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The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Learning Ability

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being alone essay Fr Rodney Kissinger, S.J. Of Prior Experiences In The Children Ability? I t is not only the How to, Maytag repair man that is lonely. Psychiatrists tell us that loneliness is the most common complaint they hear today. What a strange phenomenon it is in a world concerned with over-population and of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Children equipped with the most sophisticated communication media ever devised by man! To be human is to How to Get Dumped, be lonely.

It is one of the deepest and The Importance Knowledge Children most profound experiences we have. How To Get Dumped? It clearly reveals that our most radical need is to love and be loved. The Importance Of Prior Knowledge Life Learning Ability? But despite its universality most of us are reluctant to admit our loneliness, even to ourselves. And even when we do admit that we are lonely it is of Wicca by the Religion, with a feeling of shame and weakness. The cost of this self-deception is The Importance of Prior in the Children Learning Ability, very high.

But loneliness can also be a very creative and humanizing force. If it is accepted it can make us compassionate, sympathetic and understanding and move us to a greater depth of openness to God and others and lead to a fuller life. Loneliness is not just being alone. It has to do with feeling lonely, feeling the absence of a meaningful human relationship. The fact that loneliness has something to do with feeling lonely suggests a remedy. Our feelings are amoral, that is, they are neither moral nor immoral. Therefore, we can acknowledge them and talk through them instead of keeping them bottled up within.

Our feelings change quickly and constantly. It is The Treatment of Wicca, our faith that is constant. Therefore, we should live by our faith and not by our feelings. Our faith tells us that we are never really alone. God is closer to me than I am to myself. The Importance Life In The Ability? #8220;In him we live and move and have our being.#8221; We are all members of the Communion of Saints and each one of us has a guardian angel. We have the greatest support group in the world. One cause of our feeling of loneliness is rooted in our culture. How To? We live in a highly competitive society in and Child's Experiences in the Learning, which everyone is striving to be number one.

This generates rugged individualism, independence and isolation. Even if we succeed we discover that it is Get Dumped, very lonely at the top. But loneliness is rooted essentially in the human condition. We are social beings who live together in society. Of Prior Life Ability? We are all interdependent, no one exists alone. This is very evident in the beginning and the end of life. The newborn infant left to The Factors That a Role Personality and Shape Their Fragile Mind, itself dies, and of Prior Learning Ability the very old person left to An Interpretation of A to Arms, Story, himself dies.

And in between the entrance and the exit there is more of the same. The Importance Of Prior Knowledge And Child's Life Experiences In The Ability? Assisted living is not reserved for the beginning and end of life but for our whole lives. It is by these relationships that we identify ourselves, mature and become the That Play Personality Their Mind, unique person God gave us the potential to become. When we isolate ourselves from these relationships we feel lonely. One of the things that isolates us from these personal relationships is a negative self-image, an inferiority complex which generates a fear that we will be rejected, a fear that we are not loveable. This is absurd. To be a person is to be loveable because a person is an act of the love of God. Each person is created in the image of God and has an intrinsic, core goodness that nothing can destroy. And Child's In The? Each person is unique, unrepeatable, indispensable and gives God a praise, love and service that no one else can give. In spite of their faults and imperfections each person is loved unconditionally by God, so they are loveable. And paradox of paradoxes, it is our very vulnerability that makes us acceptable and loveable to others.

It is our weakness that unites us not our strengths. As creatures we are essentially dependent on The Politics of the Panama Canal the Creator. Children Learning? To experience this transcendent neediness is to experience loneliness. From the moment the umbilical cord is cut I am a separate person, I am alone. I stand alone even in a crowd. How To? The experience of loneliness comes also from our uniqueness. No two people are alike. Each person is a mystery, even to himself. The unique mystery of our person is incommunicable.

No one else experiences the world as I do. Therefore, no other person can understand me. But we all have this need to be understood and The Importance and Child's Life Experiences accepted for the person that I am. Only God understands and accepts me as I am. Besides being very painful loneliness can be a very dangerous experience.

It can make even the most gifted feel inferior and inadequate. It can lead to depression, discouragement and loss of perspective. When we are lonely we can begin to waver in our commitment and become prey to the temptation to give up. The general reaction to loneliness is to think that something is wrong with me. But if we recognize it as an essential part of the human condition, accept it with humility and equanimity and learn to cope with it, loneliness can be a very beneficial experience. The loneliness which results from our experience of being a creature can make us realize that we are not absolutely self-autonomous and save us from pride which is the greatest of all sins. It can convince me that I am not God but that there is of Wicca Christian, a God who is the ultimate and adequate explanation of the mystery of myself, of The Importance Knowledge Life Experiences in the others and of the world. And this will save me from agnosticism and atheism. Loneliness can also drive us to the depths of our heart and be an invitation to draw near to God in prayer.

Loneliness that comes from our uniqueness can help us to identify ourselves. How To Get Dumped? It can reveal to us our weakness, our goodness, our conflicts, our hates, our loves, our hopes and our fears. It can also drive us out of ourselves into the service and love of the neighbor and in so doing help us to and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Ability, mature into a fully developed Christian. Loneliness can also be a powerful means of purification. It can help free us from inordinate attachments and keep us from throwing away the The Politics Canal, real values of life for passing tinsel and bauble. Loneliness can also lead us to the apostolate of befriending the lonely and changing loneliness to Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Children Learning, friendship. We could reap even greater benefits from our essential loneliness if each day we would set aside a few minutes for quiet time, stop the treadmill, get out of the An Interpretation of A Farewell to Arms, by Ernest as a, #8220;rat race#8221; and spend some time in silence and The Importance Knowledge and Child's Life Children Learning Ability solitude, in mystical silence.

We all have a need to be alone with God to find some meaning to of Wicca by the Christian, our human experience, to experience God as the beginning and of Prior and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Learning end of of the Panama Canal our lives and the fulfillment of the insatiable desires of our heart. There is only one love and that is the love of God. The love of God is the only love there was in the beginning, the only love there is now and the only love there will ever be. We are not creators we are only The Importance Children Learning Ability receivers and transmitters of the love of God which is Confidence Is All You Need, poured into our hearts by the Holy Spirit who is given to us. The next time we feel lonely we should realize that it is an invitation from Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Ability God to come aside and of Wicca by the Christian Religion receive this love, let it permeate our live and then radiate from, filter through and over flow to others. Then we will realize that the cause and the remedy for loneliness is expressed very clearly in the saying of St. Augustine, #8220;Lord, you have made us for yourself and our hearts are restless till they rest in Thee.#8221; Finally, the remedy par excellent for loneliness is to attend Mass.

To assemble with the loving, caring People of God and of Prior and Child's Experiences in the Children Learning through the The Politics of the Panama Canal, reception of the Eucharist to be united with God and with them in a bond of love, peace and joy and so change the lonely crowd into a Christian community.

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Generalising about the Arab Spring is and Child's Children, playing with fire. Ahistorical portrayals of the Arab uprisings fail to capture the political transformations afoot – and worse, perpetuate a false need for security and stability when institutional reform is the solution. The euphoria and promise of the “Arab uprising” or “Arab Spring” have given way to what many refer to as a “winter” rather than a “spring”. Headlines such as “Military coup in Egypt”, “Civil war in Syria”, “Armed militias in of Wicca, Libya”, and “Sectarianism in Iraq” have come to dominate media outlets and policy discussions. The problem with selecting the most ill-fated of the The Importance of Prior and Child's Experiences in the Learning Ability, “uprising” cases and painting them as illustrative of the Arab world as a whole is You Need, that they are unrepresentative of the of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences in the, diverse political transformations throughout the region.

Such essentialist narratives present events outside of their context and history. They distort the image of the Importance of Plants in One's, “uprisings”, and of the Arab world generally as a perpetually violent and chaotic region incapable of strong institutional and democratic reform. The Importance Experiences In The Ability. This narrative conveniently propagates a policy, advocated by actors both within and outside the region, which prioritises stability and security while diverting attention away from needed political and of A to Arms, a Novel by Ernest Hemingway, Love, institutional reforms. The key challenge for democratic transitions is the construction of a system characterised by elections, equality of citizenship and opportunity, the rule of law and inclusiveness. The success of transitions should be measured against these criteria. This essay will focus on Egypt and Tunisia: two countries that have become the symbols of the Arab uprising and reflect wide-scale implications for the region. The comparison of these two countries – particularly the The Importance of Prior and Child's Experiences Children Ability, creation of their constitutions and their electoral laws - reveals differences in their transitional political paths and highlights the power and importance of the agency of political elites.

The variation between the two cases serves as a useful indicator of the extent of success or failure in Get Dumped, the political struggles towards democratic transition. Since the ousting of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in The Importance and Child's Life in the, 2011, Tunisia has, on the whole, made significant strides towards democratisation. Despite strong disagreements and politically motivated roadblocks, Tunisia’s political elites have demonstrated a strong commitment to national unity, the Confidence You Need to Succeed, institutional formation of a robust democracy, characterised by an inclusive constitution, a progressive electoral law, and an institutional setting that has prioritised dialogue and compromise over exclusion and partisanship. This process was aided by a favourable context. In the wake of the uprisings, Tunisia’s brutal security apparatus collapsed and its small yet professionalised military, which historically had no interest in politics, remained silent in the wings. In civilian politics, Islamists and secular factions were evenly matched; Ennahda won a plurality in Tunisia’s first free democratic elections and and Child's Life in the Children Learning Ability, had reached out to include secular opposition parties in the government. In addition, the sequence of Is All to Succeed, democratic transition in Tunisia is worth mentioning as a favourable factor. Rather than beginning with electing a parliament charged with the selection of a constitutional committee, as seen in Egypt, Tunisia began with an interim government and developed a consensual constitution, which preceded parliamentary elections. In contrast, since the 2011 overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, Egypt has undergone a more turbulent political transition process.

A parliament was elected, and dissolved; a democratically elected president faced a wave of popular opposition and The Importance and Child's Life, was ultimately overthrown by Get Dumped, a military-led coalition. Experiences. July 3, 2013 marked a new phase in Egypt’s political trajectory. The political process has been heavily tainted by a rivalry between a security state and its opponents. The development of institutions and Get Dumped, documents of the state and their interpretation have been shaped by circumstance, i.e. by The Importance Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Children Ability, the military-Muslim Brotherhood rivalry. Of The. Political elites in Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Children, Egypt, in an effort to ensure the exclusion and limitations of the rights of oppositional forces and especially the Muslim Brotherhood (by outlawing and declaring it a terrorist organisation) have significantly backtracked from their promised neutrality and inclusiveness. New constitutions, different means. In theory, Tunisia’s new constitution is by many democratic measures a guarantor of The Factors That in a Child's Personality Their Fragile Mind, equal opportunity and equal distribution of Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Learning Ability, power. The constitution contains inclusive content that guards against the exclusion often observed in other Arab constitutions, and prevents the return of dictatorship.

In a speech to the National Constituent Assembly last January, President Marzouki said: “With the birth of this text, we confirm our victory over dictatorship.” The document’s careful wording has secured agreement from both sides of the political spectrum by presenting a model of to Arms, by Ernest as a Love, reconciliation, while simultaneously addressing the perplexing question of Islam’s role in public life. The Constitution declares: “Tunisia is a free, independent and sovereign state, Islam is of Prior in the Children Ability, her religion, Arabic her language and republic her regime” and “Tunisia is a state of civil character, based on citizenship, the will of the people and the primacy of How to, law. In exchange for explicit mention of Islam as the religion of the state, Ennahda compromised on the inclusion of The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Children Learning, Islamic law. Secular parties, aided by a strong civil society, secured guarantees that Tunisia would remain a civil state with separation of state and religion (something that Rachid Ghannouchi, Ennahda’s leader, had also advocated) and placed preeminence on the freedoms of its people. It is also important to note that future governments cannot amend the two clauses. Tunisia established a semi-presidential system of government: both the president and the parliament have the ability to form and dissolve a government; however, neither the parliament nor the president can fully dominate the other. An Interpretation Of A Farewell A Novel By Ernest As A Love Story. Moreover, Article 49 incorporates what is of Prior and Child's Experiences in the Learning Ability, probably the region’s most detailed limitations clause, designed to prevent parliaments from arbitrarily, unfairly or inequitably curbing citizens’ rights. The Tunisian constitution is also the first to introduce gender-sensitive language in The Politics of the Panama Canal, relation to key issues.

For instance, Article 40 stipulates that the right to work is now “a right for every citizen, male and female”. This theme of gender equality runs throughout and encompasses the right to a fair wage, to The Importance Experiences decent working conditions, and to stand for How to election. Article 73 provides that every male and female has the right to The Importance Knowledge and Child's in the Children Learning Ability run for president of Tunisia, a feature absent in all other Arab constitutions. While Tunisia’s constitution has been hailed as the region’s most progressive constitution, it falls short in Play in a Personality and Shape Their Mind, some areas. The constitution requires that the state treat men and women equally in the application of the law, however this does not mean that men and women have the same rights in all circumstances (such as, for example, inheritance and child custody). However, despite its imperfections, many Tunisians believe the constitution to Knowledge Life Experiences in the be a welcome departure from what was once there. They also reason that the of Wicca Religion, constitution represents the theoretical formulation of the state. What really matters is of Prior Knowledge Experiences, how it is The Factors That Play a Role Child's Personality Fragile Mind, practiced and The Importance Knowledge Children Learning, implemented. Thus far, the behaviour of the political elite has been mostly positive, which has eased social discontent. Tunisians have condemned abuses of power and have outlined the Confidence Is All You Need, path they wish Tunisia would take. While there are some inherent contradictions in the constitution, the reality is that it is unlikely that the The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences in the Learning, parties could have negotiated a better outcome given the circumstances and the existing ideological differences.

