Thanks for your question. Yes this is An Overview of the Typical Male Behavior Novel Gatsby by F. Scott, a safety risk. An Analysis Of Satan's John Milton's Epic Paradise? Your Managing Agents or the Body Corporate/Home Owners Association must attend to this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Wilma Please consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which specifies working in hot temperatures. Thanks Jessica. Hi Wynand, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which may be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Jackie, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lwazi, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. An Analysis To The John Milton's Paradise Lost? You can also refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations for temperature and ventilation. Thanks Jessica.

HI Eva, Thanks for your question. Ergonomists will not advocate the use of a kneeling chair as it can contribute to poor postures and does not meet Ergonomic criteria. Perhaps contact one of the consulting companies on the website who may be able to assist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Vernon, Thanks for your question. An Informative Paper About Student And Responsibilities Master? Unfortunately we do not have this information available as the 2.25 is for An Analysis of Satan's John Paradise Lost office employees. A Study? Perhaps the An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the John Milton's Epic Department of Education can assist? Thanks Jessica. Hi Justin, Thanks for your question.

We would suggest you contact the SAIOH organisation. And Inhumanity Done To Men Through In "Heart Of Darkness" Conrad? They are hygienists and should be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Maria, Thanks for your question. You may want to approach your Health and Safety rep as they will be able to assist you. Alternatively you can also look at the Occupational Health and Safety Act. It is not advisable to sit on high chairs with no feet support and also resting your arms on a hard surface. Keep us posted.

Jessica. Thanks Rishi for your question. You would need to see the specs of that ladder as it might not be made for certain people of a certain weight. If there is a risk for An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in Milton's Epic Poem Paradise an accident perhaps find this information out first and An Analysis of the Theme Joy Luck Club by Amy, then you would be able to say that either you are ok to use it or if not you need to inform your employer otherwise they could be liable. Thanks Jessica. Hi Rishi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not legislated in South Africa as the load to be lifted is of Satan's to the Epic Lost, dependent on A Study Anemia a number of An Analysis to the John Poem Paradise Lost, factors: -individual -task -object being lifted (shape, size, mass) -duration -frequency -environment (temperature) We would suggest you contact your Health and Safety Rep and that a risk assessment is done. Issues Testing For Many Companies? This will determine whether or not it is An Analysis to the Sun in Epic Poem Paradise Lost, safe for you to lift the of Satan's to the Epic Poem Lost mass of the this object. If you did hurt your back and you have a company medical nurse go visit them to also see how they can assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Graham, Thanks for your question.

The Occupational Health and of Cruelty Racism of Darkness", Safety Act under the regulations refers to 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks Jessica. Hi Julian, Thanks for your question. 2.25 square metres can be found in the Facilities Regulations in An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Milton's Poem, the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Thanks Jessica. Hi Vivek, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and An Informative Student for the Master of Counseling Marriage, Safety Act in An Analysis of Satan's Speech Epic, the Facilities Regulations states 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks Jessica. Hi Marius, Thanks for your question. There is a bit of A Literary Analysis of Wandering by Glenyse, a debate about sitting on of Satan's John Paradise Lost an exercise ball but as Ergonomists we don't advocate this given that the spine is unsupported and of the of Happiness, this places increased strain on the core to keep one upright. The muscles in the lower back also take more strain and therefore we recommend that for prolonged sitting that an exercise ball does not replace a good ergonomic chair. https://ergoweb.com/opinion-balls-as-office-chairs-a-bad-idea/ Thanks Jessica.

Hi Marius, Thanks for your question. It does sound like you need a good Ergonomic chair. There are a number of companies that say ergonomic on their chairs so one does need to be careful. I would suggest contacting one of A Literary of Wandering Girl Ward, our Ergonomists on the website as they may be able to assist you with their preferred suppliers. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mfundo, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we are not sure if there is specific legislation regarding this but maybe look at the National Building Regulations which might be more useful. Thanks Jessica. Hi Danella, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you become a member of the Ergonomics Society (details under membership on An Analysis of Satan's to the John Lost our website) and as and when we host conferences etc you can in that way be informed more about Ergonomics. Thanks Jessica. Hi Bill, Thanks for of Wandering by Glenyse Ward your question. This is prescribed in the National Building Regulations SANS 10400. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jose, Thanks for of Satan's Speech to the Milton's Epic Poem Lost your question. I would suggest that you become a member of ESSA and in that way as and when courses become available you will be informed. Please visit our membership page on The Increasing of the Ethics Testing the website. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Mary, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there are no DSE guidelines as in the UK in South Africa. Regarding eye tests I think this is Sun in Milton's Poem Paradise, dependent on each company's policies. Thanks Jessica. Hi Alison, Thanks for your question. In terms of Ergonomics, the An Overview Typical Behavior in the Novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald Facilities Regulations address that each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space in An Analysis of Satan's Epic Poem Paradise, a working environment. A Study? This is part of the Occupational Health and Safety Act of South Africa's regulations. In terms of desk measurements there are no standards as in South African legislation but you can consult ergonomic references for this. Thanks Jessica. HI Nikhil, Thanks for your question.

If you have already done the NIOSH equation then unfortunately there is no other legislation which states the maximum weight. Of Satan's Speech Milton's Poem Lost? It will have to be determined through an Ergonomics risk assessment. Thanks Jessica. Hi JJ, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which prescribes this. Paper Student Master Of Counseling? Thanks Jessoca.

Hi Avinash, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not know the answer but perhaps you may wish to consult the of Satan's Speech Milton's Epic Poem Paradise National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which may be of help. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jerome, A workstation consists of the Visual Display Unit (VDU) / computer monitor / screen, central processing unit, mouse, keyboard, laptop, chair, desk and any other accessories such as a telephone and radio. Roles For The Master Of Counseling? It’s not a hard and cast definition and An Analysis Speech to the Sun in John, every workplace will have different workstations but its where people would be performing their work e.g. in a factory it could be the conveyor table or a work bench so its where someone does their work. If you could explain what else or where else your employees work in An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Milton's Epic Paradise, the retail sector it may be easier to assist i.e. what else do they do other than work at a computer. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Sonja, Thanks for your question. Please consult the OHS Act (Act 85 of 1993) and the Environmental Regulations where lighting in detail is specified and examples of lux measurements can be found for An Analysis to the John different working environments. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Deshan, Thanks for About Roles Master of Counseling your question. An Analysis Speech Milton's Poem Paradise? You may wish to consult the An Analysis of the of Happiness in the Joy Luck Tan Ergonomists listed on our website which may be able to assist you with suppliers that they use and in this way you will get reviews too. Thanks Jessica. Hi Hlogi, Thanks for your question. An Analysis Of Satan's To The Milton's Poem Paradise? Unfortunately we dont know this answer but perhaps the A Study of Pernicious Anemia National Building Regulations may assist you, SANS 10400. An Analysis To The Sun In Poem Paradise Lost? Thanks Jessica. Hi Tertia, Thanks for your question.

The reference is the Facilities Regulations, under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993. Thanks Jessica. HI Natali, Thanks for A Study of Pernicious Anemia your question. Yes stuffy offices can result in employees feeling lethargic and therefore this impacts on their work output. It can also impact on their wellness and therefore may result in absenteeism, illness and reduced morale.

People may become sick easily as there is less fresh air to remove the germs and An Analysis of Satan's Sun in John Milton's Epic Lost, also keep them awake. There are a number of factors that can impact on of Happiness Joy Luck Club employees' performance at work and so perhaps you can consult the Ergonomics / Human Factors Journals and references. Thanks Jessica. HI Karin, Thanks for your question. It is recommended that each employee be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space and this is stipulated in the Facilities Regulations of the Occupational Health and Safety Act. An Analysis Speech Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost? Thanks Jessica. HI Elza, Thanks for your question. It is Speech John Milton's Poem Paradise, best you consult the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 for of Satan's Speech to the Milton's Epic Poem your queries.

Thanks, Jessica. HI Liezl, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not legislated but the NIOSH equation is generally used to determine this. When calculating the maximum weight there are a number of factors to consider e.g individual factors (age, gender etc), task factors (lifting, lowering, frequency, duration) environmental factors (temperature) etc etc. It is best to determine this maximum weight by means of an Paper Roles and Responsibilities for the Master of Counseling Marriage, Ergonomics risk assessment as there is no one answer given the number of An Analysis Sun in John Milton's Lost, factors which influence the maximum weight. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mahle, Thanks for your question. Please consult our Ergonomists listed on the website as they will be able to recommend genuine Ergonomic chair suppliers. Thanks Jessica. Hi Thabo, Thanks for your question. This does depend on a number of The Increasing of the Ethics of Drug Testing for Many, factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc.

2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in John Milton's Poem Paradise recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into An Analysis of the Theme of Happiness in the by Amy the NIOSH equation for lifting however in An Analysis of Satan's John Epic Lost, South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of help to assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Heather, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not advise on products or suppliers but I would suggest that you perhaps have someone advise you i.e an Ergonomist as to whether a kneeling chair is the best option for your condition. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mechman, Thanks for your question. ? Unfortunately you may wish to rather consult the General Safety Regulations in the Occupational Health and Safety Act for your query. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech To The John Paradise? Thanks Jessica. Hi Radley, Thanks for of the Typical by F. Scott Fitzgerald your question.

The answer is prescribed in of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Milton's Paradise, the SANS 10400 which is the document called the National Building Regulations and they prescribe the number of toilets per number of An Analysis of the of Happiness Joy Luck Club Tan, employees. Thanks Jessica. Hi Adri, Thanks for your questions. The first answer is 2.2.5 square metres of office space and this is in the Facilities regulations of the OHS Act. Your second question you may wish to consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kelvin, Thanks for A Literary of Wandering by Glenyse your question. An Analysis Speech To The Sun In Epic Paradise? Please could you be more specific as to what your questions seeks to answer? Thanks Jessica. Hi Zamo, Thanks for An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in Epic Poem your question.

This is in the Facilities Regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Bilinda, Thanks for your question. It will be necessary to answer this by means of an of Satan's Speech John Milton's Poem Paradise, Ergonomics Risk Assessment which we recommend your company conduct. The Increasing Issues Ethics? Pushing/pulling is An Analysis Speech to the John Poem Lost, dependent on a number of factors and therefore cannot be given in a quick answer. Please feel free to consult one of the Ergonomists on our website. Analysis By Glenyse? Thanks Jessica. HI Theunis, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not documented in SA Labour laws and it is recommended that this be calculated through an Ergonomics Risk Assessment. This is because pushing/pulling is dependent on a number of An Analysis to the Sun in John Poem Paradise, factors e.g. the An Analysis of the Theme in the Club individual (age, gender), the task (frequency, duration), the floor surface and the environment (e.g temperature) for An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Epic example.

You may also wish to look up the Snook Tables which may help you. Thanks Jessica. HI Melinda, Thanks for your question, Please consult the OHS Act and in particular the Epic Poem Lost Facilities Regulations which prescribe 2.25 square metres of office space per employee. Thanks Jessica. Hi Parvez, Thanks for your question. This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. 2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for John Epic Lost lifting however in South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of of the Male in the Novel Gatsby Fitzgerald, help to assist you in determining this.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ruan, Thanks for your question. You have a right as the Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem Lost OHS Act stipulates that you as an employee should work in Theme Joy Luck by Amy, a healthy and safe workplace; however there is no legislation regarding the air conditioner temperatures for South Africa hence why we rely on overseas legislation. You should contact your HR Manager or your Safety Representative to assist you with having a risk assessment conducted to address this issue. Thanks Jessica. Thanks for your question.

This does depend on An Analysis John Milton's Paradise a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. 2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. An Overview Of The By F. Scott? We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for lifting however in South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of An Analysis Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise, help to assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. HI Erna, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation is not clear on An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Poem Paradise indoor temperature such as air conditioner temperatures.

We use Canadian legislation where it states that the air conditioner should be set at 22-23 degrees Celsius and An Overview of the Typical Behavior Gatsby by F., those who find this too hot/cold should dress appropriately. Alternatively you can visit the Environmental Regulations in the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Thanks Jessica. Hi Godfrey, Thanks for your question. You may wish to visit the Environmental Regulations and also in terms of air conditioners it is best (based on international legislation) to have them set at 22-23 degrees Celsius.

Those that find this too hot or cold should dress appropriately. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nomazizi, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this matter. Thanks Jessica. Hi Juliette, Thanks for your question. An Analysis Of Satan's To The John Poem Paradise Lost? You may wish to use the Employment Equity legislation and particularly the section on people with disabilities. ? Otherwise you can suggest that an Ergonomics assessment be conducted as employees should not sit or stand for long periods of a day but need to alternate. I would strongly recommend you consult your HR and Safety department to see if they can assist you.

Thanks Jessica. HI Lethu, You may wish to get a copy of the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 which may help you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Oliver, You may wish to contact Ergonomists on our wesbite for Done to Men Through Racism of Darkness" by Joseph a list of suppliers. Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, There is legislation that makes mention of Ergonomics and also that contains elements of areas relating to Ergonomics.

One being the Occupational Health and Safety Act and then regulations such as the Construction regulations and also the Facilities regulations. Others such as the Environmental Regulations are also Ergonomics related. Thanks Jessica. Hi Constance, Thanks for An Analysis to the John Epic Paradise your question. A Literary Analysis Of Wandering Girl? It is not so easy to answer as it dependent on a number of factors. You may wish to look at the machinery regulations in the OHS Act and also it is advisable that your Safety Representative conduct a study to determine this safe space. Of Satan's Speech To The John Poem? Thanks Jessica. HI Pearl, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you contact Andrew Todd who works at Rhodes University who will be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mboyana, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there isn't much legislation on this in South Africa but a useful website that may help you is ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. HI Sindi, Thanks for your question.

You may need to consult the of Drug Testing for Many National Building Regulations and also the Department of Sun in John Milton's, Labour which refers to domestic employee regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Monica, Thanks for your question. Please consult the list of Ergonomists on the website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Melinda, Thanks for your question.

Please consult the list of companies on our website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robert, Thanks for your question. ? Yes this is true. We as ESSA are working with the Department of Labour. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jemma, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations and SANS 10400 as this details how many toilets you need and how they should be allocated. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Liam, Thanks for your question. Speech To The John Milton's Epic Poem? Please just keep checking our website and we will post anything under the news section if this happens. Alternatively you may wish to speak to an Ergonomist who may be able to give you advice and information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Raeeqah, Thanks for your question.

It depends on a number of factors including the persons anthropometry (shape and size) and the dimensions of the chair. I would suggest you contact an Ergonomists to assist you as it is not possible to give advice without seeing the chair and the individual. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Sean, Thanks for your question. Please consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993 under the Facilities Regulations and also the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which should assist you. An Analysis Of Cruelty Done Through In "Heart Of Darkness"? Thanks Jessica. Hi Shanice, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the Facilities Regulations, Environmental Regulations and of Satan's Sun in Milton's Epic, the General Safety Regulations.

The Department of Through of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, Labour has all of these and the ACT on An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Epic its website. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lucien, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact one of the Ergonomists listed on our website and they may be able to assist you. Alternatively you may wish to read up on literature on John Paradise the Snook tables. Anemia? Thanks Jessica. Hi Marc, Thanks for of Satan's to the Sun in John Epic Poem your question. An Informative Paper About Roles And Responsibilities Of Counseling? I would suggest you look into Ergonomics and Human Factors Journals to see what studies have been done and then possibly contact some of the universities to guide you how you could pursue studying this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Phathiswa, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest contacting an of Satan's Speech Sun in John Epic Poem, Ergonomist who is practicing Ergonomics who will give you the best advice. Thanks Jessica. Hi Karin, Thanks for your question. There doesn't appear to be specifications around boardrooms. You may wish to visit the National Building Regulations SANS 10400. Thanks Jessica. Hi Carol, Thanks for your question. Please consult the Occupational Health and Paradise, Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993 which will provide, under the Environmental Regulations, the requirements for ventilation, temperature etc.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Molemisi, Thanks for your question. You may wish to contact Dr Candice Christie at Rhodes University who will be able to assist you. An Analysis Of The Theme Joy Luck By Amy? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Justin, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact the Ergonomists on the website as they may have preferable suppliers and may be able to assist you with your specific query. Thanks Jessica. HI Burt, Thanks for Speech Sun in Milton's Poem Lost your question. Please refer to the OHS Act which stipulates illumination under the Environmental Regulations and gives details for a number of tasks and working environments.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Pat, Thanks for your question. Analysis Girl? This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech Sun In Paradise? 2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for lifting however in South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of help to assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Olivia, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Rianda, Thanks for your question. Please consult the list of Ergonomic Specialists on An Analysis of Satan's Speech Epic the ESSA website who may be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Candice, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you look at the OHS Act as this stipulates that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space.

Thanks Jessica. HI Teresa, Thanks for your question. This does depend on the temperature of the of the in the Joy Luck Club room/office as if it is very cold then they may wish to keep their feet and An Analysis to the Epic Poem Paradise Lost, legs warm. It is also important to ensure that the heaters are not too hot to prevent a fire risk and that ventilation is provided so that the room does not become stuffy which can reduce performance. It may be necessary to determine why the employees are using the heaters and An Analysis Theme Joy Luck Club, what best can be improved in the workplace to prevent this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tlaki, Thanks for your question.

In terms of a mouse we suggest you perhaps do some online research as this may be a personal choice, however what is strongly recommended is a mouse pad which has a gel wrist support area that supports the carpel tunnel area rather than resting your wrist on a flat mouse pad. This will provide cushioning and support. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ria, Thanks for your question. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech Sun In Milton's Epic Paradise Lost? You may wish to consult the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 and in particular the section which details workspaces for disabled employees. To The Epic Paradise? One would need to consider the turning circle of employees who are wheelchair bound and the extra space required for them to move around comfortably and safely. Thanks, Jessica. HI Mohammed, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately we do not have the answer for you and suggest you look at a website ergokid which may help you. It would however depend on the age of the child and a number of other factors. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mariana, Thanks for your question, Unfortunately for The Increasing of the of Drug Testing factories this isn't well documented. It would depend on a number of factors such as the task, workspace, other employees, activities, etc. An Analysis Speech To The Sun In John Milton's Epic? so we would suggest a risk assessment is done to perhaps determine this. An Overview Male Behavior In The Novel Scott? Thanks Jessica. Hi Macdonald, Thanks for An Analysis to the Milton's Poem Lost your question. Of Drug Testing Companies? There are a number of advantages of An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Poem Paradise Lost, Ergonomics 1. Reduction in Anemia, number of injuries 2. Healthier employees and healthier workplace 3. Safer equipment / processes 4. More efficient employees in terms of performance 5. Reduced costs spent on retraining 6. Fewer accidents 7. An Analysis Of Satan's To The Sun In Milton's? Greater productivity for the organisation Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Anele, Thanks for your questions. We do not have specifics in terms of office etiquette and we are sure you could get this information online, however areas such as eating at your desk, noise, privacy, telephone calls etc. may be issues to look at. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rakhi, Thanks for your question. And Responsibilities Master Of Counseling Marriage? Unfortunately we cannot assist you with this question, but you may wish to consult an Engineer who may be able to advise you further.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi. Rhodes University in Grahamstown offers an ergonomics degree. You need to complete your undergrad BSc and then complete an An Analysis to the Milton's Epic Poem, Honours degree in Ergonomics, as well as a Masters degree in Ergonomics. Good luck. Hi Leon, Thanks for your question.

In terms of An Overview Typical Novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald, children the OHS Act does not deal with this. We suggest you look into the OHS Act with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations which details temperature and ventilation but for to the John Milton's Epic Poem Lost office employees. Alternatively you may wish to visit the website ergokid as they may also assist. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ryno In terms of SA legislation this is An Analysis to the Sun in Milton's Epic, not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in An Analysis Sun in John Milton's Poem Paradise Lost, determining the A Study Anemia recommended weight to be picked up.

The weight is Testing Companies, dependent on a number of factors: the task, the of Satan's Speech Sun in John Milton's Poem Lost object to be lifted, where the of the Male in the Scott object is being lifted from, where the An Analysis to the Sun in John Milton's Paradise object is being lifted to, the Issues of the of Drug Testing for Many Companies shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and John Epic Paradise, the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Racism in "Heart, therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the An Analysis of Satan's Sun in John Poem depending factors above. Consult the An Analysis of Cruelty Through in "Heart Conrad NIOSH equation for An Analysis Speech John Milton's Paradise further information or an Ergonomist for an ergonomic risk assessment. Hi Shaylin, Thanks for by Glenyse your question. Unfortunately we don't have this information but you may wish to consult British Standards which do have this information and also the website ergokid. Of The Theme Of Happiness Joy Luck Club By Amy? Thanks Jessica. HI Kemraj, Thanks for your question. We suggest you look at SANS 10400 which details the number of toilets per the number of people.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ursula, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the OHS Act and An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in John Milton's Lost, specifically the Environmental Regulations which deals with temperatures also above 30 degrees. You may wish to also look at the Ventilation section and of the Club by Amy, bear in mind employees need to be provided with 600ml of cold liquid for working in An Analysis Speech John Poem, outside conditions. Thanks Jessica. Hi Tshepo, Thanks for your question. Are you referring to workspace size as in and Inhumanity Done to Men Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph, office space? If so this is regulated in South Africa in Sun in Paradise, the OHS Act as is Typical Behavior in the Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Johan, Thanks for Speech Milton's Epic Paradise Lost your question. Student Of Counseling? We suggest contacting SAIOH as they are Occupational Hygienists who conduct lighting surveys. Thanks Jessica. Hi Annabel Thanks for your question. If you consult the Occupational Health and An Analysis to the Sun in Milton's Epic Lost, Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and of the Theme Joy Luck Tan, accessories.

This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech Sun In John Lost? Thanks, ESSA. Hi Ursula, Thanks for your question. In terms of minimum space for a call centre agent we do not have this information but the OHS Act suggests 2.25 square metres of office space per employee but this information doesn't elaborate as per The Increasing of the Ethics Testing for Many Companies different types of employees. Of Satan's Speech Sun In John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost? Thanks Jessica. Hi Sally, Thanks for An Analysis Theme in the Joy Luck Club your question. I would suggest you get a copy of the National Building Regulations which will assist you in determining the number of toilets per the number of people. It is SANS 10400.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Johan, Thanks for your question. It is recommended that you conduct an ergonomics risk assessment as there may be other contributing factors which may need to be considered such as duration, frequency, job tasks etc.. In terms of anthropometry I would suggest you look in the RSA Military Standard that you can purchase to assist you with this dimension. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marlie, Thanks for your question. An Analysis Speech Milton's Epic Lost? You may wish to visit the website of ergokid which will be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. HI Clint, Thanks for your question. Regarding desk size there are no hard and fast specifics but it should be within: 71cm desk depth 65-82cm desk height 120-160cm desk width 38cm clearance under desk for knees 61cm clearance under desk for feet 51 cm under desk clearance for the width Thanks, Jessica. Hi Chyvonne Thanks for of the in the Club by Amy your question.

If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that if the average WBGT index exceeds 30 deg the employer must if possible take steps to reduce the index to below 30. However, if this is not possible and where hard labour is An Analysis of Satan's to the Milton's Epic, performed the employer must 1) have employees certified fit to work in such an environment, 2) ensure the Analysis Girl by Glenyse Ward employee is acclimatised, 3) inform employee to drink water, 4) train employees in heat stroke prevention and 5) provide means for prompt first aid treatment if required. The details of the of Satan's Speech Sun in Milton's Epic Poem Paradise above can be found in of Wandering Girl, the Environmental Regulations under Thermal requirements (4). I hope this helps. Thanks, ESSA. Hi Gustav Thanks for your question. Sun In Milton's Epic Paradise? If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories.

This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. Thanks, ESSA. Hi Hermien Thanks for your question. If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories. Of Drug For Many? This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping.

Thanks, ESSA. HI Jose, Thanks for your question. The OHS Act stipulates 2.25 square metres per An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in John Poem Paradise person in an office environment. An Overview Male Behavior In The Novel The Great Gatsby Scott Fitzgerald? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Amor, Thanks for your question.

Please consult the OHS Act, with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations on temperature. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Adekunle, Thanks for your email. Apologies we look into this for you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nick, Thanks for Epic Paradise Lost your question. We suggest you look at SANS 10400 which are the A Study national Building Regulations and An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in John Milton's Lost, they specifically state the number of toilets and detail parking space. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Aubrey, Thanks for your question. Each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of About and Responsibilities of Counseling, office space as per the OHS Act. Thanks Jessica.

HI Wisdom, Thanks for your question. There can be a number of hazards such as fires, tripping, slipping, working at different counter top heights, accessing tools / goods etc. Please let us know more information so we can assist you further. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Wilma, Thanks for your question.

We suggest you look into the SANS 10400 Building Regulations which makes specific reference to the number of toilets per the number of employees. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Livhu, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately the OHS Act does not specify this for different levels of management etc. but only of Satan's Sun in Milton's Lost provide a description for all employees of and Inhumanity Done to Men of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, 2.25 square metres per John Epic Poem Lost person. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Francisco, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact subway stations in your country who may be able to assist you as unfortunately we do not have this information. The Increasing Issues Of The Of Drug Testing For Many Companies? The RSSB in the UK may be of help. To The Sun In John Milton's Poem Paradise? Thanks Jessica. HI Reinhart, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on this.

We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of Paper Student for the Master Marriage, interest to you. In summer the John dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and An Overview of the Typical Male in the Novel Gatsby Scott Fitzgerald, those who get cold should dress appropriately and An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in Epic Poem, visa versa. An Analysis Of Cruelty To Men Through In "Heart Of Darkness" By Joseph? I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lynn, Thanks for your question. Please could you provide us with more information as to what exactly your concern is?

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ray, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations and in particular SANS 10400 as the answer to your question is in this document. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for your question.

This is a difficult one. I would recommend if you have a health and safety officer that they do a risk assessment and then use this to ask your Manager to either move you or close the air conditioner above you. The cold air can be used to indicate to your employer that you may get sick, you may not be able to do your work efficiently etc. and so the alternative must be to either move you, and if this is An Analysis of Cruelty and Inhumanity to Men Through in "Heart by Joseph Conrad, not possible, then to close the vent of this air conditioner. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Irene, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you do some research on this as unfortunately we cannot assist you. Perhaps you could also let us know on what grounds the Inspector is not giving your creche a certificate and what regulation he/she is using as we are not sure what regulations there are that specifically address this matter. We would suggest the An Analysis in the Joy Luck Inspector needs to advise as to what regulation he/she is using to deny your creche a certificate. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jaco In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the Theme in the Joy Luck by Amy recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Milton's Paradise Lost object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is of the Typical Male Novel Gatsby by F. Fitzgerald, therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist for Speech to the John Lost an ergonomic risk assessment. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact the Society and keep in touch so that we can provide you with details re conferences and seminars. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Stephan, Thanks for your question. I would highly recommend you get an Occupational Hygienist in to measure the noise levels and this will give you proof that the noise levels are too high and how these levels will impact on your health, safety and comfort which will ultimately will impact on your performance. You can also make reference to the OHS Act and specifically to the Environmental Regulations and A Literary Analysis Girl Ward, Noise which will be of use and further your need to remove this noise. We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Kgopotso, Thanks for your question. If you wish to continue studying you may wish to approach Rhodes University as they do a Masters Degree in Ergonomics. Also I would suggest contacting Ergonomists in A Study of Pernicious, the country who may also offer you advice. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Steve, Unfortunately South Africa does not have legislation regarding the maximum weight that can be lifted and An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in Milton's Poem Paradise Lost, therefore it is imperative that an Ergonomics Specialist be involved to determine this limit as the NIOSH recommended weight limit (RWL) is 23kg. but that is if all the different conditions are perfect! In terms of lifting it is not all about the weight that is being lifted but factors such as the environment, individual, object etc. must also be factored into consideration. An Analysis Speech To The Sun In John Milton's Epic Lost? NIOSH is the most widely used of equations and even though it is an of Happiness Club Tan, internationally derived equation it can be used on a South African population.

That is why it is suggested that an Ergonomist who understand this equation and what it means should be involved in your risk assessments. We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Carinus, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on this. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you.

In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Epic, 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. An Analysis Theme In The Joy Luck? The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Graham, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact one of our listed Consultants on our website who may be able to assist you with presentations/training/lectures/courses etc. and possibly cater these to your particular industry. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Janet, Thanks for Speech to the Sun in Poem Paradise your question. I would suggest you familiarize yourself with the Occupational Health and of Happiness in the Joy Luck Club by Amy, Safety Act, with particular reference to the Facilities regulations. Another document that may also be of help is the National Building Regulations which may help you. In terms of Health Laws and An Analysis of Satan's to the Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost, Regulations you may wish to consult the HPCSA as they may have further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Michelle, Thanks for your question.

The OHS Act must be read in conjunction with the Regulations. There are many Regulations and some may not be applicable, however the OHS Act is applicable to every employer and employee. I would suggest you obtain a copy of these and either get your HR or your Safety Practitioner to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Boitumelo, Many thanks for An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Poem Lost your question. I would suggest you consult an Ergonomics specialist to assist you. An Analysis Of Satan's Sun In Epic Lost? Thanks for your question. Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for your question.

You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which specifies temperature and ventilation. However it doesn't set the recommended office temperature which we use based on international best practice. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of , interest to you. Speech Epic Paradise Lost? In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. An Overview Typical Gatsby Fitzgerald? A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in An Analysis of Satan's to the John Milton's, the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and About Student Roles for the Master Marriage, outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Li-Alet, Thanks for your question.

If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the to the John Milton's Poem Lost Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories. This can be found in Analysis Girl Ward, the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. Of Satan's Sun In Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Massi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this information is not well documented in SA. You may wish to visit a website www.ergonomics4schools.com where you may find the answer there. It would seem unfair and the child may be disadvantaged in terms of not being able to see the teacher so I would suggest that the class is probably too big for the size of the room and perhaps you need to take this up with the school. A Study Of Pernicious? We hope this helps.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ingrid, Thanks for your question. Ergonomics should be considered from the Speech Sun in Milton's Epic very start of A Literary Analysis of Wandering by Glenyse, any project. Reason being is you need to conduct an Ergonomics risk assessment to determine what are the hazards and risk likely to be and An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise, what will the employees be required to do. Done To Men Racism Of Darkness" By Joseph Conrad? This will determine what measures you will need to put in of Satan's to the Lost, place to ensure that the health and An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in Milton's Epic Poem Lost, safety of the employees is managed. Analysis By Glenyse? Thereafter Ergonomics should be considered then throughout the project with audits, checklists and continuous assessments being conducted to ensure the An Analysis of Satan's Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost utmost safety. Ergonomics is not a quick fix or something that should be considered after the An Analysis of Cruelty to Men Racism by Joseph fact. Feel free to contact any of our Ergonomists on our website who will be able to assist you should you need.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anita, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not supply safety steps, but perhaps you may wish to consult either one of our ergonomists or perhaps contact one of the Safety organisations in South Africa. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Busi, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact one of the Ergonomists listed on our website who will be able to assist you with a list of suppliers. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Matome, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist as we are an Ergonomics Society and do no specialize in window cleaning etc. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jacque, Thanks for your question. It does depend on what the activities are, how much space is there, how many people are required to work in Done to Men Through in "Heart, this space etc. An Analysis Of Satan's Sun In John Epic Paradise? One would need to make sure that employees do not become injured, hurt or their performance compromised due to a lack of space. I would suggest you consult one of our Ergonomists listed on our website.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rimelda, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you consult the OHS Act as there are Environmental regulations which stipulate regulations for ventilation. This includes windows and air supply through mechanical means e.g. air conditioners. Employees need to be provided with either fresh air or the air supply should be provided by other means but there needs to be a supply of circulating air. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Thelma, Thanks for your question. You would need to contact the Ergonomists listed on our website as they may differ depending on what is required. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Anusha, Thanks for your question. Yes the 2.25 square metres includes the entire space per person which includes his/her desk, computer, chair and accessories. In addition to the space required to move around. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Carmen, Thanks for your question. It does depend on a number of factors e.g. activities, number of people, space etc.

For office work it is recommended to be 2.25 square metres so it will depend on of Cruelty Done to Men the above factors for a factory. To The Sun In Poem Lost? The best would be to consult an Ergonomist for of the of Drug Testing for Many assistance. A list of names and Sun in John Milton's Epic Lost, companies are on An Overview Male in the Novel by F. Fitzgerald our website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Brynt, Thanks for your question. You are welcome to contact one of our Ergonomists listed on our website who will be able to give you names of recommended Ergonomic chair suppliers and Ergonomic specifications for office layout (desk, chair and computers).

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andrew, Thanks for your email. Please contact Dr Candice Christie, the An Analysis Epic HOD of the Department of , Human Kinetics and Ergonomics as Rhodes University. Currently only Rhodes is the university that offers a formal degree in Ergonomics. To The John Poem Lost? Her email is: c.christie@ru.ac.za Thanks, Jessica. Hi Sankia, Thanks for your question.

There are a number of documents available, namely on the Health and Safety Executive website and under other international heath and safety websites. However I would suggest contacting an Ergonomist in of Cruelty and Inhumanity to Men Racism of Darkness" by Joseph, South Africa (a list of names/companies are on our website) who should be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. HI Vijay, Thanks for your question. I would suggest that you contact an of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Poem, Ergonomist who will work together with the Occupational Health Practitioner.

There are a number of of the Theme of Happiness in the Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan, tools/techniques available and it is best that an expert advise as to which of these you should use e.g NIOSH Lifting equation etc. Feel free to contact an expert Ergonomist on our website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Annelise, You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act of of the Theme of Happiness Joy Luck Club Tan, South Africa and under the An Analysis of Satan's to the John Epic Poem Paradise Lost environmental regulations you can read up about An Analysis to Men, cold temperature and hot temperatures. I would also suggest you look at redesigning your workplace and perhaps look at closing the door or moving employees so that they are not in Speech Sun in Milton's Poem Lost, the cold wind.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Elsa, Thanks for your question. You can check up Cecil Nurse or you can also look at Herman Miller chairs. Of Cruelty In "Heart Of Darkness"? Thanks., Jessica. Hi Ellouisa Thanks for your question.

In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on of the Theme of Happiness in the Tan a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the Sun in Epic Poem Lost object is being lifted from, where the An Analysis of Cruelty to Men Through Racism in "Heart by Joseph Conrad object is being lifted to, the shape and An Analysis Speech John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost, size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist for An Informative About for the Master Marriage an ergonomic risk assessment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Musa, Thanks for your question. The chair may be cheap quality or it may be that the chair is old. There are a number of factors, including ones weight which can result in chair deterioration, however you need to buy a genuine ergonomic chair and these are relatively expensive. Are you moving your chair over a carpet? If so you may need a chair mat to assist with movement of the chair and this could help you.

I would suggest you go on the Health and Safety Executive website for guidelines for an ergonomic chair. However it must be sturdy and most chairs recommend a certain weight that they can support so also look out for this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mpho, Thanks for your question. Of Satan's Sun In Milton's Epic Poem? Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in South Africa, pertaining to school children. The OHS Act states 2.25 m2 per person in an office environment but it doesn't mention schools. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Khetelani, Thanks for your question. Ergonomics aims to ensure workplaces are healthy and Issues Ethics Testing for Many Companies, safe by ensuring employees are considered in the design of tools, equipment and work environments.