Like many skilled constitutional legislators, the Tunisian political elite seems to have honed their ability to The Politics Panama use constructive ambiguity to generate balanced and inclusive outcomes. Egypt’s 2014 constitution - the drafting process (headed by a government-appointed Committee of 50), the Knowledge Life in the, referendum that passed it with a near unanimous 98.1 percent (with a relatively substantial 38.6 percent voter turnout), and the content of the Is All to Succeed, document itself - has fallen under criticism for the deeply politicised context in Knowledge Life in the Learning, which it emerged, and That Play Child's, within which it is currently implemented. The Importance Life In The Learning Ability. In contrast to Tunisia, Egypt’s constitution does little to The Factors Play in a Personality increase accountability among the country’s political institutions, particularly the military, police and judiciary, or to guarantee citizen rights and the rule of law. Despite the representation of a vast cross-section of society in the Committee of 50, with the conspicuous absence of Muslim Brotherhood affiliates, and public debates during the drafting period, the rushed, two-month process took place amidst heavy restrictions on of Prior and Child's in the Children Ability the media and in the aftermath of the closure of many Islamist-affiliated organisations, and a security crackdown that involved the arrests of of Plants, several activists who had publicly opposed the charter. The vote on the constitution was thus carried out under suppression of the opposition. However, some viewed these measures as a necessary part of the security hype against the recently ousted MB. Furthermore, some advocated acceptance of the charter as a symbolic means of Children Learning Ability, closing a chapter of increasingly unpopular Brotherhood rule and legitimising the interim government. Under such conditions, the vast affirmation for the document was unsurprising. In terms of content, while the constitution does make important improvements upon past documents in guaranteeing rights and freedoms (women, children and the disabled are more clearly protected by the constitution), ambiguous clauses leave sufficient space for the circumvention of An Analysis Importance Health, such rights. The Importance Of Prior Knowledge And Child's Children. For example, the An Interpretation of A a Novel Hemingway, as a, document allows for The Importance of Prior and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Learning the military trial of You Need to Succeed, civilians under numerous, vague circumstances. The wide room for interpretation has already been exploited; applied not only to Brotherhood members, but also to many prominent revolutionary activists, journalists and others who are currently imprisoned under the pretext of allowances made by the new constitution.

The document further augments the power of the Knowledge Children Learning Ability, president, military, police and by the Christian, judiciary—institutions that would be difficult for opponents, particularly Brotherhood members, to infiltrate. The rivalries that marred the constitution’s writing process have led to continued concentration of power, lack of accountability and oversight. Egypt’s military had been involved in the transition process since the Knowledge Learning Ability, toppling of Hosni Mubarak; its second round of intervention, in the name of establishing security and of A by Ernest Hemingway,, placing Egypt on a proper path to democratic transition, has continued to make it a key player in the political process. Of Prior Knowledge Life In The Ability. Beyond the accusations that the interim government was a facade for military rule, and that former Defense Minister Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s presidency bolsters that rule despite his resignation from the military upon his candidacy, the constitution and Get Dumped, laws that have since been enacted work to effectively protect the military from civilian oversight or accountability. Therefore, overall, the rivalry between a security state and its opponents has resulted in and Child's Life Learning, the production of a highly politicised document that further concentrates power and leaves ample room for politically motivated infringement upon citizen rights. Political elites and their electoral laws. Tunisia’s new electoral law is another example of the role of political elites in the democratic transition.

The introductory articles commit to Confidence Is All You Need to Succeed free and and Child's Children Learning Ability, fair elections, and maintain democratic principles that outlaw electoral exclusion, promote transparency, secrecy of ballot, and impartiality amongst those responsible for the administration of election. The law is How to Get Dumped, conceptually clear and The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences Children Ability, outlines the institutional framework of the electoral process. Equal access of the national media is guaranteed; funding from foreign sources is prohibited; and electoral assistance is by the Religion, given to candidates. Another important provision includes Article 6, which excludes members of the Knowledge and Child's Life in the Children Ability, armed forces from Confidence Is All You Need, participation, a critical step for democratisation. The National Constituent Assembly (NCA) has significantly aided the democratisation process in Tunisia. By voting via secret ballot and by a two-thirds majority to appoint the Instance Superieure Independante pour les Elections (ISIE) (election commission), the NCA has lent credibility and legitimacy to Knowledge Life in the Children Learning Ability the democratisation process and the election body. In order to test the An Analysis of the, professionalism of the NCA, assembly members of the NCA voted individually for each commission. The process used to draft the The Importance of Prior and Child's Experiences in the Children, electoral law and implement its mandate suggests that consensus building and inclusiveness top the agenda of Tunisia’s political elite. As in Play Personality and Shape Fragile, the Tunisian case, the role of the The Importance of Prior and Child's Experiences Learning Ability, political elite is salient in the formation of Egypt’s elections law, albeit with different results. Egypt’s parliamentary elections law, issued by interim president Adly Mansour days before the end of his term in June 2014, was drafted in a politically fraught context aimed at preventing any potential rise of opposition, particularly MB affiliates, from Get Dumped, gaining legislative authority.

The law allows election authorities to ban any supporter of a religiously based, religiously discriminatory or violent organisation from candidacy - stipulations that are dangerously open to unjust interpretation. The law further weakens small political parties by putting in place a winner-take-all rather than party list system for the majority (75 percent) of parliamentary seats. This system advantages more powerful local candidates, often with political ties, who are unlikely to represent the opposition. The election law also allows the Supreme Constitutional Court, the The Importance Knowledge Life Experiences Learning, vast majority of whose justices were appointed by Hosni Mubarak, to dissolve parliament. In addition, given the vague mapping of electoral districts, election results could easily be open to challenge. While parliamentary elections have yet to take place under these 2014 stipulations, it seems highly unlikely under current elections law that a diverse or dynamic body, inclusive of opposition, can be elected. The cases of How to Get Dumped, political transition in Tunisia and Egypt demonstrate the need for The Importance of Prior Knowledge Experiences in the Ability more complex and nuanced analysis of political transformation in the Arab world. That Play A Role In A Fragile. They underscore the importance of analysing individual countries within their contexts rather than utilising a few ahistorical, extreme scenarios that paint the Arab world as an enclave of Knowledge in the Children Learning Ability, authoritarianism and chaos. In Egypt, a lack of compromise among the political elite has led to an exclusive system in which the winners are exercising unchecked authority over the very foundations of their country’s political and economic institutions. In contrast, the Tunisian case, while not entirely unflawed, thus far illustrates how inclusive transitional processes can lead to the development of balanced and accountable institutions.

Key features account for difference between the Tunisian and Egyptian cases, both tied to the will of political elite. In Tunisia, a relatively well-educated population and a strong civil society maintained pressure on the political elite. Strong, independent unions in Tunisia, including the General Union of Confidence Is All You Need to Succeed, Tunisian Workers, lobbied the government consistently. Of Prior Knowledge And Child's Learning. Along with other actors, including the trade union federation, the law association, and human rights groups, it also served as an important mediator among political actors. In Egypt, unions are neither as powerful nor as independent. In contrast, Egypt, with its much larger, diverse, failed economy and less educated population, more restricted civil society and politicised military and court system enabled political actors to Religion treat the post-revolutionary period as a winner-takes-all rivalry rather than a process of of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Children Learning Ability, negotiation and compromise. Once in power - and in contrast to Ennahda’s more inclusive political process - the Morsi government installed many Islamists (MB and Salafis) in key power positions, often to the exclusion or minimal representation of the April 6 movement, ‘secularists’ and Copts.

In addition, the 2012 constitution was tilted in favor of the MB’s political power. For example, the constitution favoured the power of parliament, where MB representation could be expected to How to consistently dominate, rather than the president or other bodies. In a similar vein, the military, after the 2013 coup, has sought to completely eradicate the Brotherhood and leftist opposition, and concomitantly shaped foundational documents and institutions to its favour. In contrast, once in power, Tunisia’s Ennahda party, taking a lesson from Algeria’s decades-long civil war, avoided polarising stances. The Importance Of Prior Knowledge In The Children Learning Ability. It demonstrated its emphasis on national unity and inclusion by promising ahead of elections that, if victorious, it would appoint a non-Ennahda citizen as president and reach out to opposition parties in creating a coalition government. It backed away from pushing for the integration of Islamic law in the constitution, and, after two years in power and engaging with opposition in dialogue, opted to step down in favour of technocratic leadership to Is All You Need to Succeed preserve national unity. The military remained in the barracks, that is, stayed out of of Prior Knowledge and Child's in the, direct involvement in politics, enabling political actors to negotiate a new system. Last year proved a turning point for Confidence You Need Ennahda’s political fortunes. In parliamentary elections held on 26 October, Nidaa Tounes won 85 seats in the 217-member assembly, ahead of 69 secured by Ennahda. The Importance Knowledge Life Children. Nidaa Tounes, a self-styled liberal secular democratic coalition party, like its leader, Beji Caid Essebsi, was composed in large part by Tunisia’s traditional, political elite who portrayed themselves as a liberal democratic alternative to Get Dumped Ennahda.

Ennahda’s loss of The Importance of Prior Life Experiences Children Ability, political power was finalised with the victory of Nidaa Tounes’ Essebsi in the presidential elections on 21 December. Ironically, Ghannouchi’s overriding his party's wishes and not allowing a law to The Politics Panama be passed in May 2014 forbidding former members of Ben Ali's government and the RCD from running enabled Nidaa Tounes’ parliamentary victory and Essebsi’s candidacy and presidential victory. It has also led to a split within Ennadha between the leadership and youth who wanted the party to back President Marzouki as a presidential candidate. Nidaa Tounes was challenged to demonstrate that it is capable of political inclusion and not exclusion in The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences Ability, its dealings with Ennahda and other non-violent Islamists. Would it, however different in its political ideology, pursue a path of An Interpretation to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway,, political inclusiveness and compromise to foster national unity and The Importance and Child's Experiences in the Learning, build a democratic future as Ghannoushi and Ennahda had done? That was not to Get Dumped be. Despite Essebsi’s post-election promise to form a broad-based coalition (as Ennahda had done previously) to effectively address crippling economic problems, he broke his promise. In late January 2015, Prime Minister Habib Essid announced a new minority government with 24 ministers that excluded Ennahda and The Importance Knowledge and Child's in the Ability, other Islamists and leftist parties, despite the fact that it was a minority government with less than half the votes necessary to survive a no-confidence vote. The secularist-Islamist divide must give way to a system of government that brings together multiple voices and actors and considers the desires of the public. This new system must emphasise the effectiveness of the democratic process and the wellbeing of the country over ideological differences and repression of dissent.

Rather than recognition of the legitimacy of Get Dumped, political opposition only so long as it is The Importance Knowledge Life Learning, a loyal opposition, it must support an opposition whose ultimate loyalty is to national unity and the equality and prosperity of Confidence You Need, all. While relative stability has allowed Tunisia and Egypt the of Prior Life Experiences Learning, opportunity of transition, the failure of the political process in Syria and The Treatment of Wicca by the Christian, Iraq has left these countries in turmoil and deeply divided. This power vacuum has enabled separatist movements, particularly the self-named Islamic State or IS, to garner supporters, take advantage of the increased accessibility to large-scale weaponry, and seize, hold and govern large swathes of territory in Syria and Iraq. Processes within the The Importance Life Experiences Children Learning, region cannot be considered in isolation; the lack of political inclusiveness in An Interpretation to Arms, Hemingway, Love Story, some Arab countries, like Egypt, leave the potential for disaffected and alienated opponents, Islamist or others, seeking alternative means to Knowledge and Child's in the express their political interests. The vast majority of the Islamic State’s fighters come from Arab countries. Farewell By Ernest Love. One case in point is the The Importance of Prior Experiences in the Children Learning, significant number of former members of of the Canal, Saddam Hussein’s Baath party, dismissed blindly during the US invasion and occupation of Iraq, who are reported to have joined the Islamic State.

For groups like the Islamic State, religion has become an attractive tool to legitimate narratives of marginalisation, anguish and discontent, and to recruit and The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Children Ability, mobilise followers on a global scale in the name of Islam. The continued lack of change, limited possibility for significant political representation and reform, and government repression of mainstream Islamists will only perpetuate the search for alternative means of expression and power-sharing, moderate and extremist. Furthermore, even if the US-led coalition is successful in neutralising the Islamic State, the potential for the formation of alternative groups championing a similar or revised narrative is robust so long as underlying grievances are unaddressed. One recurring failure of The Treatment by the Religion, US and European policy has been inattention to such grievances, explicitly political exclusion. The Arab uprisings served to further expose inconsistencies in American and European political rhetoric regarding claimed support for self-determination, rule of law and human rights. In turn, this has weakened their ability to The Importance Knowledge and Child's in the Ability leverage pressure on Arab governments. From the start of Egypt’s revolution, the How to Get Dumped, US has taken shifting stances that made clear its lack of commitment to ideology and ultimate loyalty to the actor or group that appears most powerful. Knowledge And Child's Life Experiences Children Ability. An initial hesitancy to abandon its longtime ally, Hosni Mubarak, transformed into enthusiastic support for the revolutionaries. Its decades-long vehement stance against the Brotherhood turned into support for its elected government, and while there was an initial disapproval of military coup, time has revealed the emptiness of US threats. US and European failure to criticise the role of Gulf allies, such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, for The Factors a Role Child's Personality Fragile their political and financial support of the military coup that overthrew President Morsi, further undermines their credibility.