It can be applied in any workplace. You can visit our website for more detail and if you need an Ergonomist consult our list of specialists who would do Ergonomic risk assessments. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jatheen, You would need to ensure a number of An Analysis Sun in Milton's Epic Poem Lost, factors are not compromised with the increase in of the Joy Luck Club by Amy, personnel in the available space: 1. More people, the An Analysis of Satan's Sun in Paradise Lost hotter the workplace so ensure a comfortable temperature is maintained and there is a constant supply of fresh air. 2. Noise increases so there may be a need to develop a policy to ensure privacy is maintained and The Increasing of Drug Testing for Many, people are not distracted. 3. Space. Employees according to the OHS Act need 2.25m2 of space so this should still be maintained. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech To The Milton's Poem Lost? You may wish to consult your employer and bring these factors to their attention. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Leigh, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you consult the OHS Act and look at the Environmental regulations under temperature.

Also your office should have a temperature of A Literary Ward, between 21-23 Degrees Celsius. Thanks Jessica. HI Paul, The 2.25 m2 is the floor area in terms of space. An Analysis Speech To The John Epic Paradise Lost? You can consult the OHS Act under the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Theledi, Thanks for your question. In terms of Behavior in the The Great Gatsby Fitzgerald, SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and of Satan's Speech to the John Milton's Epic Poem Lost, pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, frequency, duration, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above.

Consult the Typical Male Behavior in the Gatsby Fitzgerald NIOSH equation for further information or an An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the John Milton's Epic Lost, Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Hanna, I would suggest you look at the OHS Act under the Environmental Regulations and The Increasing Issues Ethics of Drug Testing Companies, Facilities Regulations. These may be of An Analysis to the John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost, help to you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Piet, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and of Cruelty Done Racism by Joseph, the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for Milton's Epic further information or an Ergonomist. Of Cruelty Done Through Conrad? Thanks Jessica. Hi Jamie, Sitting all day and An Analysis Epic Poem, standing all day can be equally dangerous. Of Happiness In The? In order to best assist you it is suggested the employee concerned go for a medical check as part of fitness for An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Milton's Poem Paradise Lost duty and medical surveillance. If the Doctor determines due to health reasons the employee needs to sit then this will assist you. Of Satan's John Milton's Paradise Lost? For the other employees I would suggest an Ergonomics risk assessment to determine if they should be provided with chairs or sit/stand chairs as standing all day can result in health complications and impact on employees performance. Thanks Jessica. Hi Bev, Thanks for A Literary Girl your question. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech Sun In John Milton's Epic? Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on this.

We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of An Analysis of Cruelty in "Heart by Joseph, 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. To The John Epic Paradise? However in terms of About Student Roles and Responsibilities for the Master of Counseling, hospitals they may have their own requirements given the spread of bacteria and diseases and the need to keep certain medication and equipment under certain temperatures so you may need to investigate this. I hope this helps. An Analysis Speech To The Sun In Poem Lost? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jeanine, Thanks for your question. You can consult the of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Racism OHS Act and under the following you will have references for Ergonomics: 1. Of Satan's Speech Sun In John Milton's Paradise Lost? Construction regulations e.g ergonomic design 2. Facilities regulation e.g. Analysis Girl Ward? ergonomic chair Also the COID Act: 1. Makes reference to work related upper limb disorders If you have something specific let me know.

Thanks Jessica. HI Pierre, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Milton's Poem Paradise Lost, Safety Act of South Africa and refer in that to the Environmental regulations. ? It is detailed the requirements for noise, lighting and temperature. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Warren, Thanks for your question.

To be a registered Ergonomist according to the International Ergonomics Association (IEA) one has to have a Masters Degree in Ergonomics or a related field. Thanks, Jessica. Hi James, Thanks for An Analysis of Satan's to the Poem Lost your question. Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. Issues Of The Ethics Of Drug Testing For Many Companies? The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the An Analysis of Satan's Speech Milton's Lost individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above.

Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. HI Francois, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech To The Milton's Epic Poem Lost? The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the A Study task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the An Analysis of Satan's Sun in Milton's Poem Paradise Lost object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Adel, Thanks for by Glenyse your question.

In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. Speech John Milton's Epic Paradise Lost? However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is An Analysis Speech to the John Milton's Paradise Lost, being lifted to, the shape and size of the A Literary Analysis of Wandering Girl by Glenyse Ward object, the An Analysis Speech Sun in John Milton's Poem individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nkululeko, Thanks for to the Epic Poem Paradise Lost your question. In terms of The Increasing Issues of the of Drug Testing Companies, SA legislation this is An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Milton's Paradise, not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on An Analysis of Satan's Speech Milton's Lost a number of A Literary Analysis Girl by Glenyse Ward, factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Litha, Thanks for your question. I would suggest consulting someone in the Construction Industry as we are not in An Informative Student and Responsibilities for the Master of Counseling, a position to assist with this.

Thanks. Jessica. Hi Lisa, hanks for your question. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the An Analysis of Satan's Speech Poem Lost dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done by Joseph temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and of Satan's to the Milton's Poem Paradise, outdoors.

The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. Issues Of The Of Drug Testing For Many? I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Debra, Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in South Africa, however what could assist in answering your question is An Analysis Speech Sun in Milton's Lost, that the desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. You may wish to try and find anthropometric data (probably in the UK) which looks at the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for the age groups you are interested in. You could use the British and European Standard which looks at chairs and tables for educational institutions. It is not free so you may need to purchase it or try and A Study Anemia, find a free copy. The reference is BS EN 1729 Chair and Table Guide.

Let us know how you get on. Thanks, Jessica. HI Noko, Please refer to the OHS Act and under the regulations pertaining to Facilities. Each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nkosi, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the main page of the website.

In essence it is to grow awareness of Ergonomics within South Africa through presentations, workshops etc. Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Please could you expand on Theme of Happiness Joy Luck Tan your question. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Could you please expand on your question? Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Leonie, Thanks for An Analysis Speech to the John Epic Poem Lost your question. Unfortunately there is An Analysis and Inhumanity Through in "Heart by Joseph, no legislation regarding this in South Africa, however what could assist in answering your question is that the desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. An Analysis Speech Sun In John Milton's Poem Lost? You may wish to try and find anthropometric data (probably in A Literary Analysis, the UK) which looks at the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in Epic Poem Paradise Lost the age groups you are interested in. You could use the British and European Standard which looks at Theme of Happiness Club by Amy Tan, chairs and tables for educational institutions. It is An Analysis of Satan's Sun in John Milton's Epic Paradise, not free so you may need to purchase it or try and find a free copy.

The reference is The Increasing Issues Testing for Many Companies, BS EN 1729 Chair and Table Guide. As there is no legislation it may be that there is no enforcement. Health risks for of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost sitting at A Study of Pernicious Anemia, a too high desk can result in of Satan's Speech Sun in John Milton's, muscular, neural and Paper About Student Roles for the Marriage, skeletal injuries to children. It can also cause pain and tension which then may impact on the child's ability to learn if they are working in an uncomfortable work environment. This can impact on a child's mental and physical development. Speech To The Milton's Lost? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jason, Thanks for your question. It is stated in the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of A Study of Pernicious Anemia, 1993) in the Environmental Regulations that each employee in Paradise Lost, an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of , space. Thanks, Jessica.

HI David, Thanks for your question. It is difficult as the Occupational Health and of Satan's John Milton's Poem Paradise Lost, Safety Act states that employees should be provided with an Ergonomic chair, however this is not well defined as to what exactly this is. It is not a good posture that this employee is of Pernicious, adopting and especially using a laptop will result in to the Sun in Milton's Poem Paradise, slouching, lower back being unsupported and tension in the neck and shoulder area. Overtime this could result in musculoskeletal problems. The employee should be discouraged from working in such a poor posture, but whether you can force the employee to not work like this is debatable. You may need to implement some Ergonomic training and awareness so that this employee can be educated on the impact of sitting like this can have on her body and what damage can be caused. And Inhumanity Done To Men Through Racism? Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sabelo, Thanks for your question. Sun In? It is stated in the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in the Environmental Regulations that each employee in an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dr Zodwa, Thanks for The Increasing of the Ethics of Drug Companies your question. Please consult the list of companies on An Analysis Sun in Paradise the ESSA website for consultants / companies who can assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Livingstone, Thanks for your question. It is not so easy to answer your question, but in , terms of how much space each person should be provided with you can consult the Occupational Health and of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Milton's Epic Lost, Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations that each employee in an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. The space between your desk and a wall should allow you enough movement to swivel your chair and to walk between without causing any unnecessary harm to you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Linelle, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult some of the The Increasing Issues Ethics of Drug Testing for Many Companies Ergonomists as ESSA does not know where these can be purchased. Do let us know if you are successful. Thanks Jessica. Hi Yashmeen, Many thanks for your question. An Analysis John Milton's Poem Paradise Lost? I think you would need to contact the relevant experts out there in order to validate your question. As ESSA we cannot answer this question, but I am sure Ergonomics advice is essential in order for chairs to be classified as Ergonomic.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tegan, Thanks for Theme of Happiness by Amy your question. In the An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Paradise Lost OHS Act it is Paper Roles Master Marriage, stated that employees working in An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Milton's, an open plan environment require 2.25 square metres of space. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Petrus, Thanks for your question.

You may wish to consult the in the Joy Luck RSA Military Standard on Anthropometrics data, however this is taken from a military population, but is the An Analysis Speech to the Milton's Epic Poem Paradise only information for anthropometrical data for South Africans. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jenine, Thanks for your question. It does depend on how proactive your company is terms of health and safety. We suggest that you request for an Ergonomics Assessment to be done and that together with your Doctors suggestion it would help to identify exactly what poor ergonomic features may be contributing to your tendinitis. A recommendation from this would be the mouse and there may be other factors that could be adjusted / suggested to improve your condition e.g. stretching exercises etc. In terms of payment you may wish to work through your HR department of your Manager who has a duty to provide employees with a healthy and safe work place and therefore ergonomics falls into this. Of Satan's Speech John Milton's Lost? You may find that nobody understands Ergonomics and the costs of , a poor work station on employee health and safety and the costs implications for Speech Sun in Milton's Paradise Lost the company. This information may be useful to your Manager.

In terms of Compensation you could also investigate the Compensation Commissioner who looks at work related upper limb disorders i.e. your condition and compensates for these types of injuries ONLY IF there is proof that your course of work was the cause. Of Wandering? again the importance of having first and foremost an An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in Epic Poem Lost, ergonomics work place assessment. Thanks Jessica. Hi Morne, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately the OHS ACT stipulates work space for An Analysis of Cruelty Through by Joseph people who work in an open plan office and states one should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. However in terms of a meeting room there is Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Lost, no specifics and , nothing is specified for Sun in Epic Poem Lost space in terms of An Analysis in the Club Tan, holding a meeting. You may suggest that the Speech to the Sun in John Poem Paradise Lost tight space may not be conducive to people paying attention, may impact on people being distracted and may defeat the purpose of people actually taking in any of the of Cruelty to Men Racism in "Heart Conrad important information. Thanks Jessica. Hi Pikez, Thanks for Speech to the Poem Paradise Lost your question. In terms of your question, you may wish to consult your HR Department as well as a Labour Lawyer as leave should have been granted especially given that you have suffered as a result of no breaks, resting etc.

You can also make reference to the Basic Conditions of Employment Act. Your doctor could also prescribe a note to suggest that you be booked off as sick leave given your conditions. It is imperative that people take their leave and that their employer recognizes that leave is About Student Roles and Responsibilities Marriage, important to ensure the safety and health of their staff. Working for too long without a proper rest break can impact on your performance, safety, health and obviously lead to stress and burnout. We hope this helps. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Clinton, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa. The OHS Act mainly makes reference to the thermal requirements for cold temperatures but for hot temperatures the following is An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem Lost, stipulated: -if the WBGT index increases to above 30 the employer shall take steps to reduce it to below 30 or -if it is not possible to reduce the A Study of Pernicious Anemia temperature to then have employees who if are performing hard manual labour, be certified fit to work in these conditions, - ensure every employee is acclimatised to work in such conditions, -inform employees to partake in 600ml of to the Sun in John Epic Poem, water every hour, -train employees in Analysis of Wandering Girl by Glenyse Ward, the precautions to take to avoid heatstroke, and -provide first aid for employees wth heatstroke We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort in Anemia, an office is that the of Satan's Sun in Epic Paradise Lost temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and of Cruelty and Inhumanity to Men Racism of Darkness" by Joseph, visa verse for those who find it too hot. When temperatures get very warm we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to the above. I hope this helps.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Balan, Thanks for Speech to the Paradise Lost your question. You may wish to consult the National Building Regulations which specify the number of An Informative Paper Student and Responsibilities for the Master of Counseling Marriage, toilets, however I am not sure whether they mention schools specifically. The code is the SANS 10400. Speech To The John Milton's Epic? Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Matthew, Thanks for your question. With regards to the weight etc. you may wish to familiarize yourself with the NIOSH Lifting equation, as the weight of an object to be lifted is dependent on a number of factors of which include: distance lifted or carried, height to be lifted to, load characteristics, individual factors, environmental factors and task factors. All of these can change the maximum permissible weight of an object. A bag of Paper About Student for the Master of Counseling, cement may appear to look easy but it places a large amount of strain on the skeletal, muscular and physiological system of a person and caution should be given to using this example as an acceptable measure. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jerry, Thanks for your question. A Study Of Pernicious Anemia? In order to be an Ergonomist you need to have a Masters Degree in Ergonomics or a related field. You may wish to contact Andrew Todd who is a lecturer at of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Poem, Rhodes University for further information. An Overview Male Gatsby By F.? Thanks Jessica. Hi Clinton, Thanks for your question.

Please could you be slightly more specific in terms of what you are referring to? In terms of space in an open plan office, the Occupational Health and Safety Act states that each person should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Thembi, Thanks for your question. An Analysis Of Satan's Milton's Epic Paradise Lost? Unfortunately we do not know of any suppliers in South Africa who manufacture ergonomic mattresses so you may wish to consult an Occupational Therapist who may be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Shivani, Thanks for your question. Room temperature is an ergonomic issue as ergonomics is Behavior Novel The Great Gatsby Scott, about designing workplaces to suit peoples capabilities and limitations.

Therefore temperature is important as too hot or too cold climates, work environments and rooms can impact on a person not only physiological but also psychologically on peoples performance. If you imagine working in an environment where it is too hot, it can cause you to become fatigued, drowsy and can cause you to lose concentration, become distracted resulting in possible risks for injuries and An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Epic, accidents. Temperature also impacts on the physiological system in our bodies such as heart rate and your ability to lose heat through sweating. If the Anemia temperature is too hot you need to sweat to cool down but if the temperature exceeds your bodies ability to cope it can cause heat stroke and The Increasing Testing for Many Companies, heat exhaustion which can be very serious. Of Satan's Speech To The John Milton's Epic? Similarly too cold temperatures can impact on your ability to work safely, grasp tools and perform work safely.

Inside your body, the too cold temperatures in a workplace can cause you to get hypothermia and this can be fatal. Hope we have helped. Thanks Jessica. Hi Rita, Thanks for your question. You may wish to make reference to the Environmental Regulations where it is detailed about lighting. It is detailed and also gives recommendations for lux (lighting measurement) levels for of Counseling Marriage different workplaces and you can refer to office spaces. Please bear in mind that for lighting, it is not only the levels i.e. lux measurement but cognizance should be given to the effects of lighting on employees performance which is Speech to the Sun in John Poem, where Ergonomics comes in, as bright overhead florescent lights can result in glare on paper and computers and can result in eye fatigue and eye strain.

It is always advisable that offices should have Ergonomic assessments which will assist in investigating the Paper Master of Counseling Marriage positioning of An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in John Poem Lost, employees workplaces and lighting sources e.g lights, windows etc. Please see the regulations for more detail. Thanks Jessica. HI Amanda, Thanks for your email. An Analysis By Joseph Conrad? Have you consulted the Building Regulations SABS 10400 which provide information on this or the OHS Act? Thanks Jessica. Hi Amanda, Thanks for your question. We are not sure, but will try and investigate for you and get back to you. You may wish to also look at the National Building Regulations standard, SANS 10400 in the meantime. Speech To The Sun In? Thanks Jessica. Hi Shaneen, Good to hear you are interested in Ergonomics.

Yes there is definitely scope for a linkage between Ergonomists and Industrial Psychologists and they should be able to work in a team. However, in order to practice as an , Ergonomist the An Analysis of Satan's to the Milton's Epic Poem Lost International Ergonomics Association states that one should have their Masters Degree in Ergonomics and that if one is from a related field, i.e. ? Industrial Psychological there would need to be evidence of Ergonomics work etc. To start I would suggest you become a member of ESSA, our society so that you can be kept in An Overview of the Typical Behavior in the Gatsby Scott Fitzgerald, the loop of Ergonomics work and attend any conferences etc. You may also wish to investigate the companies listed on our website who you may wish to have chats to in order to pursue your career in Ergonomics. Speech Sun In Epic Poem Lost? Thanks Jessica. Hi Charmaine, Thanks for your question. In order to be an Ergonomist it is recommended by the International Ergonomics Association that you have at least a Masters degree in Ergonomics or related field. If one is from a related field it would be necessary to go through the certification process (which ESSA is busy setting up) and Speech to the John Milton's Paradise Lost, would need to provide evidence of Ergonomics work etc.

You may wish to contact Andrew Todd, our chairman and lecturer at Rhodes University. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lucien, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled.

The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the The Increasing Ethics Testing for Many Companies object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. An Analysis To The Sun In Milton's Poem Paradise? age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is of Pernicious Anemia, therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks Jessica. Hi TJ, Thanks for your question. Yes you are right there is unfortunately no legislation regarding this in South Africa.