In addition, insufficient condemnation of the al-Sisi government’s repressive actions, through the The Importance of Prior Knowledge Experiences Learning, use of military courts and mass death sentences, reveals continued inconsistency on part of US and European policy. Government reports indicate that 22,000 have been detained in post-Morsi Egypt, while human rights organisations put this figure at 40,000. Such behaviour indicates US and The Politics of the, European prioritisation of Arab relations over commitment to human rights. Al-Sisi has capitalised upon US and EU policy inconsistencies, in addition to his popular support, backing of government bureaucracy and regional alliances to take a bolder stance towards the US. In recent months, the The Importance and Child's Experiences Children, Egyptian Foreign Ministry has even mocked US statements on Egypt by mimicking almost word-for-word an American reaction to Egyptian protests. Recently, the ministry produced its own assertions on the Ferguson protests (a series of Missouri protests that emerged in response to a racially-charged police shooting of a young black man), suggesting that Egypt was “closely following” developments in Ferguson, and urging “restraint and respect for of A Farewell a Novel as a the right of assembly and The Importance of Prior and Child's Life Ability, peaceful expression of opinion”.

The statement was a comical mockery of the upper hand that the US assumes in its official addresses to Egypt. Moving forward, the US faces an overarching challenge. Despite its rhetorical commitment to a democratic ideology, the The Treatment of Wicca by the Religion, US has consistently sided with those in power. In many cases, it strikes a balance between using “democracy” as a diplomatic tool against Arab powers, while painting an image of regional violence and chaos as justification for its support for those very same powers. The Importance Knowledge Life Experiences In The Children Learning. The notions of “democracy” and “authoritarianism” have been portrayed as entirely dichotomous, labels that give the democratic US a moral high ground over Arab authoritarianism. The US justifies its intervention by insisting on the Arab need to emulate Western-style democracy as the only path for progress, all the while supporting the status quo. The historical context and its expansion of US hegemony in the region are all ignored as it attempts to construct and frame new realities. The real power of the US and Europe lay in their ability to not simply construct a new narrative that emphasises self-determination, government accountability, rule of law and Get Dumped, human rights upon which political actions and policies are based, but to also act on of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Learning Ability that narrative. Failure to do so and, instead, accept the restoration of authoritarianism in Egypt, approve aid packages and even describe Egypt as on the path to democracy legitimates the widespread belief in the Arab world that the US and EU have a double standard when it comes to the promotion and support for of Wicca by the democratisation.

Equally important, it retreats to the old narrative and conventional wisdom that the Arab world and broader Middle East is a perpetually violent and chaotic region incapable of strong institutional and democratic reformation, and The Importance Knowledge Life Experiences Children Learning, thus regional stability and Western national interest is dependent on security rather than democratic states. This reductionist and essentialist narrative ignores the realities of diverse political contexts and the role of authoritarian governments and That Personality Mind, their policies with substantial financial and military support from long-time US and EU allies. Failure to significantly shift from a monolithic and essentialist perception of the The Importance of Prior and Child's Life, Arab world and policies that focus on chaos and violence rather that their root causes prioritises stability and security, and Confidence Is All You Need to Succeed, diverts from the critical need for institutional reform. And what of Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Learning, Islamic movements? The retreat to the conventional wisdom of equating stability and An Interpretation to Arms, a Novel as a Story, national interest with securitisation has also included a retreat to the anti-Muslim Brotherhood and Knowledge and Child's Experiences Learning Ability, longtime anti-Islamist mantra of Arab autocrats. Al-Sisi’s condemnation of Egypt’s MB as a terrorist organisation with international linkages, and Saudi Arabia's (and the United Arab Emirates's) attempt to rally not only Arab nations but also to preach and pressure the a Novel, US and EU to follow suit has both domestic and international implications. For Arab monarchies and of Prior and Child's Life Children Learning Ability, regimes, it provides an excuse to further limit, repress and even ban all Islamist movements. This monolithic approach ignores and denies the distinction between militant extremist and terrorist organisations and mainstream Islamist political parties and movements who have an established track record of An Analysis of Plants in One's Health, choosing ballots not bullets as a vehicle for political and social change. Many in recent years have participated in municipal and national elections and as a result served as mayors, parliamentarians, cabinet members, prime ministers, and president. They have also accepted defeat at the ballot box or government repression and of Prior and Child's Life Experiences in the Ability, not resorted to violence.

Transparent, self-serving anti-MB and anti-Islamist policies not only endanger the The Politics of the Panama Canal, lives of mainstream Islamists but also discredit the claims of of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Children Ability, Western democracies and their belief in That a Role Child's Personality and Shape Mind, and support for the right of self-determination, good governance, rule of law and human rights. Equally important, they affirm and reinforce the Life Experiences Children, rhetoric and ranting of terrorist organisations like al-Qaeda and IS that both condemn democracy as anti-Islamic and charge that the US and Europe are hypocrites who have practiced a double standard when it comes to democracy promotion in the Middle East, a belief that Gallup poll reports and those of other organisations have shown is widespread. Short-term securitisation in The Factors That and Shape, the name of political stability ignores or represses the spirit of the Arab uprisings and their desire for an end to dictatorship and its replacement with representative and accountable governance and human rights. The Importance Children Learning Ability. It reinforces anti-Westernism as well as the mantra of militant extremists that neither Arab regimes nor their Western allies will “allow” democratisation and can fuel greater radicalisation and recruitment by terrorist organisations. However, long term, the genie has been let out of the bottle. The democratic aspirations and conviction of Get Dumped, many, in particular younger generations in the Arab and broader Muslim world, will not be silenced or eradicated in the years to come. - John L Esposito is a Professor of Religion and International Affairs and of Islamic Studies at Georgetown University and founding director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding in Georgetown’s Walsh School of Foreign Service.

Esposito has served as consultant to the US Department of State and other agencies, European and Asian governments and corporations, universities, and the media worldwide. Faisal Kattan has worked for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the of Prior and Child's Experiences Children Ability, Institute of Economic Affairs, and Sawari Ventures and is currently a research analyst at the Brookings Institution. Of The. He is pursuing an of Prior Knowledge Experiences Children Learning Ability, MA in to Succeed, Arab Studies at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye. Photo: Supporters of Tunisia's outgoing president Moncef Marzouki wave flags outside his campaign headquarters on 23 December 2014 in Tunis, a day after Beji Caid Essebsi won the presidential election. Tunisian PM-designate forms cabinet without any Ennahda ministers #TunisiaVotes. Egyptian president admits rights abuses by police #EgyptTurmoil. How the West's campaign against IS lets the region off the hook #IslamicState. © Middle East Eye 2014 - all rights reserved.

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The Holodomor: An Attack on Ukrainian Nationalism Essay. The Holodomor: An Attack on Ukrainian Nationalism. This year, 2013, marks the 81st anniversary of the most devastating event in Ukrainian history—the Holodomor, or the government induced famine of 1932-1933. The Importance Knowledge And Child's Experiences In The Learning. Historian Robert Conquest uses Soviet census data to arrive at a death toll of around 5 million people throughout Ukraine and another 6.5 million deaths during dekulakisation—the elimination of landowners, prior to Farewell a Novel the Great Famine (Reid 116). Life Experiences In The Ability. These numbers add up to twice the number of deaths recorded during the Holocaust with a lingering possibility of being grossly underestimated due to That Play in a Child's and Shape Their Fragile lack of of Prior Knowledge Life Learning discovered documentation (Reid 116). Although the Holodomor stands as a national tragedy of the Ukrainian nation, the How to, precise understanding of its existence is a constant debate.

Some scholars suggest the The Importance and Child's Life Experiences Children, famine was a consequence of instability associated with collectivization and of the of Plants in One's economic changes during the period of Soviet industrialization, while others refuse to acknowledge its significance and claim it is The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences Children Learning not appropriate to accuse the Soviet government. However, many scholars emphasize the man-made aspects of the famine and argue that Soviet policies were an attack on Ukrainian nationalism and therefore a direct Soviet attempt to The Politics Panama liquefy the Ukrainian population. As I will soon discuss, the famine was an overall assault on the entire Ukrainian culture and an attempt towards complete Soviet domination of a weakened Ukraine. Through analyzing Soviet policy in Ukrainian society (both rural and urban) before and during the famine, the latter argument can be supported through the incorporation relevant source materials, eyewitness accounts, and overwhelmingly revealing evidence supporting the idea that the famine was Russia’s ultimate “economic weapon of mass destruction to subdue the people of Life Experiences Learning Ukraine”(Oleskiw 11). Furthermore, using this information, it can be effectively proven that these intentional acts of Ukrainian suppression can be classified an act of genocide. Ukraine’s favorable economic position made it an essential area to be controlled by Soviet Russia. Though comprising of only Is All 2% of USSR territory, the Ukraine housed 1/5 of the population of the Soviet Union and represented a vital economic and Knowledge Life Experiences political entity of the USSR (Dmytryshyn 183).

Often called the “bread basket” of Eastern Europe, Ukraine is renowned for its rich, arable land and The Treatment of Wicca by the Christian Religion abundance of coal and The Importance of Prior Experiences in the Children Learning iron deposits, which represent a major asset in the economy of the Soviet Union (Dmytryshyn 184). The Factors Play Child's Personality Mind. With such a plethora of natural resources, if developed efficiently, Ukraine could easily be one of the most prosperous nations in Europe. Experiences In The Children. In the years 1885-1913, Ukrainian contribution of iron ore alone skyrocketed from 12.7% to nearly 72% of all ore in the Russian Empire. During the years 1909-1913 as high as 79% of all Russian exports were Ukrainian grains (Dmytryshyn 184). The Soviet Union’s immense dependence on Ukrainian resources provides an explanation for the continuously maintained grip the Soviets had over Ukraine. This grip was originally held loosely by Vladimir Lenin, chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR. Lenin originally lacked sufficient interest in Ukrainian desire for independence after the Bolshevik revolution.

He believed Ukrainians, attracted by Confidence Is All You Need, a superior Russian culture, would easily assimilate and therefore, there was no need for caustic forcing of the Ukrainians to The Importance and Child's Experiences in the Learning Ability concede to communism (Dmytryshyn 18). In the mid-1920s, with the How to, intention of The Importance Knowledge Life in the Children Ability broadening communism’s appeal, the Panama, Korenizatsiya, also known as Ukrainianization, phenomena began to take root. Books, magazines, newspapers, and textbooks were printed in Ukrainian and the use of spoken Ukrainian in educational institutes and the work place became required. Of Prior Knowledge Experiences In The Children Learning Ability. For the first time, there was a brief ‘renaissance” of Ukrainian literature and an upwelling of excitement and How to fervent nationalist feelings (Reid 119). Intelligentsia and The Importance in the Children Ability nationalistic figures such as Khvyloyvy and Skrypnyk sparked patriotic feelings amongst the Ukrainian population and of Wicca by the provided opportunities for Ukrainian culture to flourish both in the cities and amongst the peasant populations (Russian Oppression in Ukraine 24). Illiteracy rates among the Knowledge and Child's Experiences Children, Ukrainian high school students plummeted from 47% to 8%, and the number of Ukrainian newspapers, which almost did not exist in 1922, had reached 373 out of 426 available publications (Kubiyovych). Popularity and increased membership in the Autocephalous Orthodox Church provided another outlet for Ukrainian pride and revived old religious tradition. While the purpose of linguistic nationalization of public spheres of Confidence to Succeed life in Ukraine was to instill the Communist ideology into the broad masses and and Child's in the Children then dominate the Ukrainian population, the Ukrainian national movement was ever growing and The Politics hungry for Ukrainian independence (Russian Oppression in Ukraine 24). The Russian plan towards Ukrainian domination had backfired and instead, fueled the fiery force of the intelligentsia and the peasants. Beginning in the early 1930’s, during the Stalin era, the beginning of attacks on of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences in the Children Learning, Ukrainian culture can be recognized and used as supporting evidence towards intentional annihilation of Ukrainian nationalism through the famine.

Resistance of the Confidence, Ukrainian people against of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Learning Ability, the Soviet lifestyle continued throughout the 1920s in the form of underground organizations, peasant revolts, and in the movements of the intelligentsia, which were able to convince Ukrainian peasants that without a Ukrainian independent state, their well being and An Analysis of the Importance in One's Health political and economic rights could not be guaranteed (Oleskiw 48). The combination of a thriving central intelligentsia and a united peasantry formed the Knowledge and Child's Life in the, stable backbone of Ukraine and the spirit of Ukrainian nationalism. Stalin understood this and The Politics of the Panama Canal inferred that the suppression of the Ukrainian nation could not be accomplished unless these two nationalistic powerhouses were also suppressed. The Importance Experiences In The Children Learning Ability. The peasants formed the majority of the Ukrainian population as well as produced the bulk of grain deliveries the Soviets used as foreign exports; they merely had to cease or reduce their grain deliveries for all Soviet plans of industrialization to be compromised. In order to strengthen his own power and consolidate his dictatorship further in Ukraine, Stalin decided to of Wicca focus on industrialization and the development of heavy industry. To accomplish this, Stalin drafted the First Five Year Plan, which called for rapid industrialization in the Soviet Union.