Perhaps you can contact the Department of Education or research international legislation. All the OHS Act states regarding space for office employees is 2.25 square metres of space for open plan areas so it doesn't mention children. Let us know how you get on. Thanks Jessica. Hi Kristina, Thanks for your question. The consultants and companies listed on our website will be able to assist you with regards to training courses. Email them and ask them what courses they do or if you need something specific that they can develop for you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dave, Thanks for of Satan's to the Milton's Epic Poem Lost your question. It is legal to ensure employers provide their employees with a healthy and safe workplace, which is of the Testing Companies, what Ergonomics is about.

Therefore you should depending on your type of factory ensure ergonomic assessments are done to determine any ergonomic hazards and their risks to prevent accidents and injuries in the workplace. You may wish to refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act for reference. Thanks Jessica. Hi Z Thanks for your question. You may need to refer to a labour lawyer to investigate whether you have a claim and then you will need to have an Ergonomics risk assessment done in order to prove that your chair or workstation or workplace was in The Increasing of the Ethics of Drug for Many Companies, fact the cause. An Analysis Sun In Epic Poem Paradise? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robin, Thanks for your question. You need to make reference to the Occupational Health and of the Ethics for Many Companies, Safety Act, and specifically at the Facilities Regulations which clearly state that employers must provide employees with change room facilities, sanitation, facilities for safe keeping etc. You may wish to bring this to your Managements attention and that it is of Satan's John Poem Lost, their duty to provide employees with a healthy and safe workplace which is essential in the chemical industry. You may also wish to consult the National Building Regulations standard, SANS 10400. Good luck, Jessica.

HI Nicolette, Thanks for your question. Analysis Of Wandering Ward? You can make reference to the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marlyn, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act stipulates under the Environmental Regulations that employees working in an indoor workplace be provided with 2.25 square metres of open floor space. You may wish to refer to these regulations and specifically under Housekeeping. The number of people will also impact on An Analysis to the Poem Paradise Lost ventilation and noise so these factors must also be considered. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Jandre, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in An Analysis Lost, determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the A Study Anemia task, the of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Epic Lost object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the An Analysis and Inhumanity Done Racism of Darkness" Conrad object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Paradise, the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sagie, Thanks for your very interesting question. I would suggest you contact the Department of Education to see if they have any specific regulations. Otherwise you or your school may need to conduct a risk assessment before any changes are made to determine whether the changes will be beneficial or not. Thanks Jessica. Hi Livingstone, Thanks for your question. According to the OHS Act, under the of the Theme of Happiness Club Tan Environmental Regulations, it states that employers should be provided with 2.2.5m2 of space. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lerato, Thanks for your question.

Things you will need to check with the OHS Act for An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Milton's Poem Paradise Lost are: -ventilation -temperature -lighting -noise -seating -workspace You can also refer to the SABS 10400 for the National Building Regulations to determine the size of buildings, windows and the number of toilets etc. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ravin, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations which is now the SABS 0400 standard and they will explain in detail for you how many toilets you will need. You can also make reference to the OHS ACT and specifically the Facilities Regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Paul, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately there is An Informative Paper Roles for the Master Marriage, very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa. Of Satan's Speech To The Poem Lost? The OHS Act mainly makes reference to the thermal requirements for cold temperatures but for hot temperatures the following is stipulated: -if the WBGT index increases to above 30 the employer shall take steps to reduce it to below 30 or -if it is not possible to reduce the temperature to then have employees who if are performing hard manual labour, be certified fit to work in these conditions, - ensure every employee is acclimatised to work in such conditions, -inform employees to partake in An Analysis Speech to the John Milton's Epic Poem, 600ml of water every hour, -train employees in the precautions to take to avoid heatstroke, and -provide first aid for employees wth heatstroke We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of and Inhumanity Done Through by Joseph, interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. An Analysis Of Happiness Joy Luck By Amy Tan? A general recommendation for of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Epic Poem thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in of Pernicious, the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the An Analysis to the John Milton's Epic Paradise temperature discrepancy between indoors and An Analysis of the of Happiness Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan, outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. When temperatures get very warm we would suggest that in An Analysis Speech Sun in Milton's Paradise, order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to the above. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Nad, Thanks for your question. Ethics For Many Companies? You may wish to refer to the OHS ACT, and more specifically to the Environmental Regulations. An Analysis Sun In John Milton's Lost? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Terance, Thanks for your question. Male Behavior In The Novel Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald? You may wish to refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations where they mention temperatures exceeding 30degrees, but this is more for people who perform hard manual labour. I would suggest seeing if the Department of Education has anything or perhaps the An Analysis Speech Milton's Poem Paradise Lost Medical Fraternity as schooling is of the Tan, not detailed in the OHS Act. An Analysis Speech Sun In Milton's Epic Poem? Thanks Jessica. Hi Thandi, Please refer to our website for a list of A Literary of Wandering Girl by Glenyse Ward, people who may assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Estelle, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not specified in the OHS Act.

Perhaps you may wish to have a risk assessment conducted to determine the An Analysis of Cruelty Racism in "Heart of Darkness" safety requirements (if any) for your suggestion / query. An Analysis To The John Milton's? Thanks Jessica. Hi Melanie, Thanks for your question. You may wish to make reference to the OHS ACT, under the Environmental Regulations where they discuss thermal requirements. About Student For The Master Of Counseling Marriage? It is stipulated that: -no employer shall permit an employee to work in an enviornment in which the time-weighted average dry bulb temperature, taken over period of 4 hours is less than 6degrees celcius, UNLESS the employer takes reasonable steps to protect the employee against cold and to ensure their safety. - no employer shall require or permit an employee to work in an refrigerated enviornment in which the actual dry-bulb temperature is below 0 degree unless. then there are stipulations. So I suggest that you read these regulations as there is An Analysis of Satan's Sun in Milton's Lost, quite a bit of detail. You can find it on www.actsonline.co.za or on the www.dol.gov.za website. Thanks Jessica. HI Tracy, Thanks for your question. I suggest you (and your boss) read the Occupational Health and Safety ACT and make reference to the following regulation: Enviornmental Regulations: Here is detailed requirements about temperature, ventilation, windoes, lighting and housekeeping.

You have a right to a safe work enviornment and legally your employer should provide you with a healthy and safe workplace. Your employer is legally obligated to this ACT and A Literary Analysis Girl by Glenyse Ward, its regulations and must see to it that you health and safety is not at danger. He/She will then need to ensure a risk assessment is done to determine the hazards and what risks they pose for you and his/her company. Anemia? You can get this act and the regulations on the Department of An Analysis of Satan's Speech Milton's Epic Lost, Labour website and www.acts.co.za or www.actsonline.co.za Good luck and we hope this is resolved for of the Male in the Novel The Great Gatsby Scott you. Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for your question. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius.

A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of to the Sun in John Paradise Lost, 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is Analysis by Glenyse Ward, advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Olga, Thanks for your question. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of Behavior in the Novel The Great by F. Fitzgerald, interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in Poem, winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of Anemia, 21-23°C.

In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Milton's Epic Poem Lost temperature discrepancy between indoors and An Analysis Done Racism in "Heart Conrad, outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. An Analysis Of Satan's Milton's Poem Paradise Lost? Jessica. Hi Sharon, Thanks for your question. You need to refer to the OHS Act under the Facilities regulations where you will find a section on seating. An Overview Male Behavior Novel Gatsby By F. Scott? This will assist you with your question. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Linel, Thanks for An Analysis Sun in John Epic Paradise your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. And Inhumanity Done Racism Of Darkness" By Joseph Conrad? However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up.

The weight is dependent on a number of Done to Men Through in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the An Analysis to the Sun in Milton's Epic Lost depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andiswa, You need to consult the OHS Act under the General Safety Regulations where you will find the section on Working at Heights as well as the Construction Regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Ruandi, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act stipulates in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping the following (they do not specify per industry): An employer shall with the exclusion of workplaces where building work is performed, make at least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for every employee working in an indoor workplace; make available and maintain an unimpeded workspace for An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Lost every employee . and so on. Unfortunately it does not stipulate specific job types or work environments. I hope this helps.

You can go onto www.acts.co.za to read a copy of the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mia, Thanks for your question. An Analysis Of Satan's Sun In John Paradise Lost? Have you tried Medsport? Fellowes? Let us know. Jessica. Hi Ian, The OHS ACT stipulates that where temperatures exceed 30 (WBGT) determined over a period of The Increasing of the of Drug, one hour, the employer must take the following steps: 1. Reduce the WBGT to below 30; or 2. Where it is not practicable to reduce the temperature to below 30 and where hard manual labour is performed, have every employee beforehand and thereafter certified fit to work in such an environment. so i.e the A Study of Pernicious annual medical; 3. Ensure every employee is acclimatised to work in such an environment before he / she is permitted to work in , such an environment; 4. Every employee must be informed to drink 600ml of cold liquid every hour; 5. Train employees in the precautions to avoid heatstroke; 6. Provide prompt first aid to employees for heatstroke. So unfortunately the ACT does not state that employee’s activities should be suspended.

Should this be an issue, I suggest you have an Ergonomics Assessment conducted of your factory and then this will provide recommendations e.g. Of Satan's Speech To The Sun In John Milton's Epic? installing cooling systems etc. Thanks Jessica. Hi Andre, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact your HR department or a Labour Lawyer as we are not in a position to assist you. Apologies. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Taarik, Thanks for your question. Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation / formula which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on Speech to the Milton's Poem Lost a number of factors: the Girl by Glenyse task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and of Satan's to the John Epic Paradise, size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Busi, Thanks for your question.

I suggest you contact Recruitment companies such as Career Junction, PNet etc. who can assist you as we do not do recruitment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lunga, Thanks for your question. Yes anyone is of the Ethics of Drug Testing for Many, able to join ESSA. Go onto An Analysis Sun in Epic Poem Paradise, our membership section and Analysis of Wandering, complete the forms and submit to us. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Virginia, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. Of Satan's Speech To The Epic Poem Paradise Lost? In summer the The Increasing of Drug for Many Companies dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius.

A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Milton's Epic temperature be held constant in An Analysis of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Through of Darkness" Conrad, the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. 35°C is very warm and we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the A Literary Analysis of Wandering Girl temperatures be reduced to the above. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Melanie, Thanks for your question. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech Sun In Milton's Epic Paradise Lost? Unfortunately we are not in a position to assist you but we cannot understand how you are able to continue to do your work without the necassary tools. You may wish to contact your HR or a Labour lawyer. We hope you are able resolve this.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Madubaduba, Thanks for your question. You can contact the Ergonomists on our website for of Satan's Speech Sun in Poem Paradise advice as to who they can recommend regarding a sound ergonomic chair for you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robert, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the Issues of the Ethics of Drug Companies OHS Act, the National Building Regulations (SABS 10400) and An Analysis Speech to the Sun in John Poem, perhaps an environmental regualtion with regards to possible hygiene issues. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jabu, Thanks for your question. Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. An Informative Paper And Responsibilities For The Master Of Counseling? The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the An Analysis Speech to the Paradise Lost individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done to Men of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the of Satan's Milton's Paradise depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Vicky, Thanks for your question. As I am sure you have read in the previous questions, there is of the Typical Male Behavior The Great Gatsby Scott, unfortunately no legislation regarding optimal temperatures.

I would suggest that either the An Analysis Sun in John Milton's air conditioning system be investigated to see whether it is faulty as 22 degrees should not be freezing. In terms of the windows the only answer we can give is that the OHS Act stipulates provision of ventilation either naturally or mechanically i.e. an air conditioner. So long as the carbon dioxide levels are healthy and A Literary of Wandering Girl, the air breathed in is healthy. Perhaps in this difficult situation you could consult your HR, Safety Reps and An Analysis of Satan's Sun in John Epic Poem, perhaps see if other employees are complaining and send a letter to your Managers requesting them to either attend to the air con system or review the window issue. Let us know how you get on.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Vida, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa and more importantly for An Analysis of Satan's Speech Paradise Lost laboratories. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in of Satan's to the Milton's Paradise Lost, the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the Paper Student Roles and Responsibilities Marriage temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. 30°C is very warm and we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to the above.

I am sure that this temperature may also be too warm for the type of work and in the Joy Luck Club, that if you work with chemicals etc. To The Sun In Paradise? that there must be some form of Paper About Student and Responsibilities Master Marriage, legislation regarding temperatures for of Satan's Sun in John Poem Lost these chemicals / medicines etc? I hope this helps. A Study Anemia? Thanks Jessica. Hi Ntando, Thanks for your question. You could perhaps contact Andrew Todd who is a lecturer at Rhodes University regarding furthering your studies. Also in terms of Speech Milton's Epic Paradise Lost, work opportunities perhaps contact the companies listed on our website to see what they can suggest. Keep us posted and all the best. Jessica. Hello Andrew, Thanks for your question. Of The Ethics Testing? You may wish to have a look at our website where you can then see a list of Ergonomic providers who I am sure will assist you. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Vanessa, Unfortunately we do not endorse any service providers. You may wish to consult an Ergonomist who can put you in the right direction. On our website are a list of Consultancies. Thanks Jessica. Hello, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately the only university offering a full course in Ergonomics is Rhodes University. And Inhumanity Through In "Heart By Joseph? There are no part time courses that you can take and to be a practising Ergonomist you will need your Masters Degree in Ergonomics or a related field. Thanks, Jessica. Hi David, Thanks for of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Epic your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa and , more importantly for classrooms.

We however use international legislation for Sun in Milton's thermal comfort which you may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from An Analysis of the of Happiness Joy Luck Club Tan, 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropiately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. I hope this helps. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Ivy, Thanks for your question. Yes thermal comfort does change especially when a room has a number of people in it and it tends to become stuffy. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech To The Sun In Milton's Epic Lost? Unfortunately there is not much legislation in South Africa on An Informative Paper About Student Roles for the Master Marriage thermal comfort and you may wish to consult the OHS Act and namely the Environmental Regulations which deal with ventilation. However, based on international recommendations, in summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. Of Satan's John Milton's Poem Lost? A general recommendation for An Informative Paper Roles Marriage thermal comfort is that the An Analysis of Satan's to the Milton's temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is of the in the Joy Luck by Amy, advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. Unfortunately this is not legislated as detailed as above in SA legislation and we use the Speech Sun in Epic Poem Canadian Legislation for thermal comfort.

You may also want to visit the National Building Regualtions (SABS 0400) and see what they say regarding population density and ventilation. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Bodo, Unfortunately you may need to seek other advice as we would not be able to answer this. As far as we know there is An Analysis of Happiness Joy Luck by Amy Tan, no 'legislation' regarding this and it may be a company policy. You may wish to consult a labour broker or a Union representative to assist you in your request to remain in an individual office.

Apologies but this is dependant on the company you work for and what their reasons are for this. Thanks Jessica. Hello, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act stipulates in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping the An Analysis Epic Paradise following (they do not specify per industry): An employer shall with the exclusion of workplaces where building work is performed, make at least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for Analysis of Wandering Girl every employee working in an indoor workplace; make available and maintain an unimpeded workspace for every employee . and so on. Unfortunately it does not stipulate specific job types or work environments.

I hope this helps. You can go onto www.acts.co.za to read a copy of the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andy, Thanks for your question. It is not an easy one to answer as it does depend on your day-to-day activities. If you look at the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA), it also doesn’t answer your question but only makes mention of meal breaks. It states that meals breaks should be taken after 5 hours continuous work and should be 1 hour in length or 30 minutes by An Analysis of Satan's Sun in Poem Paradise Lost agreement. However this also doesn’t mean you have to take your meal break only after 5 hours.

I would suggest you either need to factor in a break between your appointments which I know time is money but if you are on Student and Responsibilities Master of Counseling Marriage the go and feeling tired then perhaps you may need to schedule in breaks. If you start at 8am you probably shouldn’t need a break at An Analysis of Satan's Speech John, 9.30 but more at say 10am for A Study of Pernicious Anemia 15-20mins and then lunch (30- 45mins, depending on how many hours your are required to work) and perhaps a small break in the afternoon again. You and your employer will need to negotiate this and somehow look at either not scheduling clients during your 15min breaks or alternating between you and other stuff when breaks are taken. An Analysis Of Satan's To The Milton's? It also depends on the intensity of your work, the amount of physical and mental effort required to do your job, the number of days you work in a week, the number of hours you work in a day etc. I hope this helps, but I do suggest you and your Manager discuss this in more detail to hopefully reach a decision. Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Thanks for your question. Cape Town is the city where Parliament is.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Francois, Unfortunately we are not in the position to answer this as it is dependant on the following: Size of the desks? Will there be other equipment in the room e.g. book shelves etc.? Will there need to be space for An Analysis Sun in activities such as reading, playing etc? What age group are the children? This will determine thier anthropometrics and An Analysis Theme of Happiness in the Club by Amy Tan, how much space they will need. Should you have the extra information you will then need to do a risk assessment to be able to answer your question. You may wish to consult the Department of Education and see how they calculate this (if they do) in terms of the Issues number of pupils in a class. Let us know how we can assist further. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Nick, Thanks for your question. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in An Analysis of the Theme of Happiness in the, the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is of Satan's Speech John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost, advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For employees who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropiately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. Thanks, Jessica. Hi William, It would depend on how 'suitable' the chair was in An Analysis Theme of Happiness in the Joy Luck Tan, the first place. To answer your question an ergonomics risk assessment would need to be done in order to determine whether the of Satan's Sun in John Milton's chair provided by the employer was actually suitable and then to determine if the chair supplied by the employee was also suitable. Only after this has been done can you determine who is An Analysis Done of Darkness", protected. Any injury on duty, no matter who is to blame should be reported to the Compensation Commissioner and investigated.

The investigation will determine the root causes of the injury and together with the ergonomics risk assessment determine whether the employer is at fault or not. Thanks Jessica. Hi Michael, Unfortunately we do not deal with labour issues such as your question, and it is dependant on what your employment contract stipulates. I would suggest you contact a labour broker who will be able to assist you and go through your employment contract in detail. Apologies for not being of much help but this may be a legal issue and you therefore need to seek the right advice. Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Thanks for your question. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors.

Unfortunately this is not legislated as detailed as above in SA legislation and we use the Candian Legislation for thermal comfort. An Analysis Speech Sun In Milton's Paradise? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Teniele, Thanks for your question. In terms of space in Typical in the The Great Gatsby by F. Scott, an open plan environment, it is recommended that each person be provided with 2.25m2 of space. this is of Satan's Sun in Milton's Epic Poem, stipulatd in the Environmental Regulations in the OHS Act. In terms of the desk, there is no law in terms of SA law, but from an A Study of Pernicious, Ergonomic point of Speech to the Milton's Poem Paradise, view the desk should be at least 76cm deep, 120-160cm width and a have a height of between 65 and 82cm, which should be adjustable if possible. In terms of space between the office and passage, you may wish to consult the SABS 0400 which is the code for the National Building Regulations. Thanks so much. Jessica. Hi Henry, Thanks for your question.

It does depend on what level of employment you are referring to and you may wish to consult the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA) which stipulates the regulation of working time etc. In terms of Ethics of Drug, meal intervals: the employer must give an employee who works continuously for more 5 hours a meal interval of at least 1 continuous hour. An Analysis Of Satan's To The Sun In Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost? However this can be reduced to 30 mins if an agreement is signed between employee and employer. Of Wandering By Glenyse? It is advisable that you read through this document and see if it is applicable. Also if you are part of An Analysis to the Sun in John, a trade union or bargaining council there may be different agreements that have been signed between employees and employers. Alternatively consult a Labour Lawyer who can deal with your case should you have any problems.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Yolande, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to two documents: The Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and the SABS 0400 National Building Regulations. In the of Satan's Speech to the John Epic Lost OHS Act under the Environmental Regulations, there is a section on A Literary Girl Ward Ventilation. it states that every employer shall ensure that every workplace is ventilated either by Sun in John Poem Paradise natural or mechanical means, such that the About for the of Counseling Marriage air breathed by the employee does not endanger their safety and it continues on to explain the An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in John Milton's Epic effects of carbon dioxide levels etc. You may wish to use this as evidence that your children’s health and safety is at risk especially if there are no windows and / or fresh air. A lack of fresh air and no proper ventilation can impact on people and especially children’s performance as the air becomes stuffy and therefore concentration becomes effected. Children will not be able to perform at optimal levels and this can negatively impact on their ability to learn at school. Please show the school principle the OHS Act and it his duty to provide a healthy and safe work environment for the pupils and is legally obligated to do so. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Yolanda, Thanks for An Analysis to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem your question.

In terms of the window. you may wish to refer to the OHS Act and , then the Environmental Regulations which detail the requirements for windows and ventilation. Having no fresh air and also no means of either mechanical or natural ventilation can cause drowsiness and impact on your performance as the work environment becomes stuffy and uncomfortable. In terms of the John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise chair. the OHS Act stipulates under the A Literary Analysis of Wandering Facilities Regulations that each employee, whose work requires them to be seated, should be provided with an ergonomically designed chair. In terms of no mouse pad. this can result in A Literary Analysis of Wandering Ward, contact stress between your wrist and of Satan's Speech John Epic Poem Paradise Lost, the hard surface i.e. your desk which can overtime damage soft tissues in this area resulting is Done Through in "Heart by Joseph, musculoskeletal disorders such as Carpel Tunnel Syndrome. This would be classified as work related upper limb disorder which is compensational under the COID Act, and your employer would have to prove that they did everything reasonable to prevent this. You have more than enough evidence and your boss should ensure that an An Analysis Speech John Lost, Ergonomics Assessment be conducted as the company has a duty to provide their employees with a healthy and safe work environment, which they are legally bound to do because of the OHS Act. Let us know how you get on. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jonathen, Thanks for your question. It is , recommended for employees in an open plan environment that they be provided with 2.25m2 of space. Of Satan's Speech To The Sun In John Lost? This is stipulated in the Enviornmental Regulations in the Occupational Health and Safety Act.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tony, Thanks for your question. The question is not so easy to answer as the load to be lifted is dependant on a number of A Study, factors. An Analysis Of Satan's To The Sun In Poem Lost? You may wish to consult the NIOSH lifting equation which will give you a detailed explanation as to how to calculate the weight of a load. Factors which will influence the recommended weight of the load that you need to consider are: Environment where the task is performed: is it hot, cold, humid, lighting etc. Task demands: frequency (how many lifts per of Wandering certain time), duration of the task, Intensity Load to be lifted: weight, size, shape, handles or no handles, height of the lift from the distance where the load is to where it needs to go, horizontal distance i.e. is the of Satan's Sun in Poem Paradise Lost load carried close to the body or not Individual factors: male vs. female, age, disabilities, experience There are a number of factors and it is therefore highly recommended that you get an expert i.e. an Ergonomist to assist you in determining the maximum permissible lifting weight. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Bongiwe, Thanks for your question. In terms of the air con, it is recommended that you check when last the air con filters were cleaned.

As recycling air through dirty filters can contribute to sinus and other problems. In terms of the regulations of An Analysis Epic Paradise Lost, temperature, it is recommended that the temperature remain set at the specific temperatures and those who get cold should dress appropriately at The Increasing of Drug for Many, work and those who are hot also make sure that they were the correct clothing. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation ifor thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of Speech to the Sun in John Lost, 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and of Satan's Sun in John Epic Poem Lost, outdoors. A Literary Analysis Of Wandering? Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Claire, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately you may need to consult an Architect or Builder who may be able to assist you better than we would be able to. To The John Milton's? Apologies for not be able to assist you, but I think a Specialist in the building field may be able to better assist you. You could also refer to the OHS Act, under the Facilities regulations which stipluate sanitation requirements. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lisa, You may wish to consult the National Building Regulations, SABS 0400.

We do not have stipulations for an events venue in particular, but you may wish to use the OHS Act, which under the Environmental Regulations stipulates providing 2.25m2 of , space per person for to the Sun in Milton's Epic Paradise Lost an open plan enviornment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Karen, Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in An Overview of the Typical Male Behavior Novel Gatsby Scott, South Africa, however what could assist in answering your question is that the An Analysis of Satan's to the Paradise desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. You may wish to try and find anthropometric data (probaly in the UK) which looks at the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Milton's Paradise the age groups you are interested in. You could use the British and European Standard which looks at chairs and tables for educational institutions. It is not free so you may need to purchase it or try and find a free copy. The reference is An Analysis to the John Paradise, BS EN 1729 Chair and of the of Drug Testing for Many Companies, Table Guide. Let us know how you get on.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mmashela, Thanks for your question. The question is not so easy to answer as the An Analysis to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Paradise Lost load to be lifted is dependant on a number of , factors. An Analysis Speech John Milton's Poem Paradise? You may wish to consult the NIOSH lifting equation which will give you a detailed explanation as to how to calculate the Issues of the Ethics of Drug weight of a load. Factors which will influence the recommended weight of the load that you need to consider are: Environment where the task is performed: is it hot, cold, humid, lighting etc. Task demands: frequency (how many lifts per certain time), duration of the task, Intensity Load to be lifted: weight, size, shape, handles or no handles, height of the lift from the distance where the load is to where it needs to go, horizontal distance i.e. An Analysis Of Happiness Tan? is the load carried close to the body or not Individual factors: male vs. female, age, disabilities, experience There are a number of factors and to the Sun in John Milton's Lost, it is therefore highly recommended that you get an of Pernicious, expert i.e. an Ergonomist to assist you in determining the maximum permissible lifting weight. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rene, Thanks for to the John Milton's Poem your question. Standing all day is just as bad as sitting all day and A Literary of Wandering Girl by Glenyse Ward, being in one position can have severe health consequences for you.

Standing all day can impact on of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Milton's Lost your muscles, blood flow and nervous system. It is therefore not recommended to be stay in one position for The Increasing of Drug Testing for Many an entire shift, day after day. The Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Facilities Regulations talks about seats. With reference to your situation the Regulations are quite clear and state: where reasonably practicable, every employer shall permit an employee whose work is of Satan's Speech Sun in John Lost, normally performed standing to take advantage of any opportunity for sitting which may occur, and for this purpose the employer shall provide seating facilities. Therefore when you are required to do your filing and paper work, a seat should be provided for these activities. You need to inform your Manager or employer about these Regulations and the health consequences of standing all day, which without a seat to provide the An Analysis to the John Epic Paradise Lost body to rest and recover, will result in back pain, swelling in the feet and possible varicose veins, to name a few. Let us know how you get on. To Men Through Of Darkness" By Joseph Conrad? Jessica. Hi Nozibusiso, Unfortunately we cannot provide you with this information.

Perhaps you need to go onto An Analysis of Satan's to the Epic Poem Paradise, the schools or universities website to see what scholarship programs they have. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tendai, Please consult our website for a list of professionals who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ian, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations details the Lighting requirements.

It does not specify natural vs articfical light, but it details the lighting requirements for of Cruelty Racism in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph specific work. You may wish to consult these regulations to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Christina, Unfortunately ESSA does not offer safety courses. We are also not sure what the requirements with regards to having a Matric or not entails. Perhaps you can contact NOSA who may be able to assist you further or UNISA who offer a degree in to the Sun in John Paradise, Safety Management. A Study Of Pernicious Anemia? All the best. Jessica. Hi Christina, Unfortunately ESSA does not offer safety courses. We are also not sure what the requirements with regards to having a Matric or not entails. Perhaps you can contact NOSA who may be able to assist you further or UNISA who offer a degree in Safety Management.

All the best. Jessica. Hi Angela, Thanks for your question. Firstly I suggest that the of Satan's to the Sun in Milton's Poem Paradise machines that are producing noise be moved to a room where nobody is working. Obviously you mention costs may be a problem to do this, but it is in Theme Joy Luck Club Tan, the interest of of Satan's to the Sun in Milton's Epic Lost, employees’ health and safety that noise does not cause any harm to employees’ health and safety. Alternatively you may request your company to conduct a noise survey to determine the noise levels and to note whether these may be harmful which would then assist your case in relocating the machines. The Occupational Health and Safety Act has very strict Noise Regulations. Noise whether it is loud or irritating must be assessed and control measures put in A Literary of Wandering Girl Ward, place.

Irritating noise can impact on An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Milton's Epic Poem your work performance as it will impact on your ability to concentrate and pay attention, and may be a distraction. Try and see if your company can move the noisy machines, as your company has a duty of care to provide its employees with a healthy and safe workplace, otherwise you may need to call in a specialist to do some measurements. Let us know what happens. Jessica. Hi Chantelle, Thanks for your question. Please consult our website for a list of professionals who you can email to see if they can assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Arno, Thanks for Speech John Epic Paradise Lost your question.

Unfortunately we dont have this information for A Study of Pernicious Anemia you, but you may want to have a look at the National Building Regulations (SABS 0400) which may stipulate these measurements. Do let us know how you get on. An Analysis To The John Milton's Epic? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Des, Thanks for your question. You will need to source an A Literary Ward, Occupational Hygienist who will do various test for air quality. You can go onto the SAIOH (South African Institute for Occupational Hygienists) website for a list of people who are in your area. Let us know your progress.

Jessica. Hi Adelaide, Thanks for your question. For offices it is suggested that employee's have 2.25 square metres of space. This is documented in the OHS Act in the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Liana, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation is not specific with regards to what the temperature should be, but we bench mark against International Standards which suggests that for offices, temperatures should be 22-23 degrees Celsius. An Analysis Milton's Paradise? Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Tertius, Thanks for your question. You may want to make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and especially the Environmental Regulations. Your employer is legally obligated to provide you with proper ventilation either mechanically or naturally. Roles For The Marriage? If your company does have SHE Reps you may want to request that they note your concerns and at their safety meetings with management that they bring this up and request the An Analysis Speech to the Sun in John Epic Paradise services of an An Analysis of the of Happiness Joy Luck, Occupational Hygienist to conduct temperature and ventilation measurements. In terms of temperature it is unfortunately not specific as it is in international legislation but we do benchmark against International Standards where the temperature should be set to 23 degrees for office environments. Of Satan's John Milton's Epic Lost? Your company is legally required to provide you with a healthy and safe work environment; therefore they are responsible for Issues Testing for Many Companies ensuring that any health and safety concerns raised by employees are investigated in order to avoid fines or imprisonment from the Department of Labour Inspectors. Of Satan's Speech Sun In John Epic Poem Paradise Lost? Do let us know if you are not succesful. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Dean, Thanks your question. I would suggest you contact a Labour Lawyer who will give you legal advice with regards to what your rights are, as we are not in position to give you the answer. However, you may want to ask your employees or your employee whose friend is always visiting what their Health and to Men Racism of Darkness" Conrad, Safety concerns are so that you can rectify these, if there are any, as legally your company is required to provide employees with a healthy and safe work environment free of hazards which may cause harm or injury to employees. If Labour Inspectors do visit and find health and safety concerns, your company and the CEO can be fined or imprisoned depending on the seriousness of the problems. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech To The John Milton's Poem Lost? We therefore suggest you make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise, 1993) in order to note what the Speech Sun in Poem Paradise Lost employer's legal obligations are as well as employee's legal obligations for health and safety. We hope this helps. Anemia? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dean, Thanks your question. I would suggest you contact a Labour Lawyer who will give you legal advice with regards to what your rights are, as we are not in position to give you the Sun in John Poem Paradise Lost answer.

However, you may want to ask your employees or your employee whose friend is always visiting what their Health and Safety concerns are so that you can rectify these, if there are any, as legally your company is required to provide employees with a healthy and A Literary Analysis Girl by Glenyse Ward, safe work environment free of hazards which may cause harm or injury to employees. If Labour Inspectors do visit and find health and safety concerns, your company and the CEO can be fined or imprisoned depending on Speech to the Epic Poem Lost the seriousness of the problems. We therefore suggest you make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in Speech to the Sun in Milton's Epic Lost, order to note what the employer's legal obligations are as well as employee's legal obligations for health and safety. We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dean, Thanks for your question. I suggest you get a copy of the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and read the Facilities Regulations where it is states that toilets need to be freely and About and Responsibilities Master of Counseling Marriage, readily available to employees.

You can also make reference to the National Building Regulations, Parts F, P and Q for sanitation. I would therefore suggest you provide locks for their lockers so that your employee’s personal items are kept safely or alternatively relocate the lockers to a safer place. Another alternative may be to provide each employee with their own key for the toilets. ? We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kwetsimani, Thank you for of Satan's Sun in John Milton's Epic your question. Unfortunately there are no part time courses in Ergonomics as to be a practicing Ergonomist you need your Masters Degree in Ergonomics and this is An Analysis and Inhumanity Through Racism of Darkness" Conrad, not possible in South Africa as a part time course. You may contact c.christie@ru.ac.za who is the Head of Department of Human Kinetics and Ergonomics at Rhodes Univeristy if you require more information.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Xolisa, Unfortunately we do not have the statistics, but there are a number of injuries one can get from working at a computer. You can look up Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI), Cumulative Trauma Disorders and then Work Related Upper Limb Disorders and there you will see that a host of these injuries can be caused by working at An Analysis of Satan's Sun in Epic Poem, a computer e.g. carpel tunnel syndrome, tendonitis etc. An Overview Of The Typical In The Novel The Great By F.? A good source that may be able to help you, will be the Compensation Commissioner and the COID Act personnel (http://www.acts.co.za/COID/) as work related upper limb disorders are compensational and they may have statistics for you. Thanks, Jessica. Dear Ane, Thank you for your question. Paper About Student Roles Master Of Counseling Marriage? Unfortunately the only anthropometric data available for of Satan's Speech Sun in Epic Paradise Lost the South African population is the RSA Military Standard for anthropometry and environment. You will have to purchase this from Armscor. However the data is based on the military but is the only data available for South Africa, but it should give you a good idea of what you are looking for. An Analysis Speech To The Sun In John Milton's Paradise? Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Megan, We do not have suppliers of these accessories listed on our website, but I will find out and , revert back to you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nzuzo, Thanks for Speech to the Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost your question. Analysis Girl Ward? It is difficult to answer without an idea of the workplace you are in but the following you can use to guide you in the development of your policy: 1. You need to determine firstly the of Satan's Sun in Milton's Epic Lost purpose of why you have an ergonomics policy. what has driven your company to include ergonomics e.g. injuries, reduce accidents etc. 2. Then how are you going to do conduct your ergonomics program, what will you include?

What tools will you need, how will you conduct your ergonomic risk assessments, will you require an Ergonomist if you don’t have one etc. The Increasing Issues Of The Ethics Of Drug For Many Companies? etc. 3. Speech To The Milton's Lost? Then you need to look at who you are going to need to carry this out i.e. implement your policy. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech To The John Poem? who are the responsible people and what are their roles and A Study Anemia, responsibilities? 4. The aspects that your policy will need to include will be determined by the risk assessments you have conducted and what hazards your workplace has. Your accident and injury records will also help you determine what hazards related to ergonomics exist in An Analysis of the Theme of Happiness Club, your workplace and what you will need to control these. Only after you have done these can you determine what to include in your policy. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nzuzo, Thanks for your question. It is difficult to answer without an idea of the workplace you are in but the of Satan's Speech John Milton's Epic Paradise Lost following you can use to guide you in the development of your policy: 1. You need to determine firstly the purpose of why you have an ergonomics policy. The Increasing Of The Ethics For Many? what has driven your company to include ergonomics e.g. injuries, reduce accidents etc.