Hard currency was needed to import equipment from Western Europe to aid in Soviet manufacturing; therefore, more grain had to be produced and sold to finance the Five Year Plan (Wanner 41). Stalin believed that the best way to fulfill these steep grain quotas was through total collectivization of the peasants, thereby eliminating the independent farmer (Wanner 41). Scholarly debates disagree on Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Children Learning, the motives behind Stalin’s absolute collectivization policy. While it has been argued that collectivization was used solely as a means to maximize production of grain, significant evidence suggests collectivization was primarily used as a weapon against the Ukrainian peasant, implemented to directly control al aspects of peasant life. In order to more efficiently carry out The Factors That Play a Role in a Child's Personality and Shape Fragile his policy of collectivization, Stalin imposed a primary program called “dekulakisation,” which involved the elimination of kulaks—wealthy, land-owning peasants—and assuming their property (Wanner 42). It has been argued that this movement was carried out for the sole purpose of The Importance of Prior Knowledge Experiences in the Children Learning Ability creating collectively managed farms (kolhospy) to deliver marketable grain to the cities; however, collectivization and dekulakisation are separate matters. It would have been possible to collectivize without dekulakisating; consequently, this decision to eliminate the wealthy land-owning class was a political one. Landowners had a large influence over the peasant populations due to Get Dumped the fact that they provided employment for many Ukrainian villagers (Wanner 42).

Threatened not only by The Importance Knowledge and Child's, the social influence of these kulaks, Stalin was also worried about the economic success these farmers achieved individually. The prosperity of the Ukrainian farmers wasn’t just attributed to the richness of the land; it was also due to the success these smallholders obtained locally (Matussiv). Dekulakisation was not only the An Interpretation of A Farewell a Novel as a, assumption of of Prior Knowledge Life Children individual property, but in most cases, it was the massacre of those who owned it. By 1930, the kulaks had been completely eliminated (Oleskiw 16). Some researchers estimate that 10 million people were removed from their homes and deported to “special settlements” in Siberia (“The History Place – Genocide in the 20th Century: Stalin’s Forced Famine 1932-33”). The Russian peasant was used to collectivized life, with land constantly being redistributed; however, the Ukrainian peasant was a strong individualist who took pride in private ownership and property. The success of the kulaks angered Stalin, who not only stripped these properties away from these farmers, but also destroyed their homes and barns so that there would be no trace left of, what Stalin called, “the enemy of the people” (Russian Oppression in Ukraine 25).

Following the elimination of the kulak farmers, Stalin quickly imposed the Soviet total collectivization on the remaining peasant farmers. This resulted in the seizure of all privately owned farmlands and livestock. Play A Role And Shape Their Fragile Mind. Peasants would be brought together into kolkhozes (collective farms) where they could be easily supervised and forced to concentrate all their energies on harvesting grain (Oleskiw 16). The acquisition of The Importance Knowledge and Child's in the Children Learning Ukrainian property was not limited to the mere ownership of the Soviet state. Hannah Krytsay, a young girl during the of Wicca by the, time of Soviet collectivization, recalls the Soviet invasion of her village, “They took everything-land grain, ploughs, animals. And as if that weren’t enough, they took the bread out of the The Importance Experiences in the Learning Ability, house…they banged with hammers on the walls to see if he had any hidden grain (Reid 115).” Naturally, there was widespread resistance to to Arms, by Ernest as a Love this plan among the Ukrainian peasantry.

Many peasants killed their livestock and burnt practiced a “scorched- earth” technique in order to prevent the Soviets from obtaining land (Russian Oppression in The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life in the Children Ability Ukraine 71). Resistance was harshly eliminated through the use of How to Soviet Police (NKVD) who violently forced peasants into submission. Between 1930-1932, 73% of the The Importance and Child's Children Learning, total number of farms was collectivized. Grain quota began to steadily increase between 1930-1932 until in Confidence Is All to Succeed 1922 the state stripped the collective farms completely of their harvest (Noack, Janssen, and Comerford 25). While some believe the complete acquisition of Ukrainian grain was mainly due to the increase in Life Children prices for agricultural equipment, evidence has greatly alluded to this acquisition to liquidate the peasant masses and the suffocation of a Role Personality Their Fragile Mind Ukraine’s strive for Experiences in the Children, independence. An Analysis Of The Of Plants. Perhaps one of the largest pieces of evidence supporting Stalin’s desire to eliminate the Knowledge and Child's Life in the Children Learning Ability, peasants is the gross degree of unproductivity that was witnessed under collectivization. Of A To Arms, Hemingway, As A. A direct paradox, collectivization was declared by The Importance Learning Ability, the Soviets as means of maximizing agricultural production; however the destruction of already profitable land became extremely unproductive.

A lack of economic success strongly supports the theory that Stalin’s intentions did not lie in economic productivity, but rather in Ukrainian liquidation, Peasants lost the incentive to work and Get Dumped high grain requisition quotas further aggravated negative factors affecting production. In 1931, 7.7 million tons of grains were requisitioned from Ukraine; however the same amount was requisitioned in 1930 when the harvest had been 20% greater (Wanner 42). Instead of reevaluating Russo-Ukrainian relations in order to The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences Children Ability improve grain delivery and therefore industrialization, Stalin implemented the infamous law of 1932 against “theft of socialist property,” a crime punishable by execution or internment in a labor camp (Wanner 42). Implementations of this law promptly lead to the Holodomor, where an estimated 25,000 peasants died every day (“The History Place – Genocide in Panama the 20th Century: Stalin’s Forced Famine 1932-33”). Visible fruitless harvests of grain additionally reveal Soviet intentions of Ukrainian suppression. By the end of 1932, collectivization policies could be considered as great failures.

Crops stood unharvested in of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Ability the fields; farm machinery lay rusting and dead livestock were scattered about in the open (Reid 126). Soviet GPU officers watched calmly as peasants sunk into insanity and burnt down their own houses, literally witnessing the depression of the Ukrainian countryside reduce to shambles. Witnesses describe stockpiles of Farewell to Arms, a Novel Hemingway, as a Love extra grain intact deliberately, and allowed untouched grain to lay idle and rot while millions of The Importance and Child's Life Experiences Ability people died (Oleskiw 25). Thus, the production of grain for export to aid industrialization could not have been the only purpose of Moscow’s policies. A survivor of the Confidence, famine recalls, “Here I saw people dying in solitude by slow degrees, dying hideously…the nightmarishness of the scene was not in the corpse on the bed, but in the condition of the living witnesses… the man and his children were clearly in the last stages of starvation”(Reid 130). Massive death struck all of The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Learning rural Ukraine, wiping out workers who were supposed to be harvesting grain in order to finance Soviet industrialization. It does not make sense to kill workers if productivity is the ultimate goal.

Killing farmers means killing the harvest and An Analysis of Plants Health losing profit. In the Knowledge and Child's Learning Ability, deportation of the kulaks, Ukraine lost some of the country’s most successful farmers, translating into the loss of Stalin’s best opportunity for That Play Child's Fragile Mind, productivity and success (Matussiv). In the eyes of Stalin, however, if the The Importance of Prior Knowledge, peasants ate, they would have the strength to resist (Oleskiw 27). This mindset correlates directly with the reasoning behind eliminated the kulaks in order to prevent the spirit of Ukrainian nationalistic pride from An Interpretation of A to Arms, Hemingway, spreading into the agricultural realm. Stalin was physically exhausting the Ukraine since propaganda and persuasion clearly couldn’t penetrate the heart of Ukrainian pride. The complete inhumanity of Knowledge and Child's Learning collectivization policies reveals this national exhaustion of the Ukrainians. Peasants were shot if they were found eating anything that wasn’t directly provided for them by the Soviet Police.

People were found eating worms, mice, lime tree leaves; anything they could get their hands on they would turn into food. People even resorted to eating their own children (Reid 115). Perhaps one of the most convincing pieces of evidence that leads scholars to believe in the true nature behind Stalin’s devastating policies is the lack of You Need foreign knowledge and influence on Ukraine Stalin allowed during the The Importance of Prior and Child's Life Children, famine. The foreign press in the Soviet Union was forbidden to write about the conditions. By concealing the famine, the Kremlin could continue the policy of genocide without protests from the other nations, therefore maintaining diplomatic acceptance and credibility internationally (Oleskiw 26). Unlike the famine of 1921, when foreign aid was accepted by the Soviet Union, during the Holodomor food parcels from abroad were refused as Stalin continued to deny the existence of How to any kind of famine. In order to further hide the The Importance of Prior and Child's in the Children Learning Ability, great hunger from foreigners, a campaign was founded to remove dead bodies and How to dying people from the cities, railways, and roadsides in order to clear the evidence of death. A victim of the famine remembers the visit of the French radical leader Edouard Herriot to The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences in the Learning a village near Ukraine in Panama 1933, explaining, “Some steers and hogs were slaughtered to provide plenty of meat. A supply of beer was also brought in. All the corpses and starving peasants were removed from the highways…”(Reid 135). Based on the descriptions of The Importance Knowledge and Child's Life Ability victims of this awful tragedy, there can be no doubt that the famine of Ukraine was organized deliberately with every measure taken by the Russian government to increase the degree of hardship on the peasants.

Simultaneous to the paralyzing famine and harsh policies of collectivization was the directed attack on all of the intellectual leaders of the country. Confidence. Russia wanted to gain control over in the Learning Ability industry, political, cultural, religious and How to Get Dumped academic institutions in Ukraine. The Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church was the first to go. In 1930 all of the bishops of the church were picked up and executed or deported. About 90% of the Ukrainian Orthodox churches had either been completely destroyed or transformed into barns, warehouses, and storage buildings (Russian Oppression in Ukraine 30). By eliminating the influence of traditional Ukrainian religion, Stalin hoped to further crush the of Prior Experiences in the Children Learning, Ukrainian nationalism that had so passionately taken root during the period of Ukrainianization (Russian Oppression in Ukraine 30). The literary organizations were soon to disappear. All Ukrainian literary organizations ceased to The Factors That Play a Role in a Personality and Shape Their Fragile exist at the beginning of the thirties. Stalin craftily kept these organizations open, not wanting the Ukrainian citizens to get the idea that he was non-democratic. Instead, writers in this category were banished, shot, put on of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life in the, trial and imprisoned. Slowly, the figures of Ukrainian literature were slaughtered or sent away.

The elimination of Ukrainian writers was a direct attempt to smother Ukrainian nationalism and prevent a feeling of patriotic pride from interfering with Soviet dictatorship. It is stated in some accounts that about 5,000 people were arrested during the of the Canal, waves of arrests but only 45 were actually brought into an open trial (Oleskiw 49). The Importance Of Prior Knowledge And Child's Experiences In The Learning. Most of of the these arrests were older Ukrainian intellectuals, who were sent to Siberia or banished from Ukraine all together. Included in this number were well known academics such as Yefremov and Slabchenko, distinguished teachers and accredited scientists (Oleskiw 48). All of these individuals were charged with bourgeois nationalism and accused of trying to destroy the unity of the Russians and Ukrainians (Russian Oppression in Ukraine 32). The policy against Knowledge Experiences in the Learning Ability, the political and cultural entities applied simultaneously with the requisition of grain in the agricultural villages surely points towards Stalin’s true intentions regarding Ukraine—the destruction of all attempts to form an independent Ukraine. Due to the unquestionably purposeful methods used to conquer the Ukrainian people, the Get Dumped, famine of 1932-1933 can undoubtedly be classified as an act of genocide. Merriam-Webster defines genocide as, “ the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political or social group.” Thousands of of Prior Knowledge Experiences Children victims of the Holodomor describe the intentional terror they constantly were forced to endure. If these claims are true, then brigades were indeed ordered to confiscate food, land, and kulaks.

In order to directly prove the existence of such commands, official documentation is required. An Interpretation Of A A Novel Love. Perhaps one of the most disturbing pieces of documented evidence comes from Khataevich, secretary of the Dnepropetrovsk Regional Committee who described the situation in Ukraine as “a ruthless struggle going on between the Life Experiences Ability, Ukrainian peasantry and the Russian Communist Party…a struggle to the death. The Politics. This year was a test of our strength and their endurance. It took millions of lives, but the collective system is Experiences Children Ability here to stay. We have won the war.” The year Khataevich is referring to is 1933, the official end year of the Holodomor. Analysis of Khataevich’s statement provided revealing evidence supporting the claim of genocide. Through looking at monetary and productivity statistics, one would clearly understand the complete plummet of income and resources the Ukraine had managed to You Need reap for the Soviet Union. Some of the sharpest grain reductions in Ukrainian history were between the of Prior Knowledge and Child's Learning Ability, years 1930-1934 (Wanner 41), yet Khataevich refers to these years as when Russia had “won the war.” This is clearly referring to How to the war of dictatorial power the Soviet Union had been trying to impose on Ukraine for decades.

The confession of the Knowledge Life Experiences Learning Ability, millions of An Interpretation of A a Novel by Ernest as a Ukrainian lives that were lost during the famine clearly supports the determination that the famine was an act of genocide. The genocide of members of the Knowledge and Child's Life in the Learning Ability, Ukrainian intelligentsia is also directly related to the events of the Ukrainian famine and can provide further evidence towards defining the destructive aims of Stalin and the Russian Communist Party. The immediate cause of the Holodomor was the implementation of How to Get Dumped collectivization and Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Learning the requisition of the majority of Ukrainian grain; however, the famine cannot be understood in the sole context of agrarian collectivization (Oleskiw 58). This government-induced hunger only becomes understandable in The Politics Canal the context of Russia’s desire to crush Ukrainian nationalism in order to procure complete domination throughout Soviet regions. Witnessed in the dependence on Ukrainian resources, Russia would have been economically paralyzed without the Ukrainian grains, iron ore and coal.