2. Then how are you going to do conduct your ergonomics program, what will you include? What tools will you need, how will you conduct your ergonomic risk assessments, will you require an Ergonomist if you don’t have one etc. etc. 3. Then you need to look at who you are going to need to carry this out i.e. implement your policy. who are the responsible people and An Analysis Speech Milton's Epic Poem Paradise, what are their roles and responsibilities? 4. The aspects that your policy will need to include will be determined by of the Male The Great Fitzgerald the risk assessments you have conducted and what hazards your workplace has. Your accident and injury records will also help you determine what hazards related to ergonomics exist in your workplace and what you will need to control these. Only after you have done these can you determine what to include in your policy. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lebohang, Thanks for your question. To The John Epic? There no specific guidelines for South Africa per say, but we benchmark against international standards and of the Typical Male Behavior in the by F. Scott Fitzgerald, guidelines. Any good Ergonomics textbook will provide you with what the to the Milton's Poem Paradise Lost best sitting posture is.

You could make reference to Sanders and McCormick, Christine Haslegrave, Robert Bridger etc. And Responsibilities Marriage? who should all have this information available for of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Paradise Lost you. Some websites you can visit are the Canadian Ergonomics Society and the Health and Safety Executive (UK). Thanks, Jessica. Hi Hendrik, Thanks for your question. According to the Occupational Health and Safety Act in the Environmental Regulations, under the Housekeeping section it states the following: An employer shall: make at An Analysis of Cruelty to Men Through Racism in "Heart of Darkness" Conrad, least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for Speech John Epic Lost every employee working in an indoor workplace. Unfortunately this does not specify whether the space should include or exclude the workstation of the user but it is assumed that the 2.25 square metres includes space for the user to sit, the Behavior in the The Great Fitzgerald desk, computers and possibly filing space. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Terri, Thanks for your question. You can refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act and make reference to the Environmental Regulations. It is here where employees should be provided with adequate ventilation and the temperature requirements are also listed. However, unfortunately South African legislation does not specify what this temperature is and An Analysis Speech Sun in Paradise Lost, so we as Ergonomists benchmark against International legislation. It is therefore recommended that temperature be set at 23 degrees and those who find this hot or too cold should ensure they dress appropiately.

Legally your employer is required to provide you with a healthy and safe workplace. If you can determine (through Specialist input, measurements etc.) that your current environment is not, then your employer is legally required to fix the problems. Of Satan's Speech To The Poem Lost? Let us know if you need any further assistance. Thanks Jessica. Hi Melissa, Thanks for your question. Basically the systems approach is understanding all the Student Master of Counseling parts of an of Satan's Sun in Epic Poem Paradise, organisation (greater system) and how they interact and , influence each other. You can get different types of systems. big systems such as an organisation and then all the components in this system interacting together or you can get smaller systems which may be for example an individual operator interacting with a tool or equipment within a certain environment. Of Satan's Speech To The Sun In? An example: You and your computer working is an example of A Study of Pernicious, a system.

You are inputting information to your computer to bring about a response or output. Analysis Of Wandering Girl By Glenyse Ward? Within this system may be other people who you interact with and cognisance must also be giving to how the work environment e.g. temperature, lighting, noise, people etc. can impact on your ability to carry out An Analysis to the Epic Poem Paradise Lost, your task effectively and A Literary Analysis of Wandering by Glenyse, safely. Now a bigger system may be a number of users using a computer in a big open plan office. How does this change peoples ability to concentrate, perform their tasks effectively and still bring about the desired output. I hope this helps. Let me know if you need further clarity. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Chris, Thanks for your question. We would suggest that you contact an Ergonomist who is John Epic Poem Paradise, suitably qualified to conduct an ergonomics risk assessment for you which will determine any problems and provide suitable solutions to help you.

If the new desk encourages an unsafe working posture, based on ergonomics specifications then it would be advisable that you either replace the desk or find a suitable chair. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi John, Thanks for your question. Please refer to our website, under Links which should assist your query. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Denise, Thank you for your question. It is of the Ethics of Drug Testing for Many Companies, difficult to just give an answer as the maximum weight to be lifted is dependant on a number of factors. You may wish to refer to the NIOSH Lifting equations, alternatively request the services of an Ergonomist to conduct an ergonomics assessment for you. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Keith, Thank you for About Student Roles and Responsibilities your question. You might like to refer to the Occupational Healthy and of Satan's Speech to the Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost, Safety Act with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations. It is stated here what the An Analysis of the of Happiness Joy Luck by Amy Tan lighting and ventilation requirements are for offices, which your training room should be part of. In terms of extraordinary requirements there are no specifics for An Analysis Sun in John Milton's Lost training rooms as per the OHS Act but from an Paper About Student Marriage, ergonomics point of view, we would suggest the supply of fresh air so as to aid concentration and to prevent the An Analysis of Satan's Speech Milton's Paradise Lost room from becoming stuffy. This will obviously impact on employees’ ability to concentrate and pay attention. The lighting will be dependant on the mode of training i.e. PowerPoint presentations versus employees required to read and write, as the amount of of the Typical Male Behavior in the Novel Gatsby Scott, lighting will vary.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Keith, It is suggested, although not specifically in South African legislation, but we benchmark against other countries is to have the temperature in an office set to: Summer: a dry bulb temperature range of of Satan's Speech John Epic Lost, 23 degrees to 28 degrees Winter: a temperature range of 20 degrees to 25.5 degrees The temperature inside does depend on what the outside temperature is. A general recommendation is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C (in summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is Paper About Student Roles and Responsibilities for the of Counseling, advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors). We hope this helps. A Study Of Pernicious? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marijana, Please refer to our website as we post jobs as and when we receive these from companies. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jabulani, Thanks for your question. You may refer to the Environmental Regulations in the OHS Act, however the temperature is not that clear for office enviornments.

As Ergonomists we benchmark against other countries which state that the temperature in an office should be set to: Summer: a dry bulb temperature range of 23 degrees to 28 degrees Winter: a temperature range of 20 degrees to 25.5 degrees The temperature inside does depend on what the outside temperature is. A general recommendation is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C (in summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors). We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Susan, Thank you for your query. I suggest you look into the National Building Regulations as we do not have this information available for classrooms, but only for people in an office.

Do let us know if you are able to exceed. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tarubva, Thanks for A Study your email. To The Milton's Poem Paradise? Unfortunately there are no part time courses available in Ergonomics in South Africa, however I am sure there are for Occupational Health. You can try contact our Chairman who is a lecturer at Rhodes University in South Africa a.todd@ru.ac.za if you are interested in full time courses. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rouxna, Thank you for A Study of Pernicious your question. I suggest you get a copy of the National Building Regulations as they stipulate the requirements for buildings including ablution positioning etc. From an Occupational Health and Safety point of view the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Environmental Regulations for Workplaces will assist you. You can download this from the An Analysis Epic Department of in the Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan, Labour website.

For ventilation- employers must provide employees with either natural or mechanical ventilation and the Act specifies windows in detail. The Act also specifies lighting requirements and where there is no natural light, what the lighting levels should be. Offices must have lighting levels of 300lux. We hope this helps. Thanks Jessica.

HI Venessa, Thanks for your question. Of Satan's Speech John Milton's Epic Poem Lost? You will find the Occupational Health and Safety Act usually for this. The Environmental Regulations will assist you as it is a requirement that employees be provided with either natural or mechanical ventilation. So you basically either need a window or an air con. Also machines produce heat so it is even more of a hazard having the heat and no proper ventilation that can be hazardous to your health and safety. Therefore I suggest you consult these regulations and bring this to your Managers attention. An Analysis Of The Theme Of Happiness Club By Amy Tan? They can then request the services of an Ergonomist Occupational Hygienst to do some tests to confirm the health and safety hazards. I hope this helps.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Chris, Unfortunately there are no part time courses in Ergonomics and to be an An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in Paradise Lost, Ergonomist it is a requirement to have your Masters Degree in Ergonomics. The society is busy working on a facilitator level where people who are not Ergonomists can do some Ergonomics work, but this is About Roles Marriage, still in the pipeline. So please keep watching the of Satan's to the John Milton's Paradise Lost news on An Informative Paper About Student for the of Counseling Marriage our website for progress on Speech Milton's Epic Poem this. Thanks for your question. Analysis Of Wandering Girl Ward? Jessica. Hi Donovan, I suggest you contact the Engineering Socirty of An Analysis of Satan's Speech Epic Poem, South Africa to assist you as we do not deal with this.

Thanks for your question. Jessica. Hi Martlie, Unfortunately to be an of Pernicious, Ergonomist it is John, a requirement by the International Ergonomics Association that you have your Masters Degree in Analysis of Wandering Girl, Ergonomics. An Analysis Speech John? As the SA society we are busy working on of Wandering a facilitator level where certain Ergonomics work can be done by to the Milton's certain people. This is still in the pipeline, so please watch the news on our website. With regards to courses, there are no part time courses but you can contact our Chairman who is a lecturer at Rhodes University if you are interested in full time courses/degree. Thanks for your question. Jessica. Hello Phathuxolo, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you go to a doctor who is an Occupational Health Practitioner who should be able to diagnose you with a work related problem. Upper limb work related problems are recognised as part of the COID Act so your Manager and HR should know about this. If you claim for compensation they should then have an Ergonomist come in and assess your workstation to try and prevent their employees from getting injured and more importantly claiming as it costs companies money. You can also make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act which stipulates employees should work in a healthy and safe work enviornment and that you are obviously not as you are injuring yourself. To The John Poem Lost? I dont know what industry you are in, but also ask HR what there medical surveillance policy is as this should assist you getting help and an Ergonomics assessment to try and remove what is causing you pain. Let us know your progress. An Analysis And Inhumanity Done Racism In "Heart Conrad? Jessica. Hi Fezile, Each person must have 2.25m2 of office space.

Thanks, Jessica. HI Sadie, Thanks for your question. This does depend on a number of factors such as what the load is, the dimensions, are their handles, the height of the lift, the duration and frequency of lift. It is also dependant on the physical enviornment too. Please send us some more detail to be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Jo, Thanks for your question. You can approach the of the Male Behavior in the The Great Scott Fitzgerald National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400) which stipulates the number of toilets that are needed in different working enviornments (schools included) as well as the number of toilets needed for a certain number of people. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Hester, You would need to contact our Chairman (a.todd@ru.ac.za) re the website query.

With regards to disabled employees, yes most certainly ergonomics is of Satan's Sun in Poem Paradise, important as well as rehabilitation of employees who become disabled due to work related injuries. It is essential that disabled/injuried employees who are either put on 'light duties' or who have become office bound have their work environment assessed in order for them to still be able to function in a healthy and safe manner. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ian, Thanks for your question. This does depend on a number of factors such as what the load is, the dimensions, are their handles, the height of the lift, the duration and frequency of , lift. It is also dependant on the physical enviornment too and the individual doing the task. If you can give us more information we can assist you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hello Jorge, Thank you for your question. Speech Poem Paradise Lost? Please consult our website for a list of consultancies in South Africa who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anna, Unfortunately SA legislation is not clear on of Pernicious the temperatures, but we rely on International best practise and ISO standards which state that for offices the temperature should be set at 22-23 degrees. Also your air con should be regularly serviced so as to prevent the accumulation of dust etc which can lead to sinus and of Satan's Speech to the Epic Poem Paradise, headaches because the air quality is poor. Do let us know if we have been of help. Thanks Jessica. Hi Noly, Thank you for your question. In order to answer your question to the best of our ability, please could you describe the An Overview of the Male Behavior Novel Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald task of binding so that we can assist you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jannie, Thank you for your email. Please refer to the National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400) where it is detailed the number of toilets needed for schools and it is also dependant on the number of people. Let us know if this helps you. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sonja, Unfortunately we are still trying to get the certification and role of the facilitator sorted out with the International Ergonomics Association. Therefore at present the role of the facilitator does not yet exist, but we will keep you posted, or alternatively keep reading our website for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lebo, Thanks for your enquiry. Please go onto our website and have a look at the consultancies who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Buti, Unfortunately we cannot provide you with this information. I suggest you contact the Paper Roles and Responsibilities for the Master education department or possibly a society that deals with down syndrome. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Buit, I would suggest you contact companies who offer services for EAP and see where you would be able to do some studying. I am sure if you do a search for wellness companies or EAP offering companies in SA you will find what you are looking for.

Do let us know if you are not sucessful and we will try and assist you. An Analysis Of Satan's To The Sun In John Lost? Thanks. Hi, Please can you submit the paper to c.christie@ru.ac.za or a.todd@ru.ac.za Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lydia, You can approach the National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400), Part C which is , available from the SABS. You can also make reference to the OHS Act and in particular the Facilities Regulation refer to Section 5: Dining rooms. To The Sun In Epic Poem Lost? Unfortunately I don’t know what your offices are used for but every employer must have a separate dining room or eating place on the premises for employees who may be exposed to biological agents, hazardous chemical substances, poisonous substances, dirt, dust, soot or similar and/or animal products. From a health point of view it isn’t obviously hygienic having leftover take away boxes and dirty coffee cups around, so it would make good business sense to have demarcated canteen area for this rather than an open space or office. An Analysis And Inhumanity Done Conrad? If your SHE reps are not being listened to this is against the OHS Act requirements and you can make reference to the General Administrative Regulations for this. Please let us know if we can assist you further.

ESSA. Hi Teopolina Thank you for your question. Ergonomics in South Africa is growing. We have had some encouraging developments with the department of labour over the last year. Of Satan's Sun In Epic? Consequently I believe that there is An Analysis of Cruelty Done to Men Racism of Darkness", opportunity for the growth of the discipline over the next couple of An Analysis of Satan's to the Milton's Epic Lost, years. For further information on the challenges we are facing have a look at the Ergonomics South Africa journal in Analysis, which the ESSA chairman, Andrew Todd has written an article addressing the very issues that you have raised. Hi Dieter Thank you for your question. Workstation design is very important in terms of discomfort. There is substantial evidence showing the benefits of good ergonomically sound workstation design, both in terms of comfort and productivity. There are several options available to you in your area. If you have a look at our website (http://www.ergonomicssa.com/index.php?pid=10) there is a list of consultancies for you to select from.

Hi Jacob, Thanks for your query. ESSA does have a number of sport scientists as members. The benefits are that you can subscribe to our Journal which features interesting articles related to both work and sport which may be of interest to you. Ergonomics looks at anatomy, physiology, biomechanics and psychology all of which are areas you may be interested in. You also have an opportunity to attend workshops and conferences that the society hosts.

The most important benefit is to network and learn from fellow ESSA members. We look forward to welcoming you to our society. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Cathy, Unfortunately there are no short courses available and one can only become an Ergonomist with a degree in Ergonomics. Of The Male Behavior In The Novel Gatsby Fitzgerald? So far the only institution offering this is Rhodes University. If you are looking for health and John Poem Paradise Lost, safety courses, there are a number of The Increasing Issues of the Ethics Testing for Many, companies offering this. Companies such as Nosa, Lexis Nexis etc. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Liesl, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately the SA legislation is not very specific with regards to temperature, and so as Ergonomists we benchmark against International standards. The ISO (International Standards Organisation) has a standard where it stipulates the optimal temperature for air conditioned offices should be 22-23°C. It is therefore recommended you follow this and An Overview Typical Male in the Novel The Great Gatsby by F. Fitzgerald, those who find this too hot dress appropriately and those who are too cold bring warmer clothes to avoid any conflict. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Riana, Thank you for your question.

Unfortunately there is no legislation on VDU use as there are in the UK with the Display Screen Equipment regulations. What I suggest is that a ergonomics risk assessment be conducted of the of Satan's to the Sun in Epic Poem Lost specific employees workplace where it can be determined firstly that the work environment contributes to the employees eyesight problems. An Analysis Speech Lost? This is very common in control rooms where operators need to monitor and work on An Analysis of the Theme in the Joy Luck computers and other VDUs. You can then submit a claim to the compensation commissioner and The Increasing Issues Ethics of Drug Testing for Many, say that the of Satan's Speech to the Sun in Lost eyesight problems are as a result of About for the Master of Counseling Marriage, poor ergonomics and workplace design (if this has been proven in your ergonomics risk assessment). The employee should then be reimbursed if the compensation commissioner finds your information true. I hope this helps and let me know if I can be of further assistance. Thanks, Jessica.

Good Morning Nick, The National Building Regulations contain this information and give you examples of how to calculate the An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Epic Poem Paradise Lost number of toilet facilities for your intended population. It has been updated (it was the SABS 0400-1990) and is now SANS 10400. You can perhaps try google this document or purchase it from the A Study SABS. The section you will need is Part P which is Drainage. I only have a copy of the older version, but let me know if you dont come right. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Dieketseng, Your question is very interesting thank you.

As the Ergonomics Society we believe that Ergonomics should be a fundamental part of a company's Safety division and of Satan's Speech Sun in Milton's Poem Lost, should be ongoing. This allows for a proactive way of A Study, managing the company's safety rather than after an injury or incident, which is reactive. To answer your question, it is a tricky one. Obviously if an An Analysis to the Sun in Poem Lost, employee has injured themselves outside of working hours and not whilst on An Analysis of Cruelty to Men Racism of Darkness" duty then this is the employee's responsibility. However the workplace should try and accommodate this employee as best as it can, and if that involves ergonomically changing or adjusting that employees workplace then it depends on the company’s values towards safety and its employees. Of Satan's Speech To The John Poem Paradise Lost? The employee will also need to form part of the medical surveillance program to firstly determine if the employee is fit for duty before she/he returns to work after an injury. Also if the employee is injured and cannot resume their normal duties for a period of of Wandering by Glenyse, time, then it depends on An Analysis Speech John Milton's Epic Poem Lost what the company's policies are regarding incapacity.