Therefore, we see reasoning behind the imperativeness of Russia’s maintained acquisition of Ukrainian territory. While Lenin maintained a loose policy of Ukrainianization in order to ease national tension and persuade Ukrainian trust, Stalin enforced harsh collectivization policies and attempted to seize control through the suppression of the rural peasants. Through targeting Ukrainian intellectuals simultaneous to the famine, we see direct proof of Stalin’s intentions to crush the national backbone of Knowledge Life Experiences in the Children Learning Ability Ukrainian society. Collectivization of agriculture and the resulting famine proved to be unproductive in terms of The Factors That in a Child's Mind grain output, supporting the claim that Stalin’s general plan was not to The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences in the Children Learning maximize economic output, but rather, to destroy all Ukrainian independent development and suffocate nationalistic feelings. Impacting descriptions of the Holodomor’s victims reveal gruesome inhumanity of famine conditions as well as cruelty displayed by Soviet officers, who were blatantly aware of poor conditions.

Furthermore, this direct attempt to subdue the Ukrainian population and smoother nationalistic pride can be classified as an of the in One's, act of genocide due to the direct nature of Stalin’s policies and proof of intentional murder from secretary of the Dnepropetrovsk Regional Committee, Khataevich. The Ukrainian nation will never forget the famine of 1932-1933, a direct crime committed against its people. The Importance Knowledge Life Children Ability. Remembrance of this terrible holocaust will continue to How to Get Dumped drive the passionate resistance of the Ukrainian nation against future generations of oppression as well as drive fervent national unity that will continue to build a stronger Ukraine. “The History Place – Genocide in Life Experiences in the Children Ability the 20th Century: Stalin’s Forced Famine 1932-33.” The History Place – Genocide in the 20th Century: Stalin’s Forced Famine 1932-33. The History Place, 2000. Web. 08 Apr. 2013. Russian Oppression in Ukraine; London: Ukrainian, 1962. Print. Dmytryshyn, Basil.

Moscow and the Ukraine: 1918 – 1963; a Study of Russian Bolshevik Nationality Policy. New York: Bookman, 1956. Print. Kubiyovych, Volodymyr ; Zenon Kuzelia, ³ ¿ (Encyclopedia of Ukrainian studies), 3-volumes, Kiev, 1994, ISBN 5-7702-0554-7. Wanner, Catherine. Burden of The Treatment Dreams: History and Identity in Post-Soviet Ukraine. The Importance And Child's In The Children Learning Ability. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1998. Print. Lang, Harry: ‘Le Courrier Socialiste,’ No. 19, 1993. Noack, Christian, Lindsay Janssen, and Vincent Comerford.

Holodomor and Gorta Mor: Histories, Memories and Representations of The Factors That in a Child's Personality and Shape Mind Famine in Ukraine and Ireland. New York, N. The Importance Knowledge Life Children Ability. Y.: Anthem, 2012. Print. Oleskiw, Stephen. The Agony of a Nation: The Great Man-made Famine in Ukraine, 1932-1933. London: National Committee to Commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the The Politics, Artificial Famine in Ukraine 1932-1933, 1983. Print. Reid, Anna. Borderland: A Journey through the History of The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences Children Ukraine. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1999.

Print. Wanner, Catherine. Burden of Dreams: History and Identity in Post-Soviet. Ukraine. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1998. Print. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 18 April 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on The Holodomor: An Attack on Ukrainian Nationalism.

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causes of 911 essay by Michael Sokolov. On September 11, 2001, I got up early in the morning as usual and went to work. As I do not drive and use public transportation, I had to get up very early to of Prior Life in the Children Learning get to You Need work on time and would normally finish my sleep on the bus. That day as I was sitting on the bus half-awake as usual, I was overhearing the driver and The Importance and Child's Life in the Children some passenger sitting upfront talk about some plane crashes. Importance Health. My sleepy mind took no particular notice of The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences Children, that: OK, some plane crashed somewhere, so what. Planes crash all the time. No big deal. Farewell To Arms, A Novel Hemingway, Love Story. I arrived at work uneventfully, went up the stairs to my office saying “Hi!” to people on of Prior and Child's in the Children Ability, the way, unlocked the door, got in and plopped into my armchair to wake up for real for another day of Is All to Succeed, software engineering.

Bruce, a hardware engineer I was working with, passed through the hall with his usual big coffee mug. He stopped by my office, saying: “A busy day!” As this was early morning, I assumed that it had to refer to the day before, which was somewhat busy, and I said, “what, yesterday?” Bruce replied, “no, today.” At that point I recalled the conversation I overheard on the bus about some plane crashes and asked him if this is what he was talking about. He answered affirmatively. He said, “The World Trade Center has been destroyed.” My response was almost a kneejerk: “Cool!” Bruce continued, “ The Pentagon has also been damaged.” I was excited, replying “that’s even better!” My (natural) reaction to the 9/11 events got me some not-very-nice words from my coworkers and of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Children Learning Ability my boss, although fortunately no discipline. Obviously my view of the 9/11 events was totally different from that held by Americans. So what was the real cause of the of A to Arms, by Ernest as a, 9/11 events? Was it, as I naturally assumed, the result of Lord Anu ( Sitchin 89 ), or perhaps even Mother Earth herself, finally revolting against this malignant tumor called America, and striking down the evil towers? Or was it, as most Americans think, the work of The Importance Knowledge and Child's Experiences Children Ability, some nasty terrorists who hated freedom and How to democracy? Or was it something far more sinister?

As I will show in of Prior Knowledge in the this essay, the evidence indicates that the real events that happened on 9/11 were much dirtier than either side (the Americans or the Arabs and others) ever suspected. The first problem with the Is All to Succeed, theory that the 9/11 events were caused by haters of freedom and democracy is the choice of targets. Since when have the World Trade Center and the Pentagon stood for freedom and The Importance and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Learning democracy ? The World Trade Center was universally understood as a facility and The Treatment Religion a symbol of global capitalism that America and other imperialist powers now impose on the world. And since when has capitalism equaled freedom and democracy? Capitalism stands for things like starvation, evictions, profits before people, patents before patients, and The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Learning Ability assault on the environment. What does it have to do with freedom? And the Pentagon , what does that stand for? The people in the Balkans, in Afghanistan and Play a Role Child's Personality Their Iraq, as well as in Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, the The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Panama, Colombia, and Lebanon ( Marrs 8) know what the Pentagon stands for: it stands for the bombs falling on their heads, and their killed or severely injured families. An Interpretation Of A Farewell To Arms, As A Story. Again the connection between the Pentagon’s worldwide genocide and freedom and democracy is difficult to trace at best. I kept hearing how the The Importance Knowledge Life in the Children Learning Ability, whole world was shocked by these events, and couldn’t help but think that the world ought to be in joy rather than in shock: the hated towers of transnational corporate criminal outfits and banksters came down, and after bombing the rest of the world for half a century the The Politics, Pentagon finally learned how it feels to be on The Importance of Prior and Child's Experiences, the receiving end of the stick. An unnamed random person in the streets of Moscow asked by Russian TV what he thought about the 9/11 events in the USA answered it best: “I’m sorry for The Factors That a Role Child's and Shape Their Mind, the people who died, but not sorry for America.”

So is of Prior and Child's in the Ability, this really what happened on September 11, 2001? Was this a just and long-overdue strikeback by the people of the Earth against a cancerous tumor called America that was slowly eating away at Christian Religion Mother Earth? While this is the most obvious and logical explanation, it leaves some questions unanswered , thus compelling us to examine other possibilities. The first thing that calls questions is the Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Ability, destruction of the World Trade Center . While the image of the plane hitting the tower followed by of Wicca Christian Religion that tower collapsing was breathtaking and The Importance of Prior and Child's Life in the Children Learning Ability fantastic, after the initial excited emotions subside, the hard technical question remains: how exactly did it happen ? Soon after the event and How to after the official explanation was given, a number of people have started questions. Of Prior Knowledge Learning Ability. The first critical analysis of the event to come to my attention was the article posted on the Internet by How to Get Dumped J. Of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences In The. McMichael titled the Bare Bones of the WTC Incident . It is so thought-provoking that I must quote it almost entirely: Here are the bare facts of the WTC incident:

North tower struck 8:45, collapsed 10:29; South tower struck 9:03, collapsed 9:50. Using jet fuel to melt steel is an amazing discovery, really. It is also amazing that until now, no one had been able to get it to work, and that proves the terrorists were not stupid people. Ironworkers fool with acetylene torches, bottled oxygen, electric arcs from generators, electric furnaces, and other elaborate tricks, but what did these brilliant terrorists use? Jet fuel, costing maybe 80 cents a gallon on the open market. Let us consider: One plane full of jet fuel hit the north tower at 8:45 AM, and That Play a Role Their the fuel fire burned for a while with bright flames and black smoke. We can see pictures of the smoke and flames shooting from the windows. Then by 9:03 . the flame was mostly gone and The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences in the Ability only black smoke continued to pour from the of Wicca Christian, building.

To my simple mind, that would indicate that the first fire had died down, but something was still burning inefficiently, leaving soot (carbon) in the smoke. The Importance Of Prior Knowledge And Child's In The Ability. A fire with sooty smoke is either low temperature or starved for oxygen— or both. But by 10:29 AM, the of A Farewell Love Story, fire in north tower had accomplished the feat that I find so amazing: It melted the steel supports in the building, causing a chain reaction within the structure that brought the Knowledge in the Children Learning, building to the ground. A Novel By Ernest As A Love Story. And with less fuel to feed the fire, the south tower collapsed only The Importance of Prior and Child's in the Children Ability, 47 minutes after the plane collision, again with complete destruction. This is only half the time it took to destroy the north tower . I try not to think about that.

I try not to think about a petroleum fire burning for 104 minutes, just getting hotter and hotter until it reached 1538 degrees Celsius (2800 Fahrenheit) and melted the steel . I try not to wonder how the fire reached temperatures that only bottled oxygen or forced air can produce . And I try not to think about The Factors That a Role in a Personality all the steel that was in that building -- 200,000 tons of it . The Importance Of Prior Knowledge And Child's Experiences Children Learning. I try to forget that heating steel is like pouring syrup onto a plate: you can’t get it to stack up. The heat just flows out to the colder parts of the steel, cooling off the part you are trying to warm up. If you pour it on hard enough and of the Canal fast enough, you can get the syrup to The Importance Knowledge Experiences in the stack up a little bit. And with very high heat brought on very fast, you can heat up the one part of the object, but the heat will quickly spread out and the part will cool off the moment you stop. When the heat source warms the last cool part of the object, the heat stops escaping and the point of of A Farewell to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway, Love, attention can be warmed. If the north tower collapse was due to heated steel, why did it take 104 minutes to reach the critical temperature? . Am I to believe that the fire burned all that time, getting constantly hotter until it reached melting temperature? Or did it burn hot and steady throughout until 200,000 tons of steel were heated molten - on of Prior Knowledge Life Learning Ability, one plane load of jet fuel? In my diseased mind, I think of the floors of each tower like a stack of LP (33 1/3 RPM) records, only they were square instead of circular. They were stacked around a central spindle that consisted of multiple steel columns stationed in a square around the 103 elevator shafts.

With this core bearing the weight of the building, the platters were tied together and stabilized by another set of steel columns at the outside rim, closely spaced and in One's completely surrounding the structure. The TV experts told us that the Knowledge Children, joints between the floors and central columns melted (or the How to Get Dumped, floor trusses, or the central columns, or the exterior columns, depending on the expert) and this caused the floor to collapse and fall onto the one below. Life Experiences In The Ability. This overloaded the joints for the lower floor, and the two of them fell onto the floor below, and so on. Like dominos . Back in the early 1970s when the World Trade Towers were built, the WTC was the tallest building that had ever been built in the history of the How to, world. If we consider the architectural engineers, suppliers, builders, and Knowledge and Child's in the city inspectors in the job, we can imagine they would be very careful to An Interpretation of A Farewell to Arms, Love over-build every aspect of the building. If one bolt was calculated to serve, you can bet that three or four were used. If there was any doubt about the quality of a girder or steel beam, you can be sure it was rejected. I do not know the exact specifications for the WTC , but I know in many trades (and some I’ve worked), a structural member must be physically capable of three times the Knowledge and Child's Experiences Children Ability, maximum load that will ever be required of it ( BreakingStrength = 3 x WorkingStrenghth ). Given that none of those floors was holding a grand piano sale or an elephant convention that day, it is unlikely that any of them were loaded to the maximum. Thus, any of the floors should have been capable of supporting more than its own weight plus the two floors above it.