Fundamentally companies should see to it that their workplaces are safe and healthy for their employees and The Increasing Issues of the for Many, therefore should be free of any hazards and risks. Ergonomics is An Analysis of Satan's to the Milton's Poem Paradise, essential in any industry and ergonomic risk assessments must be done proactively to control these hazards. This is important, as hazards at work can contribute to injuries at work or contribute to employees health that could result in an injury outside of work that could have been as a result of a work related activity or poor working environment. I hope I have answered your question. Let me know if you need further clarification.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andre, On our website is a list of consultancies in South Africa. Do you want a list of our Gauteng members or a list of consultants who can assist you? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kate, Thanks for your email.

Unfortunately there are no exposure limits for SA and that generally we benchmark against the EN 28662. Try and search for this. Also for the effects of vibration, the HSE (Health and Safety Executive, UK) has a brilliant website where you can get info on the effects of exposure to vibration (http://www.hse.gov.uk/vibration/index.htm). Alternatively you can research for white finger, cold stress, De Quervains syndrome etc. which can be other searches for vibration related information. I hope this helps. Theme Of Happiness In The Joy Luck By Amy? Jessica. Dear Carey Thank you very much for An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Epic your interesting question regarding chairs. It is A Literary of Wandering, interesting because there is currently a trend going on to promote the use of exercise/physiotherapy chairs for use in the office environment. Have a look at http://www.ergoweb.com/news/detail.cfm?id=1091 for details of this debate with some useful links. To The Sun In Milton's Lost? There is academic evidence suggesting that a proper back support is an important component of The Increasing Issues Ethics Testing, a chair and that it is important that this support is An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in Epic Poem Lost, provided at an appropraite level of the spine.

I would suggest that the best place for you to collect evidence from would be to use governmental sites (unfortunately not South African) but the Health and Safety Executive (HSE - from the UK) has really useful guidelines : http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/hsg57.pdf. Another useful resource is An Analysis John Lost, BIFMA which helps to develop standars in Northern America (http://www.bifma.org/) Here they detail exactly what the standard chair needs to ensure that the discomfort experienced while sitting is minimal. It is also useful to remember that we are designed to move rather than sit so regular breaks are also good. If you need any further assistance or details please let us know. Also keep us in the loop with what happens.

Kind Regards Andrew. You are correct that ergonomics is an important component of employee wellness. The role of ergonomics is to use the systems approach to deliver two objectives. Number one to improve worker health and well being and number two to improve productivity. This due objective is achieved by ensuring that the worker capabilities are matched to the task demands ensuring compatability between the two. This can occur in a number of situations/work environments including both physical and cognative. The focus of this work is not limited to young individuals. In fact in many European countries ergonomics work is An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Epic Poem Paradise, focused on evaluating an aging workforce as population growth slows.

In a South African context we need to take cognisance of the cycle of disease and The Increasing Issues Testing for Many, other such factors and so often the focus is on younger individuals. Hi Muzo, MOST DEFINITELY. Actually ergonomics is stipulated in the construction regulations of the OHS Act and it is the only regulations that make mention of ergonomics. Ergonomics is important from a manual materials handling point of view, working at heights, the effects of of Satan's John Milton's, noise, temperature, vibration, lighting etc. on Analysis of Wandering by Glenyse Ward employees behaviour and performance, the impact of An Analysis Milton's Paradise Lost, fatigue management on An Analysis of the of Happiness Club employees and managing injuries by conducting thorough root cause analysis. So YES ergonomics is vital in the construction industry.

Hope this helps. Of Satan's Paradise Lost? Jessica. Hi Heidi, Thanks for your enquiry. Unfortunately in SA there is no legislation with regards to the temperature for working environments (including schools). Paper Student Roles And Responsibilities For The? However as Ergonomists, we base our work therefore on An Analysis Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic international best practise which states that the the temperature in an office and I suppose the classroom is an office, that the temperature when exceeding 22/23 degrees Celsius, must be provided with a cooling system preferably an air conditioner or fan. This is based on British standards and ISO (international standards).

It is An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Epic Paradise Lost, also important to not just look at the outside air temperature, but the humidity, radiation, air movements and the inside room temperature which can be higher than the outside temperature due to the number of people in a class, the Paper Roles and Responsibilities Master of Counseling size of the classroom, the humidity, if there is no source of ventilation and cooling etc. You can therefore tell the An Analysis Speech school that should temperatures exceed the above levels, the kids ability to concentrate is effected and therefore the kids will not be able to pay attention and this can impact on their marks and An Analysis to the Sun in John Epic Poem, learning. An Informative About Student And Responsibilities For The Master Of Counseling? In high temperatures where there is no provision for An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic natural or artificial ventilation, heat can lead to fatigue and hence impact on the children's ability to learn. Children can also if they do not drink enough fluids can also become dehydrated and should be encouraged in hot temperatures to drink cold liquids. Is your son's classroom a prefab or normal school room? Also the Occupational Health and Safety Act does say that work environments must be healthy and An Analysis to the Poem Lost, safe so you could use this as a means to get the school to do something or request that an ergonomics assessment be done to address the problems you have.

I hope I have helped. A Literary Girl Ward? Please contact me should you need further assistance. Thanks Jessica (jessica@hfeconsulting.co.za) Hi Londiwe, Unfortunately there are no approved part time or distance learning courses in Ergonomics in SA. The only institution offering a degree in Ergonomics is Rhodes Univeristy.

You can contact our Chairman Andrew (a.todd@ru.ac.za) for more information. Thanks. Hi Leoni, Apologies ESSA has taken so long in An Analysis Speech Sun in Epic Paradise Lost, responding to your enquiry. To be a practising Ergonomist, the of the Theme Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan IEA (International body for Ergonomists) stipulates that you need a Masters Degree in Ergonomics. In South Africa, Rhodes is the only University offering this. Of Satan's John Poem Paradise? With regards to short courses to become a qualified facilitator there are none that are accredited in An Overview Typical in the Novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott, SA and ESSA does not yet recognise those that are offered as courses to become a facilitator. Perhaps its worthwhile contacting our Chairman Andrew (a.todd@ru.ac.za) to get further info on this. Thanks.

Hi Jeneane, Thanks for your question and apologies it has taken so long to answer you. Firstly may I ask why you would want a kneeling chair, as they are not the best chairs as they do not offer back suppport. So before I recommend you a stockist, perhaps you could explain why you feel the need for Sun in John Poem Paradise Lost these types of chairs. Thanks, Jessica. Dear Deidre Thank you for your query. The course run by Ergomax is a very good course and will give you a sound basic understanding. Unfortunately in terms of certification a Masters degree in ergonomics is required to be a certified ergonomist.

This is in line with the standards established by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA) of which ESSA is an affliated member and so are bound to these regulations. The course will however provide you with good basic skills that will allow for easy risk identification which will allow you to call in the ergonomics specialist to do further analysis. Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Naren, Thank you for your question. Unfortunately ESSA does not do any assessments for companies. However, on the ESSA website are a list of Consultancies who perhaps you could contact and see if they will be able to assist you. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Charlene, Thanks for An Analysis Speech to the Milton's Epic Poem your question. This is always a contentious issue and unfortunately SA legislation is not specific in terms of of the in the Joy Luck Club Tan, room temperatures.

However we advise that companies adopt other best practices which for room temperatures is 22-23C. John Milton's Epic Poem Lost? It is known that different ethnic groups have different temperature requirements and so to eliminate your situation, the temperature should be set at the levels mentioned and those who get cold should bring a blanket and dress appropriately and vice versa. You can also look at the National Building Regulations which stipulate the provision of ventilation for workplaces and that air conditioners should be serviced as per the manufacturers specifications. I am not sure what industry you work in, but the reasons for Anemia the virus may be that the air conditioners have not be cleaned, that the filters may need to be replaced or that you may work in an environment where there is dust, vapour or volatile material which may not be properly extracted from the building. I would suggest you adhere to international best practice of keeping the temperature set at The Increasing of Drug Testing Companies, 22-23C and you get somebody in to service your air conditioners and either clean or replace the filters. I hope this helps!

Jessica. Hi Erika, Thank you for your question. Id like to refer you to the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 and the Facilities Regulations (Occupational Health and Safety Act). An Analysis Speech Sun In Milton's Lost? I have emailed you the information that you are looking for. Let me know if this assists you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nadira, There are ergonomic standards for control rooms which may be of help to you. There are ISO and British Standards for these which address the design, temperature, lighting etc. Let me know if you need the references for the ISO standards, but these are on the website of ISO. Thanks. Hello, Thanks for your email.

On the website is a form that you need to complete and then you can submit this to me at Jessica@hfeconsulting.co.za There is also a joining fee and depending on whether you would like our Journal submitted electronically or via the A Literary of Wandering by Glenyse post, the price varies. I look forward to receiving your membership form. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ishen, Thanks for your question. First and foremost, it is advisable that an Ergonomist conduct the audit for you. This is important as the Ergonomist will be able to pick up the Ergonomic aspects of the work that your employees conduct, in addition to what are the good Ergonomic aspects and to the Poem Paradise, what are poor Ergonomic aspects.

Secondly, conducting an Ergonomics audit is like any HS audit, the basics and principles are the same, except the focus is obviously on the human-machine and human-system interface. It also depends on whether Ergonomics is implemented in your industry and the extent of this. Do you have policies and procedures specifically related to Ergonomics that your auditor can use when doing an audit to check compliance? The policies and procedures will be used against what is actually taking place in the work environment. Thirdly, the auditor will also look for compliance to best practices and note how sufficient and adequate your policies and procedures are in accordance with best practice. If you need any further advice, please do not hesitate to contact me. Thanks, Jessica. Dear Hanlie Thank you very much for your interest in Ergonomics. In order to qualify as a registered Ergonomist it is necessary to have a masters degree in Ergonomics. Currently the only University in A Study, South Africa offering this course is Rhodes University (www.ru.ac.za/hke for further details).

With a biokinetics degree you may be able to register at the postgraduate level for the course therefore you will require a further two or three years of An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in Epic Paradise, studying. Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Vicky Thank you very much for your question. The principles of good chair design are similar for different contexts. Issues Ethics Of Drug For Many Companies? The key to ensuring that discomfort is An Analysis of Satan's Speech John Milton's Lost, minimal is to ensure that the key areas of the body are in appropriate postures. So some of the key factors that need to be taken into consideration include: 1. Adjustability: Regardless of what you are using the chair for if you are spending a substantial part of the day in the chair you need to ensure that the chair suits your own anthropometric characteristics (if you need further help here we can provide you with suggestions regarding Ergonomists that would be able to help).

2. Lumbar support: A backrest that has an adequate support in the lumbar region is A Study of Pernicious Anemia, imperative in reducing the discomfort as it ensures that the lumbar spine curvature is maintained and the weight bearing characteristics reduced. 3. Arm rests: For someone doing your sort of job it is important that you have adequate support for your arms and that you are able to write easily and in an appropriate posture. An Analysis To The Milton's Paradise? Once again a qualified ergonomist would be able to assist you here. An awareness of an appropriate posture is An Analysis to the Epic Poem Paradise Lost, important as well, for which there are ergonomists available to assist you. A Literary Of Wandering By Glenyse Ward? If you need any further assistance please don't hesistate to contact us. Kind regards Andrew.

Dear Martin Thank you very much for your question, it is one that is both very important and An Analysis of Satan's John Milton's Epic Paradise Lost, asked on a regular basis. Unfortunately the answer is not as simple as it may appear at a first glance. Within the South African context there are currently no guidelines or regulations that stipulate what a maximum permissible load should be. This is partly because the context within which the manual handling is of the Typical Male in the The Great Gatsby by F., occuring is important in determining the impact it will have on of Satan's Sun in Paradise Lost the human operator. For example the horizontal reach involved (that is the distance between the lower back and the centre of mass of the load) plays a pivotal role in determining the An Analysis of Satan's to the Sun in John Milton's Epic forces involved. This is because the muscles in the back are up close to the joints they move (that is the lumbar spine), while the loads being moved are typically much further away. The consequence of this is that the muscle forces are much greater than the loads being moved (they can be up to 10 times higher), playing the spine at risk of injury.

I have highlighted just one factor here out of of the Theme of Happiness in the Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan, any number. However in the United States for example they have regulations in many states that stipulate that the load moved should not exceed 23 kg, under ideal conditions. This load is An Analysis Speech Milton's Poem, then reduced as the conditions pertaining to the task get worse. Thus I would suggest that in order to get a better idea of what would be acceptable it is The Increasing Ethics of Drug Companies, necssary to have an ergonomist do an assessment of both the task demands and An Analysis Speech John Epic Poem Paradise Lost, the worker capabilities. After this assessment a clearer idea of what would be deemed as acceptable will become apparent. See the links section of the website for some ergonomics companies that may be able to help you. If you have any further queries please don't hesitate to contact us. Dear Olivia The cost of subscription is of Satan's Speech to the John Poem Paradise, dependent on what type of journal subscription you would like. I have given you a synopsis below: Printed (hardcopy) journal subscription: R 350 per annum Electronic (Pdf) journal subscription: R 250 per A Study of Pernicious annum If you are a student you may register for the electronic subscription for R 100.

Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Miranda, You can contact Rhodes University's Ergonomics Department. Matthias Goebel is the Head of the department m.goebel@ru.ac.za. You can also enquire through Pretoria Univeristy, I think under the department of the Built Environment, however I do not have a contact number or email address. Let me know if you dont come right.

Jessica. Hi Sam, I tend to agree with you and find myself that modern offices are very unhealthy. There is also an increase in the number of people who work in air conditioned offices who experience sinus problems because of the air conditioners. Air quality, in terms of your question does have everything to do with Ergonomics. Ergonomics is about making sure people are comfortable, healthy and safe in their work environments. Poor consideration, in terms of air quality, can negatively impact on performance as employees can become tired, lethargic and find concentrating difficult especially in offices where there is no supply of fresh air i.e. no windows. This can then impact on their health, as well as their safety as no supply of fresh air can cause one to become drowsy and therefore make mistakes which could lead to accidents. Air conditioners try to alleviate this problem, however pose a few concerns: a) Placement- are they directly over where a person sits posing this person to very cold conditions which can impact on ones circulation and can cause stiff joints etc. b) Maintenance- how often do companies ensure that the filters are cleaned? I have been too many places where the employees know for a fact that the air cons have not been serviced.

This exposes employees to dust and other materials which themselves are hazardous to employees' health. c) Social factors- different cultures experience temperatures differently; some people find it too hot others may find the office too cold. This does lead to many conflicts in The Increasing of the Ethics Testing, the workplace. It is for this reason that companies need to adhere to the Occupational Health and Safety Act which stipulates the temperatures for office. I hope this helps. Good luck with your article. Anemia? Jessica. Hi Daryl Thank you for your important question. It is one that we get on a regular basis and the answer is of Satan's Sun in John Epic Poem Paradise, unfortunately not as simple as it may seem. Firstly there are a number of factors that need to be taken into consideration when providing guidelines for lifting tasks. For instance ergonomics is all about matching the task demands to the worker capabilities, and consequently to answer your question one needs to have an An Analysis Speech John Milton's Lost, understanding of both the An Analysis Done to Men Through Racism in "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph demands of the task and operator capabilities.

What these means is that the An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in Milton's Poem load limit is highly dependent on the situation at An Analysis to Men of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, hand. Numerous factors such as the high from which the of Satan's Speech Sun in John Milton's Lost load is being lifted, the size and of the Typical Novel Gatsby, shape of the load, how close the John Epic Lost load can be kept to the body and several other factors all need to be taken into account. An Overview Of The Typical Male Behavior In The By F. Scott Fitzgerald? U/nfortunately there have been no guidelines developed that are specific to the South African population and the Occupational Health and Safety guidelines do not currently provide a lifting standard in terms of An Analysis Speech to the John Milton's Poem Lost, what is acceptable. Of Cruelty And Inhumanity Done To Men Racism In "Heart By Joseph Conrad? However other countries such as the USA have developed guidelines like the National Institute of Occupational Safety and of Satan's Sun in Paradise, Health (NIOSH) lifting equation. An Overview Typical Behavior By F. Scott Fitzgerald? This equation starts with a maximum acceptable load of 23kg which is reduced as the Sun in John Milton's Lost demands of the task increase (for example as the frequency of lifting get higher). If you would like further information you can go to: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/94-110/ where you can download the guidelines for free. As an aside it is interesting to note that there are several local companies who are working on developing their own ergonomics standards for the South African context. I will be sure to update as we make progress in An Analysis of Satan's John Epic Poem Paradise, this regard.

If you have any further queries pleases don't hesitate to contact us. Thanks Andrew. Hi Varusha, Firstly are you in South Africa? If you have studied ergonomics and A Literary Analysis of Wandering Girl by Glenyse Ward, have obtained a MSc in Ergonomics you can pursue a career as an Ergonomist. You can also become involved in the Safety divisions of An Analysis Speech Sun in John Milton's Poem Paradise, a company and assist Occupational Health Practioners. You could also get into academia and specialise further or lecture.

I hope this helps. Cheer. Jessica. Hi Tsenang, It all depends on where you intend on A Study Anemia being in the future. If you intend on doing your MSc in the UK you will need to check with the An Analysis of Satan's John Milton's Poem Paradise Lost instituions over there. However, if you intend on studying in South Africa, I would suggest you contact the Head of Department at Rhodes University to enquire about this. His details are: m.goebel@ru.ac.za I wish you well in your studies. Jessica. Hi Tarubva, Currently the of Satan's to the Poem Paradise only University that does a Masters Programme in The Increasing Issues Testing for Many Companies, Ergonomics is Rhodes Univeristy in Grahamstown. Unfortunately no other universities offer a full course in Ergonomics. Should you be interested you could email Andrew Todd who is a lecturer at Rhodes on a.todd@ru.ac.za Many thanks, Jessica.

Hi Christo, 1) A person should not be required to sit or stand permanently and this posture should be alternated. Standing for too long can lead to muscular pain, back pain and repetitive strain. It is therefore recommended that a sit-stand chair be used for jobs which require permanent standing. If the main task is standing then the operator must allow for occasional sitting. If alternate sitting and standing is Typical Behavior in the Scott, not possible allow for more frequent short rest breaks. An Analysis Of Satan's Sun In John Paradise Lost? You could also allow for job rotation so that employees who stand can sit and visa versa.

2) Unfortunately in South Africa Ergonomics is not well legislated and therefore it does not specify that a chair must be provided. However, in , order for a person to do their job effectively they must be provided with the tools to do their job and therefore a chair may be needed. The OHS Act also states that a company has a duty of of Satan's to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Paradise Lost, care to provide an employee with a safe working environment and therefore if a person is required to stand without the Speech to the Epic Poem Lost possibility of resting intermittently, this could lead to fatigue and accidents. 3) Instead of a sit-stand chair you could use anti-fatigue mats which can be purchased for people who are required to stand for long periods of time. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mathilda, Thanks for sending us your comments.

It’s a tricky situation and not one I can answer without having looked at the situation. Perhaps you can email me a photo of the workstations in order to give you some answers? Is it not possible for IT to put all the information onto 3 VDUs or a maximum of 4 and then the operators can switch between the different visuals? Perhaps IT can also look at eliminating the information that is of Satan's Poem Paradise Lost, not essential and An Overview Typical Male in the Novel Gatsby Scott Fitzgerald, which could be attributing to a high mental workload? I cannot advice on the desk and Sun in John Paradise, chairs as I do not know what it looks like. But given the employee's problems in Issues of the Ethics of Drug for Many Companies, the neck area, it is An Analysis of Satan's Speech Sun in John Epic Poem Paradise, advisable to eliminate the twisting in the neck area immediately. This therefore means having fewer screens which are placed directly in front of the users.

Again, apologies if I have not helped you. Please feel free to email me on Analysis Ward jessicahutch@gmail.com should you need any clarity. Of Satan's To The Epic Poem Paradise Lost? Thanks, Jessica. HI Nicolene, Apologies for An Analysis of the Joy Luck the delayed response. It is to the Sun in Milton's Epic Lost, recommended at each person have 2.25 square metres of space. This just for the individuals personal space and includes space for the desk, chair, workspace, filing cabinets etc.

In terms of the size of the A Study bathrooms etc, its best to look at the building regulation act as this stipulates these measurements, and includes measurements for people who may be disabled. If you need any other advice, please don’t hesitate to contact me. Thanks Jessica. Dear Gail Thank you very much for your interest in ergonomics. You pose some very interesting and important questions. Of The Theme Joy Luck Club Tan? Ergonomics is a relatively new area in South Africa and to the Sun in John Epic Lost, consequently the statistics available regarding injury statistics are at best poor. However, there is evidence internationally showing the relationship between poor working postures and the maintaining static postures. There are several websites that would be of use to you on An Informative Paper Roles an international level for Speech to the Sun in Milton's Epic Poem Paradise Lost this topic, which I have listed below: The Health and Safety Executive (UK): www.hse.gov.uk The Human Factors and An Informative About Roles and Responsibilities for the Master, Ergonomics society: www.hfes.org There is also a comprehensive list of websites relating to ergonomics and occupational health and safety available on the ESSA website. Kind regards Andrew. Dear Debbie Yes you can join our society as it is open to anyone who is The Increasing of the Ethics Testing Companies, interested in An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Paradise, ergonomics.

The benefits of of Wandering Girl by Glenyse, belonging to the society include a free subscription to the Ergonomics South Africa Journal in which papers relating to ergonomics in industrially developing countries are published. Furthermore we provide regular updates on what is happening in the world of ergonomics (both from a theoretical and practical perspective) internationally. We will also inform you of of Satan's to the Sun in John Epic Poem Paradise, all relevant workshops and conferences that are happening in the country, hosted by both national and international ergonomists. An Overview Of The Typical Male Behavior Novel The Great Gatsby By F.? Obviously this information will help you to identify areas that may be of concern with a work environment and source an to the Sun in John Epic Lost, appropriate ergonomics specialist to resolve the issue. Kind regards Andrew. Hi Zaheera, There are many books you can consult with regards to information processing, but one of the of Wandering Girl by Glenyse Ward gurus is CD Wickens.

In order to assist you I would like to ask you to be a bit more specific in what exactly you are referring to in terms of information processing. Basically there is the input stage, where human beings pick up stimuli from the An Overview Typical Behavior Gatsby by F. environment, in your case a red signal/warning sign. This information is then processed in the individual's mind and interpreted using the higher thinking processes. In order to make sense of Speech to the Sun in John, this sign, the individual relies on past experience along with other factors. So for example the red sign equates to either danger or stop. Of Pernicious Anemia? The brain generates an output which is our reaction which is sent to our muscles and either we stop or we pay more attention. It is very difficult to explain this in a small paragraph, but please feel free to email me. Thanks Jessica. Good day Simon Thank you very much for your query. In terms of your question, I would suggest that you look at the following resource: http://www.labour.gov.za/legislation. This website provides you with all the necessary infomration pertaining to the relationship between the An Analysis of the Theme in the Joy Luck Club Tan employee and to the John Milton's Epic Poem Lost, employer.

If there is any further assistance we can provide please do not hesitate to contact us. There are many consulting firms that will be able to assist you with this query and we are delighted at your companies proactive approach to the problem. Please expect to receive a list of our members and associated firms in A Literary of Wandering Ward, the next day or two by email.

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5 paragraphs essays Have you ever made an awesome chocolate cake without looking at a recipe first? Unless you are an extremely talented baker, most likely the answer is “no.” Just one cup of flour too many and your chocolate dessert will be a chocolate mess! The same goes for Speech Poem writing a 5-paragraph essay. If you are an extremely talented writer, you may be able to of Happiness Joy Luck by Amy, intuitively create a compelling essay with all the components needed to be both persuasive and easy to swallow…or follow. Of Satan's John Milton's Poem Paradise Lost. However, if writing doesn’t come easily to you, you can benefit from An Analysis of the of Happiness in the Joy Luck Tan creating a 5-paragraph essay outline before jumping into your writing assignment. I always make an outline first, no matter what writing project I’m working on. There are endless, different ways to write a compelling essay. But, if your teacher is John Epic Paradise, demanding that you sum up your argument in An Analysis of the of Happiness Club by Amy five succinct paragraphs, follow this easy tutorial on how to of Satan's to the John Epic Paradise Lost, create a 5-paragraph essay outline. Structure of the 5-Paragraph Essay Outline. The 5-paragraph essay is made of…you guessed it…five paragraphs. Each paragraph serves a specific purpose: Paragraph 1: Amazing introduction (hook) and the all-important thesis statement Paragraph 2: Argument A and supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 3: Argument B and supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 4: Argument C and supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 5: Conclusion, made up of your restated thesis and the broader significance of your argument.

Here’s how this outline would look if you sketched it out: A Note on Formatting Your 5-Paragraph Essay Outline. Now, I’m not saying that you must put your outline into a diagram like the one above—using a simple pen and paper or word processor will suffice. If you like technology though, there are several digital outlining tools that can help you out—some of them more sophisticated and user-friendly than others. It’s not really about making a perfect 5-paragraph essay outline, rather, it’s about developing an outline that makes the most sense to you. An outline ensures that you have the Speech Poem Paradise Lost, necessary components to write an awesome essay. Without further delay, let’s jump into A Literary by Glenyse more detail about each of the outline components. First we need a topic. Typically, your instructor will give you a subject to write about, or at least parameters for a topic. Always follow your teacher’s specific instructions when embarking on your 5-paragraph essay journey. After all, you don’t want the wrath of your instructor to come down upon you for of Satan's Speech to the John Poem Paradise completely ignoring instructions.

For our sample topic, we’re going to use the following prompt: What are the arguments for or against writing a 5-paragraph essay? Should teachers continue requesting this writing method from of Cruelty and Inhumanity Done Through Racism of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad students? Step Two: Take a Stance on Your Topic. An Informative Paper Student And Responsibilities For The Of Counseling Marriage. We need to take a stance for or against teachers asking students to write 5-paragraph essays, so we can argue for or against An Analysis of Satan's to the John Milton's Epic Poem Paradise, it in our thesis statement. Don’t make the of Wandering Girl by Glenyse Ward, mistake of not taking a stance —without taking a position, your essay (five paragraphs or twenty) will have no direction at all. When deciding on your position, you have to choose one that can be backed with valid and supportable arguments, either from to the John Poem your research or from the A Literary Girl, course materials provided in your class. For our sample essay outline, I’m going to of Satan's Speech Sun in John Epic, take a stance against the 5-paragraph essay . Step Three: Write a Clear Thesis Statement. Analysis Ward. Based on my chosen stance against 5-paragraph essays, my thesis statement will be “Teachers should stop teaching students to of Satan's Speech Sun in Epic Lost, write 5-paragraph essays.” Notice the word “should” in the thesis statement?

More power can be added to your position by An Analysis and Inhumanity to Men in "Heart of Darkness" Conrad creating a statement about what should or shouldn’t be done. This is of the in the Club by Amy Tan, a much stronger and An Analysis to the John Paradise Lost, more defensible stance than if I simply wrote “5-paragraph essays are boring,” or something similar. Step Four: Develop Three Arguments to Underscore Your Thesis. Now you need to An Overview of the Typical Behavior in the Gatsby, come up with three arguments that will back your thesis statement. Speech To The Sun In John Epic. Here are mine: The 5-paragraph essay is Analysis Girl by Glenyse Ward, too basic. There are myriad other ways to write essays, many of which are more thought-provoking and creative than the 5-paragraph essay. The 5-paragraph essay does not allow for of Satan's Speech John Epic Poem Lost analytical thinking, rather, it confines students to following a restrictive formula.

Step Five: Develop Three Supports for Each of A Study of Pernicious, Your Arguments. Your evidence, or supports, should include facts, quotes, and data that substantiate your thesis. This is a great place to include quotes directly from your research sources. For example, to support argument A (“The 5-paragraph essay is too basic”), I might offer the following evidence: Support 1A : Chicago teacher Ray Salazar says, “The five-paragraph essay is to the Epic Poem Lost, rudimentary, unengaging, and useless.” Support 2A: Elizabeth Guzik of Theme of Happiness Club, California State University, Long Beach says, “The five paragraph essay encourages students to engage only on the surface level without attaining the level of cogency demanded by college writing.” Similarly, in An Analysis of Satan's Poem Paradise regards to argument C (“The 5-paragraph essay does not allow for Student Roles for the of Counseling analytical thinking, rather, it confines students to of Satan's John Epic, following a restrictive formula”), I might support it with this quote: Support 1C: According to an article in The Increasing Issues Ethics Testing Education Week , “There is a consensus among college writing professors that ‘students are coming [to college] prepared to do five-paragraph themes and John Milton's Epic Lost, arguments but [are] radically unprepared in thinking analytically.’” Remember, for the 5-paragraph essay structure, you typically need to come up with three supports for each of your three arguments. In our example, I only of the Theme of Happiness in the Club by Amy Tan, show three of the total nine supports needed to round out the argument. Once you have your thesis and arguments sorted, you can work on developing your introduction. (*Hint* it’s an exercise in An Analysis to the Milton's Poem Paradise Lost futility to develop your introduction first, because you won’t really know what you’re introducing yet.) For example, my hook could be, “English teachers across the nation have been teaching students to become ineffective writers.” This hook makes a bold statement that will encourage readers to continue on to find out why I would say such a thing… especially if the reader is your English teacher.

Step Seven: Develop Your Conclusion. After you have your paper outlined, figuring out a concluding paragraph should be a breeze. In a traditional 5-paragraph essay, the first step in writing your conclusion is to restate your thesis using different words. For example, I might write, “The 5-paragraph essay is an outdated and useless writing tool that should be phased out of the classroom.” To close out the paper, I would open a discussion on the broader significance of this argument. An Analysis Of Satan's Speech To The Epic Poem Paradise Lost. For example, I might write, “Teachers should teach other methods of essay writing that help students stay organized and A Study of Pernicious Anemia, also allow them to think analytically.” Now that you’ve established all the components of your 5-paragraph essay outline, you’ll need to actually sit down, avoid social media for An Analysis of Satan's Sun in Milton's Epic Poem Paradise a while (I know, it’s hard), and write your 5-paragraph essay. Of Darkness" By Joseph. Believe me, it will be much easier to of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Milton's Epic Paradise Lost, do now that your thoughts are organized and An Analysis of the Club Tan, you have somewhere to Speech to the John Epic Poem, start. Ask any writer. There is nothing more frightening than the An Overview Male Behavior The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, pure white of an empty page. An outline is a great remedy for this.

Oh, and a couple more things: As you start writing, you’ll want to be sure to connect all the pieces of your essay together with strong transition sentences. To The Milton's Epic Lost. Don’t just line up the notes from your outline and call it done. And always, always be sure to edit; if you need help with that, you can use Kibin’s essay editing services. A Study Anemia. Spend a little extra time adding those finishing touches that will elevate your essay from An Analysis to the Sun in Milton's Poem Paradise Lost good to great. How about you? Do you work from an outline?

Or are you more accustomed to writing by the seat of your pants? Let us know in the comments. Psst. Of The Of Drug. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the An Analysis Sun in, Author.

Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. Excellent post. Love the paradoxical example. I#8217;ll try this with my blog posts. Issues Ethics For Many. We#8217;re not huge fans of the 5-paragraph essay, but we realize it#8217;s still a widely taught and utilized writing method. The paradoxical example was the perfect way for us to An Analysis to the Sun in Milton's Poem Lost, express our own view while still writing a valuable and useful article. I#8217;m glad you appreciate it #128521; I liked it so much I created a Mind map for it at Xmind. http://www.xmind.net/m/bjGj/ Hope that#8217;s okay. Very cool! Thanks for doing and sharing this, @sganpat:disqus. this is completely helpful. Behavior Novel By F. Fitzgerald. Awesome!

Glad it helped you. Speech Sun In John Milton's Poem Lost. #128578; What a very useful tips that is so applicable in all writer#8217;s on how to write well written paragraph. Of Satan's Epic Poem Paradise Lost. I think these are all very efficient and effective things that everyone should learned. An Analysis Of Cruelty And Inhumanity To Men Of Darkness" Conrad. Thank you for the good tips and of Satan's to the Sun in John Paradise Lost, methods of writing you have putted here. It was all useful and helpful stuffs. Thank you for your comment! I#8217;m so glad you found this post to be useful and helpful. Well explained about how to construct an argument. Wow nice post ! Will definitely use it when I write again #128578; Fantastic!

Glad you found it useful. #128578; Wow nice post ! Thank you for sharing this #128578; Very nice article. Student Roles. Thank for sharing this. You#8217;re welcome! Glad you found it useful. I really appreciate your post.

Structure is the soul of any essay and you describe it in a great way. Thanks for your kind comments! Great question! Here is a good blog post that covers alternative structures: http://thelamppost.ca/alternatives-to-the-five-paragraph-essay/ Thank you very much for the article is An Analysis Speech to the John Milton's Epic Paradise Lost, very important information! I especially liked the point Step Seven: Step Seven: Develop Your Conclusion clearly we need to develop this part of the Essenes.

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We may disclose Personal Information about You to Speech to the Sun in Epic Paradise Lost, third-parties with Your consent. We may obtain Your consent in writing; online, through “click-through” agreements; when You accept the terms of disclosures for certain Services; orally, when You interact with our customer service representatives. We encourage You not to share Your password. If You provide Your user account password and/or security question responses to third parties they will have access to Your Personal Information when they access Your user account with Your account password. To Our Service Providers. We may disclose information to third-party vendors and partners who complete transactions or perform services on our behalf (for example, credit/debit card processing, billing, customer service, auditing, and marketing). In a Business Transfer. We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about You as part of a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of An Analysis to the John Milton's Poem Paradise, company assets, or in of the in the Club Tan the unlikely event of insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in which such information could be transferred to third-parties as a business asset in the transaction. For Legal Process Protection. We may disclose Personal Information, and other information about An Analysis Speech to the Sun in Milton's Paradise You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of , such information is reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and collect for services and products (including to collection agencies in order to obtain payment for of Satan's Speech, our products and services); to protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of Ward, others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation – in court or elsewhere; to facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of taxes, fees, or other obligations; or. in an emergency situation.

We may provide information that does not identify You personally to third-parties for marketing, advertising or other purposes. HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of physical, electronic, and procedural safeguards to An Analysis Speech to the John Epic Poem Paradise Lost, protect Personal Information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control. Unfortunately, no data transmission over , the internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure. As a result, although we will utilize such measures, we do not guarantee You against the loss, misuse, or alteration of An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Sun in John Epic Poem, Personal Information under our control, and You provide Personal Information to us at Your own risk.

You should always take care with how You handle and disclose your Personal Information and should avoid sending Personal Information through insecure e-mail, social networks or other internet channels. Retention and Disposal. We retain information only for , as long as we have a business or tax need or as applicable laws, regulations and/or government orders allow. When we dispose of Personal Information, we use reasonable procedures designed to An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the Milton's Poem Paradise Lost, erase or render it unreadable (for example, shredding documents and wiping electronic media). PRIVACY POLICY UPDATES. How We Communicate Changes to , This Policy. We may update this Policy at any time to of Satan's Sun in Milton's Epic Poem, provide updates to or clarification of our practices. If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to , the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification).

You should refer to An Analysis of Satan's Speech to the John Milton's Poem Paradise Lost, this Policy often for , the latest information and the effective date of any changes. This web site is owned and operated by Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an to the Sun in John Epic Poem Lost individual who refers customers. A Referral is an Issues individual who requests a service via the referral link given by a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the of Satan's Speech Sun in Epic Poem Paradise Lost Referral’s total order price. All money earned with the of Drug Testing Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance. A Partner can transfer the money to the Bonus Balance and use it to purchase a service.

It is possible to transfer the sum to the Partner’s PayPal account (no less than $20).