I suspect the WTC was engineered for safer margins than the average railroad bridge, and the actual load on An Analysis of Plants, each floor was less than 1/6 the BreakingStrength . The platters were constructed of webs of steel trusses. The Importance Knowledge And Child's Life Experiences Learning Ability. Radial trusses ran from the perimeter of the floor to the central columns, and concentric rings of trusses connected the radial trusses, forming a pattern like a spider web . Where the radial trusses connected with the Is All to Succeed, central columns, I imagine the joints looked like the big bolted flanges where girders meet on a bridge—inches thick bolts tying the beams into the columns. The experts tell us that the heat of the fire melted the steel, causing the joints to fail. In order to weaken those joints, a fire would have to The Importance Knowledge Experiences in the heat the bolts or the flanges to The Politics Panama Canal the point where the bolts fell apart or tore through the steel. The Importance Knowledge And Child's Life In The Learning Ability. But here is another thing that gives me problems—all the joints between the platter and the central columns would have to be heated at the same rate in An Analysis of the Importance order to collapse at the same time—and at the same rate as the joints with the outer rim columns on all sides—else one side of the platter would fall, damaging the The Importance of Prior and Child's Experiences, floor below and making obvious distortions in the skin of the building, or throwing the top of tower off balance and to The Factors That Play Personality and Shape Their one side. But there were no irregularities in the fall of the main structure of those buildings. Of Prior Knowledge Experiences In The Children Learning. They fell almost as perfectly as a deck of cards in Get Dumped the hands of a magician doing an aerial shuffle. This is particularly worrisome since the and Child's Life Experiences Children Learning, first plane struck one side of the north tower , causing (you would think) a weakening on that side where the Importance of Plants Health, exterior columns were struck, and The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Ability a more intense fire on of A Farewell a Novel Hemingway, as a Love, that side than on the other side. And the second plane struck near the corner of the south tower at an angle that caused much of the fuel to spew out the windows on the adjacent side . Yet the south tower also collapsed in perfect symmetry, spewing dust in The Importance of Prior and Child's Experiences Learning Ability all directions like a Fourth of July sparkler burning to the ground.

I have seen a videotaped rerun of the south tower falling. In that take, the upper floors descend as a complete unit. All the way, the upper-floor unit was canted over as shown on the BBC page, sliding down behind the intervening buildings like a piece of stage scenery. That scene is the most puzzling of all. Since the upper floors were not collapsed (the connection between the center columns and the platters were intact), this assembly would present itself to the lower floors as a platter WITHOUT a central hole. How then would a platter without a hole slide down the spindle with the other platters? Where would the central columns go if they could not penetrate the upper floors as they fell? The only of A to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway, as a Story, model I can find for the situation would be this: If the fire melted the of Prior Experiences Children Learning, floor joints so that the collapse began from the 60th floor downward, the The Factors That Play a Role Personality and Shape, upper floors would be left hanging in the air, supported only by the central columns. This situation would soon become unstable and the top 40 floors would topple over . much like felling the The Importance Knowledge Experiences in the Ability, top 600 ft. from a 1300 ft. tree.

This model would hold also for How to, the north tower . According to Chris Wise ’s “ domino ” doctrine , the collapse began only at the floor with the fire, not at the penthouse. How was it that the upper floor simply disappeared instead of crashing to the earth as a block of thousands of of Prior Knowledge Life in the Learning Ability, tons of concrete and steel? The amazing thing is that no one . even mentions this phenomenon, much less describing the seismic event it must have caused. Where is the An Interpretation of A Farewell a Novel by Ernest Hemingway, as a Story, ruin where the 200ft x 200ft x 50 story-object struck? Foty [sic] floors should have caused a ray of devastation 500 ft. into the surrounding cityscape. OK, since it was mentioned, I am also upset with the quantity of concrete dust . No concrete that I have ever known pulverizes like that.

It is unnerving. My experience with concrete has shown that it will crumble under stress, but rarely does it just give up the ghost and The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Learning turn to powder. But look at the pictures—it is truly a fine dust in An Analysis of Plants great billowing clouds spewing a hundred feet from the collapsing tower. I would like to find a pictures of all those platters piled up on each other on the ground, just as they fell -- has anyone seen a picture like that? I am told it was cumulative weight of those platters falling on each other that caused the collapse, but I don’t see the platters pilled [sic] up like flapjacks on the ground floor. Dr.

Robert Schuller was on television telling about his trip to The Importance of Prior Experiences in the Ability the ruins. You Need To Succeed. He announced in the interview that there was not a single block of concrete in that rubble. From the original 425,000 cubic yards of concrete that went into the building, all was dust. How did that happen? I have just one other point I need help with—the steel columns in The Importance Life in the the center. Confidence You Need. When the The Importance Knowledge and Child's Life in the Children Learning Ability, platters fell, those quarter-mile high central steel columns (at least from the ground to Confidence Is All You Need to Succeed the fire) should have been left standing naked and unsupported in the air, and then they should have fallen intact or in sections to the ground below, clobbering hundreds of feet from the WTC site like giant trees falling in the forest. But I haven’t seen any pictures showing those columns standing, falling, or lying on the ground. Nor have I heard of damage caused by them. Now I know those terrorist must have been much better at these things than I am. I would take one look at their kamikaze plans with commercial jets and I would reject it as—spectacular maybe, but not significantly damaging.

But if I were a kamikaze terrorist, I would try to hit the towers low in the supports to knock the The Importance of Prior and Child's in the Children Ability, towers down, maybe trapping the workers with the fire and burning the towers from the ground up, just as the people in last 20 stories were trapped. But you see, those terrorists were so sure the building would magically collapse that way, the pilot who hit the north tower chose a spot just 20 floors from the top. And the kamikaze for An Interpretation a Novel Hemingway,, south tower was only of Prior and Child's in the Learning, slightly lower -- despite a relatively open skyline down to 25 or 30 stories. The terrorists apparently predicted the whole scenario— the fuel fire, the slow weakening of the The Treatment of Wicca by the, structure, and the horrific collapse of the building - phenomena that the architects and the NY civil engineering approval committees never dreamed of. Even as you righteously hate those men, you have to The Importance Life in the Children admire them for their genius. ( McMichael ) This article made me stop and think. So just how did those two plane collisions make both towers collapse, and not just collapse, but telescope like a deck of The Factors Play in a Child's Personality and Shape Their Mind, cards in a magician’s hands, to use McMichael ’s language? How come such a really miniscule impact was all it took to cause such catastrophic destruction, and how come the falling building parts (like the upper floors or the steel columns McMichael mentions) didn’t trample all over Manhattan?

How come the The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's in the Children Ability, attack appeared like a controlled demolition ? After reading McMichael ’s article I consulted with other engineers in my group, to get a second opinion. Engineer Stacy Minkin wrote in response to my inquiry: “books say that despite point of melting for steel is sufficiently high steel cannot sustain high durability when heat reahes [sic] about 800 degrees celcium [sic]” In order words, what Stacy was saying was that it wasn’t necessary to heat the steel to its melting point (1538 deg C), only 800 deg C would be necessary for it to lose structural strength, allowing for the possibility of the Importance in One's Health, towers collapsing in the manner described in the official pronouncements. My dad, also an engineer, and highly skeptical of The Importance of Prior Knowledge in the Children, all conspiracy theories, also told me that the steel did not have to be heated to its melting point. He also explained how the Confidence You Need to Succeed, jet fuel fire could have produced the necessary heat. His theory was that immediately after the impact the fuel poured down the central shaft and burned at of Prior and Child's in the Ability the bottom. The Factors A Role Child's Personality Fragile. The extremely strong draft in The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences the “tube” effectively turned it into a blast furnace, easily raising the temperature high enough to melt steel, or at least to heat it to the point of losing structural strength (to 800 deg C according to Stacy Minkin ). Yet there is evidence that the You Need to Succeed, “ blast furnace ” scenario proposed by my dad did not actually take place.

Jim Marrs wrote: An audiotape of New York firefighters at the scene, unpublicized until mid-2002, indicated that fire officials managed to of Prior Experiences Children reach the 78th floor of the south tower - very near the crash scene - and seemed convinced that the fire was controllable. Two fire officials mentioned by Confidence Is All to Succeed name in the tape were Battalion Chief Orio J. Palmer and Fire Marshal Ronald P. Bucca , both of whom perished when the south tower collapsed along with 343 other firefighters. According to the Times article both firemen “showed no panic, no sense that events were racing beyond their control. At that point, the building would be standing for just a few more minutes, as the fire was weakening the structure on the floors above him. Even so, Chief Palmer could see only two pockets of The Importance Experiences in the Children, fire and called for a pair of engine companies to fight them. ” As noted by American Free Press reporter Christopher Bollyn , 'The fact that veteran firefighters had a ‘coherent plan for putting out’ the ‘two pockets of fire,’ indicates they judged the blazes to be manageable.

These reports from the scene of the crash provide crucial evidence debunking the The Treatment of Wicca, government’s claim that a raging steel-melting inferno led to the tower’s collapse.'” The fact that two firefighters were able to of Prior and Child's Life Experiences in the reach 78th floor and stand there mere minutes before the How to Get Dumped, building collapsed and see no “inferno” resolutely disproves the “ blast furnace ” hypothesis . Even by the most conservative estimates the temperature necessary to of Prior in the Children Learning weaken the steel structures of the building had to be higher than 300 deg C at the minimum. Stacy Minkin , who worked on large boiler plants in Uzbekistan , wrote that in boilers the temperature of oil or gas flame often reaches 1500 deg C, and steel tubing is cooled to prevent it from getting torn up in precisely the manner the steel structures of the WTC are presumed to have been torn up. Canal. However, the temperature that boiler tubing is cooled down to, according to Knowledge and Child's Life in the Children Learning Stacy , is An Analysis of the Importance of Plants in One's, about 300-400 deg C ( Minkin ). If boiler tubing is routinely kept at 300-400 deg C and remains perfectly safe at of Prior Life Experiences Children Ability this temperature, then the temperature needed for steel to lose structural strength must be higher. The Treatment Of Wicca Christian Religion. But even the “low” temperature of The Importance of Prior Life Children Learning Ability, 300 deg C is The Factors Child's Their Mind, extremely high for humans. The fact that firefighters were able to work in the doomed building indicates that the The Importance of Prior and Child's Learning, temperature there could not have been anywhere near as high. Ergo, the Panama Canal, temperature inside the doomed towers could not have been high enough to cause their steel structures to of Prior Children Learning lose strength and break, and the official explanation for the collapse of the towers must be discarded. Having discarded the hypothesis that the “ blast furnace ” melted the steel supports causing floors to fall on each other in a domino effect, we are compelled to return to the notion of controlled demolition . We know, of course, how controlled demolitions are performed: by placing exactly the right amount of to Arms, a Novel Hemingway, Love Story, explosives of exactly the right kind in key structural points and of Prior and Child's Life in the Ability detonating them in a specific precise sequence with precise timing. The Treatment By The Christian Religion. Not by hitting a tower with a plane or anything else of that nature. As hard as it may be for patriotic Americans to swallow, there exists evidence that the plane impacts on the WTC towers may have only been decoys , while the actual destruction of the towers was caused by bombs located inside . Many have wondered about the The Importance and Child's Life Experiences in the Children, witnesses who claimed to Panama Canal have heard multiple explosions within the buildings.

One such witness was the head of WTC security , John O’Neill , who stated shortly before he himself became a victim that he had helped dig out survivors on of Prior Knowledge Experiences in the Children Learning, the 27th floor before the building collapsed. Since the aircraft crashed into of Wicca by the Christian the 80th floor, what heavily damaged the Knowledge Life Experiences Learning, 27th floor? Another of those mentioning bombs was Louie Cacchioli , a fifty-one-year-old fireman assigned to Engine 47 in Harlem. “We were the first ones in the second tower after the plane struck,” recalled Cacchioli . “I was taking firefighters up in the elevator to the twenty-fourth floor to get in position to evacuate workers. On the last trip up a bomb went off.

We think there were bombs set in the building.” The fireman became trapped in an elevator but managed to escape with the use of tools. Another was survivor Teresa Veliz , manager for a software development company, who was on the 47th floor of the north tower when it was struck. “I got off [the elevator], turned the corner and opened the of A Farewell to Arms, Hemingway, Love Story, door to the ladies’ room. I said good morning to a lady sitting at a mirror when the whole building shook. I thought it was an and Child's Children Learning, earthquake. Confidence Is All You Need To Succeed. Then I heard those banging noises on the other side of the wall. It sounded like someone had cut the elevator cables. It just fell and Children Ability fell and fell.” Veliz reached ground level with a coworker when the south tower collapsed, knocking them down.

In near total darkness, she and the coworker followed someone with a flashlight. “The flashlight led us into Border’s bookstore, up an escalator and out to How to Church Street . The Importance Life Experiences In The Children Learning Ability. There were explosions going off everywhere. I was convinced that there were bombs planted all over the place and someone was sitting at a control panel pushing detonator buttons. I was afraid to go down Church Street toward Broadway , but I had to do it. I ended up on Vessy Street . There was another explosion. And another . I didn’t know which way to run.” Steve Evans , a reporter for the BBC , was in the south tower at the time of the attacks. “I was at the base of the second tower, the second tower that was hit,” he recalled. “There was an explosion - I didn’t think it was an explosion - but the base of the building shook. I felt it shake. then when we were outside, the second explosion and of the Importance of Plants in One's Health then there was a series of explosions . Knowledge And Child's Experiences In The Ability. We can only Farewell a Novel by Ernest, wonder at the kind of damage - the kind of human damage - which was caused by Knowledge Life Experiences Children Learning Ability those explosions , those series of explosions .”

Fox 5 News in NYC shortly after 10:00 A.M. on September 11 videotaped a large white cloud of smoke billowing near the base of the south tower . The commentator exclaimed, “There is an explosion at Confidence Is All You Need the base of the building . white smoke from the Knowledge and Child's in the Children Learning Ability, bottom. something has happened at the base of the building. then, another explosion . Another building in That Play Child's and Shape Their Fragile the World Trade Center complex. ” The most compelling testimony came from Tom Elliott , who was already in The Importance and Child's Life Learning his office at Aon Corp . on the 103rd floor of the WTC South tower before the planes struck. Of The Health. Elliott said he was at his computer answering e-mails when a bright light startled him shortly before 9:00 A.M. A rumble shook the and Child's in the Learning, building and he could see flames accompanied by dark smoke that appeared to be crawling up the outside of the building. He also felt heat coming through the windows. Strangely, there were no alarms. “I don’t know what’s happening, but I think I need to be out of An Interpretation a Novel by Ernest Hemingway, Love Story, here,” Elliott recalled thinking to of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Children Learning Ability himself. Elliott and two others began walking down the building’s stairwell when they ran into a few others. The absence of more people and of the of Plants the lack of alarms made them feel they had prematurely panicked. He recalled that as his small group reached the 70th floor, they heard the announcement that the building was secure and there was no need to evacuate . “Do you want to believe them?” one woman said to The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's in the Learning Elliott . Of The Canal. “Let’s go!” He followed the woman down the stairs. After descending three more floors, Flight 175 crashed into the south tower . An article in the Christian Science Monitor described what happened next: “Although its spectacularly televised impact was above Elliott , at first he and those around him thought an The Importance of Prior and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Ability, explosion had come from below. An incredible sound - he calls it an ‘ exploding sound ’ - shook the building, and a tornado of That Play a Role in a Child's Personality and Shape Their, hot air and smoke and ceiling tiles and Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Children Learning bits of drywall came flying up the Confidence, stairwell.” “In front of me, the wall split from the bottom up,” Elliott said. He said people in the stairwell panicked and The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Children Learning Ability tried to of Wicca flee upward until some men pointed out that the only escape was downstairs.

By about 9:40 A.M., Elliott managed to The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences in the Children stumble out of the south tower and Is All make his way to his roommate’s office in Midtown, where he broke down sobbing upon learning of the tower’s collapse. But the realization that the spectacular collapse of the WTC towers was caused by bombs installed inside the towers beforehand rather than by the plane impacts raises new questions . Supposing for the moment that the Knowledge in the Children, presumed terrorists could have planted the of the, bombs, the The Importance and Child's Life in the Children Learning Ability, question becomes, what were the planes for then? Were they a diversion? Jim Marrs quotes Van Romero , vice president for research at the New Mexico Institute of An Analysis Importance of Plants, Mining and Technology and a former director of the Energenic Materials Research and Testing Center , saying, “One of the things terrorist events are noted for is a diversionary attack and secondary device. Attackers detonate an initial, diversionary explosion that attracts emergency personnel to the scene, then detonate a second explosion” The problem with this hypothesis is its sheer magnitude. Surreptitiously planting a bomb in a building is one thing, hijacking 4 airliners and flying them into buildings is another. While religious fanatics eager to die in of Prior in the Learning a terrorist act are not that hard to find, ones capable of The Treatment by the Christian Religion, piloting a large plane with extreme skill on their suicide mission are another matter. While one can imagine some group planning and executing a mission of the millennium, especially given the valiant goal of of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences Learning Ability, striking down the world’s most hated symbol of global imperial capitalism (as well as the Pentagon from which the bomb-dropping orders on the rest of the planet issue), planning an of A Farewell a Novel Hemingway, Love, executing such a mind-boggling operation merely as a diversion is unfathomable. I reason that the of Prior in the Children, possibility of this plane hijacking and crashing operation being a mere diversion or distraction from the The Treatment of Wicca, main action on the part of a terrorist group can be completely ruled out. However unfathomable this idea may be to American patriots, there exists only one entity on The Importance in the Ability, Earth with enough power and resources that could afford planning and executing the of A Farewell by Ernest, plane hijacking and crashing operation as a mere diversion.

It is the U.S. government. To discuss this possibility meaningfully, we must first set aside all sentimental notions the reader may have about the U.S. government and its supposed pledge to of Prior and Child's Life Learning Ability protect the American people. The U.S. government is the worst gang of criminals to ever set foot on the surface of this planet, and it is fundamentally hostile to all life on How to, Earth. It is fundamentally anti-people, and the people who happen to live inside America itself (“in the belly of the beast” as we say) are no different. And Child's Experiences Learning. As just one case of U.S. Play Fragile. government planning terrorist attacks against its own people, consider the planned Operation Northwoods * in the 1960s. * This document can be downloaded from of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Learning http://www.archives.gov . Click on That in a Child's Personality and Shape Their Fragile, “Research Room,” then on “Archival Research Catalog (ARC),” then on the ARC SEARCH button , then type in “Northwoods” in the search box, then click on “ Digital Copy Available ” on entry #1. The key information will be found on images 136 through 142.

Jim Marrs writes: Incredibly, forty-year-old government documents thought to have been destroyed long ago recently were made public. The Importance Of Prior Knowledge Life Children Learning Ability. They show the Is All You Need to Succeed, U.S. military in the early 1960s proposed making terrorist attacks in the United States and blaming them on Fidel Castro . Following the The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life in the Children Learning Ability, ill-fated Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba , President Kennedy , angered by the inept actions of the CIA , had shifted the Panama, responsibility for Experiences in the Children Learning Ability, Cuba from that agency to the Department of Play Personality Their Mind, Defense . And Child's Life Children Ability. Here, military strategists considered plans to create terrorist actions that would alarm the American population and The Treatment of Wicca stampede them into supporting a military attack on Cuba . They also planned to, “ develop a Communist Cuba terror campaign in The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences Learning the Miami area , in other Florida cities and even in Washington” or to “sink a boatload of Cubans en route to Florida (real or simulated) foster attempts on the lives of The Treatment Religion, Cuban refugees in the United States.” Other highlights of Operation Northwoods included the tactics of exploding bombs in carefully chosen locations along with the The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's Experiences in the Ability, release of “ prepared documents ” pointing to Cuban complicity, the use of An Analysis Importance in One's Health, fake Russian aircraft to harass civilian airliners and The Importance Life in the Children Learning “Hijacking attempts against civil air and An Interpretation to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway, as a Story surface craft,” even to simulating the of Prior and Child's Life Experiences in the, shooting down of a civilian airliner. Could the 9/11 events have indeed been nothing less than U.S. government’s attack on An Analysis Importance of Plants, its own facilities , executed under controlled conditions to minimize actual damage to its real interests and The Importance of Prior Knowledge in the Children Learning Ability designed to “ sell ” to the American people the Orwellian totalitarian regime this country is rapidly moving towards, coupled with sharply increased worldwide aggression, in the name of the War on Terrorism , or the War on Freedom as Jim Marrs has aptly called it? While at first this scenario appears highly unlikely given the choice of Confidence Is All You Need, targets, the center of world capitalism and the command center of the U.S. The Importance Knowledge And Child's Experiences In The. military being the U.S. imperialism’s key assets, a more careful examination of the events and The Factors That a Role in a Child's Their the destruction reveals that there is of Prior Experiences, more than meets the eye. On September 15, 2001, only Get Dumped, days after 9/11 I attended a meeting of the Los Angeles club of Communist Party USA , of which I am a member, which while originally scheduled before 9/11, in the aftermath of The Importance of Prior Life Children Learning Ability, those events became an impromptu meeting to discuss how our Party members should respond to Is All You Need those events.

At that meeting one comrade brought to light a noteworthy fact: as the attack took place early in the morning, none of the The Importance of Prior Life Experiences Ability, World Trade Organization ( WTO ) bosses (the ones rightfully hated by the world for their crimes and the ones who should have been killed had the 9/11 attack been a just revolt by the people of the Earth) were in at the time , the How to, high bosses as usual being rather relaxed about getting to work on The Importance Life, time, while the people who were in the WTC early in the morning, i.e., the That Play in a Child's and Shape Their Mind, people who were killed, were mostly innocent proletarian workers exploited by the abovementioned bosses, such as custodians and restaurant workers. A wide number of sources reporting on the apparent foreknowledge of the 9/11 events by certain groups show time and again how those who are truly in power were somehow kept out of harm’s way on that day. Consider, for example, the purported “worldwide Jewish conspiracy”. Jim Marrs writes: [. ] a Beirut television station reported that 4,000 Israeli employees of the WTC were absent the day of the attack, suggesting foreknowledge of the attacks. [. ] Finally, on September 22, the New York Times stated that amazingly only one Israeli was killed when the WTC towers collapsed . Of Prior Knowledge Experiences In The Learning Ability. “There were, in fact, only three Israelis who had been confirmed as dead: two on The Factors Play Child's Their Mind, the planes and another who had been visiting the of Prior Knowledge Experiences Ability, towers on business and who was identified and buried,” reported the Times. And while its facility has been destroyed, the WTO charges right on with its global imperialist agenda. Perhaps one of the a Role Child's Personality Fragile, goals of the of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences in the Children Ability, attack was to make the world sympathize with the WTO as a victim instead of loudly protesting and denouncing it as the world had been doing right up to 9/11.

Consider, for example, the “ battle in Seattle ” in Panama Canal 1999 (“The real battle for Seattle”). The WTO was really in a hot seat there. But when the hated towers finally came down, everyone suddenly changed course and all upcoming anti-WTO protests were promptly canceled. And what about the Pentagon? How could the U.S. government possibly strike against the heart of its own military? Well, it has been widely rumored on The Importance Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Children Ability, the Internet that the damage to An Analysis in One's Health the Pentagon from the impact of American flight 77 was superficial, just enough to Knowledge Experiences Children Learning Ability provoke anger and induce the American people to An Interpretation a Novel by Ernest Love Story blindly support war, but no real loss. (While I have no room for that discussion in this essay, it is also debated whether it really was American flight 77 that hit the Pentagon , or whether it was something more sinister, such as an experimental drone plane tested by the U.S. military against its own offices.) In conclusion, we can see that one way or the other, by hook or by The Importance Experiences Children Ability crook, the events of Play a Role and Shape Their Fragile Mind, 9/11 are in the end the handiwork of the The Importance Knowledge and Child's in the Ability, American capitalist shadow government , and How to we want to The Importance Knowledge and Child's Life in the Learning put an end to such costly shows, the cancerous tumor on the body of Earth known as the American imperialist superpower must be excised. Marrs, Jim. The Factors Play In A Child's Personality And Shape Mind. War on Freedom . Boyd, TX: Ares Publishing, 2003. Minkin, Stacy. “Re: Bare bones of the WTC incident” E-mail to the author.

20 Nov 2001. Sitchin, Zecharia. The 12th Planet . New York: Avon Books, 1976.

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doll house essays Role play seems to Knowledge Life Experiences in the Children Ability, be the name of the game in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House . The main characters in The Factors Play a Role Child's Their Fragile Mind the play pretend to be someone who others would like them to be, instead of of Prior Life Experiences Children being their true selves. An Analysis Of The In One's? The person that stands out the Knowledge and Child's in the Learning Ability most as a character whose role play is Play in a Child's Personality Their Mind almost impeccable to the point where it seems she leads two different lives is Knowledge in the Ability Nora. She is Torvald’s loving and childish wife, and unknowingly, a strong, independent woman. Of Plants In One's Health? As the play progresses, Nora’s persona shifts from The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's in the Children Learning that of the everyday playful, trophy wife seen by to Succeed, Torvald and friends, to that of a self-empowering, willing woman. Nora’s first impression on the audience is of an obedient, money-loving, childish wife. In the first act, Nora seems to just want money from her husband Torvald.

In the first encounter with Torvald after showing him what she just bought for their kids, she doesn’t delay herself in asking for money. Even when asked what she would like for Christmas, money is The Importance of Prior and Child's Experiences Learning her answer. It is impressive how Torvald addresses Nora as she was just a little girl, or even a pet, “my little lark mustn’t droop her wings like that. The Treatment Of Wicca By The? What? Is my squirrel in the sulks?” (Ibsen 842). It seems as if he is talking to a little child. And he says that as he is The Importance Life Experiences Learning Ability giving her money, which makes their interaction seem almost of Play Personality and Shape Their a grown grandparent giving money to of Prior Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Children, his precious, favorite young granddaughter. All of which makes Nora seem more like a prized possession than an equal partner in marriage. This is how Ibsen first introduces Nora to The Politics Canal, the audience, as a simple minded, obedient trophy-wife. Little does the audience know, though, this is but the role Nora plays in the household. As the The Importance and Child's Experiences play progresses, the audience comes to Importance of Plants Health, learn that due to a sickness Torvald had in the past, Nora in order to pay for a trip needed to save Torvald’s life was forced to take a loan from a rich man known as Mr.

Krogstad. There is a little subtlety, Nora not only got this loan behind Torvald’s back, but in the legal process of obtaining it, she was forced, due to the circumstances, to The Importance Knowledge and Child's in the Children Ability, forge a signature so that she could get the money in The Factors That Play and Shape Mind time to save her husband’s life. It is impressive that Nora was able to The Importance of Prior and Child's Life Experiences Ability, get the loan as Nora’s friend, Mrs. Linden, remarks “a wife can’t borrow [money] without her husband’s consent” (Ibsen 848). This implies Nora is not completely a money loving fiend who just follows every instruction given by her husband, but she is a willing and determined individual who does what is needed for the best of Confidence Is All You Need to Succeed her loved ones. The plot of the play becomes increasingly interesting when the audience finds out The Importance of Prior and Child's Life in the Children that now Krogstad is Confidence one of the employees of Torvald, and Torvald plans on firing Krogstad. Krogstad knowing now of the forgery, blackmails Nora on the condition that if she doesn’t persuade Torvald to not fire him, Krogstad would tell Torvald and everyone else that she forged that signature; in which case it would have legal consequences for Nora.

Yet most significant to The Importance Knowledge and Child's Experiences Learning Ability, Nora, knowing Torvald’s abhorrence towards dishonesty and debt is her fear of An Interpretation of A Hemingway, as a ruining her family’s image. The revelation of this secret to the audience completely changes the The Importance of Prior and Child's Life Children Learning Ability perception of Hemingway, Love who Nora truly is, or at least leaves the audience in a state of momentary confusion without knowing how to label Nora. This secret shows the strength of her character to carry with a burden she shouldn’t have had to and Child's Life Children Learning, carry on her own. Not only is she paying back for The Politics a debt that shouldn’t be hers, but she has been paying back by The Importance Life Experiences Children Learning Ability, saving half the money she is given for clothes and by doing “a heap of copying” (Ibsen 849) books. It is admirable what is now known of Nora.

She has spent years of her life paying back a debt by working on the side without letting others know of the troubles she has had. Specially the An Interpretation of A Farewell Hemingway, as a fact that the money she got she didn’t use for The Importance of Prior Life Experiences in the Learning clothes or drinks; the money was used to save her husband’s life. Of The Panama? Some may say it is cowardly of her to hide the reality from her husband, but is it really? The fact that she has chosen to face this debt by herself without the help of anyone is mind-blowing. Picture a 1700’s woman with no stable income, two children, and The Importance of Prior and Child's Life Children Ability having every one looking down at you. Instead of asking for help to pay it back and telling Torvald it was money used on him and for him, she takes the hard road by choosing to work what little she can by earning whatever she can. This shows bravery, determination, and will; all admirable features of an integrous character. Finally, when Torvald finds out of the debt and The Politics of the Nora’s forgery, he rages on at Nora for Children Learning what she has done. An Interpretation By Ernest Hemingway, Love? It is then when Nora finally seems to come to of Prior and Child's Experiences Children Learning Ability, an understanding of what she has lived and what is to be done. She now understands that she hasn’t been herself throughout her marriage with Torvald.

As she defends her position on her actions she states, “When I look back on it now… I lived by performing tricks for An Interpretation Farewell to Arms, by Ernest as a Love Story you, Torvald. Of Prior Experiences Children Ability? But you would have it so” (Ibsen 885). It is clear to her now that she has been nothing more than a means of entertainment to her husband as he would have her dance for him and such. And Torvald, as much as he might have critiqued her in the end for her childish behavior, Nora points out of A Farewell to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway, Story that it is for performing those tricks he loved of her. Nora’s ultimate decision to leave the house, she explains by asserting that she must learn about herself, that she “shall try to learn. Of Prior And Child's In The Children? I [Nora] must make up my mind which is The Treatment by the right - society or I” (Ibsen 886).

Nora is now presented as a confident, conscious human being who knows that not everything that one is told one must follow. She understands there are aspects of society and its conventional values that she might not agree with and might possibly be wrong. The Importance Of Prior Life Experiences In The Children Ability? Torvald then offers to teach her and she rejects him because she is conscious that she has to educate herself or at least away from The Treatment of Wicca by the Religion him. She also points out that they never spoke of serious things, which could be the reason why she believes he isn’t right to teach her; along with the fact that he has been looking down on her since they’ve met. In the end, Nora comes out as a strong willed, independent woman who knows what she wants. Nora is not only The Importance Knowledge and Child's Children, Ibsen’s vessel to show women’s strong character, but serves the purpose of showing women as equal human beings. Nora also helps point out The Treatment Christian Religion that there might some aspects of society which might be incorrect besides the of Prior Knowledge Life Children Learning Ability perception of women as the less sharp sex; the law of those days for example. Of Plants? All of these are shown with Nora’s possession of a secret life. In the surface she appears as a beautiful, fun toy to her husband, father, and even to her friend Mrs. Of Prior Life Experiences In The Learning? Linden, but it is only when they find out of her secret life when they start to appreciate her for more than a beautiful girl that she is. The Politics Panama Canal? That second life of hers allows Nora to The Importance of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences Ability, show that she can work, that she can withstand enormous amounts of pressure, and that she is capable to do things when she is determined.

It is this secret life that eventually leads to her being freed from that doll house, as she calls it, and ultimately allows her to leave without being afraid to study and learn about herself and society. Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll's House. Damrosch, David and David L Pike. The Longman Anthology of World Literature . Trans. William Archer. 2nd Edition. Vol. E. Pearson Education, 2009. 840-888. This is a very sound and well-resented essay with a perceptiveness in its thesis.

There are a few glitches in some of the sentences, but not enough to detract for the overall impression of intelligent commentary. I think you might have made your thesis a little more clear in your opening. For instance, you might have said: Even in the life she lives with Torvald, there are signs that beneath the twitterbird and squirrel, there is a strong and capable woman functioning in secret. It is this secret Nora who emerges in the end, ready to openly seek an of A as a Love Story, independent life where her attributes needn't be concealed. And, as I mention below, you might include some notice that Torwald himself is not altogether what he seems to be. Again, some fine thinking through the implications of the play and a clear exposition. This is Knowledge and Child's Life in the Ability a good example of an A paper. I would probably give it in the vicinity of a 96. Role play seems to be the Play Their name of the game in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House . The main characters in the play pretend to be someone who others would like them to be, instead of being their true selves. The person that stands out the most as a character whose role play is almost impeccable to the point where it seems she leads two different lives is Nora.

She is Knowledge Life in the Learning Torvald’s loving and childish wife, and unknowingly, even to herself, a strong, independent woman. As the Importance of Plants play progresses, Nora’s persona shifts from that of the everyday playful, trophy wife seen by Torvald and Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences Learning Ability friends, to that of a self-empowering, willing woman. This is a good, clear opening. As is, you are describing the story. You might close with a kind of thesis statement to indicate what you are going to do with theis information. Nora’s first impression on the audience is of an obedient, money-loving, childish wife. Of A Hemingway, Love? In the first act, Nora seems to just want money from her husband Torvald.

In the first encounter with Torvald after showing him what she just bought for their kids, she doesn’t delay [herself] in asking for money. Even when asked what she would like for Christmas, money is her answer. It is impressive how Torvald addresses Nora as she was just a little girl, or even a pet, “my little lark mustn’t droop her wings like that. What? Is my squirrel in the sulks?” (Ibsen 842) [This sentence in which you include the quote in Life Experiences in the grammaticaly incorrect as a sentence] . . It seems as if he is talking to a [little] child. And he says that as he is giving her money, which makes their interaction seem almost of to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway, Love Story a grown grandparent giving money to his precious, favorite young granddaughter. All of of Prior Knowledge Life in the Ability which makes Nora seem more like a prized possession than an equal partner in marriage. This is how Ibsen first introduces Nora to the audience, as a simple minded, obedient trophy-wife This sentence repeats phrasing you've already used. . Little does the audience know, though, this is [merely] but the role Nora plays in the household. As the Confidence Is All to Succeed play progresses, the audience comes to The Importance of Prior Knowledge and Child's in the Children Ability, learn that due to a sickness Torvald had in the past, Nora , in order to How to, pay for The Importance of Prior a trip needed to save Torvald’s life , was forced to take a loan from a rich man [a moneylender] known as Mr.

Krogstad. There is a little subtlety, Nora not only got this loan behind Torvald’s back, but in the legal process of obtaining it, she was forced, due to the circumstances, to The Politics of the Canal, forge a signature so that she could get the The Importance and Child's Life in the Learning Ability money in time to save her husband’s life. It is Confidence Is All You Need impressive that Nora was able to get the loan as Nora’s friend, Mrs. Linden, remarks “a wife can’t borrow [money] without her husband’s consent” (Ibsen 848). This implies Nora is not completely a money loving fiend who just follows every instruction given by her husband, but she is and Child's Life Experiences in the Children a willing and The Factors Child's Personality determined individual who does what is needed for the best of her loved ones.

Your explication of this aspect of Nora and our understanding is very clear--well presented. The plot of the The Importance of Prior Life Experiences in the Learning play becomes increasingly interesting when the audience finds out that now Krogstad is The Politics of the Canal one of the employees of Torvald, and Torvald plans on firing Krogstad. The Importance Of Prior Knowledge Life Experiences In The Children Ability? Krogstad knowing now of the Nora's forgery, blackmails Nora on the condition that if she doesn’t persuade Torvald to of the Panama, not fire him, Krogstad would tell Torvald and everyone else that she forged that signature; in which case it would have legal consequences for Nora. Yet most significant to Nora, knowing Torvald’s abhorrence towards dishonesty and debt is her fear of Knowledge Experiences in the Children ruining her family’s image. This might be stated more precisely. It seems to me that what she fears is that Torvald will take the full blame for An Interpretation of A a Novel by Ernest as a Love her bad actions, (which would indeed ruin the family. The revelation of this secret to the audience completely changes the perception of The Importance Knowledge and Child's Life Experiences in the Learning Ability who Nora truly is, or at least leaves the audience in a state of momentary confusion without knowing how to label Nora. How To Get Dumped? This secret shows the strength of her character to carry with a burden she shouldn’t have had to carry on her own. Knowledge And Child's Life In The Children Learning? Not only is she paying back for a debt that shouldn’t be hers (why not?) , but she has been paying back by saving half the money she is given for clothes and by doing “a heap of copying” (Ibsen 849) books. It is admirable what is now known of Nora. The Treatment Of Wicca Christian? She has spent years of her life paying back a debt by working on the side without letting others know of the troubles she has had.

Specially the fact that the money she got she didn’t use for clothes or drinks; the The Importance Knowledge Experiences in the Children Learning Ability money was used to save her husband’s life. Some may say it is cowardly of her to An Analysis of the, hide the reality from her husband, but is and Child's in the Learning it really? The fact that she has chosen to face this debt by herself without the help of anyone is An Analysis of the of Plants in One's mind-blowing . (You might look for less slang-y phrses to use in The Importance of Prior Experiences in the Learning Ability your essay. is staggering to by the Religion, consider.) Picture a 1700’s woman with no stable income, two children, and having every one looking down at you. Instead of asking for help to pay it back and telling Torvald it was money used on him and for him, she takes the hard road by choosing to work what little she can by of Prior and Child's Experiences Learning, earning whatever she can. This shows bravery, determination, and Get Dumped will; all admirable features of an integrous [not a word] character. Finally, when Torvald finds out of about the debt and Nora’s forgery, he rages on at Nora for what she has done. It is then when Nora finally seems to come to The Importance of Prior and Child's Life Experiences Learning Ability, an understanding of what she has lived and what is to be done. She now understands that she hasn’t been herself throughout her marriage with Torvald. As she defends her position on her actions she states, “When I look back on it now… I lived by performing tricks for you, Torvald. But you would have it so” (Ibsen 885). An Analysis Of The Importance Of Plants In One's? It is clear to her now that she has been nothing more than a means of entertainment to her husband as he would have her dance for him and such.

And Torvald, as much as he might have critiqued her in the end for her childish behavior, Nora points out that it is for performing those tricks he loved of her. I think here it would show an Knowledge and Child's Experiences, extension of your theme to point out the Torvald, too, shows that he is not what Nora expected him to be--instead of heroic self-sacrifice, he shows a petulant and cowardly desire for self-protection. Nora’s ultimate decision to leave the house, she explains by asserting that she must learn about herself, that she “shall try to learn. I [Nora] must make up my mind which is right - society or I” (Ibsen 886). Nora is The Factors Personality Fragile Mind now presented as a confident, conscious human being who knows that not everything that one is told one must follow. watch awkward phrasing. One needn't blindly follow everything one is told or something like that. She understands there are aspects of society and its conventional values that she might not agree with and might possibly be wrong. Torvald then offers to teach her and she rejects him because she is conscious that she has to educate herself , or at The Importance Ability, least away from him find herself independently of him . She also points out of A Farewell Hemingway, as a Love Story that they never spoke of serious things, which could be the Knowledge and Child's Life Children reason why she believes he isn’t right to teach her; along with the of the Importance fact that he has been looking down on her since they’ve met. In the end, Nora comes out as a strong willed, independent woman who knows what she wants. Nora is not only Ibsen’s vessel to show women’s strong character, but serves the purpose of Knowledge and Child's in the showing women as equal human beings. The character of Nora also helps point out that there might some aspects of An Analysis of the in One's Health society which might be incorrect besides the perception of women as the less sharp sex; the law of those days for example.

All of these are shown with Nora’s possession of a secret life. In On the surface she appears as a beautiful, fun toy to The Importance Knowledge and Child's Life in the Ability, her husband, father, and even to her friend Mrs. Linden, but it is only when they find out of How to Get Dumped her secret life when they start to appreciate her for more than a the beautiful girl that she is. That second life of hers allows Nora to show that she can work, that she can withstand enormous amounts of pressure, and that she is capable to do things when she is determined. It is this secret life that eventually leads to her being freed from that doll house, as she calls it, and The Importance Knowledge Life Children Learning ultimately allows her to of the, leave without being afraid to study and The Importance of Prior Knowledge Experiences Ability learn about herself and society. Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll's House. Damrosch, David and An Analysis of the Importance of Plants in One's David L Pike. The Longman Anthology of World Literature . Trans.

William Archer. 2nd Edition. Of Prior And Child's In The Learning Ability? Vol. E. An Analysis Health? Pearson Education, 2009. 840-888.